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ton,* alluded to, (who sold that property,

Arms-BRUCE OF CLACKMANAN were, or and acquired Cowden, by which he and his a saltier and chief gules. heirs were afterwards designated, and who Crest-A hand in armour, proper, (inwas, also in another capacity, brother-in-cluding the upper part of the elbow) issulaw of the last Henry Bruce, of Clack- ing out of a cloud, grasping a sceptre, enmanan, who married his sister,) she had signed on the point with a closed crown or.

Supporters The Dexter, the lion of HENRY, captain in the East India Com- England; the SINISTER, the royal unicorn pany's service, who d. unm.

of Scotland. WILLIAM, captain in the Bengal artil Motto-Fuimus. lery, who continued the line.

The above were the heraldic ensigns of Jean, d. unm.

Henry Bruce, last of Clackmanan, grandSarah, d. unm.

uncle of Miss Bruce. They were also carThe only surviving son,

ried by David Bruce, of Clack manan, in CAPTAIN WILLIAM BRUCE succeeded to 1686, who added the motto, “Non deest the estate of Cowden, m. Margaret, eldest generoso Pectori virtus ;" above the crest, daughter of Dr. Robert Oliver, (by Marga- and both constantly carried the supporters ret, second daughter of William Russel, and the crest. esq. late of Kingseat and Slipperfield, in Tweedale,) and dying 22nd January, 1807, Arms-Of BRUCE OF NEWTON OR Cowleft issue by this lady,

Or, a saltier gules, and chief embatMARGARET, his successor, proprietrix of tled of the second. Cowden, and sole heir and representative of Crest-An eagle's head couped proper. HENRY BRUCE, the last of Clackmanan, and Motto-Spes mea supernè. of HENRY BRUCE, of Clackmanan, his fa Estate-In Perthshire. ther.t

Seat-Cowden House.


* The Bruces of Airth, of whom Captain Bruce, Stirlingshire, in 1627, upon the resignation of of Cowden, father of the lady in question, was Dame Jean Fleming, Lady Airth, his mother, left descended in the male line, were the oldest issue, cadets of Clackmanan, being sprung from the WILLIAM BRUCE, of Newton, who succeeded in latter more than four centuries ago. They were 1655, father of affluent and of great distinction both in Scotland ALEXANDER BRUCE, of Newton, the father of and foreign countries, and spread into various William Bruce, of Newton, (who sold Newrespectable branches.

ton, and acquired Cowden,) formerly referred to, Sir ALEXANDER Bruce, of Airth, their repre- the husband of JANET BRUCE, only sister of Henry sentative after the middle of the sixteenth century, Bruce, of Clackmanan. This last William Bruce, m. Janet, daughter of Alexander, Lord Living- of Newton, as already mentioned, had a sister Castone, ancestor of the Earls of Linlithgow and therine, married to Henry Bruce, of Clackmanan. Calender, by whom he had

+ It clearly follows, therefore, from the above WILLIAM Bruce," younger of Airth, who prede- deduction, that Miss Bruce, of Cowden, is preceased his father, but left issue by Jean, daughter ferable heir of line of Clackmanan to the Bruces of John, Lord Fleming, ancestor of the Earls of of Kennet, who are sprung (in the female line) Wigton, three sons,

from Thomas Bruce, of Kennet, younger brother 1. JOHN, of Airth, who m. Margaret, daugh- of Sir David Bruce, of Clackmanan, who suc

ter of Robert, Lord Elphinstone, whose ceeded in 1405, and (in the male line) from a male line is extinct, but of whom Robert younger son of Sir Robert Bruce, of Clackmanan, Bruce Dundas, esq. of Blair Castle, is the in 1506; whereas this lady traces her descent heir of line.

directly from the male representative of ClackII. WILLIAM (Sir), of Stenhouse, created in manan, in 1741, lineally descended of that very

1629, baronet of Nova Scotia, with remain- Sir David, independent of being heir of Henry der to him and his heirs male general, of Bruce, last of Clackmanan, son and heir of the whom the knightly house of Stenhouse, former. It is especially incumbent to notice this now the heirs male of the ancient family of circumstance, as the Bruces of Kennet, owing to Airth.

some error or misconception, are represented 2 as II. PATRICK.

heir male, and of line to Sir Robert de Bruys, of

Clackmanan, who died in 1405,” the father of the PATRICK Bruce, of Newton, who acquired the previous Sir David, which is obviously incorrect. estate which lay in the barony of Bothkenner,

The third son,

1 Sir Alexander had also a younger son, Mr. Robert Bruce, of Kinnaird, tutor to his two nephews, Sir William Bruce, of Stenhouse, and Patrick Bruce, of Newton, in their pupillarity. His male issue have failed, but his heir of line was James Bruce, esq. of Kinnaird, the celebrated traveller and explorer of the Nile, who was a male descendant of a branch of the family of Hay, in the north.

