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Achaean league admit advantage ALEXANDER HAMILTON America appointment army articles of confederation authority body branch Britain causes circumstances citizens clause commerce common concurrent confederacy confederation congress consideration considered convention council courts danger declare defence duty effect elections equal eral ernment established executive executive power exercise existence experience extent faction favour federacies federal government force foreign former France impeachments important inference influence interest JAMES MADISON judges judiciary jurisdiction jury lative latter laws legislative legislature less letters of marque liberty Macedon magistrate means ment militia national government nature necessary necessity objects obligations observations operation particular parties peace persons political possess president principle proper proportion propriety provision PUBLIUS question reason regulation render republic republican requisite respect revenue senate South Carolina Subject Continued supreme taxation taxes thing tion tive treaties trial by jury union United vested
Página 475 - Canada acceding to this confederation, and joining in the measures of the united states, shall be admitted into, and entitled to all the advantages of this union : but no other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless such admission be agreed to by nine states.
Página 471 - When land forces are raised by any state for the common defence, all officers of or under the rank of colonel shall be appointed by the legislature of each state respectively, by whom such forces shall be raised, or in such manner as such state shall direct ; and all vacancies shall be filled up by the state which first made the appointment. ARTICLE VIII. All charges of war, and all other expenses that shall be incurred for the common defence or general welfare, and allowed by the United States in...
Página 351 - The interpretation of the laws is the proper and peculiar province of the courts. A constitution is in fact, and must be, regarded by the judges as a fundamental law. It therefore belongs to them to ascertain its meaning as well as the meaning of any particular act proceeding from the legislative body.
Página 177 - The better to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship and intercourse among the people of the different States in this Union, the free inhabitants of each of these States, paupers, vagabonds and fugitives from justice excepted, shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of free citizens...
Página 159 - Philadelphia, for the sole and express purpose of revising the articles of Confederation, and reporting to Congress and the several legislatures such alterations and provisions therein, as shall, when agreed to in Congress, and confirmed by the States, render the federal Constitution adequate to the exigencies of government and the preservation of the Union...
Página 49 - The two great points of difference between a democracy and a republic are : first, the delegation of the government, in the latter, to a small number of citizens elected by the rest; secondly, the greater number of citizens and greater sphere of country over which the latter may be extended.
Página 487 - It is obviously impracticable in the federal government of these States, to secure all rights of independent sovereignty to each, and yet provide for the interest and safety of all — Individuals entering into society, must give up a share of liberty to preserve the rest.
Página 222 - In the compound republic of America, the power surrendered by the people is first divided between two distinct governments, and then the portion allotted to each subdivided among distinct and separate departments. Hence a double security arises to the rights of the people. The different governments will control each other, at the same time that each will be controlled by itself.
Página 473 - States, and exacting such postage on the papers passing through the same as may be requisite to defray the expenses of the said office : Appointing all officers of the land forces in the service of the United States, excepting regimental officers : Appointing all the officers of the naval forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service of the United States...
Página 487 - States, in congress assembled, that the senators and representatives should convene at the time and place assigned ; that the senators should appoint a president of the senate for the sole; purpose of receiving, opening and counting the votes for president ; and that after he shall be chosen, the congress, together with the president, should, without delay, proceed to execute this constitution.