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The fourth son,

Јону.
John Douglas, esq. settled in London,

Archibald, who entered the army, and lived in the parish of St. George, Hano

married, and went with his rever Square. He possessed the estate of

giment to the West Indies, where Caldicott Hill, near Harrow, where he died

he died very young, and left one in 1762. He m. 29th April, 1731, Mary,

daughter. daughter of William Gardiner, esq. of Ha

Harriett, m. to the Lord Bloomling, near Croydon, and Send Place, near

field. Dorking, Surrey, * by whom he had nine

Louisa, m. to John Norris, esq. of children, (most of whom died young and

Hawley House, Hants. without issue,) of these,

Mary, m. to Colonel Robert M.DoJ. THOMAS, his eldest son, b. 26th April,

nald of the royal artillery. 1732, was originally engaged in mer

Juliet, m. to the Rev. Robert Hall, cantile pursuits, and afterwards re

of Westborough, Lincolnshire. sided atGrantham, where, and in other 11. WILLIAM, bis seventh child, of whom parts of Lincolnshire, he possessed presently. property, and served as high sheriff NII. James, his youngest, b. in 1753, m. of that county in the year 1776. He Margaret, daughter of John Olderwas well known on the turf, and en

shaw, M.D. of Leicester, and died at tered a “ Confederate" with Earl Brighton in 1819, † leaving two sons Grosvenor, in the match book at and one daughter. Newmarket, from 1780 to 1785. He The seventh child, d. in London in 1787, and left issue, William Douglas, esq. b. 28th February,

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In an extract from “ the pedigree of the an. then raging, and was put on the staff of Colonel cient knightly family of Gardiner, of Bermondsey, Delbeig, of the engineers, engaged in fortifying Peckham, and Dorking, in the county of Surrey, Chatham lines on the threatened invasion. extracted from the visitation books of that county, After the peace of 1783, he married, and deterand deduced down to Mary, sole surviving daugh- mined to enter the church. He accordingly kept ter and heir of William Gardiner, of Dorking and collegiate terms, and graduated at Oxford'; was Croydon, in Surrey, by Anne, daughter of Richard ordained, got moderate preferment, and became a Peck, now wife of John Douglas, of the parish of chaplain to the Prince of Wales. St. George, Hanover Square, gentleman, from He had naturally great taste and talent for the other authentic evidences, by John Warburton, fine arts, which had been matured by the study of Somerset Herald, Ao. 1754.” It is noticed that some of the principal galleries of painting and the said William Gardiner fell heir to, and pos- sculpture in Europe, over a good portion of which sessed the family seat of Haling, near Croydon, he had travelled : he produced some excellent which was built by Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of portraits of his friends, both in oil and miniature, Wincbester, and lord chancellor of England, temp. as an amateur ; but his favourite and lasting study HENRY VIII. and Mary, and that he was the last was antiquarian research, in which he attained survivor of his family in the male line. Queen great eminence. He associated much with the Elizabeth, when young and much out of health, literary and scientific men of his day, and having was sent there for change of air, and deriving opened some hundred sepulchres of the Celtic, great benefit, said its name should be changed to British, Roman, and Danish inhabitants of BriHealing, or All-heal, from its salubrious effect upon tain, he formed a large museum of their contents, her.

and was elected a fellow of the Society of Anti+ His life was singularly chequered. His first quaries. youthful outset was with an eminent nianufac His publications were numerous, and like his turer, at Middleton, near the seat of Sir Ashton life, varied. Besides his “ Translations,” he wrote Lever, in Lancashire, who was then forming his Travelling Anecdotes through various parts of famous Museum. Here, instead of attending to Europe,” much in the manner of Sterne, (with business, he was assiduously assisting Sir Ashton characteristic and humorous plates, drawn and in the stuffing of birds; he was, therefore, re etched by himself,) which went through three edimoved and placed more suitably to his genius, at

