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Knockshegowna, in the county of Tipperary, and had, inter alios, a son, Andrew Robinson, Colonel of the 38th regiment, equerry to the Princess Dowager of Wales, and Major General of his Majesty's forces. Andrew Armstrong m. secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of M. Johnston, esq. and had by that lady, with daughters, five other sons, Wiz. ii. EDMUND, of whom presently. iii. Thomas, for whose descendants see ARMstroNG of Ballycumber. Iv. William, who had three sons and two daughters, viz. 1. John, who m. his cousin Miss Cuthbert, and had issue. 2. Andrew, died unm. 3. William, an officer in the Welsh Fusileers, who lost an arm at the siege of Tournay, and retired from the army. He subsequently became Fort Major of Duncannon Fort. He d. s. p. 1. Margaret, m. to John Turner, esq. 2. Anne, m. first, to Mr. Gordon, and secondly, to Robert Cooper. v. Robert, who m. in 1637, Lydia, daughter of Michael Howard, of Ballyard, in the King's County, and by her, who died 25th December, 1715, aged sixty-five, left at his decease 23rd May, in the following year, three sons and two daughters, viz. 1. John, b. at Ballyard 31st March, 1674, a very distinguished military officer and engineer, who served with the highest reputation under the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene, but especially at the siege of Bouchain, where his services were deemed so important by the duke, that in some years after, his grace caused a picture to be painted by Sir Godfrey Kneller, wherein Colonel Armstrong is represented with a plan of Bouchain in his hand. This painting is now at Marlborough House, St. James's, and several copies of it are preserved by different members of the family. In 1712, Colonel Armstrong replaced General Cadogan as Quarter Master General, and on the conclusion of the peace of Utrecht, in 1713, he was joined with Colonel Lascelles in commission for the demolition of the fortifications and harbour of Dunkirk. In 1717, he was made Colonel of the regiment of Foot previously commanded by Brigadier Tho

mas Staruvix; in 1719, he proceeded as Quarter Master General with the expedition sent against Vigo under the command of Lord Cobham, and in 1739 he obtained the commission of major general of his majesty's forces. At length, after having served the crown for more than half a century, this gallant and distinguished officer died at his house in the Tower, 15th April, 1742, and was buried with military honours in the chapel there. At the period of his decease, he was surveyor general and master general of his majesty's ordnance, chief engineer of England, lieutenant governor of the tower of London, colonel of the 18th regiment, quarter master general, and major general of his majesty's forces. When the death of General Armstrong was announced to George II., his majesty exclaimed, “England has indeed had a loss,” and ordered a monument to be erected to his memory in the Tower. General Armstrong founded the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich in 1716. He m. in September, 1714, Anne-Priscilla, dau. of Major Burroughs, and sister of Colonel William Burroughs, and left by her,who died 27th March, 1725-6, five daughters, Lydi A, m. to William Blair, esq. ANNA, m. in 1747 to Dr. Benjamin Hoadly, physician to the king's household, eldest son of the Bishop of Winchester. FRANCEs, m. in 1739, to Taylor White, esq. barrister-atlaw, son of the Bishop of London. MARY, b. 1721, d. unm. PRiscilla, b. 1725-6, d. unm.

. Samuel, d. under age. . Michael, b. 17th April, 1678, a

military officer, who served in Flanders and Scotland, at Blenheim and Culloden. He m. 26th November, 1716, Jane, fourth daughter of Bigoe Henzell, esq. of Barnagrotty, in the King's County, and dying at Chelsea, 27th August, 1757, left issue, Bigoe, b. 10th September,1717, a general in the army and colonel of the 8th or King's Own regiment. He d. 24th July, 1794, s. p.

