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in command to Lieutenant-general Morrison, the lieutenant-governor of that colony. He again returned to Britain, and was immediately placed in command of the Severn district, in England. On the 4th June, 1813, he was raised to the rank of lieutenantgeneral, and placed on the Irish staff as a lieutenant-general in command of the southeast district of that kingdom. This command he was obliged to relinquish in 1814, in consequence of declining health, and on that occasion he had the honour and gratification of receiving a very kind and consolatory letter from H. R. H. the Duke of York, acknowledging and thanking him for his long and zealous service. He m. Lucy, third daughter of Sir Hugh Crawford, bart. of Jordanhill, and had issue, 1. Willi AM, his heir. ii. Thomas, who married Harriet, third daughter of Lieutenant-general Sir William Hutchinson. iii. James, who m. Jane-Adelaide, second daughter of Sir Thomas Mackenny, bart. of Dublin. 1. Crawford, m. to William Forlong, esq. of Errins. II. Isabella, m. to Francis Gordon, esq. of Kincardine, brother of James Gordon, of Craig. 111. Reubina. iv. LUCY. Pitlurg died in 1828, and was s. by his eldest son, the present William GordonCUMING-SKENE, esq. of Pitlurg and Dyce. From the first settlement of Adam de Gordun in Scotland, in the year 1057 to the present day, a period of 779 years has elapsed, during which time there have been twenty-six descents in the lineal male line of Pitlurg. The Viscounts of Kenmure, however, also connect a lineal uninterrupted


male descent from Adam de Gordun, William de Gordun, the ancestor of this family, being the second son of Adam de Gordun, the eighth in descent from the first settler in Scotland. But the family of Pitlurg came off in the eleventh generation; for on the succession of Elizabeth, the thirteenth lineal descendant of Adam de Gordun, her uncle, John, of Scurdargue, the ancestor of the family of Pitlurg, carried on the male line of the family, and his descendant, the present Pitlurg, is consequently, the descents being clear and uninterrupted, the chief lineal male representative of the family of Gordon. From the family of Pitlurg upwards of sixty families have sprung, who all settled in the north. From various causes arising from the civil wars, &c. it would seem that the family of Pitlurg lost much of their power after the year 1661, and it does not appear that they began to regain their influence before the year 1731. Since that period, however, the estates have been greatly increased, and the influence of the family has progressed with its wealth. The estates of Birnes and Leask, and those left by Mr. Skene, of Dyce, have restored the family to their former rank, and given its present representative an equal political and personal influence with that exercised by his ancestor, Sir John Gordon, in the 16th century. Arms—Az. three boars’ heads within a bordure or. Crest—A dove arg. beaked, membered gu. in its beak an olive branch ppr. Supporters—Derter, a knight in complete armour, his vizor up, with shield and lance, all ppr. ; sinister, a boarppr. Motto—I hope. Estates—In Aberdeenshire.

Seats—Pitlurg and Parkhill.


FLETCHER, THOMAS-WILLIAM, esq. of Dudley, in the county of Worcester, m. 13th September, 1831, Jane-Maria, daughter of James Russell, esq. of Bescot Hall, in the county of Stafford, by Sarah, his wife, daughter and co-heir of the Rev. John Best Clerk, M.A." fellow of Worcester College, Oxford, sub-dean and prebendary of Wolverhampton, vicar of Sedgley, and incumbent of Bilston, all in the county of Staf

ford, and has a daughter,


Mr. Fletcher succeeded his father in the year 1827, being then a minor.

* The representatives of the family of Best have, without the exception of a single generation, been beneficed clergymen in the counties of Worcester and Stafford since the time of the Reformation, and in the former county they possessed the advowsons of Elmley Lovett and Doverdale.