tions from 1782 to 1786. a military college in Flanders, where he gained Various novels. reputation by the translation of the work of a cele A Dissertation on the Antiquity of the Earth. brated French engineer, on fortification. He after Two Dissertations on the Brass Instruments wards entered the Austrian army as a cadet, at the called Celts, and other Arms of the Ancients. time when there was a menacé of war with the His principal work was the “ Nenia Britannica," Turks, and at Vienna he became intimate with the in folio, to illustrate the history of Britain in the noted Baron Trenck. Being sent by Prince John 5th century, with numerous plates (of his own of Lichterstein, to purchase horses in England, execution) of arms, coins, shields, weapons, gold, and jocosely observing, that he thought his head silver, and other female decorations and ornaments, grinning on the gates of Constantinople would not with a variety of implements and curious relics be a very becoming sight, he did not return, and deposited with the dead in the many barrows he exchanged the Austrian for the British service. had opened. He obtained a lieutenant's commission in the Lei His literary life closed with the publication of cester militia, during the heat of the general war

some se mo

DOUGLAS, OF GYRN.

DOUGLAS, JOHN, esq. of Gyrn, Flintshire, m. on the 4th March, 1805, Anne,

daughter of Joseph Tipping, esq. of Crumpsall, in the county
of Lancaster, by Ann, daughter of Robert Gartside, esq. of
Manchester, and has issue,

John HARGREAVE.
Mary.
Alice, m. 30th July, 1832, to Edward Morgan, of Golden

Grove, in the county of Flint.
Charlotte, m. 20th September, 1836, to George Griffith,

esq. of Garn, in the county of Denbigh.
Helen.

Eliza.
Mr. Douglas is a deputy lieutenant for Lancashire and
Flintshire, and in the commission of the peace. He served
as sheriff of the latter county in 1821.

Lineage.

ALEXANDER Douglas, the first ancestor | king granted him possessions near Reath, of this family who settled in England, was of in the county of York, where he m. a daughthe Morton line of the house of Douglas,* ter of Sir Marmaduke Langdale, and was and came in the retinue of JAMES I. in 1603, succeeded by his son, on his accession to the English throne. The ALEXANDER Douglas, who lived temp.

Charles I. at Townend Hall, in Arkendale.

During the civil wars, he raised and equipThe first grant of lands on record to this fa- ped a body of horsemen for the king's sermily was anno 1150, on Duglas Water, in Duglas- vice, chiefly from among his own tenantry, dale, in Lanarkshire, and William, who inherited and at his own expense. On his route to the estate, was the first to assume the name of join the royal forces, with this troop of Duglas in several charters which he witnessed which he was captain, he was intercepted between the years 1170 and 1190, during an age and taken prisoner by a detachment of when it was the practice of landowners to desig- Cromwell's army. He escaped, however, nate themselves from the names of their posses- and was secreted for a long time in a cave sions. The Celtic, or Gælic name Duglas, signi- in a neighbouring wood, where he was susfies black water, an appropriate appellation for the tained by a faithful servant. From this cirriver, which is of a black colour, having its sources

cumstance it acquired the name of“ Douglas and supplies from a moorish country. The same Wood,” which it still bears. Tradition says word, Dulas or Duglas, in the Welch language, there was a passage to the cave from the (another dialect of the Celtic,) is literally black and blue, and the river Dulas means dark blue opposite side, under the river. From his water.

adherence to the house of Stuart, his estates The distinguished house of Douglas had divided were confiscated, and all applications to into four principal branches, viz. Angus, Hamil. Charles II., after his Restoration, for their ton, Queensberry, and Morton, and has been cele- restitution, were fruitless. He m. Mary, brated throughout the historic records of Scotland, daughter of Edward Gregson, esq. of Reath, as well as in the annals of border warfare, princi- in Yorkshire, and was father of pally against the Percys, in which it had been Thomas Douglas, esq. barrister-at-law, always successful, and made one Percy prisoner. temp. Charles II. who m. Martha, daughBut in the last fatal rencounter between the two ter of James Kirton, esq. of Reath aforesaid, rival chiefs, so beautifully described in the affect- but of a family originally from Westmoring popular ballad of Chevy Chase, the Douglas land, and bad issue, several children, viz. fell

. In the year 1329, Sir James de Douglas received a grant from Edward III. to repair with the

Marmaduke, who were dispersed in HEART of King Robert Bruce to Jerusalem, and Symond, Holland, Jamaica, and deposit it in the Holy Sepulchre, wbich has been Samuel, other parts abroad and the principal bearing in the Douglas arms ever

Cholmondeley, at home, with various since.

