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Waved round the coast, up-called a pitchy Roused from the slumber on that fiery cloud

340 Of locusts, warping on the eastern wind, At their great Emperor's call, as next in That o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh


Came singly where he stood on the bare Like Night, and darkened all the land of strand, Nile;

While the promiscuous crowd stood yet So numberless were those bad Angels seen


380 Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell, The chief were those who, from the pit 'Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding fires;

of Hell Till, as a signal given, the uplifted spear Roaming to seek their prey on Earth, durst Of their great Sultan waving to direct

fix Their course, in even balance down they Their seats, long after, next the seat of light

God, On the firm brimstone, and fill all the Their altars by His altar, gods adored plain:

Among the nations round, and durst abide A multitude like which the populous North Jehovah thundering out of Sion, throned Poured never from her frozen loins to pass Between the Cherubim; yea, often placed Rhene or the Danaw, when her barbarous Within His sanctuary itself their shrines, sons

Abominations; and with cursed things Came like a deluge on the South, and | His holy rites and solemn feasts prospread

faned, Beneath Gibraltar to the Libyan sands. And with their darkness durst affront His Forthwith, from every squadron and each

light. band,

First, Moloch, horrid King, besmeared with The heads and leaders thither baste where blood

Of human sacrifice, and parents' tears; Their great Commander - godlike Shapes, Though, for the noise of drums and timand Forms

brels loud, Excelling human; princely Dignities; Their children's cries unheard that passed And Powers that erst in Heaven sat on

through fire thrones,

To his grim idol. Him the Ammonite Though of their names in Heavenly records Worshiped in Rabba and her watery plain, now

In Argob and in Basan, to the stream Be no memorial, blotted out and rased Of utmost Arnon. Nor content with such By their rebellion from the Books of Life. Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest Sor had they yet among the sons of Eve

heart Got them new names, till, wandering o'er Of Solomon he led by fraud to build the earth,

His temple right against the temple of Through God's high sufferance for the trial

God of man,

On that opprobrious hill, and made his By falsities and lies the greatest part

grove Of mankind they corrupted to forsake The pleasant valley of Hinnom, Tophet God their Creator, and the invisible

thence Glory of Him that made them to trans And black Gebenna called, the type of Hell. form

Next Chemos, the obscene dread of Moab's Oft to the image of a brute, adorned

sons, With gay religions full of pomp and gold, From Aroar to Nebo and the wild And devils to adore for deities:

Of southmost Abarim; in Hesebon Then were they known to men by various And Horonaim, Seon's realm, beyond names,

The flowery dale of Sibma clad with And various idols through the heathen


410 world.

And Eleale to the Asphaltick Pool: Say, Muse, their names then known, who Peor his other name, when he enticed first, who last,

| Israel in Sittim, on their march from Nile,







To do him wanton rites, which cost them Ezekiel saw, when, by the vision led, woe.

His eye surveyed the dark idolatries Yet thence his lustful orgies he enlarged Of alienated Judah. Next came one Even to that hill of scandal, by the grove Who mourned in earnest, when the captive Of Moloch homicide, lust bard by hate,

Ark Till good Josiah drove them thence to Hell. Maimed his brute image, head and hands With these came they who, from the bor

lopt off, dering flood

In his own temple, on the grunsel-edge, 460 Of old Euphrates to the brook that parts 420 Where he fell flat and shamed his worshipEgypt from Syrian ground, had general

ers: names

Dagon his name, sea-monster, upward man Of Baalim and Ashtaroth – those male, And downward fish; yet had his temple These feminine. For Spirits, when they

high please,

Reared in Azotus, dreaded through the Can either sex assume, or both; so soft

coast And uncompounded is their essence pure, Of Palestine, in Gath and Ascalon, Not tied or manacled with joint or limb, And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds. Nor founded on the brittle strength of Him followed Rimmon, whose delightful bones,

seat Like cumbrous flesh; but, in what shape Was fair Damascus, on the fertile banks they choose,

Of Abbana and Pharphar, lucid streams. Dilated or condensed, bright or obscure, He also against the house of God was Can execute their aery purposes,

470 And works of love or enmity fulfil.

A leper once he lost, and gained a king For those the race of Israel oft forsook Ahaz, his sottish conqueror, whom he drew Their Living Strength, and unfrequented God's altar to disparage and displace left

For one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn His righteous altar, bowing lowly down His odious offerings, and adore the gods To bestial gods; for which their heads, as Whom he had vanquished. After these low

appeared Bowed down in battle, sunk before the A crew who, under names of old renown

Osiris, Isis, Orus, and their train Of despicable foes. With these in troop | With monstrous shapes and sorceries Came Astoreth, whom the Phænicians called

abused Astarte, queen of heaven, with crescent Fanatic Egypt and her priests to seek 480 horns;

Their wandering gods disguised in brutish To whose bright image nightly by the moon


