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ii. Laurence, who, in 1659, had the estate settled on him by his father, and was styled younger of Gask. He m. in 1661, Anne, daughter of Sir George Preston, of Valleyfield, and had issue, GEORGE. LAURENCE. Willi AM. Kate, m. to Hugh Paterson. Anne. Laurence Oliphant, d. before his father, in 1672. His widow m. se– condly, James Hay, of Pitfour. Laurence's eldest son, GeoRGE Oliph ANT, s. his grandfather. He m. first, in 1681, Ann, daughter of Sir John Malcolm, baronet, of Balbedie, and secondly, in 1684, Jean, daughter of James, third Lord Burleigh; but dying in that year without issue, his only surviving brother, William Oliph ANt, became of “Gask,” but on his demise unmarried in 1704, it reverted to the right heirs. iii. Andrew. Iv. James. v. David. v1. Archibald. 1. Lilias, m. in 1668, to James Graham, of Orchill. 11. Ann, m. in 1672, to Colin Campbell, of Mongie. 111. Elizabeth, m. to Gavin Drummond, of Belliclone. Sir Laurence, who made his will, 5th June, 1679, d. on the 20th of the following July. His eldest son, PATRick Oliph ANt, of Williamston, incurred by his marriage the displeasure of his father, and was in consequence disinherited. He wedded Margaret, daughter of the Rev. John Murray, minister of Trinity, Gask, and sister of another Rev. John Murray, his successor therein. By her he had 1. JAMEs. ii. Thomas. III. Laurence. I. Anna. 11. Lilias, m. 1694, to Mr. David Shaw, minister at Aberdalgie. 111. Margaret. Patrick Oliphant d. in 1694, and was s. by his son, JAMEs Oliph ANt, of Gask, who succeeded upon the demise of his cousin Willi AM, in 1704. On the 16th July, 1689, he m. Janet, daughter of the Rev. Anthony Murray, of Woodend, from which family sprang the Duchess of Lauderdale, Countess of Dysart. She was co-heir to her brother Thomas Murray, of Woodend. They had

1. LAURENCE. II. James. iii. Thomas. 1. Lilias, m. 1718, Laurence Oliphant, of Condie. 11. Catherine, m. Robert Graeme, of Garvock. (See vol. iii. p. 126.) The eldest son, LAURENCE Oliph ANT, of Gask, b. 1691, m. the Honourable Amelia Nairne, daughter of William, second Lord Nairne, brother of John, first Duke of Athol, and had 1. LAURENCE. 11. Margaret, m. 1748, Patrick Graeme, of Inchbraikie. 1. Janet, m. William-Drummond Macgregor, of Balhady. The eldest son, LAURENCE Oliph ANt, of Gask, m. in 1755, his cousin Margaret, daughter of Duncan Robertson, of Strowan, by the daughter of Lord Nairne. On the death of her brother the aged chief of Strowan, his grand-nephew, of Gask, became heir of line of the family, but the feudal predilections of this last of this Scoto French gentleman in favour of heirs male, induced him to pass over his near relations and allow a search for any heir male, however distant, in preference. They had, 1. LAURENCE. 1. A daughter, m. Alexander Stuart, of Bouskeid. 11. Amelia, m. Charles Stuart, of Dalguise. iii. Caroline, m. William, third Lord Nairne. iv. Margaret, m. in April, 1811, Alexander Keith, of Ravelston. The son and successor, LAURENCE Oliph ANT, of Gask, m. the only daughter and heir of Dr. Joseph Robertson Blair, of Ardblair, by Rachel, daughter of James Blair, of Ardblair, and had, 1. LAURENCE, who succeeded, but d. unmarried in 1825. 11. JAMES-BLAIR. 1. Rachel, unmarried. 11. Margaret, m. Mr. Kington. The eldest son, LAURENCE Oliph ANT, of Gask, dying unmarried in 1825, was s. by his brother the present JAMEs BLAIR Oliph ANT, of Gask and Ardblair, who is thirteenth in descent from the first lord, and twenty-third from David, who is said to have been godson of King DAvid I. Being heir male of the only brother of the third lord, he appears to be the head of the family and has a claim to the peerage, which King CHARLEs I. after a celebrated trial in his own presence, adjudged to the heir male in 1633; while he at the same time conferred a new title with the same precedency on the husband of the heiress,

