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OLIPHANT, OF GASK. OLIPHANT, JAMES-BLAIR, esq. of Gask, in the county of Perth, succeeded his brother Laurence in 1825, and is a deputy lieutenant for Perthshire.



Earls of Sutherland, and the Morays, Cheynes, and Chisholms, of Moray, was co-heir to the earldom of Caith

of which she inherited a fourth part. Their son Andrew was so harassed in that district, where he was looked on as an intruder, that at length having no son by Dame Janet Sinclair his wife, he gave up his estates to his chief in 1520, on condition that Lord Oliphant should provide suitable matches and tochers (fortunes) for his daughters. He accordingly married two of the three to cousins of his and their own, pro

bably at a small expense, viz. The family of Oliphant, of Gask, has long

MARGARET, m. to William Olibeen recognised as representing in the male

PHANT of Newton. line, the ancient and ennobled house of

KATHERINE, m. to Andrew OliOliphant; and it may be remarked as a

phant, of Binzian, singular circumstance that beside their male

Helen. descent, now about to be traced, they are

The eldest son, also by two marriages heirs-general to the John, 2nd LORD OLIPHANT, was served last acknowledged Lord Oliphant, and to heir in 1500. He had been married by his the principal branch of the family derived father to Elizabeth daughter of Colin, first from William, of Berriedale, second son of Earl of Argyll; and her brother Archibald, the first lord.

second earl, settled lands upon them by inReferring to Chalmers’ Caledonia, and denture, 10th October, 1493, a few months the Peerages of Scotland, for the more after he succeeded his father. His lordship early pedigree, it is only necessary to men d. in 1516, leaving his wife surviving. tion that the sixth in descent from Sir Wil- | His eldest son, liam Oliphant, of Aberdalgie, the knightly Colin, Master of OLIPHANT, never sucwarrior, who so gallantly defended Stirling ceeded, having been slain at Flodden in Castle against EDWARD I. in 1304, and 1513. He had a grant of lands to himself whose tombstone is still extant, recording and Elizabeth Keith, his spouse, Ist March, his death on the 5th February, 1329, was 1504-5. By that lady, who survived him,

LAURENCE OLIPhant, a minor in 1450, who and m. William, Lord Sinclair, the Master was created BARON OLIPHANT before 1456, left two sons, viz. when he got a seisin of Auchterhouse, and 1. LAURENCE, third Lord Oliphant, then was designed a noble and worshipful man, a minor, who is designed son and Laurence, Lord Oliphant and Aberdalgie. heir of Umquhill Colin, Master of He obtained bonds of manrent from thirteen Oliphant, and grandson and heir of gentlemen in his neighbourhood, binding the said Umquhill John, Lord Olithemselves to be his followers. He d. soon phant, 18th November, 1516, when after 1495, leaving two sons, namely,

a gift of the ward of his lands passed. John, his heir.

From him descended the succeeding William, of Berriedale, who m. Chris

lords down to 1748. The third lord tian, only daughter and heir of Alex

purchased his cousin's whole estate in ander Sutherland, of Duffus, in Mo Caithness, of which he had a charter, ray, Strabrok, in Linlithgow, and 30th March, 1526, and another 28th Berriedale, in Caithness. As the con

Jan. 1552-3, when the non-entry dunexion with the latter county is im

ties for 120 years amounted to £7000. portant to the history of this family, He d. at Aldwick, in Caithness, 26th it may be remarked that Christian,

March, 1566, leaving LAURENCE, besides representing a branch of the fourth Lord Oliphant, whose eldest