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The family of Fletcher is of antiquity in the shires of Stafford and Warwick, as in that of Cumberland, where the resident obtained a baronetcy temp. CHARLEs I.” There are proofs extant that the branch before us was seated in the county of Stafford so early as the reign of Edward II. but from the destruction of the early records, the pedigree can be authentically deduced only from the time of Queen Elizabeth, when Thomas Fletcher, of Water Eyton and Shareshall, in the county of Stafford, acquired estates there by marriage with Margaret, daughter and eventually heiress of Ralf Alport, esq.f of Cannock, a portion of which are now held by his descendants, having always passed in the male line: of this marriage there were issue, Thomas, his heir. Margaret, b. 23rd May 1592, mentioned in the Heraldic Visitations for Staffordshire, to have m. 1st, William Chetwynd, esq. of the Ridge, co. Stafford, and on his decease to have remarried Francis Giffard of Water Eyton, esq. “who was slain before Dudley Castle, he being a captaine for his majesty King Charles I.” and who was a grandson of Sir Thomas Gifford of Chillington, for whose pedigree see vol. i. p. 203. Mr. Fletcher was buried at Shareshall, 24th October 1610; his widow, 16th April, 1616. His son,

THoMAS FLETCHER!of Fetherstone, county Stafford, b. 2nd October, 1590, was an officer in the army of K. Charles I. He enlarged the estate by the purchase of lands in Wirley Magnä, Wirley Parva, Saredon, Cannock, and Cheslyn Hay, in the 4th Charles I. He m. 24th July, 1620, Elizabeth, daughter of William Poole, and was killed at Marston Moor in the year 1643, leaving issue, THOMAs, his heir. Anne, baptized 13th Nov. 1621. Margerie, baptized 7th June, 1625. His son and heir, THoMAS FLETCHER, esq. de magna Wirley, baptized 3rd Aug. § 4 Car. I. (1620,) m. 18th Jan. 10 Car. II. Mary, daughter of ...... Bourne, and had issue, THOMAs, his heir. John, baptized 2nd June 1670. Katharine, born 12th, and baptized 14th November, 13th Chas. II. (1661.) He died 10th September, 1691, and was s. by his elder son, THoMAS FLETCHER, of Wyrley magna, B. A., of New College, Oxford, born 21st March, baptized 14th April, 16 Charles II. 1664, m. Catherine Richards, and d. 21st Feb. 1718, leaving issue, THoMAs, his heir. Catherine, b. 1708, m. H. Hodgetts, and d. s. p. 1731. Elizabeth, b. 1709, m.1733, George Keen, esq. of Stafford, and d. leaving an only child, George Keen, esq. alderman and mayor of Stafford, who m. at St. George's, Hanover Square, London, Elizabeth Mary, only dau. and heiress of Willoughby Richard Pickering, of Hanover Square, M.D., and d. without issue, 1822. Ann, b. 1710, m. 1733,Thomas Cope, esq. of Leacroft, in the county of Stafford, and died 15th March, 1757, leaving an only daughter, Ann, now living unm. His only son and heir, THOMAS Fletcher, esq. of Cannock, bapt. 19th March, 1707, m. 1738, Mary, only dau. and heiress of William Keelinge, esq. of Sedgley Park, co. Stafford, by Eleanor, his wife, dau. of — Gibbons, esq. of Ettingsole

"The names Flecharius and Le Flecher are of frequent occurrence in the public records of Richard I. and King John.

+ In the Heralds' College are several letters from Mr. William Alport, of Cannock, to Sir William Dugdale, which are sealed with arms differing from those in the visitation, by the addition of a canton, a distinction Sir William frequently gave to a younger branch of a family. The original of this seal of silver is now in the possession of Mr. Fletcher.

: It appears to be a custom in many families to hand down the same Christian name through the