John, b. at High Wycombe, Bucks, 19th July, 1719, lieutenant R. N., who was drowned 13th April, 1749, when the Namur, on board which ship he acted as fourth lieutenant to Admiral Boscawen, was lost. - Rebecca, b. in 1726, m. to Archibald Armstrong, esq. 1. Elizabeth, b. in 1679, m. to Philip, third son of Bigoe Henzell, esq. and had issue, Mary-Henzell, m. to Lieutenant-colonel William Eyre, chief engineer of America, who was cast away on the rocks of Gilli, on his passage home, in November, 1764. His widow died at Castle Ivers. p. Catherine-Henzell, m. to Lieutenant James Buchanan, of the 18th regiment, and had issue, William-Buchanan, captain in the East India Company's service, b. 1748, d. unm. James-Buchanan, major in the East India Company's service, b. in 1752, m. in January, 1793, Honor, daughter of James Grant, esq. and has two sons, James and William - Bigoe, and one dau. Christopheria, the wife of John Fleming, esq. M.P. for Hampshire. Eliza-Buchanan, b. 1741, m. 5th May, 1756, to Andrew Armstrong, esq. of Garry Castle, in the King's County. 2. Lydia, b. in 1680, m. in 1716, to John Fleetwood, esq. of Pragh, near Tullamore, and had an only daughter, Hester-Fleetwood, m. to John Berry, esq. of Broadwood, in Westmeath, and left issue, Thomas-Berry, of Eglish Castle, in the King's County, who m. and had issue. James-Middleton-Berry, of Middleton, in Westmeath, m. and had issue. Michael-Berry. Catherine-Berry. v1. John, died unm. Andrew Armstrong m. thirdly, in the seventy-fourth year of his age, Mrs. Jane Stephenson, and had by her two other sons,

vii. Michael, who m. and died at Banagher. viii. ARchibald, for whose descendants see ARMstroNG of Garry Castle, and Castle Iver. Andrew Armstrong d. in 1671, aged ninetyfive. His eldest son by his second wife, EDMUND ARMstroNg, esq. born in the county of Fermanagh, embarked in the cause of Charles II., and served in the royal army, which was defeated at Worcester in 1657, when he was taken prisoner, and with a great many others, (among whom was his brother Thomas) sent to London, whence they not long after returned to Ireland. After the Restoration he was appointed a justice of the peace for the King's County, where he had settled, and of which he served the office of sheriff. He was a second time placed in that office, but died in the beginning of the year at Stonestown, even before the liveries of his halberdiers could be made, and was buried at Tissaron, in the vault of the Hamilton family. He m. Mary, daughter of William Hamilton, esq. of Liscloony, in the King's County, and had eight sons and two daughters, 1. Philip, who was invited to London by his kinsman, Sir Thomas Armstrong, then lieutenant-colonel of the 1st troop of horse guards, and gentleman of the horse to CHARLEs II. who entered him a private gentleman in the corps. He had not, however, been long in the regiment before he had the misfortune to lose his friend and patron, Sir Thomas, who being closely attached to the Duke of Monmouth, was sentenced to death by judge Jeffries, for participation in the Rye House Plot, and executed at Tyburn, in 1684. On the accession of JAMEs II. Philip obtained a cornet's commission in a regiment of horse, and served, with considerable reputation, in the battle of Sedgmore against the ill-fated Duke of Monmouth, and subsequently in the wars in Flanders, participating in the victory of Blenheim. After attaining the rank of lieutenant-colonel, he died in Ghent, in November, 1711, in the 70th year of his age, umarried. 11. Willi AM, of whom presently. 111. Andrew, twin with Hugh, was born at Stonestown in the latter part of the reign of CHARLes II. He followed the example of his brother Philip, and, accepting Sir Thomas Armstrong's invitation, was by him entered into the 1st troop of horse guards. He afterwards purchased a commission in a foot regiment, and having served with credit under the Duke of Marlborough, obtained the rank of colonel. Eventually he retired to Ireland, and purchasing the lands of Morristown, in the county of Kildare, fixed himself there, being appointed a justice of the peace. He m. lady Westray, of the noble family of Sandilands in Scotland, but had no issue. Colonel Armstrong died in 1722, aged 80, leaving his estate to Edmund, the eldest son of his brother William. IV. Hugh, died unmarried at his house at Stonestown, in the 82nd year of his age. v. Charles, a military officer, who purchased an estate in the county of Kildare, and built a residence called Mount Armstrong. He m. 1st, a daughter of Sir Robert Gostwick, bart. of Wellington, in the county of Antrim, and secondly, the relict of Robert Constantine, esq. alderman of Dublin, but died s. p. in the 85th year of his age, when his estate passed to Edmund, the son of his brother William. v1. Thomas, b. at Stonestown, in 1661, captain of a troop in his brother Philip's regiment, who retired from the army in 1717, and went to reside at his house at Ampthill, in Bedfordshire, (for which county he was a magistrate and commissioner of the land-tax). He m. in 1705, Frances, fourth daughter of John Thompson, Lord Haversham, by lady Frances Wyndham, his wife, daughter of Arthur earl of Anglesey, and widow of Francis Windham, esq. of Felbrigg Hall, in Norfolk, and died 7th January, 1747-8, aged 86, having had ISSue, John, b. in 1706, d. unm. Charles, b. in 1712, m. first, in 1742, Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Mr. Collier, of Soly, in Derbyshire, by whom he had a son, Thomas, and a daughter; and, secondly, in 1747, Althania, only child of Matthew Priaulx, esq. of Bedford, by whom he had four children, who all died infants. Martha, died young. Frances-Mary, m. in 1736, to the Rev. D. Reynolds, son of the Bishop of Lincoln, and dieds. p. in 1749. Althania, died unm. vii. Edmund, in holy orders, rector of Kilcolgan, in the county of Galway, m. Isabella, daughter and co-heir of Captain Thomas Armstrong, and by her, who died in November,1751, left at his decease in 1744, 1. Martin, who m. a daughter of Ulick Burke, esq. and dying in