son Laurence dying before him; left | pears from a settlement, 19th December,
one son, LAURENCE, fifth Lord, heir 1586, on John, upon his agreeing to surren-
to his grandfather in 1593, father of der a deed, by which his father had disin-
an only child ANNE, whose claim herited his brother in his favour. He had
to the peerage was compromised by a remission for slaughter, 1576.
giving her husband the title of Mor- The elder son,
dington, while that of Oliphant was Laurence OLIPHANT, sometimes styled,
confirmed to her father's cousin-ger- of Newton, and sometimes of Thrumster,
man Patrick, grandson of the fourth who was, from his extreme height, called
Lord by his only younger son, John. Long Laurence, succeeded his father, and
PATRICK, who thus became sixth on the 10th November, 1575, an action was
Lord, had by his first wife an only raised against him as son of William Oli-
child, m. to Sir LAURENCE OLIPHANT, phant, of Newton. He m. Mary, daughter
of Gask; and by his second wife, had of Andrew Rollo, of Duncrub, ancestor of
Charles, seventh Lord; William, the Lords Rollo, and had Laurence his heir;
ninth Lord; and Francis, tenth Lord, Captain Patrick, John and William.
who d. without issue, in 1748.

The eldest son,
11. William, of whose line we have to LAURENCE OLIPHANT, of Gask, formerly of

Ross, and in Lamerkin, from his residence The second son,

previous to the acquisition of Gask. On WILLIAM OLIPHANT, of Newton, in Perth- the 12th March, 1601, in a deed by George, shire, (brother to Laurence, third Lord | Earl of Caithness, 'who finally bought Oliphant), is mentioned in a complaint to up all Lord Oliphant's rights in 1606, he the Privy Council, 21st November, 1587, says, “ understanding that Umqubill Wilby Laurence, Lord Oliphant, against George, liam Oliphant, of Newton, kindly tenant of Earl of Caithness, that Daniel Sinclair na Thrumbister, and Laurence Oliphant, grandtural brother of the earl, in July, 1583, had son to the said William, also kindly tenant put William Oliphant, of Newton, forth of of Thrumbister,” &c. On the 6th Apr. 1605, the town and lands of Thrumbister, then he appears in an action against Sir James possessed by the said William Oliphant as Scott, of Balweary, as eldest lawful son of tenant to the said lord. His relationship to Umquhill Laurence Oliphant, of Thrumbishis nephew is again specified in the same ter, whose obligation was dated in 1595; and record and in the same year, as well as in on the 10th January, 1605, there is a ratifi1566, proving the correctness of the old and cation by Margaret Sinclair, Lady Westrow, almost contemporary MSS. of Lord Ochil- to him as son of Laurence Oliphant, styllit tree, of Sir Patrick Lyon, of Carse, Lord of of Newton. In 1606, he m. Lilias, daughter Sessions, of Sir George Mackenzie, Lord of Patrick Graham, of Inchbraikie (who had Advocate, and of an unknown author whose the gift of bis escheat) relict of William papers are at Gask, who unite in saying Colville, of Condie, as whose widow she that Colin, Master of Oliphant, had a second appears in a discharge penult March, 1621, son who was styled of Newton. The last with consent of her spouse Laurence Olialso mentions his marriage to Margaret phant, “ sone lawful to Laurence Oliphant, Oliphant, heir of Berrydale and Strabrok. sumtyme of Newton.” He and Lilias GraThis alliance, which accounts for William's ham his wife had charters of Lamerk in 1616, residing so much in Caithness, has already Ross, 1618, and Gask in 1625, which last been noticed, and is verified by various ju- bad for some time been the inheritance of a dicial proceedings in 1551, 1553, and 1556-7, branch of the same noble family descended when the parties are stated to be Margaret from the third lord. By the said Lilias, Oliphant, Katherine Oliphant, and Helen Laurence Oliphant had issue, Oliphant “ airs of Berridale, William Oli LAURENCE (Sir) his heir. phant, spouse to the said Margaret, &c. &c. Patrick. also Margaret Oliphant, eldest dochter to James, of Souterton. Umquhill Dame Janet Sinclair, Lady Bery William. dail, and William Oliphant her spouse. Jean, m. first to John Drummond, of Again, Margaret Oliphant, Katherine Oli

Pitkellony, and secondly, to Gavin phant, and Helen Oliphant, dochteris and Drummond. airis of Umquhill Andre Oliphant of Bery Margaret, m. to Alexander Inglis. dail.” There is still further confirmation The eldest son, from the surrender in 1625, by Laurence Sir LAURENCE OLIPHANT, of Gask, was Oliphant of Gask, grandson and heir of knighted before 1651. He m. in 1634, Margaret Oliphant and William Oliphant, Lilias, only child of Patrick, sixth Lord Oliof Newton, of all claim to Strabrok, which phant, by Elizabeth his first wife, daughter had belonged to her father Andre of Berry- of Sir Patrick Cheyne, knight, of Esseldail. This William Oliphant, of Newton, mont, and had issue, had two sons, LAURENCE and John, as ap 1. PATRICK, of whom presently.

