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WICKHAM, OF HORSINGTON.
WICKHAM, JAMES ANTHONY, esq. of North Hill House, Frome, Somerset
shire, lieutenant-colonel of the North Somerset Yeomanry cavalry, b. in 1768, succeeded his father, 1791, m. in 1800, Marianne, daughter and heir of Hill Dawe, esq. of Bridgewater, and by her, who died in 1834, has issue,
JAMES-WHALLEY-DAWE-THOMAs, captain in the North
Somerset yeomanry cavalry, who m. in 1834, Lucy Ma
tilda, daughter of William Leader, esq.
only child of Archdale Palmer, of Cheam Park, Sur
14th regiment of foot, and has issue.
This family is supposed to be descended James Wickham, bapt. at Horsington, in from John Wycomb, of Bristol, who repre- 1596, father of sented that city in parliament, 1346. Se Thomas Wickham, bapt. at Horsington, veral of its members, who spelt their names in 1628. He m. Martha, daughter of ThoWicomb, Wickham, and Wykeham indiffe mas Rolt, esq. of Abbas Comb, and had isrently, anciently filled the office of sheriff of sue, Bristol, and Theobald Wickham was high 1. THOMAS, bapt. in 1656, rector of sheriff for Somerset in 1393.
Horsington. He m. Elizabeth, dau. WIKEHAM, m. Elizabeth, daugh of George Thomas, esq. of Marsh ter and co-heir of Thomas Sylver, who in Court, and died in 1724, leaving issue the year 1453, purchased of Sir Theobald which became Extinct in the second Gorge, houses and lands in Horsington and generation. South Cheriton, which had belonged to J. RICHARD. Thomas Tragin, who held them of William The second son, de Newmarch, or de Novo Mercatu, as RICHARD WICKHAM, esq. of Sherborne, written in the original deed still extant, and in Dorsetshire, banker, left by Mary, his to whose ancestor they were granted by wife, four sons, namely, William the Conqueror.
1. JAMES, his heir. John WYKEHAM, who in 1536, possessed 11. William, who settled in Holland, lands in Milborn Port, was the issue of this
and left issue. marriage. He married Cecilia, who was III. John, of Sherborne, m. Ann Smith, living at Horsington in 1561, and had a of Bristol, and died 1774, leaving one son,
son, James WICKHAM, who wedded Margaret
John, in holy orders, rector of Servington, and died in 1576, seised of the
Horsington, who m. Margaret, rectory of Charlton Horethorne. His widow
daughter of William Provis, of survived many years. He left inter alios,
Shepton Mallet, and dying in Christopher, of Horsington.
1783, aged fifty-three, left issue, James, of the Middle Temple, died in
1. William Provis, in holy or1586, s.p.
ders, m. Anpabella, daughANTHONY.
ter of Stevens Totton, esq. The third son,
barrister-at-law, and has ANTHONY WICKHAM, of Horsington, was,
issue, as well as his wife Catherine, living in 1612,
Provis-Trelawney, rector and had with several other children,
of Shepton Mallet, m.
Mariann, daughter of JAMES WICKHAM, esq. of Frome, espoused the Rev. Thomas Coney, Anne, daughter of William Barton, and had of Batcombe.
John Wickham, rector of Horsington, bapt. Thomas Provis, m. Sarah, in 1717, died 1788, and
daughter of Hussey JAMES WICKHAM, esq. of Frome, bapt. Glascow, esq.
in 1721, who m. Mary, daughter of the Rev. Annabella, m. to James John Whalley, D.D. Master of Peter House,
Bennett, esq. of Cad- and Regius Professor of Divinity in the Unibury.
versity of Cambridge, and had issue, Caroline Wentworth.
JAMES-ANTHONY, his heir. 2. John, of Batcombe, bapt. Thomas Whalley, rector of Horsington, 1771, in the commission of
m. Mary, daughter of James Bennett, the peace, m. Catherine,
esq. of Cadbury, high sheriff of Sodaughter of Major Brigdale, mersetshire in 1799, and has three and has three sons, Henry, daughters. Edward, and Thomas.
