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11. HeNRY, of whom presently. 1. Elizabeth. II. Anne. iii. Margaret. 1 v. Anne. The second son, Henry Downi Ng, esq. was father of Colonel ADAM Dow NING, who went over to Ireland with William III., and held the rank of colonel in his army. He was present at the siege of Derry, and there gave early and signal proofs of his courage. Subsequently he raised a body of men at his own expense, and served during the war in Ireland, participating in the battle of the Boyne, and contributing eminently by his gallantry and skill, to the success of the party with which he was engaged. For these services he received the appointments of deputy governor of the county of Derry, colonel of the militia, and one of the commissioners of array, and was also granted by his royal master, a large tract of land in the county of Derry, still possessed by his descendant. He m. Margaret, daughter of Thomas Jackson, esq. of Coleraine, ancestor of Sir George Jackson, bart., by Margaret Beresford, of the noble family of Waterford, and had a son and successor, Joh N Downing, esq. of Dawson's-bridge, who inherited the spirit of his father, and raised, during the rebellion of 1745, at considerable expense, a body of men to serve his king and country in a moment of great difficulty and danger. He m. Margaret,

daughter and heir of the Rev. J. Rowe,

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The youngest son, DAwson Downi Ng, esq. of Rowesgift, in the county of Londonderry, married Catherine Fullerton, niece and heiress of Alexander Fullerton, esq. of Ballintoy Castle, in the county of Antrim, descended from a branch of the ancient Scottish family of that name, and had one son, George Alexander, who, having inherited a considerable property from his great uncle, assumed, in compliance with that gentleman's testamentary injunction, the surname and arms of FULLERtoN, and is the present Georg EAlex ANDER Fullerto N, esq. of Westwood and Ballintoy. Arms—Arg. three otters' heads erased gu. for FULLERtoN ; barry of eight, arg. and vert, over all a gryphon rampant or, for Dow NING. Crest—A camel's head and neck erased ppr. Motto—Lux in tenebris. Estates—In the counties of Hants and Gloucester, and in Ireland. Seats—Westwood, Hants; and Ballintoy Castle, in the county of Antrim.


THORNBROUGH, EDWARD-LECRAS, esq. of Clifton, in the county of Gloucester, captain R. N. b. at Portsmouth, 1st December, 1795, m. 30th November, 1820, Emily-Raikes, second daughter of Daniel Garrett, esq. of Dawlish,

in the county of Devon.

Mrs. Thornbrough is granddaughter of Robert Raikes,

esq. of Gloucester, the celebrated founder of Sunday Schools.

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formerly written, Thornborough, was long settled in the county of Devon; and one of its distinguished ancestors is recorded in Prince's Worthies of that shire, as having had, while bishop of Limerick, in Ireland, a most miraculous escape from destruction, with all his family, by the falling in of the roof of the house during the night. This bishop was afterwards translated to Worcester. To another of its members, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, a monument was erected in Westminster Abbey, bearing the exact arms of the present family, and having the following epitaph:—“Here lies an honest courtier.” CoMMANDER Thor NBRough, a descendant of the above, a naval officer of many years services, d. and was buried at South Stoke, Arundel, Sussex, leaving, with two daughters, the elder of whom m. to Mr. Parker,” of Gloucester, and the younger, Elizabeth, to Lieutenant Blaxton, R.N. a son, Edward Thor NBRough, b. at Plymouth Dock, now Devonport, in 1754. He entered the naval service of his country at a very early age, and maintained the highest reputation in his gallant profession, being constantly employed under flag and pendant for half a century—the most eventful and brilliant period of our naval annals. In the year 1775 he was lieutenant of the Falcon, one of the vessels covering the attack on Bunker's Hill; and on the 3rd of August, that year, distinguished himself by cutting out an armed schooner near Cape Ann Harbour, Bay of Fundy, where he was severely wounded in three places. Lieut. Thornbrough was then appointed first lieutenant of the Flora, commanded by Captain Pierre Williams,t and on the 1st August, 1780, fell in with the French frigate La Nymph, off Ushant, which was captured after a most desperate resistance. Lieutenant Thornbrough's gallantry was conspicuous on this occasion, having at last carried her by boarding, and by his example greatly assisting towards the successful termination of the contest. He was early rewarded for his conduct, having been immediately made a commander, and soon after appointed to a ship, and ordered to the coast of America. The following year he was raised to the rank of post captain, and given the command of the Blonde frigate, 32 guns. In this ship he served under Admiral Digby, in North America, and cruised in compan with Lord Nelson. In May, 1782, the Blonde being ordered to cruise off Boston, in the hope of intercepting a frigate of the same name, which was the only ship of war then belonging to the Americans, fell in with seven armed ships, and after a sharp engagement, succeeded in capturing one of the largest, mounting twenty-two guns, laden with choice spars and stores for the French fleet. While towing her prize into port, she unfortunately struck on a rock off the Seal Islands, and was totally lost. The crew having, by means of a raft, succeeded in reaching a desert island, affording nothing eatable but vetches, they remained there some days in the utmost distress, exposed to incessant rain, until they


