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ly, but with professional rigour and dexterity, in anatomizing the effects of a system which is making way amongst us with increasing strength, and will one day have its influence on the fate perhaps of nations. But we resume our criticisms. The character of De Courcy we will not resume;—it is provokingly inconsistent; and we wish the ancient fashion of the Devil flying off with false-hearted lovers, as in the ballad of the Wandering Prince of Troy, had sustained no change in his favour.

Indeed, such a catastrophe would not have been alien to the genius of Mr Maturin, who, in the present as well as in former publications, has shown some desire to wield the wand of the enchanter, and to call in the aid of supernatural horrors. While De Courcy was in the act of transferring his allegiance from Eva to Zaira, the phantom of the latter-her wraith as we call in Scotland the apparition of a living person-glides past him, arrayed in white, with eyes closed, and face pale and colourless, and is presently afterwards seen lying beneath his feet as he assists Zaira into the carriage. Eva has a dream, corresponding to the apparition in all its circumstances. This incident resembles one which we have read in our youth in Aubrey, Baxter, or some such savoury and sapient collector of ghoststories; but we chiefly mention it, to introduce a remarkable alteration in the tragedy of Bertram, adopted by the author, we believe, with considerable regret. It consists in the retrenchment of a passage or two of great poetical beauty, in which Bertram is represented as spurred to the commission of his great crimes, by the direct agency of a supernatural and malevolent being. We bave been favoured with a copy of the lines by a particular friend and admirer of the author, to whom he presented the manuscript copy of his play, in which alone they exist. The Prior, in his dialogue with Bertram, mentions

the dark knight of the forest,
So from his armour named and sable helm,
Whose unbarred vizor mortal never saw.
He dwells alone; no earthly thing lives near him,
Save the hoarse raven croaking o'er his towers,
And the dank weeds muffling his stagnant moat.

Bertram. I'll ring a summons on his barred portal
Shall make them through their dark valves rock and ring.

Prior. Thou’rt mad to take the quest.-Within my memory
One solitary man did venture there -
Dark thoughts dwelt with him, which he sought to vent,
Unto that dark compeer we saw his steps,
In winter's stormy twilight, seek that pass-
But days and years are gone, and he returns not.
Bertram. What fate befel him there?
Prior. The manner of his end was never known.


Bertram. That man shall be my mate--Contend not with me Horrors to me are kindred and society.

Or man, or fiend, he hath won the soul of Bertram. Bertram is afterwards discovered alone, wandering near the fatal tower, and describes the effect of the awful interview which he had courted.

Bertram. Was it a man or fiend? Whate'er it was
It hath dealt wonderfully with me
All is around his dwelling suitable ;
The invisible blast to which the dark pines groan,
The unconscious tread to which the dark earth echoes,
The hidden waters rushing to their fall,
These sounds of which the causes are not seen
I love, for they are like my fate mysterious-
How tower'd his proud form through the shrouding gloom,
How spoke the eloquent silence of its motion,
How through the barred vizor did his accents
Roll their rich thunder on their pausing soul !
And though his mailed hand did shun my grasp,
And though his closed morion hid his feature,
Yea all resemblance to the face of man,
I felt the hollow whisper of his welcome,
I felt those unseen eyes were fix'd on mine,
If eyes indeed were there-
Forgotten thoughts of evil, still-born mischiefs,
Foul fertile seeds of passion and of crime,
That wither'd in my heart's abortive core,
Rous'd their dark battle at his trumpet-peal :
So sweeps the tempest o'er the slumbering desert,
Waking its myriad hosts of burning death :
So calls the last dread peal the wandering atoms
Of blood and bone and flesh and dust-worn fragments,
In dire array of ghastly unity,
To bide the eternal summons-
I am not what I was since I beheld him-
I was the slave of passion's ebbing sway-
All is condensed, collected, callous now
The groan, the burst, the fiery flash is o'er,
Down pours the dense and darkening lava-tide,
Arresting life and stilling all beneath it.

Enter two of his band observing him.
First Robber. Sees't thou with what a step of pride he stalks-
Thou hast the dark knight of the forest seen;
For never man, from living converse come,
Trod with such step or flash'd with eye like thine.

Second Robber. And hast thou of a truth seen the dark knight?
Bertram (turning on him suddenly) Thy hand is chilld with

fear-Well! shivering craven,
Say I have seen him—wherefore dost thou gaze ?

Long'st thou for tale of goblin-guarded portal ?
Of giant champion whose spell-forged mail
Crumbled to dust at sound of magic horn-
Banner of sheeted Aame whose foldings shrumk
To withering weeds that o'er the battlements
Wave to the broken spell-or demon-blast
Of winded clarion whose fell summons sinks
To lonely whisper of the shuddering breeze
O'er the charm'd towers-

First Robber. Mock me not thus--Hast met him of a truth?
Bertram. Well, fool-

First Robber. Why then heaven's benison be with you.
Upon this hour we part-farewel for ever.
For mortal cause I bear a mortal weapon
But man that leagues with demons lacks not man.

The description of the fiend's port and language,—tlre effect which the conference with him produces upon Bertram's mind,the terrific dignity with which the intercourse with such an associate invests him, and its rendering him a terror even to his own desperate banditti,—is all well conceived, and executed in a grand and magnificent strain of poetry; and, in the perusal, supposing the reader were carrying his mind back to the period when such intercourse between mortals and demous was considered as matter of indisputable truth, the story acquires probability and consistency, even from that which is in itself not only inprobable but impossible. The interview with the incarnate fiend of the forest, would, in these days, be supposed to have the same effect upon the mind of Bertram, as the metaphysical aid of the witches produces upon that of Macbeth, awakening and stimulating that appetite for crime, which slumbered in the bosom of both, till called forth by supernatural suggestion. At the same time, while we are happy to preserve a passage of such singular beauty and power, we approve of the taste which retrenched it in action. The suadente diabolo is now no longer a phrase even in our indictments; and we fear his Satanic Majesty, were he to appear on the stage in modern times, would certainly incur the appropriate fate of damnation.

