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Sor want we skill or art from whence to Or summer's noontide air, while thus he raise

spake: – Magnificence; and what can Heaven shew “Thrones and Imperial Powers, Offmore?

spring of Heaven,

310 Oar torments also may, in length of time, Ethereal Virtues ! or these titles now Become our elements, these piercing fires Must we renounce, and, changing style, be As soft as now severe, our temper changed

called Into their temper; which must needs re Princes of Hell ? for so the popular vote move

Inclines — here to continue, and build up The sensible of pain. All things invite

here To peaceful counsels, and the settled state | A growing empire; doubtless ! while we Of order, how in safety best we may 280

dream, Compose our present evils, with regard And know not that the King of Heaven Of what we are and where, dismissing quite

hath doomed All thoughts of war. Ye bave what I | This place our dungeon — not our safe advise."

retreat He searce had finished, when such mur Beyond his potent arm, to live exempt mur filled

From Heaven's high jurisdiction, in new The assembly as when hollow rocks re

league tain

Banded against his throne, but to reThe sound of blustering winds, which all main night long

In strictest bondage, though thus far reHad roused the sea, now with hoarse ca

moved, dence lull

Under the inevitable curb, reserved Seafaring men o'erwatched, whose bark by His captive multitude. For He, be sure, cbance,

In highth or depth, still first and last will Or pinnace, anchors in a craggy bay

reign After the tempest. Such applause was | Sole king, and of his kingdom lose no part beard

290 By our revolt, but over Hell extend As Mammon ended, and his sentence His empire, and with iron sceptre rule pleased,

Us here, as with his golden those in Heaven. Advising peace: for such another field What sit we then projecting peace and war? They dreaded worse than Hell; so much War hath determined us and foiled with the fear

loss Of thunder and the sword of Michaël Irreparable; terms of peace yet none Wrought still within them; and no less

Voutsafed or sought; for what peace will desire

be given To found this nether empire, which might To us enslaved, but custody severe, rise,

And stripes and arbitrary punishment By policy and long process of time,

Inflicted ? and what peace can we return, In emulation opposite to Heaven.

But, to our power, hostility and hate, Which when Beëlzebub perceived — than Untamed reluctance, and revenge, though whom,

slow, Satan except, none higher sat - with Yet ever plotting how the Conqueror least grave


May reap his conquest, and may least Aspect be rose, and in his rising seemed

rejoice A pillar of state. Deep on his front en In doing what we most in suffering feel ? 340 graven

Nor will occasion want, nor shall we need Deliberation sat, and public care;

With dangerous expedition to invade And princely counsel in his face yet shon, Heaven, whose high walls fear no assault Majestie, though in ruin. Sage be stood,

or siege, With Atlantean shoulders, fit to bear Or ambush from the Deep. What if we The weight of mightiest monarchies; his I

find look

Some easier enterprise ? There is a place Drew audience and attention still as night | (If ancient and prophetic fame in Heaven


Err not) — another World, the happy seat His glory to augment. The bold design Of some new race, called Man, about this pleased highly those Infernal States, and time

joy To be created like to us, though less

Sparkled in all their eyes: with full assent In power and excellence, but favoured | They vote: whereat his speech he thus more


renews:Of Him who rules above; so was His will | “Well have ye judged, well ended long Pronounced among the gods, and by an


390 oath

Synod of Gods, and, like to what ye are, That shook Heaven's whole circumference Great things resolved, which from the lowconfirmed.

est deep Thither let us bend all our thoughts, to Will once more lift us up, in spite of fate, learn

Nearer our ancient Seat — perhaps in view What creatures there inhabit, of what Of those bright confines, whence, with mould

neighbouring arms, Or substance, how endued, and what their And opportune excursion, we may chance power

Re-enter Heaven; or else in some mild And where their weakness: how attempted

zone best,

Dwell, not unvisited of Heaven's fair light, By force or subtlety. Thongh Heaven be Secure, and at the brightening orient beam shut,

Purge off this gloom: the soft delicious And Heaven's high Arbitrator sit secure


400 In his own strength, this place may lie | To heal the scar of these corrosive fires, exposed,


Shall breathe her balm. But, first, whom The utmost border of his kingdom, left

shall we send To their defence who hold it: here, perhaps, In search of this new World ? whom shall Some advantageous act may be achieved

we find By sudden onset - either with Hell-fire Sufficient? who shall tempt with wandering To waste his whole creation, or possess

feet All as our own, and drive, as we are driven, The dark, unbottomed, infinite Abyss, The puny habitants; or, if not drive, And through the palpable obscure find out Seduce them to our party, that their God His uncouth way, or spread his aerie flight, May prove their foe, and with repenting | Upborne with indefatigable wings hand