eldest sons. Plot, in his history of Staffordshire, observes that the Littleton family, who have large possessions in this part of the county, have all been Sir Edwards from the time of Edward VI. The same circumstance may also be observed in many pedigrees recorded in the present work. § On the 9th May, 1643, 19 Car. I., Thomas Fletcher, a student in the municipal laws, had liberty granted him (though then absent) to take the degree of Bach. of the Civil Law, when he should come to the university. Wood's Fasti Oxon. |The family of Keelinge was seated at Bewarsley, in the county of Stafford, at the time of the Hall, by which marriage he acquired a valuable property in the county of Stafford, and had two sons, Thomas, his heir. William, b. 2nd Oct. 1740, m. 1770, at Oldswinford, in the county of Worcester, Alice, daughter of Thomas Blakemore, esq.” of Northwich, in the county of Chester, and d. 21st October, 1804, leaving issue, Thomas, heir to his uncle. Mary, m. the Rev. John Waltham, M.A. of Jesus College, Cambridge, rector of Rock, co. Cornwall, and of Darlaston, co. Stafford, a magistrate for the latter county; and secondly, the Rev. John Howells. Sarah. Catherine. Frances. He d. in December, 1790, and was s. by his elder son, ThomoAs Fletcher, esq. of Cannock, b. 13th May, 1730, who d. unm. 31st August, 1802, and was succeeded by his nephew, Thom As Fletch ER, esq. of Handsworth, co. Stafford, b. 19th February, 1772, who m. 10th May, 1804, Ann, daughter of Thomas Russell, gent. and had issue,


THoMA's-Willi AM, his heir. William, M.A. fellow of Brazennose College, Oxford (in holy orders) m 31st Dec. 1835, Hannah Maria Jane, dau. of Joseph Bainbrigge, esq. of Derby. John Waltham. Henry. Anne. He d. at Handsworth, 1st April, 1827, and was s. by his eldest son, the present ThoMAs-William Fletch ER, esq. +Arms—Argent, a cross engrailed sable surmounted by a plain cross ermine, between sour pheons azure, each within an annulet of the second, Fletcher. Quartering—Barry wavy of eight argent and azure with a bend or, charged with three mullets gu. Alport. Gu. between two lions rampant or, a bend engrailed or, charged with three scaling ladders of the field, KeelInge. Crest—A horse's head erased arg. gorged with a collar sa.. charged with three pheons or, in the mouth a rose gu. slipped ppr. Motto—Sub cruce salus. Estates—In Staffordshire, Warwickshire, and Worcestershire. Residences—Hagley Grove, in the county of Warwick, and Dudley, in the county of Worcester.

Visitation of 1663, though Richard Keelinge, the grandfather of William there mentioned, was then living at Sedgley. Sir John Keelinge, chief justice of the King's Bench, was also of the Staffordshire family. * The family of Blakemore is now represented by Richard Blakemore, esq. of the Leys, in the county of Hereford, and of Velindra, in the county of Glamorgan, who has served the office of hig

sheriff for both counties. He is nephew to Mrs. Alice Fletcher. His sister, Ann Blakemore, married Luke Booker, clerk, LL.D. F.R.S. L. chaplain to King Geo. IV. vicar of Dudley, and of Tedstone, De-la-mere, author of various poetical and other publications.

+ The more ancient arms of the family were Sable, a cross fleury between four escollop shells argent. This coat had no crest.


BAINBRIGGE, JOSEPH, esq. of Derby, a captain in the King's Own, or Staffordshire Militia, b. 27th Sept. 1752, m. his cousin Honor,


daughter of Philip Gell, M.D. of Wirksworth, in the county of Derby, but had no issue; and secondly, Miss Hannah Harrison, of Yieldersley, in the same county, by whom he

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Captain Bainbrigge succeeded to the representation of the family on the death of his £intage.

brother in 1818.


This family, of great antiquity in the north of England, came to Lockington about the close of the reign of HENRY VII. “In the year 1583, William Flower, Norroy, granted to William Baymbrigge, of Lockington (“descended from the ancient family of the Bainbrigges, in the north) a crest to his ancient arms, which were then confirmed.” See MS. in Ashmole, vol. 844, f. 237. 238. It would appear from tradition that the name was originally Bayn, a Saxon word signifying ready, and that the word Brigge was added in consequence of one of the family having with his sons and followers successfully defended a bridge against foreign invaders; and we now find a village called Bainbridge in the North Riding of Yorkshire, a pass in the mountains between Yorkshire and Westmorland, which was formerly a military post of defence, a Roman station, and a place of great antiquity. There are also other traces of the family in the north of England, as Bainbrigg Holm, in the north division of Easington Ward, in the county of Durham, and at Appleby, in Westmorland. The records of territorial possessions in Doomsday Book, did not extend to this part of England, owing to the hostility of the natives to the Normans; consequently the name is not found in that work, and not being included among the Norman followers, it is presumed that they did not come into England at the Conquest. These facts, together with that of the principal bearing in the arms being the battleaxe, a weapon of the highest antiquity, being the ancient Celt, showing Saxon or rather Danish connection, it is to be inferred that the family were established in England prior to the Norman invasion. Guillim, a high authority on heraldry, selects the example of the arms of this fa