II. Laurence, who, in 1659, had the 1. LAURENCE.
estate settled on him by his father,

II. James.
and was styled younger of Gask. II. Thomas.
He m. in 1661, Anne, daughter of 1. Lilias, m. 1718, Laurence Oliphant,
Sir George Preston, of Valleyfield,

of Condie.
and had issue,

11. Catherine, m. Robert Græme, of GEORGE.

Garvock. (See vol. iii. p. 126.)

The eldest son,

LAURENCE OLIPHANT, of Gask, b. 1691,
Kate, m. to Hugh Paterson. m. the Honourable Amelia Nairne, daugh-

ter of William, second Lord Nairne, broLaurence Oliphant, d. before his ther of John, first Duke of Athol, and had father, in 1672. His widow m. se 1. LAURENCE. condly, James Hay, of Pitfour. Lau 11. Margaret, m. 1748, Patrick Græme, rence's eldest son,

of Inchbraikie.
George OLIPHANT, s. his grand J. Janet, m. William-Drummond Mac-

father. He m. first, in 1681, gregor, of Balhady.
Ann, daughter of Sir John Mal- | The eldest son,
colm, baronet, of Balbedie, and LAURENCE OLIPHANT, of Gask, m. in 1755,
secondly, in 1684, Jean, daugh- his cousin Margaret, daughter of Duncan
ter of James, third Lord Bur- Robertson, of Strowan, by the daughter of
leigh; but dying in that year Lord Nairne. On the death of her brother
without issue, his only surviving the aged chief of Strowan, his grand-ne-

phew, of Gask, became heir of line of the WILLIAM OLIPhant, became of family, but the feudal predilections of this

“ Gask," but on his demise un last of this Scoto French gentleman in married in 1704, it reverted to favour of heirs male, induced him to pass the right heirs.

over his near relations and allow a search WU. Andrew.

for any heir male, however distant, in preIV. James.

ference. They had, v. David.

1. LAURENCE. vi. Archibald.

1. A daughter, m. Alexander Stuart, of 1. Lilias, m. in 1668, to James Graham, Bouskeid. of Orchill.

II. Amelia, m. Charles Stuart, of DalII. Ann, m. in 1672, to Colin Campbell, guise. of Mongie.

II. Caroline, m. William, third Lord III. Elizabeth, m. to Gavin Drummond,

Nairne. of Belliclone.

iv. Margaret, m. in April, 1811, AlexSir Laurence, who made his will, 5th June,

ander Keith, of Ravelston. 1679, d. on the 20th of the following July. The son and successor, His eldest son,

LAURENCE OLIPHANT, of Gask, m. the Patrick OLIPHANT, of Williamston, in- only daughter and heir of Dr. Joseph Rocurred by his marriage the displeasure of bertson Blair, of Ardblair, by Rachel, bis father, and was in consequence disin- daughter of James Blair, of Ardblair, and herited. He wedded Margaret, daughter of had, the Rev. John Murray, minister of Trinity, 1. LAURENCE, who succeeded, but d. unGask, and sister of another Rev.John Mur

married in 1825. ray, his successor therein. By her he had II. JAMES-Blair. 1. James.

1. Rachel, unmarried. II. Thomas.

ul. Margaret, m. Mr. Kington. UI. Laurence.

The eldest son, 1. Anna.

LAURENCE OLIPHANT, of Gask, dying unJi. Lilias, m. 1694, to Mr. David Shaw, married in 1825, was s. by his brother the minister at Aberdalgie.

present James Blair OLIPHANT, of Gask and Ji. Margaret.

