Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe
OUP Oxford, 29 may 2003 - 259 páginas
This book has three aims. Firstly, it explores the extreme right in order to assess its ideological meaning and its political expression. Beginning with a discussion of the meaning and usefulness of the Left-Right distinction, it deals with the varying significance of the term 'right' and discusses the appropriateness of the competing terms: 'radical', 'new', 'populist', and 'extreme right'. The book argues that the traditional neo-fascist party has been supplanted by a new type of extreme right party, unrelated to fascist ideology, but nevertheless opposed to the fundamental values of the democratic political system. The book's second aim is to carry out an in-depth analysis of the post-war evolution of the extreme right of each country in Western Europe. The analysis highlights their lineage from pre-war fascist regimes or movements, their different partisan expressions in the post-war period, their ideological profile, their party's relationship with other actors in the party system, the socio-demographic and attitudinal profile of their voter-base, and finally the conditions which have favoured or inhibited their development. Finally, the book discusses in detail more recent trends within the West European extreme right and outlines a conceptual framework for explaining the success or failure of each political party. The volume, extensively revised, expanded, and updated from its original widely acclaimed Italian edition, will be essential reading for all those working on parties and movements in Western Europe.
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1 Meanings and Varieties of the Right
2 From Ideologies to Parties
The Faded Beacon and the Populist Surge
The Spectre That Never Materialized
Prototype of the New Extreme Right
Away from Liberalism
Right Extremism and Ethnic Nationalism
The Progress Parties Between Protest and Extremism
Otras ediciones - Ver todo
1999 European elections agenda Alleanza Nazionale Andersen and Bjørklund anti-establishment anti-immigrant anti-Semitism anti-system appeal attitudes Austrian authoritarian Belgian Betz Bjørklund 2000 breakthrough cent cleavage conservative constituency Danish Danish People’s Party democracy democratic discourse Eatwell economic electoral ethnic European elections extreme right parties extremist fascist favour Flemish Forza Italia FPÖ French Front National FRPd FRPn Fuerza Nueva German groups Haider ideological Ignazi immigration issue Italian Kitschelt leadership Left–Right Lega Nord liberal mainstream parties Minkenberg movement Mudde nationalistic Nazi neo-conservative neo-fascism neo-fascist Northern League nostalgic Nouvelle Droite organization parliament parliamentary and European party leader party system party’s People’s Perrineau political family populist position post-war programme Progress Party racism radical right regime represented Republikaner right-extremism right-extremist right-wing role scored social socialist society socio-demographic Stöss strategy success Swyngedouw tion traditional Vlaams Blok voters votes xenophobia xenophobic