• The cardinal was a man of great talent and a distinguished statesman. He was almoner to Hrsay VII. and ambassador from HENRY VIII. to the Emperor Maximilian and also to the Pope. An old family MS. states that Wolsey bribed the cardinal’s cook to poison him, that he might himself succeed to the primacy; but Alfonso Ciaconii, in his Lives of the Popes and Cardinals, savs that he was poisoned by a priest in revenge for a blow given by the cardinal. Sir Henry Ellis, however, in his Letters and State Papers, shows that De Giglis, an Italian, bishop of Worcester, then resident at Rome, as the King's orator, bribed Rinaldo de Modena, a priest living in Cardinal brige's establishment, and in his confidence, to murder him, which he did by poison, and received from De Giglis the sum of fifteen ducats as a reward. Rinaldo being put to the torture, confessed the whole, but finding that Pope Leo X: would not spare his life, he stabbed himself and died in prison. . . . . de Giglis was at this time in correspondence

mily, in discussing the merits of the bearing called the fess, which he proves to represent the ancient military girdle or arming belt, a badge of honour, and of great antiquity. From the time the family came to Lockington, down to the last Thomas, of Woodseat, who died in 1818, the representative has always served the office of high sheriff, either for the county of Leicester, Derby, or Stafford. From 1553 to 1586, the branch then established at Derby, were members of parliament for the borough. John Baynbrigg was high sheriff for York in 1419. In 1514 died Cardinal CHRistopher BAYNBRige, primate of England, archbishop of York, cardinal of St. Praxis, bishop of Durham, and provost of Queen's College, Oxford, to which he was a great benefactor.” Joh N BAYNBRiGGE, of Wheatley, county of York, otherwise called Baynbrigge del North, and afterwards of Leicestershire, had three children, Robert, his heir. Thomas, m. Alice, daughter of Thomas Palmer, of West Broughton; for an account of whose descendants, see Nicholls' History of Leicestershire, (Ashby, p. 631.)f John. The eldest son, Robert BAINBRIDGE, esq. of Lockington, county of Leicester,who succeeded his father, m. Isabella, daughter of William Milgate, of Manchester. He was buried 21st August, 1572, leaving issue, 1. Willia M., his heir. . 11. Alice, m. 24th November, 1562, Thomas Hunte, of Derbyshire. 111. Isabel, m. Richard Haselrig, 17th Nov. 1572.

and intimacy with Wolsey, then in the zenith of his power. Wolsey farmed the bishoprick of Worcester, and remitted large sums to De Giglis.

Richard Pace, one of Bainbrige's secretaries, who knew the particulars of Rinaldo's confession, was afterwards made a secretary of state, and Wolsey succeeded to all the honours of Cardinal Bainbrige.

An engraving of Cardinal Bainbrige is in possession of the family.

# This Thomas had a son, Robert Bainbridge, of Ashby de la Zouch, who married Anna, daughter of Richard Everard, of Shenton, by whom his fifth son was Dr. John Bainbridge, who was educated at Emanuel College, Cambridge, by his kinsman, Dr. Joseph Hali, Bishop of Norwich, and was chosen first tavilian professor of astronomy in the University of Oxford. He died 3rd November, 1643, and was buried with public honours in the chapel of Merton College, where is a Latin epitaph. See Wood's Athena.