Ardblair, who is thirteenth in descent from Patrick Oliphant d. in 1694, and was s. by the first lord, and twenty-third from David,

who is said to have been godson of King DAJAMES OLIPHANT, of Gask, who succeeded VID I. Being heir male of the only brother upon the demise of his cousin WILLIAM, in of the third lord, he appears to be the head 1704. On the 16th July, 1689, he m. Janet, of the family and has a claim to the peerage, daughter of the Rev. Anthony Murray, which King Charles I. after a celebrated of Woodend, from which family sprang trial in his own presence, adjudged to the the Duchess of Lauderdale, Countess of heir male in 1633 ; while he at the same Dysart. She was co-heir to her brother time conferred a new title with the same Thomas Murray, of Woodend. They had precedency on the husband of the heiress,

his son,

sail or.


who thus got the style of Lord Mordington, 9. Earl of Caithness, azure a ship under with nearly 200 years antiquity. A curious instance of one peerage being split into two. 10. Chisholm of Quarrelwood, azure three

boars' heads erased or. Arms

11. Lord Oliphant, gules three crescents 1. OLIPHANT, gules three crescents argent. argent. 2. Oliphant, of Berrydale, the same, with 12. Murray of Woodend, azure a cross a small crescent for difference.

patee between three mullets argent

within a double tresseur of the same. 3. Sutherland of Duffus, gules, three stars

13. Robertson of Strowan, gules three

wolves' heads erased argent armed 4. Cheyne of Innerugy, azure a bend between three cross crosslets, fitchie 14. Blair, of Ardblair, argent a chevron

and langued azure. argent.

sable between three torteauxes, a 5. Colville, of Oxenham, argent a cross mullet for difference. moline sable.

15. Oliphant, gules three crescents argent. 6. Murray, of Duffus, azure three mullets

Crest-A unicorn's head couped argent argent.

armed and maned or. 7. Earl of Strathern or. two chevrons gules.

Motto-A tout pourvoir. 8. Earl of Orkney, azure a ship, sails furled, oars in saltier within a double tres

Estates-In Perthshire. seur of fleurs de lis.



BURTON, ROBERT, esq., of Longner Hall, in the county of Salop, m. in 1798, Rose, second daughter and co-heir of John Smitheman, esq. of Little Wenlock, which lady d. in 1830, without issue. He s. his father in 1803, and served as high sheriff for Shropshire, in the following year.

Mr. Burton took down the old mansion house at Longner, and built an elegant Gothic residence on its site, the tomb of his ancestor being carefully preserved in the garden.


which was sold to Lord Scrope, in the reign of EDWARD III. But these facts are not well substantiated, while there is abundant proof of their having been seated for many centuries in Shropshire. One antiquary, viz. William Burton, B.L. in his Commentary on Antoninus's Itinerary, says, “ they were of Shropshire, a family sometime for no ordinary relations, very gracious with the several princes of the royal house of York ;” and another (Browne Willis, esq. M.P. of Whaddon, Bucks), tells us that ' they were a family of great antiquity, being possessors of Longner in the time of EDWARD IV., and before that being seated

at Burton or Boerton, in the parish of ConThe Burtons of Longner in Shropshire, dover, Shropshire.” The name was are by some conjectured to have come out ciently written de Burton, de Borton, de of Yorkshire ; and there are traditionary ac- Burghton, Beorton, and Burton. By the counts of their descent from Lionel, Duke Ledger book of Haghman Abbey, now in of Clarence, by Alice Burton, and of their possession of the Corbets, of Sundorne, possessing Burton Constable, in Yorkshire, Shropshire, Roger de Burton gave to


Haghman Abbey, all the lands given his , esq. of Wem, Coton and Whixhall, Salop. father, Thomas de Burton, on his marriage This Edward Burton was a zealous Prowith the daughter of the Lord of Codarcote, testant in the days of Queen Mary, and from whom the descent may be traced as on that account essayed many hair-breadth follows:

escapes, which it is to be lamented Fox THOMAS DE Burton, m. Aliscia, daughter the martyrologist has not related where of John, Lord of Codarcote (now Cother- he thus speaks of him: “The like example cote) in the reign of HENRY III.

of charitable affection in these Catholic Roger De Burton, living in the same churchmen is also to be sene and noted in reign.

the burying of one Maister Edward BurWalter de Borton, living in the tenth ton, esquire, who in the same diocese of year of EDWARD II.