were providentially relieved by two American cruisers, who, upon recognizing Captain Thornbrough, treated him with the kindest attention, and in grateful return for his uniform humanity and kindness to his prisoners, took them on board, and landed part of them at Halifax. The rest, with Captain Thornbrough, having fallen in with his Majesty's brig Observer, Lieutenant Grimes, went on board, and the next day, meeting with a large American privateer of Sambro? Lighthouse, called the Saucy Jack, they captured her, after a severe action. Captain Thornbrough having been acquitted at Halifax for the loss of his ship, returned to England, and shortly after received an appointment to the Hebe, of thirty-eight guns, in which his present Majesty was appointed a lieutenant in June, 1785. In the same month, the broad pendant of the Honorable J. L. Gower, having been hoisted on board the Hebe, she proceeded on a cruise round Great Britain ; after which, Prince WilLIAM-HENRY continued to serve with Captain Thornbrough until February, 1786. The captain retained the command of the Hebe for six years, which was considered an extraordinary mark of favour during peace. In 1790, he was appointed to the Scipio, sixty-four guns, which was paid off after the adjustment of the Spanish disturbance, and Captain Thornbrough retired on half-pay. On the declaration of war with France, in 1793, Captain Thornbrough was appointed to the Latona, a choice thirty-eight-gun frigate, on the home station, and, in the course of the summer, captured several French merchant vessels, besides three mischievous privateers, called l’Amérique, le Franklin, and l'Ambitieux, of ten guns each; and in the following November, when attached to Lord Howe's fleet, he particularly distinguished himself in the pursuit of part of Waustabel's fleet, which, however, made their escape. On the 27th of November the Latona and Phaeton captured the national ship Blonde, of twenty-eight guns. Captain Thornbrough, the following winter and spring, was employed in watching the Brest fleet; and during the night previous to the glorious battle of the 1st of June, was stationed by Lord Howe between the two fleets, to keep the enemy in sight.f Captain Thornbrough was shortly afterwards appointed to the Robust, seventyfour, in which ship he remained under Lord

* The issue of this marriage was a son and daughter. The former, Edward-Thornbrough Panker, commander, R. N. was mortally wounded at the attack on Boulogne, under Lord Nelson, and was buried at Deal.

+ His present Majesty, on coming to the throne, selected Sir Edward Thornbrough to convey to his old captain, Admiral Pierre-Williams Free

man, then ninety years of age, and admiral of the fleet, the baton of office which had been given to his present Majesty by Gronge IV. : In RAlfe's Naval Chronology is a letter of Lord Howe's, after the 1st of June, wherein Captain Thornbrough's name is honourably mentioned, for his conduct on the 1st June.

Howe's orders, until the winter of 1794. He was successively employed under Rear-Admiral Colpoys, Sir J. B. Warren, and Lord Bridport, in the Channel, and off Brest, until October, 1798, when, having been again placed under the orders of Sir J. B. Warren, he proceeded off Ireland with the squadron, where they fell in with the enemy's ships off Lough Swilly, under the command of Commodore Bompart, consisting of La Hoche, eighty guns, and eight frigates, with troops destined to be landed in Ireland. The Robust first coming up, engaged La Hoche, and, after an action of four hours, Commodore Bompart was compelled to surrender to her. La Hoche was one of the most superb ships of her class, and is the present Donegal, in our service. She lost, killed and wounded, two hundred and seventy men. The Robust had ten killed and four wounded. At the flag promotion which took place in February, 1799, Captain Thornbrough was nominated colonel of Marines, and appointed afterwards to the Formidable, ninety-eight, in which he served on the Channel and Mediterranean stations, until January, 1801, when, on the Union promotion, he was advanced to the rank of rear-admiral of the Blue, and hoisted his flag on board the Mars, seventy-four guns, Captain R. Lloyde, and was, during the remainder of the war, employed in the arduous but monotonous duty of watching Brest. On the renewal of hostilities, after having commanded in the Downs, Rear-Admiral Thornbrough was appointed to a division of the North Sea fleet, which were placed under his orders by Lord Keith, having his flag on board the Defence, seventy-four guns. He remained there eleven months. Early in 1805 he assumed the important station of captain of the Channel fleet, under Lord Gardiner. In the same year he was raised to the rank of viceadmiral of the Blue, having hoisted his flag on board the Kent, seventy-eight guns, Captain Henry Garrett, and was nominated by Lord Nelson to command a squadron of fast sailing line-of-battle ships, destined to reinforce him, but which were rendered unnecessary by the battle of Trafalgar. In the following year, having shifted his flag on