Over the vast Abrupt, ere he arrive Abolish his own works. This would sur- | The happy Isle ? What strength, what art, pass

can then

410 Common revenge, and interrupt His joy Suffice, or what evasion bear him safe In our confusion, and our joy upraise Through the strict senteries and stations In His disturbance; when his darling sons,

thick Hurled headlong to partake with us, shall | Of Angels watching round? Here he had curse

need Their frail original, and faded bliss – All circumspection: and we now no less Faded so soon! Advise if this be worth | Choice in our suffrage; for on whom we Attempting, or to sit in darkness here

send Hatching vain empires." Thus Beelzebub The weight of all, and our last hope, relies." Pleaded his devilish counsel — first devised This said, he sat; and expectation held By Satan, and in part proposed: for His look suspense, awaiting who appeared whence,

380 To second, or oppose, or undertake But from the author of all ill, could spring The perilous attempt. But all sat mute, 430 So deep a malice, to confound the race Pondering the danger with deep thoughts; Of mankind in one root, and Earth with

and each Hell

In other's countenance read his own disTo mingle and involve, done all to spite

may, The great Creator? But their spite still Astonished. None among the choice and serves




Of those Heaven-warring champions could Through all the coasts of dark destruction be found

seek So hardy as to proffer or accept,

Deliverance for us all. This enterprise Alone, the dreadful voyage; till, at last, None shall partake with me.” Thus say. Satan, whom now transcendent glory raised

ing, rose Above his fellows, with monarchal pride The Monarch, and prevented all reply; Conscious of highest worth, unmoved thus Prudent lest, from his resolution raised, spake:

Others among the chief might offer now, "O Progeny of Heaven! Empyreal Certain to be refused, what erst they Thrones !


470 With reason bath deep silence and demur And, so refused, might in opinion stand Seized us, though undismayed. Long is His rivals, winning cheap the high repute the way

Which he through hazard huge must earn. And hard, that out of Hell leads up to

But they Light.

Dreaded not more the adventure than his Our prison strong, this huge convex of fire,

voice Outrageous to devour, immures us round Forbidding; and at once with him they Ninefold; and gates of burning adamant,

rose, Barred over us, prohibit all egress.

Their rising all at once was as the sound These passed, if any pass, the void pro Of thunder heard remote. Towards him found

they bend Of unessential Night receives him next, With awful reverence prone, and as a God Wide-gaping, and with utter loss of be Extol him equal to the Highest in Heaven. ing

440 Nor failed they to express how much they Threatens him, plunged in that abortive



That for the general safety he despised If thence he scape, into whatever world, His own: for neither do the Spirits damned Or unknown region, what remains him less | Lose all their virtue; lest bad men should Than unknown dangers, and as hard es

boast cape?

Their specious deeds on earth, which glory But I should ill become this throne, O Peers, excites, And this imperial sovranty, adorned

Or close ambition varnished o'er with zeal. With splendour, armed with power, if Thus they their doubtfal consultations aught proposed

dark And judged of public moment in the shape Ended, rejoicing in their matchless Chief: Of difficulty or danger, could deter

As, when from mountain-tops the dusky Me from attempting. Wherefore do I as

clouds sume

Ascending, while the North-wind sleeps, These royalties, and not refuse to reign,


489 Refusing to accept as great a share

Heaven's cheerful face, the louring element Of hazard as of honour, due alike

Scowls o'er the darkened lantskip snow or To him who reigns, and so much to him

shower, due

If chance the radiant sun, with farewell Of hazard more as he above the rest

sweet, High honoured sits ? Go, therefore, migbty | Extend his evening beam, the fields revive, Powers,

The birds their notes renew, and bleating Terror of Heaven, though fallen; intend at

herds home,

Attest their joy, that hill and valley rings. While here shall be our home, what best O shame to men! Devil with devil damned may ease

Firm concord holds; men only disagree The present misery, and render Hell 459 Of creatures rational, though under hope More tolerable; if there be cure or charm | Of heavenly grace, and, God proclaiming To respite, or deceive, or slack the pain

peace, Of this ill mansion: intermit po watch Yet live in hatred, enmity, and strife 500 Against a wakeful Foe, while I abroad Among themselves, and levy cruel wars




Wasting the earth, each other to destroy: Till thickest legions close; with feats of As if (which might induce us to accord)

arms Man had not hellish foes enow besides, From either end of heaven the welkin That day and night for his destruction

burns. wait!

Others, with vast Typhæan rage, more fell, The Stygian council thus dissolved; and Rend up both rocks and hills, and ride the forth

air In order came the grand Infernal Peers: In whirlwind; Hell scarce holds the wild Midst came their mighty Paramount, and

uproar: seemed

As when Alcides, from Echalia crowned Alone the Antagonist of Heaven, nor less With conquest, felt the envenomed robe, Than Hell's dread Emperor, with pomp and tore supreme,

Through pain up by the roots Thessalian And god-like imitated state: him round

pines, A globe of fiery Seraphim inclosed

And Lichas from the top of Eta threw With bright imblazonry, and horrent arms. Into the Euboic sea. Others, more mild, Then of their session ended they bid cry Retreated in a silent valley, sing With trumpet's regal sound the great re With notes angelical to many a harp sult:

Their own heroic deeds, and hapless fall Toward the four winds four speedy Cheru By doom of battle, and complain that Fate bim

Free Virtue should enthrall to Force or Put to their mouths the sounding alchymy, Chance.