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BURTON, ROBERT, esq., of Longner Hall, in the county of Salop, m. in 1798, Rose, second daughter and co-heir of John Smitheman, esq. of Little Wenlock, which

lady d. in 1830, without issue. for Shropshire, in the following year.

He s. his father in 1803, and served as high sheriff

Mr. Burton took down the old mansion house at Longner, and built an elegant Gothic residence on its site, the tomb of his ancestor being carefully preserved in the



The Burtons of Longner in Shropshire, are by some conjectured to have come out of Yorkshire ; and there are traditionary accounts of their descent from Lionel, Duke of Clarence, by Alice Burton, and of their possessing Burton Constable, in Yorkshire,

which was sold to Lord Scrope, in the reign of Edward III. But these facts are not well substantiated, while there is abundant proof of their having been seated for many centuries in Shropshire. One antiquary, viz. William Burton, B.L. in his Commentary on Antoninus's Itinerary, says, “they were of Shropshire, a family sometime for no ordinary relations, very gracious with the several princes of the royal house of York;” and another (Browne Willis, esq. M.P. of Whaddon, Bucks), tells us that “they were a family of great antiquity, being possessors of Longner in the time of Edward IV., and before that being seated at Burton or Boerton, in the parish of Condover, Shropshire.” The name was anciently written de Burton, de Borton, de Burghton, Beorton, and Burton. By the Ledger book of Haghman Abbey, now in possession of the Corbets, of Sundorne, Shropshire, Roger de Burton gave to Haghman Abbey, all the lands given his father, Thomas de Burton, on his marriage with the daughter of the Lord of Codarcote, from whom the descent may be traced as follows:— Thomas de BURtoN, m. Aliscia, daughter of John, Lord of Codarcote (now Cothercote) in the reign of HENRY III. Roger de BURtoN, living in the same reign. WAlter de Borton, living in the tenth year of Edward II. EDMUND DE BURGH toN, m. in the reign of Edward III. Agnes, daughter of Hugh de la Hulle de Wlonkeslowe. He was sheriff in 1371. Willi AM Beorton, - Richard De Beorton, } |..."; William BURtoN, Willi AM BURtoN, in the reign of HENRY VI. SIR Edward BURtoN, knight, banneret, in the reign of Edward IV. of whom more hereafter. A John DE BURtoN, was sheriff for Shropshire, from 1354 to 1359. Willi AM BURtoN, was Shrewsbury, 1379. Rich ARD de Beorton, M.P. for Shrewsbury, 1381. William BURtoN, M.P. for Shrewsbury, 1383, 1384, and 1385. Willi AM BURToN, M.P. for Shrewsbury, 1436 and 1442. Of the above Sir Edward Burton, the author of the Commentary on Antoninus thus writes: “Edward Burton, of Longner, was with King Edward IV. successful in fourteen set battels, between the houses of York and Lancaster; and for his great royalty (loyalty 2) and service he was made knight banneret, under the royal standard in the field.” A. D. 1460. His son, SiR Robert Burton, knight, had the first grant of arms, dated May 22nd, 1478; he m. Christian Stapleton, daughter and heir of Sir John Stapleton, knight, of Stapleton, and relict of Robert Cressett, of Upton Cressett; by whom he had a son, Edward BURtoN, who d. 23rd April, 1524, and was buried at St. Chadd's, Shrews— bury. Some of the records and pedigrees style him Sir Edward Burton, knight, and some, groom of the stole to HENRY VII.; but a handsome alabaster stone to his memory and that of his wife Jocosa Coyney, removed to Atcham church on the fall of St. Chadd's, 1788, simply calls him “Edwardi Burton.” By his first wife Joyce, daughter to Harry Griffin, esq. he had a son, John BURtoN, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Poyner, esq. and d. October 22, 1543, leaving a son, Edward BURtoN, b. 1510, who m. Ann, daughter and co-heir of Nicholas Madocks,