# During the periods that Sir Edward was employed in blockading the different ports of the enemy, from the Texel to Toulon, not one of their ships ever escaped.

board the Prince of Wales, ninety-eight guns, he maintained the blockade of Rochefort, until relieved by Sir S. Hood. In 1806 his flag was flying on board the Ville de Paris. In 1807, having been appointed second in command of the Mediterranean fleet, he hoisted his flag in the Royal Sovereign, one hundred guns, and remained on that station, assisting to blockade the Toulon fleet, and performing many other important services until the end of 1809. In August, 1810, he was appointed commander-in-chief on the Irish station, which he held till November, 1813. He attained the rank of admiral of the Blue, in the December of that year. On the extension of the order of the Bath in 1815, he was nominated a knight commander, and, appointed in the May of the same year, commander-in-chief at Portsmouth, which he held till 1818. In 1825, he was raised to the dignity of grand cross of the same order, and at the demise of Lord Exmouth, in January, 1833, received the appointment of vice-admiral of the United Kingdom. Sir Edward m. first, Anne, second dau. of Commissioner Le Cras, and had by her, who d. at Exeter, in 1801, four daughters, who all died young, and two sons, viz. William-Henry, named aster his present Majesty, at his particular request, the prince then serving as lieutenant under Sir Edwin, on board the Hebe. Mr. Thornbrough d. at Bath, immediately after obtaining his rank as lieutenant. Edward Le CRAs, captain R.N. Sir Edward m. secondly, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir Edwin Jeynes, of Gloucester, which lady d. s. p. at Bishops Teignton, near Teignmouth, in November, 1813; and, thirdly, Frances, third daughter of Commissioner Le Cras, which lady survives him, and resides at the Lodge, Bishop's Teignton, Devon. Sir Edward d. at his seat, Bishop's Teignton, 3rd April, 1834, in the eightieth year of his age, and was s. by his only surviving son, the present CAPTAIN Edward Le CRAs Thornbrough, R.N.

Arms—Erminois a fret gu. on a chief az. an anchor erect with a cable or.

* Crest—A naval crown or, thereon a fox passant ppr.

Motto—Spectemur agendo.


SURTEES, AUBONE, esq. of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, formerly an officer in the 11th Light Dragoons, and subsequently an alderman. of Newcastle, b. in 1777, s. his father, 1st January, 1832; m.

Frances-Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Honeywood, M.P. by Frances, daughter of Viscount Courtenay, and had issue,

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The family of Surtees, of Dinsdale, situated in Durham, on the banks of the Tees, were tenants in capite of the barony of Gosforth,” from the time of the early Norman princes, till, in the beginning of the 16th century, the heirs male of the whole blood became, in the elder branch, extinct. See the Brandling pedigree. Of the derivation of this surname, Dugdale thus speaks: “Riuers also haue imposed names to some men, as they haue to townes situated on them, as the old baron Sur Teys, that is on the riuer Teys.” The Surteeses of Newcastle are supposed to be cadets of this ancient family, and bear the same arms. Edward SUERties, of Broad Oak, gent. m. Margaret Coulson, niece and heiress of Robert Suerties, in 1599, alderman of Durham, and devised the principal part of his property by will, bearing date 17th July, 1654, and proved on the following year, amongst his three sons; William, the eldest; Robert,t the second, from whom the family of Surtees, of Redworth and Mainsforth are descended (see vol. ii.); and George, the youngest. He mentions also Edward and Robert, sons of his eldest son William. Edward SURties, of Hedley-Woodhead,

* “Gosseford enim quae Baronia fuit olim Richardi Sur-Teis, id est, super Teisam, qui magno honore sub Henrico primo effloruit.”—CAMDEN's Britannia, under the head Northumberland.

t In the pedigree of the Redworth and Mainsforth branch, given in a prior volume, Robert is

the grandson of the testator, and eldest son of the afore-mentioned William, m. at Ovingham, 9th April, 1705, Frances, daughter, and co-heir of William Aubone, esq. which name is written in the register with the old spelling Albany. He d. in 1711, after becoming the father of three sons; William, who was appointed receiver-general sor Northumberland and Durham, and d. unmarried; Edward, who d. young; and Aubone, baptized at Ovingham, 4th September, 1711. This AUbone SURtees, whose name appears, in 1745, amongst the first in a loyal declaration of the citizens of Newcastle, volunteering to take up arms'should it be attacked by the rebels, was the youngest of the family, yet on him its representation finally devolved. He became an alderman of that town ; and after the death of his elder brother, was receiver-general for the counties of Northumberland and Durham. He m. Elizabeth, daughter of John Stephenson, esq. of Newcastle, and aunt to the second countess of Mexborough. He d. 30th September, 1800, leaving six surviving children, 1. William, of whom presently.

ii. Aubone, m. Mary, daughter and coheir of Roger Altham, esq. of Doctors' Commons.

called the eldest, and George the second son; but their father's will, proved at London, distinctly declares them to be the third and second, as stated above.

f BRAND's History of Newcastle.