To return to the present work.--We observe, with pleasure, that Mr Maturin has put his genius under better regulation than in his former publications, and retrenched that luxuriance of language, and too copious use of ornament, which distinguishes the authors and orators of Ireland, whose exuberance of imagination sometimes places them in the predicament of their honest countryman, who complained of being run away with by his legs. This excessive indulgence of the imagination is proper to a country where there is more genius than taste, and more copiousness than refinement of ideas. But it is an error to suffer the weeds to rush up with the grain, though their appearance may prove the richness of the soil. There is a time when an author should refrain, like Job, even from good words—though it should be pain to him.'-And although we think Mr Mathurine has reformed that error indifferently well, in his present work, we do pray him, in his future compositions, to reform it altogether. For the rest, we dismiss him with our best wishes, and not without hopes that we may again meet him in the maze of fiction, since, although he has threatened, like Prospero, to break his wand, we have done our poor endeavour to save his book from being burned.


From February to June 1818.


The Farmer's Magazine. No. 74.

An Essay on Agriculture, containing an Introduction, in which the science of Agriculture is pointed out, by a careful attention to the works of Nature ; also the means of rendering barren soils luxuriantly productive; to which is added a Memoir, drawn up at the express desire of his Imperial Highness the Archduke John of Austria, on the Nature and Nutritive Qualities of Fiorin Grass, &c. By W. Richardson, D.D.

Considerations respecting Cambridge, more particularly relating to its Botanical Professorship. By Sir James Smith, M.D. F. R. Š. 8vo. 2s. 6d.

ARCHITECTURE. Mr Kendall, architect, of Exeter, has just published an Elucidation of the first principles of English Architecture, usually denominated Gothic. The work comprises upwards of 20 finely engraved plates by Mr Storer, respresenting Elevations, &c. taken from the Cathedral Church of Exeter.

ARTS, FINE. New Churches Considered, with respect to the Opportunities they offer for the encouragement of Painting. By B. R. Haydon. 8vo. Is. 6d.

No. I. of a Series of Twelve Portraits of Distinguished Living Characters of Scotland; containing heads of Walter Scott, Esq. Francis Jeffrey, Esq. and Henry Raeburn, Esq.; drawn and etched by William Nicholson ; accompanied with short Biographical Notices. Size of the plates 11 inches by 9. Price of each number 1l. 11s. 6d. for proofs on India paper; and il. Is. for plain impressions. VOL. XXX. NO. 59.


Notes and Anecdotes. Being a continuation of Victor's and Oulton's Histories, from the year 1795 to 1817 inclusive. By W.C. Oulton. 3 vol. 12mo. 18s.

EDUCATION. A Metrical Guide to the right Intelligence of Virgil's Versification, By John Carey, LL.D. 3s. Tales for my Sons. By M. Kotzebue. 6s.

The first Elements of Arithmetic, or the Teacher's and Scholar's Assistant: comprising the first four rules, combined into one series, and taught in one operation. By G. Reynolds. 2s.6d.

A Guide in the Selection and Use of Elementary School Books in every branch of education; compiled with a view to save much uselsss expense to parents, to relieve tutors from perplexity, and to economize the time and labour of students. By the Rev. Joshua Collins, late master of the Grammar School at Newport ; corrected to the present time by the Rev. W. Catlow, conductor of an Academy at Wimbledon, in Surrey. ls.

History of the Fairchild Family ; or, the Child's Manual : being a collection of Stories, calculated to show the Importance and Effects of a Religious Education. By Mrs Sherwood. 12mo. 5s.

French Idioms, adapted to the Use of those who have made some Progress in the French Language. By Victor L. du Noyer. 58.

Geographical Questions and Exercises, blended with Historical and Biographical Information. By Richard Chambers, Auther of an Introduction to Arithmetic. 2s.

A Visit to the Bazaar ; illustrated with 32 Engravings, exhibiting the different Trades carried on there, with Explanations. 12mo. 38.

Scenes in Europe, illustrated by 84 Engravings. By the Rev. I. Taylor. 12mo. 4s.

The Pleasures of Life; written in the manner of Mrs Barbauld's hymns, in prose. By the author of many approved little works.12mo. 28. 6d.

Outlines of Philosophical Education, illustrated by the method of teaching the Logic, or first Class of Philosophy, in the University of Glasgow. By George Jardine, A. M. F. R. S. E. Professor of Logic and Rhetoric in that University. 8vo. 12s.

The Eton Latin Prosody, illustrated with English Explanations of the Rules, and Authorities from the Latin Poets. By John Carey, LL.D. 12mo.

A Grammar of the Elements of Astronomy, by means of which that sublime science may be taught in public schools as part of a course of liberal education. By Thomas Squire, roy. 18mo. 78. 6d.

The Philosophy of Elocution elucidated and exemplified by readings of the Liturgy of the Church ; for the use of young Clergymen and Students who are preparing for Holy Orders. By James Wright, of Magdalene Hall, Oxford, &c. 8vo.

A Treatise on the Living Languages ; containing, in a small compass, the necessary Rules for acquiring a knowledge of them, particularly of the Italian and Spanish, with a Treatise on the difficulties of Italian Poetry. By A. Anaya. 12mo. 4s. 6d.

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