Francis, lieut. R. N. died in 1796, s. p. 3. Anna-Maria, m. to the Rev.
Elizabeth-Mary, died in 1823, unm. William Coney, and died in Anne, died unm. in 1797. 1807, leaving issue.
Frances, m. to the Rev. Edward Edgell, iv. Richard, of Sherborne, who m.
rector of West Alvington, Devon, Mary Ludwell, widow, and had a
now of East Hill, Somersetshire, and
died in 1810, leaving two daughters. Thomas, rector of Shepton Mallet and vicar of Castle Cary, m.
Mr. Wickham died in 1791, and was s. by Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph
his son, the present James ANTHONY WICKGeorge, gent. of Croscombe, and Ham, esq. of North Hill House. died in 1786, leaving issue, Thomas, vicar of Yatton, in the Arms-Arg. two chevrons sa. between
commission of the peace, d. three roses gu. seeded or, barbed, vert. unm. in 1829.
Crest—A bull's head sa. armed or, charElizabeth, d. unm. in 1837, ged on the neck with two chevrons, arg. aged seventy-two.
Motto—“ Manners mayketh man. Frances, died unm. in 1836. Estates-In Somerset and Dorset. The eldest son,
Seat-North Hill House, Frome.
CALDWELL, OF LINLEY WOOD.
CALDWELL, JAMES-STAMFORD, esq. of Linley Wood, in the county of Stafford, M.A. of the University of Cambridge, and a barrister-at-law; author of a “ Treatise of the Law of Arbitration,” and other works, succeeded his father, James Caldwell, esq. who died January 16th, 1838.
for the county of Stafford, and Recorder of Newcastle-under-Lyme, m. Elizabeth, dau. and co-heiress (with a sister Hannah, who d. unm.) of Thomas Stamford, esq. of Derby, by Hannah, his wife, eldest daughter of John Crompton, esq. of Chorley Hall, in the county of Lancaster, which property was acquired by that branch of the Crompton family soon after the Rebellion in 1715. Mrs. Stamford was cousin to Samuel Crompton,* esq. of Derby, and to Henry Coape, esq. of Dutfield, of whose personal estate +
* For a full account of the Crompton family,
see vol. iii. p. 689. JAMES CALDWELL, esq. who was for many + The landed property devolved on the Sheryears a magistrate and deputy lieutenant brooke family.
a share fell to the Caldwells. By this lady,
Mary-Emma Marsh. whod.9th April 1831, Mr.Caldwell had issue,
Hannah-Adelaide Marsh. 1. JAMES-STAMFORD, his heir.
iv. Margaret-Emma, m. Henry Hol1. Hannah-Eliza, m. to W. Stanley land, M.D. of Lower Brook Street,
Roscoe, esq. eldest son of William London, and left issue,
v. Catherine-Louisa, d. unm.
vi. Frances, d. unm.
Arms—Quarterly; 1st and 4th, Party per
pale az. and sa. three cold wells proper, in Elizabeth-Jane Roscoe.
base a stag's head arg. for Caldwell: 2nd Anne-Mary Roscoe.
and 3rd arg. three bars az. on a canton gu. 11. Mary, d. unm.
a gauntlet or. grasping
a broken sword arg. III. Anne, m. Arthur Cuthbert Marsh, hilt and pomel sa. for STAMFORD. esq. and has issue,
Crest-A lion couchant az.
Estates—In Staffordshire, Cheshire, and
Seat-Linley Wood, in the county of
MAC BRAIRE, OF TWEEDHILL AND BROADMEADOWS.
MAC BRAIRE, JOHN-JOSEPH, esq. of Tweedhill and Broadmeadows, in the county of Berwick, a magistrate and a deputy lieutenant for that shire, b. 3rd June, 1801, m. 4th August, 1831, Caroline-Abigail, daughter of Benjamin Gott, esq. of Armley House, Yorkshire, and has issue, an only son, James, b. 12th May, 1832. He succeeded his father in 1832.