member for

esq. of Wem, Coton and Whixhall, Salop. This Edward Burton was a zealous Protestant in the days of Queen MARY, and on that account essayed many hair-breadth escapes, which it is to be lamented Fox the martyrologist has not related where he thus speaks of him: “The like example of charitable affection in these Catholic churchmen is also to be sene and noted in the burying of one Maister Edward Burton, esquire, who in the same diocese of Chester, departyng out of this world the very day before Queene Elizabeth was crowned, required of his frendes as they would answer for it that his bodye should be buried in his parish churche (which was St. Chadde's, in Shrewsbury), and that no masse monger should be present thereat, which thing being declared to the curate of that parish, named Sir John Marshall, and the bodye being withall brought to the burying upon the same daye that the Queene was crowned, the curate being therewith offended, sayd playnly that he should not be buried in the church there, whereunto one of his frendes named Georg Torpelley answeryng agayne, sayd that God would judge him in the last day, &c. Then the curate sayd “Judge God or devill the bodye shall not come there.’ And so they buried him in his owne garden, where he is no doubt as neare the kingdom of heaven as if he had bene buried in the middest of the church.” But the story is best told by William Burton, great grandson of the Edward Burton in question, in his Commentary on the Itinerary of Antoninus.* “Edward Burton, esq. a religious asserter of the Gospel in Queen MARIE’s time, and by the author of the Acts and Monuments of the Church of England, named among those that escaped the persecution then for that cause. But the whole story is this; he was a man indeed, who, by many waies and courses he took for his safety (too long to be told here), and to evade the hands of such as lay in wait for him; when, one day sitting alone in his upper parlour at Longner, in meditation no doubt of God's deliverance of his people; he heard a general ring of all the bells in Shrewsbury, whereunto in St. Chadda's parish his house belonged, when strait his right divining soul told him it was for Queen MARIE’s death, yet longing to know the truth more certainly, and loath to trust his servants therein for some reasons, he sent his eldest son, my grandfather being then but a boy of sixteen years of age, willing him to throw up his hat if it were so, so impatient was his expectation, who finding it, and doing accordingly as he was directed,

* A Commentary on the Itinerary of Antoninus, by William Burton, B.L.-London, 1658.

the good man retiring presently from the window and recovering his chair, for extremity of joy which he conceived for the deliverance of the saints of God, he suddenly expired. And this was his nunc dimittis Domine. But neither was the storm of persecution so quite blown over hereby, but that still some scatterings did fall upon the servants of God, for they suffered some grievances still, among which was their being debarred from Christian interment in churches. But facilis jactura sepulcri. His friends made a shift to bury him in his garden by the fish ponds, and set a monument over him, which being defaced by time and rain, it happened in the year Miockiv. that Edward Burton, esq. his grandson, inviting to dinner the noble Sir Andrew Corbet, then lieutenant of the shire, with divers other gentlemen of quality; that the good baronet desirous to see the place which preserved the reliques and memory of that excellent man, as good men are still inquisitive after them, whose virtues they honour; but finding it much decayed by the weather after a friendly correption of his host, and serious injoynment to repair the tomb, whereby the memory of his most deserving grandfather was kept alive; he without any ado, effected what he spake for, and promised himself to become the poet for an epitaph, which he accordingly wrote.” This Edward Burton d. in 1558, and left a son and successor, THOMAS BURTON, esq. of Longner, b. 1542, who m. Catherine, daughter and co

heir of William Biest, esq. of Atcham |

Grange, and d. 1619, leaving a son, EDWARD BURtoN, esq. of Longner, who

m. 1601, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Fran- |

eis Newton, of Heightley, and d. 1642, when he was succeeded by his son, FRANCIS BURtoN, esq. of Longner, who m. Catherine, daughter of Jacob and Catherine Walton, of Doveridge, in the county of