Thomas, and

success.

The fourth son,

Јонх. . John DOUGLAS, esq. settled in London,

Archibald, who entered the army, and lived in the parish of St. George, Hano

married, and went with his rever Square. He possessed the estate of

giment to the West Indies, where Caldicott Hill, near Harrow, where he died

he died very young, and left one in 1762. He m. 29th April, 1731, Mary,

daughter. daughter of William Gardiner, esq. of Ha

Harriett, m. to the Lord Bloomling, near Croydon, and Send Place, near

field. Dorking, Surrey,* by whom he had nine

Louisa, m. to John Norris, esq. of children, (most of whom died young and

Hawley House, Hants. without issue,) of these,

Mary, m. to Colonel Robert M‘Do1. Thomas, his eldest son, b. 26th April,

nald of the royal artillery. 1732, was originally engaged in mer

Juliet, m. to the Rev. Robert Hall, cantile pursuits, and afterwards re

of Westborough, Lincolnshire. sided at Grantham, where, and in other 11. William, bis seventh child, of whom parts of Lincolnshire, he possessed presently. property, and served as high sheriff JI. James, his youngest, b. in 1753, m. of that county in the year 1776. He Margaret, daughter of John Olderwas well known on the turf, and en

shaw, M.D. of Leicester, and died at tered a “ Confederate" with Earl Brighton in 1819, + leaving two sons Grosvenor, in the match book at and one daughter. Newmarket, from 1780 to 1785. He The seventh child, d. in London in 1787, and left issue, William Douglas, esq. b. 28th February,

In an extract from “ the pedigree of the an. then raging, and was put on the staff of Colonel cient knightly family of Gardiner, of Bermondsey, Delbeig, of the engineers, engaged in fortifying Peckham, and Dorking, in the county of Surrey, Chatham lines on the threatened invasion. extracted from the visitation books of that county, After the peace of 1783, he married, and deterand deduced down to Mary, sole surviving daugh- mined to enter the church. He accordingly kept ter and heir of William Gardiner, of Dorking and collegiate terms, and graduated at Oxford; was Croydon, in Surrey, by Anne, daughter of Richard ordained, got moderate preferment, and became a Peck, now wife of John Douglas, of the parish of chaplain to the Prince of Wales. St. George, Hanover Square, gentleman, from He had naturally great taste and talent for the other authentic evidences, by John Warburton, fine arts, which had been matured by the study of Somerset Herald, Ao. 1754.” It is noticed that some of the principal galleries of painting and the said William Gardiner fell heir to, and pos- sculpture in Europe, over a good portion of which sessed the family seat of Haling, near Croydon, he had travelled : he produced some excellent which was built by Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of portraits of his friends, both in oil and miniature, Winchester, and lord chancellor of England, temp. as an amateur; but his favourite and lasting study Henry VIII. and Mary, and that he was the last was antiquarian research, in which he attained survivor of his family in the male line. Queen great eminence. He associated much with the Elizabeth, when young and much out of health, literary and scientific men of his day, and having was sent there for change of air, and deriving opened some hundred sepulchres of the Celtic, great benefit, said its name should be changed to British, Roman, and Danish inhabitants of BriHealing, or All-heal, from its salubrious effect upon tain, he formed a large museum of their contents, her.