1748, in the 53rd year of his age, left a son and daughter, Edmund, b. in 1736, and Mary. 2. Philip, died unm. 3. Andrew, b. in 1717, m. in 1750, a daughter of Peter Judge, esq. and had issue. 1. Margaret, m. to John Ringrose, esq. of the county of Clare, and had issue. 2. Jane, m. to James Wilson, esq. of the county of Clare, and had issue. 3. Elizabeth, became the wife of Mr. Miller. 4. Isabella, m. to the Rev. Mr.Verro, rector of Kilcolgan, and had one son, Captain Edmund Verro. 5. Anne, died unm. viii. John, of Usher's Quay, Dublin, merchant, who m. Elizabeth Handy, and had two sons, Francis and Charles. 1. Mary, m. the Rev. Edward Parkinson, minister of Ardee, in the county of Louth, and had issue, Robert Parkinson, barrister-atlaw, M.P. for Ardee, m. in 1728, Diana, only daughter of Jacob Peppard, esq. town-clerk of the city of Dublin, and had one daughter, Mary. Charles Parkinson, an officer in the army. William Parkinson, twin with Charles, served his apprenticeship with Alderman Gedler, of Liverpool, and entered on a commercial life. Philip Parkinson. Lucy Parkinson, m. in 1717, to the Hon. William Moore, of Moore Hall, in Louth, fifth son of Henry third Earl of Drogheda. ii. Margaret, b. in 1673, m. Milo Bagot, esq. of Newtown, in the King's County, high sheriff of that shire, and had issue, Charles Bagot, of Paddock, m. Temperance, sister of Francis Browne, esq. of Riverstown, and had issue. Elizabeth Bagot, b. in 1702, m. to Warneford Armstrong, esq. of Clara. Mary Bagot, m. to Thomas Walsh, esq. of Hallaboys, in the county of Kildare, and d.s.p. The second son of Edmund Armstrong, by Mary Hamilton, Willi AM ARMstroNG, esq. of Stonestown, married Alice, daughter of Francis Coghlan,” esq. of Kilcolgan Castle, in the