Derby, and Fail, in the county of Stafford,

and d. 1680, leaving a son, . Thomas BURtoN, esq. of Longner, justice of the great sessions for North Wales, b. 1637, who d. 24th and was buried at Atcham 27th April, 1695; he m. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Berkeley, esq. of Spetchley and Ravenshill, in the county of Worcester, and by her, who d. 1693, had issue,

I. Robert, of whom hereafter.
II. Thomas, b. 1683, d. 1736, s. p.
III. Edward, d. 1692, s. p.

1. Ann, m. Sir Walter Wrottesley, bart. of Wrottesley, in the county of Stafford, and d. 1732.

II. Elizabeth, m. Joseph Jones, esq. of Chilton, Shropshire, b. 1675, d. 1733.

III., Catharine, b. 1679; m. Thomas Wright, esq. of Coventry.

iv. Mary, b. 1680, d. 1739.

v. Isabella, m. Thomas Hutchinson, of Owthorpe, in the county of Nottingham.

vi. Penelope, d. 1691.

vii. Another daughter, m. to John Wan-
derbenbe, of Westminster, esq.

The eldest son,
Robert BURTON, esq. of Longner, was

sheriff of Salop, 1709; he m. Elizabeth,

daughter and co-heir of Martin Ballard, esq. of Evesham, and had issue, 1. Thomas, his heir. 1. ANNe, b. 1702, m. THOMAS LINGEN, esq. of Sutton Court, Herefordshire, and of Radbrook, Gloucestershire, and d. 1737, leaving issue, 1. Robert Lingen, who took the name of Burton, and was father to the present possessor, of whom more hereafter. 2. Thomas Lingen, d. an infant. 3. Roger Lingen, d. an infant. 4. John Lingen, d. an infant. 5. Thomas Lingen, b. 1730, d. 1764, s. p. 6. Edward Lingen, d. an infant. 7. Henry Lingen, b. 1734, d. 1804, s. p. 1. Ann Lingen, m. Rev. J. Airson, of Canterbury, M.A. She was b. 1724, and d. 1786. 2. Elizabeth Lingen, m. Rev. William Allen, of Hereford, D.D., She was b. 1729, and d. 1796. 3. Frances Lingen, b. 1732, d. 1789. 4. Blanch Lingen, b. 1742. 5. Rachael Lingen, m. Rev. J. Guest, b. 1737, d. 1788. Mr. Burton d. in 1725, and was s. by his Son, Thomas BURtoN, esq. of Longner, who was born in 1705, and d. at Shrewsbury in 1730. His nephew, Robert LINGEN, christened 24th June, 1725, at Quinton church, the parish church of Radbrook, Gloucestershire, assumed the name of BURtoN, pursuant to the will of his great-uncle Thomas Burton, by act of Parliament, 1748. He m. 7th June, 1748, at St. James's Chapel, London, Anne, daughter of Thomas Hill, esq. of Tern Hall, now called Attingham, (by Anne, only daughter of Richard Powys, esq., of the treasury, a branch of the Lilford family), and sister to Margaret, wife of Bennet, third Earl of Harborough, and half-sister to Noel Hill, first Lord Berwick, by whom (who d. 1771) he had issue, 1. Thomas Lingen, d. young. ii. Robert, the present proprietor. III. Henry, b. 1755, vicar of Atcham, of Madeley, and for some time of the