His son and successor, Willi AM BAINBRIGGE, esq. of Lockington, purchased the manor of Lockington in 1576. He had been high sheriff of the county of Leicester in 1555.” He m. first, 24th November, 1562, Modyn Wolfhide, but by her had no issue; and secondly, 17th April, 1571, Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Charde, esq. of London. Mr. Bainbrigge died 22nd April, 1617, aged 81, leaving 1. John, his heir. 11. Barneby, a merchant adventurer, born 1576, died s. p. iii. Thomas, m. Agnes, dau. of George Jackson, gent. of Ashbourn, county of Derby, buried 5th November, 1658, leaving several children. 1 v. William, born 1588, died without issue, and was buried 16th August, 1654. 1. Elizabeth, born 1572, m. first, John Stafford, esq. of Barkby, barristerat-law, and recorder of Leicester, and secondly, Robert Terringham, esq. of Weston, county of Northampton. 11. Mary, born 1577, died an infant. 111. Mary, m. John Lawe, esq. of Great Wigston. 1 v. Sarah, m. first, Henry Duckett,

B.D. of Colgrave, and secondly, Wil

liam Robinson, D.D. archdeacon of Nottingham, prebendary of York, St. David's, and Westminster, rector of Long Whatton, county of Leicester, and Bingham, county of York, of which latter marriage there were two sons, Henry, rector of Long Whatton, m. his cousin Ann, a daughter of Thomas and Ann Bainbrigge. John, created a baronet, in 1660, ancestor of the Stretton Magna and Crauford family. v. Hester, m. Philip Bainbrigge, of Wheatley Hill, county of York. v1. Anne, died an infant. vii. Susanna, l as VIII. Anne, }died unin. 1x. Elizabeth, died an infant. The eldest son and heir, John BAINBRigge, esq. of Lockington, sheriff of the county of Leicester, 1630, baptized 13th Dec. 1642, m. Agnes, daughter of William Lawe, esq. of Great Wigston, and had issue, 1. Willi AM, his heir. 11. John, born 1616, died an infant.

1. Mary, born 1612, died unm.

* In Nichol's History of Leicestershire, vol. iii. p. 875, are the particulars of the expenses at the assizes, which show the handsome style in which he performed the office, as well as the value of money and price of clothing, &c.

11. Elizabeth, m. Sir John Bale, of Carlton Curliew, county of Leicester, about 1631. John Bainbrigge d. 1642-3, and was s. by his Son, Willi AM BAINBRIGGE, esq. of Lockington, who m. first, Barbara, daughter of William St. Andrew, esq. of Gotham, which lady died s. p. 5th April, 1624, aged 18. He afterwards espoused Elizabeth, daughter of Ger– vase Pigott, of Thrupton, county of Nottingham, and by her, who died 20th March, 1634, had issue, 1. John, m. Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Grey, esq. of Langley, and had a son, John, high sheriff of the county of Leicester, 1699, but whose descendants are now extinct. ii. Gervase, of Alvaston, county of Derby, m. Catherine, dau. of John Fulwood, of Hemmington, county palatine of Leicester, and had issue four children, all of whom died s. p.

iii. Anne, m. William Herrick, esq. of Beaumanor, (see vol. iii. p. 639,) 23rd July, 1649, and died 1655. Mr. Bainbrigge m. thirdly, Mary, daughter of German Ireton, esq.f of Atterborough, and had issue, 1. William, born 1639, died an infant. ii. Thomas, born 1540, died unm. iii. William, of whom presently. iv. Henry, of Wimeswould and Hugglescote Grange, county of Leicester, m. first, Hannah, daughter of William Welby, esq. of Denton, county of Lincoln, and secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of James Nelthorp, of London, merchant, by whom he had issue.

1. Jane. , . Catherine, m. William Leake, esq. of Wimeswould, serjeant-at-law, who was constituted a judge by CHARLes II. but declined to act. He died 7th October, 1687, and was buried at Wimes would. The third son by the second marriage, Willi AM BAIN BRIGGE, esq. of Lockington Over Hall, purchased the estate at Rocester, county of Stafford, in 1674, from the heirs of Bryan, Wiscount Cullen. He m. Barbara, second daughter of Sir Nicholas Wilmot, of Osmaston, county of Derby, by whom he left issue, 1. William, of the Old Hall, born 1668, high sheriff for the county of Leices— ter, m. Martha, daughter and heiress

+ In consequence of this marriage Mr. Bainbrigge became connected with the party of the lord protector, and was appointed one of the parliamentary commissioners. The uncle of his wife was Henry Ireton, the commissary-general, and son-in-law of Cromwell.

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