111. Matthew, M.A. a prebendary of Canterbury, m. Harriet, daughter of John Allen, esq. of Cresselly, and sister of Lady Mackintosh and Madame Sismondi, and d. s. p. Iv. John, settled in France, m. Charlotte, daughter of John Lewis, dean of Ossory, by his second wife, Charlotte, daughter of Admiral * Cotterell, and had issue, 1. Aubone, d. young. 2. Stephenson-Williers, B.C.L. a judge in the Mauritius: has been attorney-general of St. Lucia, m. Henrietta, daughter of Colonel Staveley, C.B. 3. Matthew-John, d. young. 1. Sarah, m. first, Albert Tanneguy, Viscompte du Chastel; and secondly, M. de Querangal. 2. Elizabeth-Charlotte, m. George Palmer, esq. jun. eldest son of George Palmer, esq. of Nazing, M.P. for South Essex. 3. Frances-Harriet-Maria, m. M. de Keriquant. 4. Harriet-Allen. 5. Frances-Katharine. 6. Maria-Johanna. 7. Octavia. 1. Elizabeth, m. to the Earl of Eldon, lord high chancellor of Great Britain. ii. Frances, m. to Henry Ridley, D.D. brother of Sir Matthew Ridley, and prebendary of Gloucester. The eldest son, William SURtees, esq. of Newcastle and Montague-square, London, was b. circa 1750; m. Elizabeth-Katharine, daughter of John Lewis, dean of Ossory, by Katharine Villiers (his first wife), sole surviving representative of the house of Villiers, claiming to be Earls of Buckingham and Viscounts Purbeck,t and had issue (besides other children, who d. in childhood), 1. AUbone, the present representative of the family. II. William-Williers, of Rotherhouse and Devonshire-place, London, a barrister-at-law, a cursitor and commissioner of bankrupts, and private secretary to lord chancellor Eldon, b. in 1778; m. Harriet, daughter of William S. Towers, esq. of Queen

Anne-street, barrister-at-law, and had issue, 1. William - John-Williers, b. in 1813, and drowned at Oxford, when an under-graduate of Exeter College. 2. Henry-Radcliffe, B.A. 3. Frederick-Richard, of the Inner Temple. 4. John-Oliver. 5. Gordon-Amelius. 1. Elizabeth-Ann. 2. Fanny-Felicia. Mr. William-Williers Surtees d. 27th April, 1834. iii. John, M.A. a prebendary of Bristol, and rector of Banham, b. 1784, m. Mary-Ann, sister of Sir John-Caesar Hawkins, bart. and had issue, 1. William-John, d. young. 2. Henry-George, B.A. 3. Arthur, a cornet in the 14th regiment, d. whilst a minor. 4. Scott-Frederick, B.A. 5. Williers-Aubone, an ensign in the 52nd regiment. 6. Nathaniel. 7. Richard. 8. Alfred. 1. Louisa-Matilda, m. George St. Vincent Wilson, esq. of Redgrave Hall. 2. Elizabeth-Frances. iv. Edward, of Newcastle, b. in 1785, m. Anne-Catherine, sister of the late Walker Ferrand, esq. of Harden Grange, who at one time represented Tralee in parliament, d. 10th June, 1812, leaving an only child, William-Edward, M.A. a barristerat-law. 1. Cassandra-Charlotte, m. Sir JohnCaesar Hawkins, bart. of Kelston House. ii. Deborah-Maria, m. Henry Phillpotts, D.D. bishop of Exeter.

Arms—Ermine, on a canton gules an orle or.

Crest—Out of a coronet or, a plume of three feathers arg.

Estates—Hedley and Pigdon, in Northumberland, and lands in the county of Durham.

* Miss Charlotte Cotterell and her sister were friends of Dr. Samuel Johnson, and several allusions to them occur in Boswell.

# In 1678 the House of Lords disallowed the claim of this family, yet several peers entered their protest against that decision, stating the right was “clear in fact and in law, and above all objection.” (For a full report of the Purbeck Case, see Nicolas's Treatise on the Law of Adulterine Bastardy,

8vo. 1836). George Williers, esq. a captain in the army, who m. Eleanor-Margaret, daughter of Sir James Nasmyth, bart. and has issue, is now the representative of the family. He is only son of the late Williers-William Lewis, who took the surname of Williers, and m. Matilda, daughter of Lord St. John, of Bletsoe, and is grandson of Katharine Williers, of the text.

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