555 By harald's voice explained; the hollow Their song was partial; but the harmony Abyss

(What could it less when Spirits immortal Heard far and wide, and all the host of sing ?) Hell

Suspended Hell, and took with ravishment With deafening shout returned them loud The thronging audience. In discourse more acclaim.


sweet Thence more at ease their minds, and some (For Eloquence the Soul, Song charms the what raised

By false presumptuous hope, the ranged Others apart sat on a hill retired,

In thoughts more elevate, and reasoned Disband; and, wandering, each his several

bigh way

Of Providence, Foreknowledge, Will, and Pursues, as inclination or sad choice Leads him perplexed, where he may likeli- Fixed fate, free will, foreknowledge abest find

560 Truce to his restless thoughts, and enter | And found no end, in wandering mazes tain

lost. The irksome hours, till his great Chief Of good and evil much they argued then, return.

Of happiness and final misery, Part on the plain, or in the air sublime, | Passion and apathy, and glory and shame: Upon the wing or in swift race contend, | Vain wisdom all, and false philosophy ! As at the Olympian games or Pythian Yet, with a pleasing sorcery, could charm fields;

Pain for a while or anguish, and excite Part curb their fiery steeds, or shun the Fallacious hope, or arm the obdurèd breast

With stubborn patience as with triple With rapid wheels, or fronted brigads

steel. form:

Another part, in squadrons and gross As when, to warn proud cities, war appears

bands, Waged in the troubled sky, and armies On bold adventure to discover wide rush

That dismal world, if any clime perhaps To battle in the clouds; before each van 1 Might yield them easier habitation, bend Prick forth the aerie knights, and couch Four ways their flying march, along the their spears,


Fate –

solute —







Of four infernal rivers, that disgorge All taste of living wight, as once it filed Into the burning lake their baleful | The lip of Tantalus. Thus roving on streams —

In confused march forlorn, the adventrous Abhorrèd Styx, the flood of deadly bate;

bands, Sad Acheron of sorrow, black and deep; With shuddering horror pale, and eyes Cocytus, named of lamentation loud

aghast, Heard on the rueful stream; fierce Phlege Viewed first their lamentable lot, and

found Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with No rest. Through many a dark and dreary rage.

vale Far off from these, a slow and silent stream, They passed, and many a region dolorous, Lethe, the river of oblivion, rowls

O'er many a frozen, many a fiery Alp, 620 Her watery labyrinth, whereof who drinks Rocks, caves, lakes, fens, bogs, dens, and Forthwith his former state and being for

shades of death — gets —

A universe of death, which God by curse Forgets both joy and grief, pleasure and Created evil, for evil only good;

Where all life dies, death lives, and NaBeyond this flood a frozen continent

ture breeds, Lies dark and wild, beat with perpetual Perverse, all monstrous, all prodigious storms

things, Of whirlwind and dire bail, which on firm Abominable, inutterable, and worse land

Than fables yet have feigned or fear conThaws not, but gathers heap, and ruin

ceived, seems

590 Gorgons, and Hydras, and Chimæras dire. Of ancient pile; all else deep snow and ice, Meanwhile the Adversary of God and Agulf profound as that Serbonian bog

Man, Betwixt Damiata and Mount Casius old, Satan, with thoughts inflamed of highest Where armies whole have sunk: the parch


630 ing air

Puts on swift wings, and toward the gates Barns frore, and cold performs the effect

of Hell

Explores his solitary flight: sometimes Thither, by harpy-footed Furies haled, He scours the right hand coast, sometimes At certain revolutions all the damned

the left; Are brought; and feel by turns the bitter Now shaves with level wing the Deep, then

change Of fierce extremes, extremes by change Up to the fiery concave towering high. more fierce,

As when far off at sea a fleet descried from beds of raging fire to starve in ice Hangs in the clouds, by æquinoctial winds Their soft ethereal warmth, and there to Close sailing from Bengala, or the isles pine

| Of Ternate and Tidore, whence merchants Immovable, infixed, and frozen round Periods of time, – thence hurried back to Their spicy drugs; they on the trading fire.


640 They ferry over this Lethean sound

Through the wide Ethiopian to the Cape, Both to and fro, their sorrow to augment, Ply stemming nightly toward the pole: so And wish and struggle, as they pass, to

seemed reach

Far off the flying Fiend. At last appear The tempting stream, with one small drop | Hell-bounds, high reaching to the horrid to lose

roof, In sweet forgetfulness all pain and woe, And thrice threefold the gates; three folds All in one moment, and so near the brink;

were brass, But Fate withstands, and, to oppose the Three iron, three of adamantine rock, attempt,

610 Impenetrable, impaled with circling fire, Medusa with Gorgonian terror guards Yet unconsumed. Before the gates there The ford, and of itself the water flies


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