and was elected a fellow of the Society of Anti+ His life was singularly chequered. His first quaries. youthful outset was with an eminent nianufac His publications were numerous, and like his turer, at Middleton, near the seat of Sir Ashton life, varied. Besides his “ Translations,” he wrote Lever, in Lancashire, who was then forming his “ Travelling Anecdotes through various parts of famous Museum. Here, instead of attending to Europe,” much in the manner of Sterne, (with business, he was assiduously assisting Sir Ashton characteristic and humorous plates, drawn and in the stuffing of birds; he was, therefore, re etched by himself,) which went through three edimoved and placed more suitably to his genius, at tions from 1782 to 1786. a military college in Flanders, where he gained Various novels. reputation by the translation of the work of a cele A Dissertation on the Antiquity of the Earth. brated French engineer, on fortification. He after Two Dissertations on the Brass Instruments wards entered the Austrian army as a cadet, at the called Celts, and other Arms of the Ancients. time when there was a menacé of war with the His principal work was the “Nenia Britannica," Turks, and at Vienna he became intimate with the in folio, to illustrate the history of Britain in the noted Baron Trenck. Being sent by Prince John 3th century, with numerous plates (of his own of Lichterstein, to purchase horses in England, execution) of arms, coins, shields, weapons, gold, and jocosely observing, that he thought his head silver, and other female decorations and ornaments, grinning on the gates of Constantinople would not with a variety of implements and curious relics be a very becoming sight, he did not return, and deposited with the dead in the many barrows he exchanged the Austrian for the British service. had opened. He obtained a lieutenant's commission in the Lei His literary life closed with the publication of cester militia, during the heat of the general war

some sermons.

1745, was destined by his father for com- succeeded by his son, the present JOHN merce, and sent at an early age to Man- DOUGLAS, esq. of Gyrn. chester, where he engaged in business, and m. Mary, daughter of George Hargreave, Arms—Arg. a man's heart gu. on a chief esq. of Haslingden and Hoddlesdon, in the az. three mullets of the first. county of Lancaster, by Mary, daughter of Crest-A wild boar and an oak tree ppr. James Marsden, esq. who, and her sister Estate In Flintshire. Hannab, (married to Henry Wilcox, esq. Seat-Gyrn acquired by the present posof Thornton, in the county of York,) were sessor in 1816, and property adjacent subco-heiresses of the estates of Hoddlesdon, sequently; the site of the house is ancient; and had issue,

it was rebuilt in 1700, and has been en1. John, his heir.

larged of late years, in the castellated style.

The name of Gyrn imports a horn,” . Charlotte.

and designates its situation, which is a 11. Maria, III. Aphia, who died young.

pointed promontory or table land, falling

into a valley on each side. It stands in the IV. Sophia,

most northern angle of North Wales, within He resided at the Old Hall, Pendleton, two miles of the sea, and commands the where he died 30th January, 1810, and was mouths of the rivers Dee and Mersey.

}

HOULTON, OF FARLEY CASTLE.

HOULTON, JOHN, esq. of Farley Castle, in the county of Somerset, lieutenant

colonel Ist regiment Somerset militia, b. 29th May, 1773,
m. 2nd January, 1799, Mary-Anne, only daughter and
heir of Thomas Ellis, esq. of Rolleston, Devon, and has
issue,

JOHN-TORRIANO.
Charles-Gore, in the Bombay civil service, died in 1826.
George-Frederic, in the civil service at Bengal, m. Eliza,

daughter of Henry Hart, esq.
Arthur.
Edward -Victor-Lewis, died in 1822.
Dorothea-Frances, m. to Henry Shirley, esq. of Pep-

pingford House, Sussex, and died in 1828.
Amelia-Elizabeth-Bridgman, m. to Col. J. Morillyon

Wilson, of Chelsea College, gentleman usher to the

privy chamber of her majesty the Queen dowager. Isabella-Jane, m. to Quintius Vivian, esq. of Knuston

Hall, near Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, some

time lieut. 8th hussars.
Eliza, m. to the Rev. James Jackson, M.A. eldest son of

James Jackson, esq. of Doncaster.
Mary-Ann-Maxwell."
Catherine-Ann-Murray, m. to Arthur W. Ward, esq.

eldest son John Ward, esq. of Holwood, and of Cal-
verley Park, Kent.
Ella-Catherine.
Florentina-Louisa.

OO

Colonel Houlton is a deputy lieutenant for Somersetshire, and served as sheriff of Wilts in 1808. He succeeded his father 6th January, 1806.

Lineage. This family, one of antiquity in the Isle of Joseph Houlton, esq. of Trowbridge, Wight, settled in Wiltshire in the reign of Wilts, living in 1623, mn. Anne, daughter of JAMES I.