* The M'Coughlans were formerly the largest landed proprietors in the King's County: the barony .." Garrycastle was so called after Garret King's county, and had by her two sons and two daughters, namely, 1. EDMUND, his heir. 11. Philip, m. Elizabeth, daughter of Peter Judge, esq. and sister of Samuel Judge, esq. of Ballyshaile, in the King's County, by whom he had one daughter, Elizabeth, m. to Captain William Despard, of Coolrane, in the Queen's County. 1. Elizabeth, m. in 1731, to John Cusack, esq. of Rathgar, in the county of Dublin, and had a daughter, Anne, m. to Mr. Fitzgerald. II. Barbara, m. to the Rev. Wm. Smith. William Armstrong died in 1717 or 1718, in the 80th year of his age, and was s. by his SOn, EDMUND ARMstroNG, esq. of Gallen, in the King's County, who not only inherited his father's fortune, but was also heir to his uncles Andrew and Charles, who had purchased estates in the county of Kildare. He acted as a magistrate and served the office of sheriff for both counties. He m. in 1722, Elizabeth, second dau. of George Holmes, esq. of Liscloony, M.P. for Banagher, and had issue, ANDRew, his heir. Anne, m. 22nd April, 1750, to Dennis Kelly, esq. of Castle Kelly, in the county of Galway, and had a numerous family. Ally. The son and heir, ANDREw ARMSTRoNg, esq. of Gallen, b. at Kilcolgan Castle, 2nd May, 1730, was in the commission of the peace for the king's county, served the office of sheriff in 1751, and was colonel of two volunteer corps, one of cavalry and one of infantry. He m. in the following year Constantia Maria, daughter of John Pigot, esq. of Prospect, in the Queen's county, by Constantia-Maria, his wife, daughter of Sir Roger Burgoyne (said to have been the “Sir Roger de Coverly” of the “Spectator,”) and had six sons and nine daughters, viz. 1. EDMUND, his heir. 11. John, b. 29th August, 1758, d. unm. a lieutenant in the 35th regiment at St. Lucia. iii. Andrew, b. 13th July, 1762, d.young. iv. William, b. 14th September, 1763, d. young. v. Dennis, b. 12th July, 1766, lieutenant 36th foot, killed at Sattimungulum, in the East Indies, about the year 1791, unmarried. vi. Philip, b. 13th December, 1767, who served sometime in the 8th foot, but subsequently entering the King's

oughlan, and a portion of the county was called “Coughlan's Country.”

County militia, he became major. He died in 1806. 1. Constantia-Maria, m. to George Armstrong, esq. of Ballycumber. 11. Elizabeth. III. Fanny, d. young. iv. Belle, d. at Gallen, unm. v. Mary, m. in Scotland, 28th January, 1782, to Charles Robert Sherrington, esq. and had issue. v1. Alicia. vii. Anne, m. in 1793 to Andrew Armstrong, esq. and died in 1824. viii. Lucinda, m. in 1795, to Robert Mills, esq. of Malahide, fifth son of the Rev. Richard Mills, rector of Annaclone, in Downshire, and had issue. 1x. Fanny, m. to Joseph Barnes, esq. captain in the artillery, and had issue. The eldest son and heir, EDMUND ARMSTRoNG, esq. of Gallen, b. 14th December, 1754, was called to the bar in 1779. He m. 4th February, 1783, Elizabeth, sister of Lord Ashtown, third daughter of Frederick Trench, esq. of Woodlawn, in the county of Galway, by Mary, his wife, eldest daughter and co-heir of Francis Sadleir, esq. of Sopwell Hall, in the county of Tipperary, and had, by her, who died in 1825, five sons and three daughters, viz. 1. ANDREw, his heir. 11. Edmund, b. 25th September, 1786, an officer in the army, died unmarried at Castel Branco, in Portugal, where he was serving with his regiment, the 4th Dragoons. iii. Frederick (Sir), knt. b. 25th June, 1789, an officer in the army, who served with great gallantry under the Duke of Wellington in the PeninSular war, had the order of the Tower and Sword conferred upon him by the King of Portugal, and was made a British knight upon his return to Ireland. He died in London, in October, 1821. iv. John, b. in June, 1791, in holy orders, inducted rector of the Union of Lickmolash, Ballenabrill, and Leitrim, in the county of Galway in 1818; m. 25th July, 1822, Ellen, dau. of Jacob Willan, esq. of Carrighill, in the county of Dublin, and has surviving issue, Edmund - Ashtown, b. 5th July, 1823. Andrew, b. 21st February, 1829. John-Kelly, b. 1st November, 1832. Frederick-William, b. 12th June, 1834. Flizabeth. Catharine. Constantia-Maria. v. William, b. in 1797, died young. 1. Mary, m. to Henry-Anthony Hardman, esq. of Bellevue Lodge, Hants, and has issue. 11. Constantia-Maria, m. 31st October, 1815, to the Rev. William Hervey, and had issue. iii. Fanny, m. to George Parkhouse, esq. and has a daughter.