Rather than human. Nor did Israel scape Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs; The infection, when their borrowed gold In Sion also not usung, where stood

composed Her temple on the offensive mountain, built The calf in Oreb; and the rebel king By that uxorious king whose heart, though Doubled that sin in Bethel and in Dan, large,

Likening his Maker to the grazed ox Beguiled by fair idolatresses, fell

Jehovah, who, in one night, when he passed To idols foul. Thammuz came next be From Egypt marching, equalled with one hind,

stroke Whose annual wound in Lebanon allured Both her first-born and all her bleating The Syrian damsels to lament his fate In amorous ditties all a summer's day, Belial came last; than whom a Spirit more While smooth Adonis from his native


Fell not from Heaven, or more gross to Ran purple to the sea, supposed with blood

love Of Thammuz yearly wounded: the love-tale | Vice for itself. To him no temple stood Infected Sion's daughters with like heat, Or altar smoked; yet who more oft than he Whose wanton passions in the sacred porch | In temples and at altars, when the priest








Turns atheist, as did Eli's sons, who filled Then straight commands that, at the warWith lust and violence the house of God ?

like sound In courts and palaces he also reigns, Of trumpets loud and clarions, be upreared And in luxurious cities, where the noise His mighty standard. That proud honour Of riot ascends above their loftiest towers,

claimed And injury and outrage; and, when night Azazel as his right, a Cherub tall: Darkens the streets, then wander forth the Who forthwith from the glittering staff sons


unfurled Of Belial, flown with insolence and wine. The imperial ensign; which, full high adWitness the streets of Sodom, and that

vanced, night

Shon like a meteor streaming to the wind, In Gibeah, when the hospitable door With gems and golden lustre rich imblazed, Exposed a matron, to avoid worse rape. Seraphic arms and trophies; all the while These were the prime in order and in Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds: 540 might:

At which the universal host up-sent The rest were long to tell; though far re A shout that tore Hell's concave, and benowned

yond The Ionian gods — of Javan's issue held Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night. Gods, yet confessed later than Heaven and All in a moment through the gloom were

Earth, Their boasted parents; — Titan, Heaven's Ten thousand banners rise into the air, first-born,

56 With orient colours waving: with them rose With his enormous brood, and birthright | A forest huge of spears; and thronging. seized

helms By younger Saturn: he from mightier Jove, Appeared, and serried shields in thick arHis own and Rhea's son, like measure

ray found;

Of depth immeasurable. Anon they move So Jove usurping reigned. These, first in In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood 550 Crete

Of flutes and soft recorders — such as And Ida known, thence on the snowy top

raised Of cold Olympus ruled the middle air, To highth of noblest temper heroes old Their highest heaven; or on the Delphian Arming to battle, and instead of rage cliff,

Deliberate valour breathed, firm, and unOr in Dodona, and through all the bounds

moved Of Doric land; or who with Saturn old With dread of death to flight or foul reFled over Adria to the Hesperian fields, 520

treat; And o'er the Celtic roamed the utmost Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage Isles.

With solemn touches troubled thoughts, All these and more came flocking; but

and chase with looks

Anguish and doubt and fear and sorrow Downcast and damp; yet such wherein ap

and pain peared

From mortal or immortal minds. Thus Obscure some glimpse of joy to have found

559 their Chief

Breathing united force with fixed thought, Not in despair, to have found themselves Moved on in silence to soft pipes that not lost

charmed In loss itself; which on his countenance cast Their painful steps o'er the burnt soil. Like doubtful hue. But he, his wonted And now pride

Advanced in view they stand — a horrid Soon recollecting, with high words, that front bore

Of dreadful length and dazzling arms, in Semblance of worth, not substance, gently Teguise raised

Of warriors old, with ordered spear and Their fainting courage, and dispelled their shield, fears:

530 | Awaiting what command their mighty Chief



Had to impose. He through the armed The fellows of his crime, the followers files

rather Darts his experienced eye, and soon traverse (Far other once beheld in bliss), condemned The whole battalion views — their order For ever now to have their lot in pain due,

Millions of Spirits for his fault amerced Their visages and stature as of Gods; 570 | Of Heaven, and from eternal splendours Their number last he sums. And now his

610 heart

For his revolt — yet faithful how they Distends with pride, and, hardening in his

stood, strength,

Their glory withered; as, when heaven's fire Glories: for never, since created Man, Hath scathed the forest oaks or mountain Met such imbodied force as, named with