- Yorke, esq. recorder and sometime M.P.

for Devizes, and left, with a daughter Cathe Joseph Houlton, esq. of Farley Castle rine, wife of John Mortimer, esq. of Trow- and Grittleton, a magistrate for Wiltshire, bridge, a son,

and high sheriff in 1724, who m. Anna, Joseph Houlton, esq. of Trowbridge, daughter of Abraham Hook, esq. of Bristol, high sheriff of Wilts in 1696, who purchased and died in 1750, leaving an only daughter from the Hungerford family, in 1700, the and heir, estate of Farleigh Hungerford, in Somer Mary HOULTON, of Farley Castle, who setshire. He m. first, a daughter of Cooper, m. 20th August, 1746, James Frampton, esq. of Beckington, and had by her a son, Jo- of Moreton, in Dorsetshire, high sheriff of SEPH, his heir. He m. secondly, Mary, that county in 1744, (see p. 196,) but died daughter of Isaac Ewer, governor of Caris- s. p. in 1762. The Houlton estates, at the brook Castle, and colonel in the service of decease of Mr. Frampton in 1784, passed to the parliament, temp. Charles I. by whom Robert Houlton, esq. of Farley Castle he had, with four daughters, a son, Robert, and Grittleton, who m. Susannah, daughter of Trowbridge, who d. s. p. Mr. Houlton of Thomas Tindal, esq. of Bristol, and dying died 1720, and was s. by his son,

in 1785, was s. by his son, JOSEPH Houlton, esq. of Farley Castle, Joseph Houlton, esq. of Farley Castle, who m. first, Mary, daughter of Nicholas a captain in the army, who m. at Gibraltar, Green, esq. of Brook, in Wiltshire, M.P. Dorothea-Sarah, daughter of Charles Torcolonel in the army of the parliament, and riano, esq. captain R. A. and had issue, had issue,

John, his heir. JOSEPH, his beir.

Robert, of Bath, capt. R. N.
John, of Bristol, and of Monckton Joseph, lieut. 40th regiment of infantry,

Combe, who m. Susannah, daughter d. unm. in 1795.
of William Watts, esq. of Bristol, Charles-Torriano.
and died in 1767, having had issue, Samuel, capt. 11th regiment of native
Joseph, of Trowbridge, who m. infantry, died at Dinapore, in the

Mary, daughter of Philip Gibbs, East Indies, in 1827.
esq. and their issue is extinct.

George (Sir), knt. capt. 43rd regiment, ROBERT, heir to Farley Castle, of ensign of the yeoman of the guard, whom presently:

m. Anna, daughter of John CruickNathaniel, of Bristol, d. s. p. in shank, esq. of Bath. 1767.

Mr. Houlton died in 1806, and was s. by his John, of Seagry and Grittleton, son, the present Col. Houlton, of Farley

rear admiral R.N. d. unm. in Castle.

1791. Nathaniel, of Seagry, Wilts, m. Mary, daughter of Francis Newton, esq. of talbots heads erased az. three bezants.

Arms—Arg. on a fess wavy between three Taunton, but d. s. p. in 1754. Robert, of Grittleton, died s. p. m. in with a collar, wavy or, charged with three

CrestA talbot's head erased az. gorged 1771.

torteaux. Mr. Houlton m. secondly, Priscilla, daughter of Walter White, esq. of Grittleton,

Motto-Semper fidelis. colonel in the service of the parliament, and

Estates — In the counties of Somerset, governor of the fort at Bristol. He died in Wilts, and Devon. 1731, and was s. by his son,

Seat-Farley Castle, Somersetshire.

BYTHESEA, OF THE HILL, FRESHFORD.

BYTHESEA, SAMUEL-WILLIAM, esq. of the Hill, Freshford, Somersetshire, b. 14th July, 1801, m. bis cousin Mary-Agnes Bythesea, younger daughter of the late Charles Brome, esq. of Malling House, West Malling, Kent, youngest and last surviving son of John Brome, esq. of the Manor House, Bishop's Stortford, Herts, by Mary, his wife, sister of Sir Charles Saxton, baronet, of Circourt, Berkshire, many years commissioner of Portsmouth. By this lady, Mr. Bythesea has one son,

SAMUEL-WILLIAM-CHARLES-BRONE, b. 9th April, 1831. Mr. Bythesea is in the commission of the peace for Wilts.

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