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Holy Cross and St. Giles, all in Shropshire, d. January, 16th, 1831, leaving issue by his wife Mary, daughter of William Gittins, esq. of Chilton, in the county of Salop, 1. Robert, b. 1796, m. first, 1821, Catharine, daughter of William Walcot, esq. of Moor Park, near Ludlow, by whom, who d. Aug. 22nd, 1830, he has an only dau. Jemima-Anne, b. 1824. He m. secondly, in 1835, Catharine, eldest daughter of the late Rev. Herbert Oakeley, D.D. of Oakeley, in Shropshire, rector of Lydham and Prebendary of Worcester, by whom he has a son, Robert-Lingen, born in October, 1836. 2. Henry, M.A. rector of Upton Cressett, and vicar of Atcham, and of Condover, Salop. 1. Anne. 2. Elizabeth Blanche.

iv. Edward, b. 1756, d. April 18th, 1827,

leaving issue by his wife DorothyEliza, daughter of Joshua Blakeway, esq. of Lythwood, in the county of Salop, (and sister to the late learned Rev. John Brickdale Blakeway, vicar of St. Mary's, Shrewsbury, author of several valuable works particularly on the local antiquities of Shropshire) 1. Edward, b. 1794, m. 1825, Helen, daughter of the Rev. Joseph Corbett, of Longnor, Archdeacon of Salop, and d. without issue, January 19th, 1836, universally regretted and esteemed. He was possessed of uncommon attainments, and was the author of many most valuable Theological works; being at the time of his death Regius Professor of Divinity in the University of Oxford, Doctor in Divinity, canon of Christ Church, and rector of Ewelme, Oxon. 2. Robert-Lingen, M. A. vicar of the Holy Cross and St. Giles's, Shrewsbury, m. first, 1829, Everilda, daughter of the Rev. Rigbye Rigbye, of Harrock Hall, in the county of Lancaster, which lady d. April 22nd, 1833; and secondly, in 1835, Mary-AnneElizabeth, daughter of the Rev. C. Pyne Coffin, of Eastdown House, in the county of Devon, and relict of the Rev. OrlandoHamlyn Williams, of Clovelly, in the same shire, by whom he has a son, Edward Lingen, b. 1836.

3. John, d. an infant. 1. Eliza, deceased. 2. Anna-Maria, m. 1821, to the Rev. Charles-Gregory Wade, rector of Hanwood, by whom, who d. 1835, she has two sons and two daughters. . Anne. . Mary, d. 1834. . Emily, d. young. . Eliza, d. 1832. v. John. 1. Mary, d. 1775. 11. Anna-Maria, m. 1786, Edmund Plowden, of Plowden, in the county of Salop, and of Aston-le-Walls, in the county of Northampton, esq. and d. 1830, having had one only daughter, Anna-Maria, m. in 1805, to the Rev. John Eyton, vicar of Wellington, and rector of Eyton, in the county of Salop, who d. 1823; she d. 1825, leaving eight children. iii. Anne, d. young. iv. Elizabeth, d. young. v. Anne, d. young. Mr. Burton served the office of sheriff of Salop, 1763, and dying 1803, was s. by his eldest son the present Robert BURtoN, esq. of Longner.

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TiMoth Y BURtoN, fourth son of the Edward Burton who is buried in the garden at Longner, was of Coedgogan, county of Radnor, and d. 1624. He m. Joan, daughter of James Jordan, of Honeycorse, Co. Pembroke, and had issue, Thomas BURTon, who d. 1696, leaving by Deborah his wife, sister to Thomas Woodroffe, M.D. who d. 1710, aged 81, two sons, 1. SAMUEL BURtoN, of Wronlace, in the county of Radnor, d. 1724, having m. Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Mime, of Lawton's Hope, in the county of Hereford, leaving one son, Edward BURtoN, of Llandewy, county of Radmor, who m. Mallett, only daughter of Richard Stedman, of Strata Florida, and dying without issue, 1774, bequeathed his estate of Llandewy to his namesake Edward Burton, third son of the late Robert Burton, esq. of Longner, from whom it has reverted to the Rev. Robert-Lingen Burton, his only surviving son. Thomas Burton, D.D. canon of Christchurch, rector of Burthorpe, county of Gloucester, d. 1733, having m. Anne Allen, of Finchley, by whom he had issue three sous, viz.

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