Dumfriesshire, "* who were supposed, originally, to have emigrated to the South of Scotland from the county of Aberdeen, a highland origin, which the name itself indicates.t
The Netherwood family settled and possessed considerable landed property in Dumfriesshire, prior to the year 1400, which appears by family deeds and papers, as well as by the earlier records of that country; and besides their original estate on the river Neth, in the immediate vicinity of the town of Dumfries, different branches of the family were land owners in other parts of the country, and in Galloway, and the stewartry of Kirkcudbright. They ap
pear to have intermarried with the MaxThe name of Mac Braire, or Mac Briar, wells, Johnstons, and other families of disis one of some antiquity in Dumfriesshire, tinction in the district, and to have long had and the adjoining counties on the south-west great influence in the burgh of Dumfries, of border of Scotland.
Since the middle of the last century, the present family has represented the Mac * See Nesbit B. 308 ; Ogilvies’ Manuscript, &c. Brairs of Netherwood, frequently alluded + The spelling of the name is various, Mac to in old local histories, and described in Braire, Mac Briar, Macbryere, Mack Brie, Mackbooks of heraldry, as
an ancient family in bray, &c.
which the head of the family was provost
1. James. from time to time.I
II. Robert. The estate of Netherwood descended in
Ill. Frederick. regular succession for many generations,
IV. Arthur. down to the year 1740, when it was in the
The eldest son, possession of Archibald Mac Braire, the last proprietor of the name, whose affairs chant in the island of Newfoundland. In
James MAC BRAIRE, settled as a merbecoming embarrassed, he was compelled 1794-5, at the breaking out of the French to alienate the entire of the landed pro- revolutionary war, he quitted business, and perty which had been so long in his family, and shortly after that period, the direct line having raised, at his own expense, above of the Netherwood family became extinct.
one hundred men for a fencible regiment, The present family are the immediate de- American colonies, joined it as captain,
then forming for the defence of the North scendants of Robert, son of Thomas Mac and served for several years. On his reBraire, of Newark, who was a younger bro- giment being disbanded, at the peace of ther of the Laird of Netherwood, in the Amiens, he returned to Newfoundland, early part of the 16th century.
and afterwards was called upon to fill seveRobert Mac BRAire, settled in Edin- ral important public situations in the town burgh as a merchant, about the year 1560, of St. John's. He finally in 1817, retired and he and his successors for four genera- to his native country, and soon afterwards tions continued to reside there.
purchased the estates of Tweedhill and Robert MacBraire, (great-grandson of Broadmeadows, both in Berwickshire, and the above Robert,) eldest son of John MacBraire, merchant and burgess in Edinburgh, and name to the place which they had held
was thus the means of restoring his family settled in Glasgow, and married (25th No- for centuries amongst the landed proprietors vember, 1715) Margaret, eldest daughter of in the South of Scotland. He married (10th the Rev. John Pettigrew, minister of the May, 1793) Elizabeth, only daughter of Joparish of Meikle Govan, Renfrewshire, a seph Bower, esq. a merchant and broker in well known personage, as an author and Bristol, son of James Bower, esq. barristerwit of the day, and left issue,
at-law, of the same city, and had an only 1. John, who died in infancy.
surviving son, the present John Joseph JI. James.
MAC BRAIRE, esq. of Tweedhill and Broad-
Arms—Arg. a fesse gu. between three 1. Robina,
stars in chief, and a lion rampant in base of
Crest-A lion rampant gu.