Chester, departyng out of this world the EDMUND DE BURGHTON, m. in the reign very day before Queene Elizabeth was of EDWARD III. Agnes, daughter of Hugh crowned, required of his frendes as they de la Hulle de Wlonkeslowe. He was would answer for it that his bodye should be sheriff in 1371.

buried in his parish churche (which was St. WILLIAM BEORTON,

Jiving temp:

Chadde's, in Shrewsbury), and that no RICHARD De BeoRTON,


masse monger should be present thereat, WILLIAM BURTON,

which thing being declared to the curate of WILLIAM Burton, in the reign of Henry that parish, named Sir John Marshall, and VI.

the bodye being withall brought to the buSir EDWARD Burton, knight, banneret, rying upon the same daye that the Queene in the reign of EDWARD IV. of whom more was crowned, the curate being therewith hereafter.

offended, sayd playnly that he should not A John de Burton, was sheriff for Shrop- be buried in the church there, whereunto shire, from 1354 to 1359.

one of his frendes named Georg Torpelley William Burton, was member for answeryng agayne, sayd that God would Shrewsbury, 1379.

judge him in the last day, &c. Then the RICHARD DE Beorton, M.P. for Shrews- curate sayd • Judge God or devill the bodye bury, 1381.

shall not come there. And so they buried William Burton, M.P. for Shrewsbury, him in his owne garden, where he is no 1383, 1384, and 1385.

doubt as neare the kingdom of heaven as if WILLIAM Burton, M.P. for Shrewsbury, he had bene buried in the middest of the 1436 and 1442.

church.” Of the above Sir Edward Burton, the au But the story is best told by William Burthor of the Commentary on Antoninus thus ton, great grandson of the Edward Burton writes: “ Edward Burton, of Longner, was in question, in his Commentary on the Itiwith King EDWARD IV. successful in four-nerary of Antoninus.* “ Edward Burton, teen set battels, between the houses of York esq. a religious asserter of the Gospel in and Lancaster; and for his great royalty Queen Marie's time, and by the author of (loyalty ?) and service he was made knight the Acts and Monuments of the Church of banneret, under the royal standard in the England, named among those that escaped field.” A. D. 1460. His


the persecution then for that cause. But Sir ROBERT BURTON, knight, had the the whole story is this; he was a man infirst grant of arms, dated May 22nd, 1478; deed, who, by many waies and courses he he m. Christian Stapleton, daughter and took for his safety (too long to be told here), heir of Sir John Stapleton, knight, of Sta- and to evade the hands of such as lay in pleton, and relict of Robert Cressett, of Up- wait for him; when, one day sitting alone ton Cressett; by whom he had a son, in his upper parlour at Longner, in medita

EDWARD Burton, who d. 23rd April, tion no doubt of God's deliverance of his 1524, and was buried at St. Chadd's, Shrews- 1 people ; he heard a general ring of all the bury. Some of the records and pedigrees bells in Shrewsbury, whereunto in St. style him Sir Edward Burton, knight, and Chadda's parish his house belonged, when some, groom of the stole to Henry VII.; but strait his right divining soul told him it was a handsome alabaster stone to his memory for Queen Marie's death, yet longing to and that of his wife Jocosa Coyney, re- know the truth more certainly, and loath to moved to Atcham church on the fall of St. trust his servants therein for some reasons, Chadd's, 1788, simply calls him “ Edwardi he sent his eldest son, my grandfather being Burton.' By his first wife Joyce, daughter then but a boy of sixteen years of age, wilto Harry Griffin, esq. he had a son, ling him to throw up his hat if it were so, so John Burton, who m. Elizabeth,

daugh- impatient was his expectation, who finding ter of Thomas Poyner, esq. and d. October it, and doing accordingly as he was directed, 22, 1543, leaving a son,

EDWARD BURTON, b. 1510, who m. Ann, * A Commentary on the Itinerary of Antonidaughter and co-heir of Nicholas Madocks, nus, by William Burton, B.L.-London, 1638.

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