? In the article of Bruce, of Kennet, referred to, second volume of the present work, p. 485.


FORBES, DUNCAN-GEORGE, esq. of Culloden House, in the shire of Inverness,

b. in London, 17th June, 1781, m. 29th March, 1818,
Sarah, only daughter of the late Rev. Joseph Walker, of
Lancaster, Ash, and Satley, in the county of Durham, by
Eliza, his wife, daughter of Edward Boys, esq. of St. Albans,
and had by her, who died at Culloden House, 18th January,
1838, aged forty-three, deeply lamented, three sons,

ARTHUR, b. at Douglas, Isle of Man, 25th January, 1819.
Duncan, b. at Hedge Grove, Keswick, Cumberland, 7th

May, 1821.
Joseph-William Forbes, b. at Ryefield Lodge, Ross-shire,

3rd November, 1827.
Mr. Forbes, who succeeded his father, 26th May, 1803, is
a magistrate and a deputy lieutenant for the counties of In-
verness and Nairn, and was formerly colonel of the Culloden
volunteers. He is also patron of the parish of Urquhart, in
Ross-shire, and a director of the Royal Academies of In-
verness and Tain.

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Lineage. The founder of this distinguished family For thy remains give honour to this place,

And thy true vertue honours all thy race. Duncan FORBES, (the great-grandfather of the Lord President Forbes,) a member ter of James Forbes, of Corsinday, a family

By his marriage with Janet, eldest daughof parliament and provost of Inverness. I also descended from that of Lord Forbes, He was descended from the family of Lord Duncan had tliree sons and two daughters, Forbes, through that of Tolquhoun, and by the mother's side, from that of Keith, Earl

1. John, who succeeded him. Marischall, (as a narrative in the hand-writ

11. James (Capt.), who lived in Caithness, ing of the President's father informs us).

and married in 1643, Agnes Monro, He purchased the barony of Culloden from

daughter to Mr. George, of Pitlundie, the Laird of Mackintosh in 1626. During

(styled in the marriage contract,

Minister of Godis Word at the the civil commotions which disturbed the kingdom in the reign of CHARLES I. and

Kirk of Rosemarkie,) elder brother after the death of that prince, he seems to

to Sir Alexander Monro, of Bearbave adhered to the presbyterian party, and

crofts, and by her had several chilto have aided all the measures in which the

dren. Marquis of Argyll participated, and from

III. Duncan (Capt.), who lived in Assynt, bis situation as chief magistrate of an im

married in 1653, Isobell, daughter of portant town, his assistance must have been

Patrick Ruthven, of Dundee! of much consequence. Duncan bad two 1. Elizabeth, married to William Bailbrothers, John, whose son Malcolm became lie, of Duncan, Inverness-shire. Marquis of Montilly, in France; and PA 11. Anna, married first, (contract dated TRICK, (commonly called Black Patrick, 1641,) to Evan Macpherson, of Clubailie of Inverurie,) from whom descended

ny; and secondly, (marriage contract the family of Forbes, of Foveran. Duncan dated 1652,) to Alexander MackinForbes died 14th October, 1654, aged eighty

tosh, of Connedge, said to be an antwo.

cestor of the late Sir James Mackin

tosh, of the Cullachy family,
Thy memorie will ever recent bee
Presery'd by such as draw their blood from thee;

The eldest son,
Who in reguarde

John FORBES, the second of Cullodeni,
Of thy good fame,

married (contract dated 1643,) Anna, eldest Receive rewarde By clameing to thy name;

* From the Epitaph Duncan and his Wife.