... pines, these,

With singéd top their stately growth, Could merit more than that small infantry

though bare, Warred on by cranes — though all the | Stands on the blasted heath. He now pregiant brood

pared Of Phlegra with the heroic race were joined To speak; whereat their doubled ranks That fought at Thebes and Ilium, on each

they bend side

From wing to wing, and half enclose him Mixed with auxiliar gods; and what re

round sounds

With all his peers: Attention held them In fable or romance of Uther's son, 580 , mute. Begirt with British and Armoric knights; Thrice he assayed, and thrice, in spite of And all who since, baptized or infidel,

scorn, Jousted in Aspramont, or Montalban, Tears, such as Angels weep, burst forth: Damasco, or Marocco, or Trebisond,

at last

620 Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shore Words interwove with sighs found out When Charlemain with all his peerage

their way:fell

“O myriads of immortal Spirits ! O By Fontarabbia. Thus far these beyond

Powers Compare of mortal prowess, yet observed Matchless, but with the Almighty !- and Their dread Commander. He, above the

that strife rest

Was not inglorious, though the event was In shape and gesture proudly eminent, 590

dire, Stood like a tower. His form had yet not As this place testifies, and this dire change, lost

Hateful to utter. But what power of All her original brightness, nor appeared

mind, Less than Archangel ruined, and the excess Foreseeing or presaging, from the depth Of glory obscured: as when the sun new Of knowledge past or present, could have risen

feared Looks through the horizontal misty air How such united force of gods, how such Shorn of his beams, or, from behind the As stood like these, could ever know remoon,

pulse ?

630 In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds For who can yet believe, though after loss, On half the nations, and with fear of change That all these puissant legions, whose exile Perplexes monarchs. Darkened so, yet Hath emptied Heaven, shall fail to reshon

ascend, Above them all the Archangel: but his Self-raised, and re-possess their native seat? face

600 For me, be witness all the host of Heaven, Deep scars of thunder had intrenched, and if counsels different, or danger shunned

By me, have lost our hopes. But he who Sat on his faded cheek, but under brows

reigns Of dauntless courage, and considerate pride Monarch in Heaven till then as one secure Waiting revenge. Cruel his eye, but cast | Sat on his throne, npheld by old repute, Signs of remorse and passion, to behold Consent or custom, and his regal state 640




Put forth at full, but still his strength con Of pioners, with spade and pickaxe armed, cealed —

Forerun the royal camp, to trench a field, Which tempted our attempt, and wrought | Or cast a rampart. Mammon led them our fall.

onHenceforth his might we know, and know Mammon, the least erected Spirit that fell our own,

From Heaven; for even in Heaven his So as not either to provoke, or dread

looks and thoughts New war provoked: our better part re- Were always downward bent, admiring

mains To work in close design, by fraud or guile, | The riches of Heaven's pavement, trodden What force effected not; that he no less

gold, At length from us may find, Who over Than aught divine or holy else enjoyed comes

In vision beatific. By him first By force hath overcome but half bis foe. Men also, and by his suggestion taught, Space may produce new Worlds; whereof Ransacked the Centre, and with impious so rife

R 650

hands There went a fame in Heaven that He ere Rifled the bowels of their mother Earth long

For treasures better hid. Soon had his Intended to create, and therein plant

crew A generation whom his choice regard Opened into the hill a spacious wound, Should favour equal to the Sons of Heaven. And digged out ribs of gold. Let none Thitber, if but to pry, shall be perhaps


690 Our first eruption — thither, or elsewhere; That riches grow in Hell; that soil may For this infernal pit shall never hold

best Cælestial Spirits in bondage, nor the Abyss Deserve the pretious bane. And here let Long under darkness cover. But these

those thoughts

Who boast in mortal things, and wondering Full counsel must mature. Peace is de

tell spaired;


Of Babel, and the works of Memphian For who can think submission ? War, then, kings, war

Learn how their greatest monuments of Open or understood, must be resolved.”

fame, He spake; and, to confirm his words, And strength, and art, are easily outdone out-flew

By Spirits reprobate, and in an hour Millions of flaming swords, drawn from What in an age they, with incessant toil the thighs

And hands innumerable, scarce perform. Of mighty Cherubim; the sudden blaze Nigh on the plain, in many cells prepared, Far round illumined Hell. Highly they That underneath bad veins of liquid fire 701 raged

Sluiced from the lake, a second multitude Against the Highest and fierce with With wondrous art founded the massy ore, grasped arms

Severing each kind, and scummed the bul. Clashed on their sounding shields the din

lion-dross. of war,

A third as soon had formed within the Hurling defiance toward the vault of - ground Heaven.

A various mould, and from the boiling cells There stood a hill not far, whose griesly By strange conveyance filled each hollow top


nook; Belched fire and rowling smoke; the rest As in an organ, from one blast of wind, entire

To many a row of pipes the sound-board Shon with a glossy scurf – undoubted sign breathes. That in his womb was hid metallic ore, Anon out of the earth a fabric huge 710 The work of sulphur. Thither, winged Rose like an exhalation, with the sound with speed,

Of dulcet symphonies and voices sweet A numerous brigad hastened: as when Built like a temple, where pilasters round bands

| Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid

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