Estates-In Berwickshire. and was killed (28th May, 1798) at Enniscorthy, during the Irish rebellion. He left Seats— Tweedhill and Broadmeadows, issue, with two daughters, four sons,
# The following incidents in the life of one of he returned to England, and on the 13th Novemthe family, who seems to have taken a part in pub- ber, 1568, was inducted to the vicarage of St. lic affairs at the time of the Reformation, are alluded Nicholas, in Newcastle, and was buried there Noto by several writers.
vember 16th, 1584. Ball mentions several of Mac Jobn Mac Braire, or Mac Bray, a gentleman Braire's works, and says, “ he wrote elegantly in of Galloway, in consequence of publicly express- Latin.” (Vide Ball, Spotteswoode, &c.; also notes ing sentiments favourable to the Reformation, then to M.Cries' Life of Knox). in progress, was obliged to take refuge in Eng * In 1809-10, at the recommendation of his land, about the year 1538. At the death of Ed-friend, the late Admiral Sir Richard Keats, then ward VI. he retired from that country to Frank- governor of Newfoundland, he was appointed by forth, where he preached to the English congre- the Prince Regent, major-commandant of a local gation. He is called an eminent exile in Styrpe's volunteer corps, 500 strong, which continued emAnnals, i. 130. On the accession of Elizabeth, bodied to the end of the war.
DOUGLAS, OF GYRN.
DOUGLAS, JOHN, esq. of Gyrn, Flintshire, m. on the 4th March, 1805, Anne,
daughter of Joseph Tipping, esq. of Crumpsall, in the county
Grove, in the county of Flint.
esq. of Garn, in the county of Denbigh.
He served as sheriff of the latter county in 1821.
Lineage. ALEXANDER Douglas, the first ancestor | king granted him possessions near Reath, of this family who settled in England, was of in the county of York, where he m. a daughthe Morton line of the house of Douglas,* ter of Sir Marmaduke Langdale, and was and came in the retinue of JAMES I. in 1603, succeeded by his son, on his accession to the English throne. The ALEXANDER Douglas, who lived temp.
Charles I. at Townend Hall, in Arkendale.
During the civil wars, he raised and equipThe first grant of lands on record to this fa- ped a body of horsemen for the king's sermily was anno 1150, on Duglas Water, in Duglas- vice, chiefly from among his own tenantry, dale, in Lanarkshire, and William, who inherited and at his own expense. On his route to the estate, was the first to assume the name of join the royal forces, with this troop of Duglas in several charters which he witnessed which he was captain, he was intercepted between the years 1170 and 1190, during an age and taken prisoner by a detachment of when it was the practice of landowners to desig- Cromwell's army. He escaped, however, nate themselves from the names of their posses- and was secreted for a long time in a cave sions. The Celtic, or Galic name Duglas, signi- in a neighbouring wood, where he was susfies black water, an appropriate appellation for the tained by a faithful servant. From this cirriver, which is of a black colour, having its sources
cumstance it acquired the name of“ Douglas and supplies from a moorish country. The same Wood,” which it still bears. Tradition says word, Dulas or Duglas, in the Welch language, there was a passage to the cave from the (another dialect of the Celtic,) is literally black and blue, and the river Dulas means dark blue opposite side, under the river. From his
adherence to the house of Stuart, his estates The distinguished house of Douglas had divided were confiscated, and all applications to into four principal branches, viz. Angus, Hamil- Charles II., after his Restoration, for their ton, Queensberry, and Morton, and has been cele- restitution, were fruitless. He m. Mary, brated throughout the historic records of Scotland, daughter of Edward Gregson, esq. of Reath, as well as in the annals of border warfare, princi- in Yorkshire, and was father of pally against the Percys, in which it had been
Thomas Douglas, esq. barrister-at-law, always successful, and made one Percy prisoner. temp. Charles II. who m. Martha, daughBut in the last fatal rencounter between the two rival chiefs, so beautifully described in the affect- but of a family originally from Westmor
ter of James Kirton, esq. of Reath aforesaid, ing popular ballad of Chevy Chase, the Douglas land, and had issue, several children, viz. fell." in the year 1329, Sir James de Douglas received a grant from Edward III, to repair with the
Marmaduke, who were dispersed in HEART of King Robert Bruce to Jerusalem, and
Symond, Holland, Jamaica, and deposit it in the Holy Sepulchre, wbich has been
other parts abroad and the principal bearing in the Douglas arms ever Cholmondeley, | at home, with various since.