daughter of Alexander Dunbar, of Grange, “ Oft the cloud which wraps the present hour, by his first wife, Jean Campbell, daughter Serves but to brighten all our future days." of Sir John Campbell, of Cawdor, (a family since raised to the Earldom of Cawdor,) The truth of this observation, if not felt by and by the said Anna had six sons and two John Forbes, was at least evident to his daughters,

family after his death. The frowning aspect 1. DUNCAN, who succeeded him. of government by introducing the habits of 11. David, afterwards Sir David Forbes, economical and private living, instead of of Newhall, under the title of Lord excessive hospitality and expense, into his Newhall, one of the judges of the family, must have conduced to the accumuCourt of Session ; was an eminent lation of his fortune, and about the year lawyer and man of letters; an in- 1670, his landed estate was doubled by the fluential patron of Allan Ramsay, purchase of the extensive and valuable ba(the “Sir William Worthy” of Ram- rony of Ferrintosh and the estate of Bunsay's “ Gentle Shepherd,”) and an

chren. These estates were the patrimony cestor of the family of Rae, of Esk- of Inverallochy, a son of Lord Lovet. The grove, baronet. Sir William Rae, word Ferrin-tosh, it may be mentioned, siglate lord advocate of Scotland, and nifies“ The Land of the Thane,” it having now member of parliament for Bute- anciently formed part of the thanedom of shire, is descended from a daughter Cawdor, (celebrated in “Macbeth”). John of Sir David Forbes, by Katherine Forbes died about the year of the RevoluClerk, daughter of John Clerk, of tion, 1688, and was succeeded by his eldest Pennicuick. Their marriage contract in the charter chest at Culloden Duncan Forbes, the third of Culloden.

House, is dated 12th February, 1680. He had received a liberal education at II. Thomas, m. Jean Cuthbert, daugh- Bourges and on different parts of the contiter of David Cuthbert, in Inverness.

nent, and acted a decided and distinguished IV. Alexander, who went to New Eng part in the great events of his time. He land.

married (contract dated 1668,) Mary, daughv. Jonathau, physician in Elgin, m. a

ter of Sir Robert Innes, of that İlk, a fadaughter of Brodie, of Lethen, in mily long established in the county of MoNairnshire.

ray, with the dignity of baronet, and which, VI. John, who was Lieutenant Colonel through the female line, has lately suc

Jobn Forbes, of Pitnacrieffe, iu Fife- ceeded to the dukedom of Roxburgh. By shire. Happening at the time to be this lady he had two sons, John, his leaving London for the north of Scot- heir, born about the year 1672, and Dunland, he was employed to carry the CAN, afterwards lord president; and seven order respecting the massacre of daughters. The eldest, Jean, married to Glencoe, to Sir John Hill, governor Sir Harry Innes, of that Ilk; the second, of Fort William, It is but justice to Anna, to Peter Forbes, of Phyline, in Asthe memory of both, to state that synt; the third, Mary, (contract dated 1698,) when the letter was opened, they ex

to Robert Urquhart, of Burdsyards; the pressed their utmost horror at the fourth, Margaret, (contract dated 1699,) to contents. He m. Elizabeth Graham, George Munro, of Newmore ; the fifth, Isodaughter of Baillie Graham, of Edin- bell

, to Fraser, of Achnagairn; the sixth, burgh.

Naomi, to Dr. Alexander Paterson, of In1. Jean, married (contract dated 1681,) verness; and the seventh, Grizell, (contract to Sir Robert Munro, of Fowlis.

dated 21st April, 1709,) to David Ross, of 11. Naomi, married (contract dated Kindeace.

1682,) to Robert Dunbar, of Burgie. Duncan Forbes was among the first and John Forbes was provost of Inverness, (we the most strenuous of those who, in Scotbelieve member of parliament for the coun- land secretly prepared or openly hastened ty,) and the friend and co-adjutor of the the events which tended to produce the Marquis of Argyll. At the Restoration, overthrow of James, and to secure his exalthough he escaped the unhappy fate of clusion; and as he was a member of the that nobleman, and of others who were put Scottish parliament, his decided love of to death, still, his name being in the list of freedom made him a very conspicuous chapersons exempted from the Act of Indem- racter in that assembly. The year after nity, he was involved in all the vexations the Revolution, his estates of Culloden and and tyrannical acts of vengeance, short of Ferrintosh were ravaged by the soldiers death, which disgraced the reign of CHARLES of Buchan and Cannon, and his houses and II. He was severely fined, and both him- other property destroyed, to the amount of self and family were tormented with every €54,000 Scotch money, as ascertained by a species of civil and ecclesiastical oppression, regular proof. His hostility to the jacobite but

interest was the avowed cause of these out

rages, and his known merit in promoting | knowledge of the world, and one who acthe Revolution, no doubt was the real cause quitted himself on all occasions, both in of the favourable result of his claim for public and private life, as an enlightened compensation by the Scotch parliament. and worthy member of society.