Mr. Armstrong died 12th December, 1827, and was succeeded by his eldest son, the present ANDREw ARMstroNg, esq. of Gallen.

Arms—Quarterly, 1st and 4th, arg. issuing from the sinister side a dexter arm habited gu. the hand grasping the trunk of an oak tree eradicated and broken at the top ppr. ; 2nd and 3rd, arg. three pallets az.

Crest—An armed arm embowed, the hand grasping the broken trunk of an oak tree eradicated, all ppr.

Motto—Invictus maneo.

Estates—In the King's County and county of Kildare.

Seat—Priory of Gallen.


ARMSTRONG, JOHN-WARNEFORD, esq. of Ballycumber, in the King's County, b. 28th August, 1770, m. Anne, daughter of William Turner, esq. of the

city of Gloucester, and has two daughters, Mary.


Mr. Armstrong, who succeeded his father in 1780, is a magistrate for the King's County, and was a deputy governor until the extinction of that establishment.


This is a branch of the family of Armstrong, deriving from a common progenitor with the Armstrongs of Gallen.

THoMA's ARMstroNG, esq. (second son of Andrew Armstrong, esq., by Elizabeth, his second wife, daughter of M. Johnston, esq., and younger brother of Edmund Armstrong, ancestor of the Armstrongs of Gallen) was born in the county of Fermanagh, in 1639, and accompanying his brother Edmund, was with him and many other Royalists taken prisoner at the battle of Worcester, 3rd September, 1651, and conveyed to London. He subsequently returned to Ireland and settled at Banagher in the King's county, of which he was one of the Burgesses, and several times sovereign of the corporation. In his time a new stone bridge over the Shannon at Banagher was commenced and Mr. Armstrong had the principal share not only in obtaining the presentment for raising the money in the county, but also in conducting the progress of the work. It was finished in the reign of JAMEs II., and Margaret, Mr. Armstrong's eldest daughter was the first female that passed over it.

During the troubles which ensued after JAMEs's abdication of the throne, Mr. Armstrong, suffering much from the attacks of the native Irish, deemed it prudent to retire to some place of security. Accordingly with only seven followers, chiefly his own servants, all well armed, he set out with the intention of throwing himself into Mullingar, then strongly garrisoned for King Willi AM, but was attacked near New Town, a castle belonging to the family of Low, by a portion of Geoghegan's regiment, whereupon he retired with his little party into the court-yard of the castle, and there reso

lutely defended himself until he was relieved by a troop of horse from Mullingar. In the action, however, he received a ball in his thigh, and the wound, being unskilfully dressed, brought on a fever, of which he died at Kinnegad a few days after. He m. Grissel, sister of Captain Charles Beatty, of the county of Longford, and had, by her, who d. in 1680, three sons and four daughters, viz. 1. John, who engaged early in a military life, and was a lieutenant in Lord Barrymore's regiment of foot in garrison at Gibraltar, then closely besieged by the Spaniards. It happened that, while walking with the Prince of Hesse (the governor) and several other officers that were off duty, a party that had been ordered to burn the enemy's fascines, appeared, but the officer, under whose command they were to act, not being ready, Mr. Armstrong volunteered to perform the arduous duty. His offer was readily accepted and marching directly to the ground set the fascines on fire. He received however a wound from a cannon ball in the head, of which he died in 1704, in the 37th year of his age. ii. ANDREw, heir to his father. 111. James, died at Ghent, in the 23rd year of his age. 1. Margaret, b. in 1671, m. in 1701, Captain William Charleton, of Curraghstoun (afterwards Mount Charleton, in Meath, and had a son Thomas Charleton, and a daughter Elizabeth Charleton, m. to Theobald Wolfe, esq. barrister at law.

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