Driven Into Paradise: The Musical Migration from Nazi Germany to the United States
The forced migration of artists and scholars from Nazi Germany is a compelling and often wrenching story. The story is twofold, of impoverishment for the countries the musicians left behind and enrichment for the United States. The latter is the focus of this eminent collection, which approaches the subject from diverse perspectives, including documentary-style newspaper accounts and an exploration of Walt Whitman's poetry in the work of Paul Hindemith and Kurt Weill.
The flood of musical migration from Germany and Austria from 1933 to 1944 had a lasting impact. Hundreds of musicians and musicologists came to the United States and remained here, and the shaping power of their talents is incalculable. Several essays provide firsthand insights into aspects of American cultural history to which these émigrés made essential contributions as conductors, professors, and composers; other essays tell of the traumatic experience of being exiled and the difficulties of finding one's way in a foreign country. While the migration infused the U.S. with a distinctly European musical awareness, at the same time the status and authority of its participants tended to intervene in the development of a genuinely American cultural voice. The story of the unprecedented migration that resulted from Nazism has many dimensions, and Driven Into Paradise illuminates them in deeply human terms.
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Adolf Busch Adorno aesthetic Alfred Einstein Amer American music Arnold Schoenberg arrival artistic audience Austria Bartok Beethoven Berlin Berlin State Opera Black Mountain College Bruno Budapest Quartet Busch chamber music composer composer's composition concert conductor creative culture Einstein Papers Eisler emigration Ernst Krenek Ernst Toch essay Eternal Road Europe European exile experience Festival film folder Franz German Hitler Hollywood identity immigrant intellectual Jewish Jews Klemperer Kolisch Kolisch Quartet Korngold Kurt Weill language letter living Maurer Zenck migration musicians musicology Musik National Nazi Olson Opera Orchestra Paul Hindemith performance Philharmonic pianist Piano play poem political position premiere published refugees Reich Reinhardt Schenker scholars score social soloist songs Stefan Wolpe Strauss Stravinsky String Quartet style Symphony teaching theater tion Toscanini tour tradition twelve-tone United University Press Vienna Wagner Walt Whitman Walter Werfel Wolpe Wolpe's write wrote York