He marThis compensation was made by the per- ried (contract dated 1699,) Jean Gordon, petual grant of a liberty to distil into spirits daughter of Sir Robert Gordon, of Gorthe grain of the barony of Ferrintosh, upon donstone, by Margaret, eldest daughter paying a small specific composition of 400 of William, Lord Forbes, and dying withmerks Scotch, or £22. 4s. 5d. ii sterling, in out issue, in the year 1734, was succeeded lieu of excise; the whole excise within Scot- by the lord advocate of Scotland, his only land, at the time, being £40,000 sterling: brother, The act conveying this grant was passed The Right HONOURABLE DUNCAN FORBES, 22nd July, 1690, and was afterwards con fifth Laird of Culloden, and afterwards lord firmed and explained by another of 16th president of the Court of Session. July, 1695, which declares the said lands to From the Edinburgh Review, (Feb. 1816,) be liable only to their proportion, conform of the “ Culloden Papers, comprising an to the original act, of what additional excise extensive and interesting correspondence then was, or thereafter should be imposed from the year 1625 to 1748,” discovered in by law upon the kingdom. This valuable 1812, by the late Hugh Robert Duff, esq. of privilege was supported in its fullest extent Muirtown, and under his superintendence, by a decision of the parliament of Scotland published by Cadell and Davies in 1815, in 1703, and by another of the Court of Ex we extract the following passage :-“ The chequer in Scotland in 1711.

Culloden Papers are a collection of docuIn 1784, government resolved to resume ments, consisting chiefly of letters of corresthe privilege of Ferrintosh, after it had for pondence, which were lately found in Culnearly a century been enjoyed by the family loden House, belonging to the family of of Cúlloden. The representatives of the Forbes, in the vicinity of Inverness. That family being employed abroad for many family had long been distinguished as the years, this part of the estate was much neg- head or principal member it is now indiflected, and arrangements had just been ferent which) of one of the great highland made with a company to bring it to an in- clans, and was formerly still more conspicucrease of value, when government came to ous by the share which it took in all the this resolution. Of the value of this privi- public transactions of its native land. But lege we may form some idea from Mr. Ar- the most brilliant and honourable part of not's statement, in his History of Edin- its history, is that which records the life of burgh, that more whisky was distilled in Duncan Forbes, who died president of the Ferrintosh, than in all the rest of Scotland. Court of Session, in the year 1747. This If we suppose the number of arable acres eminent man raised himself to that high (and they amount to a great deal more than station by the unassisted excellence of a this) to be 1800, and take the produce at noble character, by the force of which he only five bolls of barley per acre, this would had previously won and adorned all the give 9000 bolls. If the profit to the pro- subordinate gradations of office. He took prietor upon the distillation of these 9000 | the lead in all affairs touching Scotland, for bolls into whisky, (duty free) should be nearly half of the last century, was particutaken at the very low calculation of two | larly active during the two rebellionspounds sterling per boll, the return to the maintained a coustant intercourse with all family would amount to no less a sum than the great men of his day, both Scotch and £18,000 sterling, per annum, besides insur- English, and died, leaving behind him a ing the conversion into arable land of the bright and unenvied reputation, of which rest of the barony upon easy terms. The the recollection is scarcely yet effaced in family, as miglit be expected, urged every this country. Forbes displays one of those argument to induce government to desist characters which are sometimes to be found from resuming its own grant of a perpetual in what Hume calls the corners of history, property of such value, but in spite of every but which deserves to be blazoned at large opposition and appeal to justice and good on its broadest page. He is in every situafaith, it was taken away early in 1785, for tion so full of honour, of gentleness, of true the miserably inadequate compensation of wisdom, of kindness and intrepidity, that £21,500. Duncan Forbes latterly served in we doubt if there be any one public man of parliament for the county of Nairn, and this part of the empire, or of the age that is died in 1704. He was succeeded by his gone, whose qualities ought to be so strongly

recommended to the contemplation of all John Forbes, the fourth of Culloden; those who wish truly to serve their country. member of parliament for Inverness-shire; There are various lords and lairds who an affectionate friend and brother; a truly make but a shabby figure in this collection, upright man, of considerable talents and but our great pride and consolation is in the

