Subjectivity and Method in Psychology: Gender, Meaning, and Science
Sage Publications, 1989 - 150 páginas
This important and exciting book makes a major contribution to methodology in psychology and the social sciences generally. Its main purpose is to show how psychology can be done differently'. From a standpoint which views knowledge as produced and reproduced within specific historical conditions and power relations, Wendy Hollway criticizes the almost intentional blindness of psychology to its own conditions of production'.
She describes her own method in her research on subjectivity and gender difference as well as the subjective, cultural and theoretical conditions within which it was developed. She outlines a theory of how meaning is achieved within discourses and discusses how the theory can be used to understand and analyse accounts and their production.
She explains how her theory helped her to understand the production and reproduction of gender difference in adult relations. Then, using a framework which connects psychodynamic processes, power relations and gender-differentiated positions, she analyses the production of a range of mainstream psychologies.
Central to the book is a radical reappraisal of the concept of subjectivity and its use as a tool for psychological understanding. The author concludes with an analysis of the way in which gender difference and subjectivity are involved in dominant conceptions of psychology as a science. She explores the implications of this analysis for feminist psychology and other psychologies with emancipatory goals.
About the Author
Wendy Hollway is a lecturer in the Development Studies and Project Planning Centre, University of Bradford. Previously, she taught in the Department of Occupational Psychology atBirkbeck College, University of London. She is currently preparing a book on the history of industrial//organizational psychology from the point of view of the conditions of its production. She is co-author (with J Henriques and others) of "Changing the Subject: Psychology, Social Regulation and Subjectivity "(1984).
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It is an area fraught with difficulty and yet politically important in the context of the recent claim that women can research the psychology of women differently ( or better ) than men . There is no adequate account of how or why this ...
She discusses how loath she was to question the almost unanimous claim among her women manager participants , that they were not affected in their jobs by being women . In almost any social science method , if such consensus were found ...
opposite – at the beginning of the research she would have been likely to go along with the women managers ' claims . ... and of their accounts : for example , what forces produce the claim that they do not experience discrimination ?
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