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eldest son,

ever clear honour and open heart of him to every description found in him a prompt, a whom they address themselves. For Dun- steady, and a disinterested patron. He can Forbes no descendant will ever have was sprung from a family whose hospitality cause to blush or feel ashamed; and the pe- had been proverbial for ages, and to be of rusal of this book will prove, that Scotland, bis party, in his moments of relaxation, was even since she ceased to be a separate king- a felicity eagerly coveted by the greatest dom, has had at least one statesman whose and wittiest men of his time. To suin up principles were as pure as his understand all in one word, such was the sterling worth ing was enlightened, and whose concern for of his character, that he was universally his country was not so much as suspected to feared by the bad, and as universally loved be quickened by any regard to his own by the good of all parties.” power or emolument."

“ His natural ta The ingratitude of George II. to Forbes, lents,” says another respectable authority, whose gigantic efforts during the Rebellion “were of the very first order, enlarged by of 1745, can never be forgotten, to whose an excellent education, completely disci- diversion in the north, it was owing that the plined and fully matured by habits of in- whole of the disaffected clans did not pour tense study, and of minute, and at the same down their forces on the south, and to whom time extensive observation; and they were that monarch therefore probably owed his all employed most honourably and con- continuance on the throne; an ingratitude scientiously in the real business of life. which preyed on the warm and generous His learning was profound and extensive Forbes, and brought him to an untimely beyond that of his compeers, and in forci- grave, has been often alluded to. He had ble, manly, and persuasive eloquence at the spent several years rents of his estates in Scottish bar, he had no competitor. Yet the public service in 1745. His brother had with all this vast and visible superiority, he expended large sums in the same cause in was never dogmatical. Every thing like 1715. Of this, amounting to about thirty artifice he held in abhorrence; and truth thousand pounds sterling, not one sixpence and justice, being at all times the objects he was ever repaid. “The mere money, (says aimed at, the law of kindness was ever on the Edinburgh Review, in the able article bis lips, and an impress of candour and sin- from which we have already quoted) he cerity gave an oracular dignity to every probably never thought of, but the sentisentiment which he uttered. Of the volume ment conveyed in the refusal was somewhat of inspiration which he could consult with hard to bear. On this subject he was silent. advantage in the original tongue, he was a But he had induced others, on his credit, to diligent student. Being called upon rather advance funds for the exigence of the day, for active personal exertion than for those and he openly remonstrated against not efforts of inind which can be well and suc- being enabled to do justice to them. He cessfully made only in the seclusion of the was thanked by his majesty, but this is closet, and through the medium of the press, sometimes the coldest form in which an old of course his writings are not numerous, servant can be discarded. No cause was but they exhibit strong traces of a pure, a ever found sufficiently plausible to be openly pious, and an original mind. In the infant stated in defence of this conduct, but when manufactures of his country he took un we recollect the characters of the Duke of ceasing interest, and bis upright and pure Cumberland and of Forbes, we cannot doubt spirit breathed into her tribunals of justice that one of the popular accounts is the true an order and an equitable impartiality to one, which ascribes it all to his having which they were before total strangers, and plainly, and even in the king's presence, which to this day happily never has for- expressed his decided disapprobation of the saken them. Besides the new order of violence of the royal army, after the battle court, as to the hearing of causes, which he of Culloden. Generous men are peculiarly had the merit of introducing, he wrought liable to be hurt by ungenerous treatment, great and happy changes in the manner of and it is said that his sense of the ingratithe judges. By the candour, the strict in- tude which had been testified towards him, tegrity, and the nice discernment, combined never left Forbes till it was buried two years with that admirable command of temper afterwards in the untimely grave towards which marked his character, he was enabled which it hastened him." To a mind so to introduce a dignified urbanity and a gen- pure and so gentle, as was that of Presitlemanly deference among the members of dent Forbes, this ingratitude, on the part of court to the opinions of each other, which the government, must,” says Mr. Chambers, succeeding lord presidents have found no have been exceedingly painful, but we do difficulty to sustain. In private life he was not believe that it was the only or the princievery thing that is amiable; as a husband pal thing that weighed down his spirit. The and a father affectionately tender, as a friend, care of the Highlands had been imposed on generous in the extreme. His neighbours him for many years; he had been a father he was always ready to oblige, and merit of and a friend to almost every principal fa

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