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POWNALL, OF POWNALL. POWNALL, JAMES, esq. of Pownall, in the county of Chester, b. 27th November, 1791, m. 25th May, 1818, Maria-Anne, only child of Patrick Kewley, esq. of Liverpool, and coheir of her maternal uncle, the Rev. Richard Assheton, M.A. Fellow of the Collegiate Church, Manchester. By this lady he has issue,

William, b. 26th July, 1819.
Walter, b. 20th January, 1821.
Assheton, b. 31st October, 1832.

James, b. 17th October, 1834.
Mr. Pownall succeeded his father in 1814.


Lord of Were. This William, with his kingmen Raffe and Gervase Paganell, are afterwards described amongst the most active of the adherents of Earl Randle and his barons in sustaining the interests of the Empress Maude and her son HENRY against King Stephen, which services were rewarded by the earl with grants of lands in fee out of his demesnes in Cheshire and elsewhere: and although the origin of the grant under which the fee of Pownall (comprising an entire township), passed has not been specifically recorded, yet the presumption is strongly supported, that like the other grants in the same locality, it was the recompense

of military services. In the writings of ORDERICUS Vitalis,

“Although (says Brooke) from the seat of compiled by du Chesne, we find enumerated their property in Cheshire, the Pownalls in the train of the Conqueror, who came were denominated according to the true Briinto England from Normandy, RADULPHUS tish orthography of the name, and were styled Fulco, JOHANNEs, and Hugone Paganel; after the Norman custom “de Pownall,” yet and those persons appear subsequently, by they were at the same time styled in the reother evidence, to have seated themselves at cords, written in Norman, Paiinel, Payanell, Newport Pagnel, in the county of Bucking- and Paynel, and in those written in Latin ham, at Dudley Castle, in Worcestershire, Paganell. It appears on the register that at Drax, in the county of York, and at they repeatedly held the high office of ChamBampton, in Oxfordshire. Vitalis too, in berlayne to the kings,t as earls of Chester, alluding to the names of those men styled in the 10th of EDWARD II., in the 1st, 5th, “ illustrious," who had died, to the great and 10th of Edward III., on which account, grief of their Norman countrymen, in the in allusion to their office and their name, they same year with their victorious chief, men bore for a crest a lion's paw, holding a goltions Gulielmus Paganellus. Dugdale also den key.” reverts frequently to those gallant soldiers The elder branch of the family residing at and their descendants. According to a Pownall became extinct in the direct line more modern authority, BROOKE, Somerset in the year 1328 by the decease of Robert Herald, the family of PowNALL is of great DE PowNALL, whose only child MARGERY antiquity in the county of Chester, the men wedded Hugh, second son of John Fitton, tion of the name connecting them with that Lord of Bollyn ; a cadet branch continued Shire occurring so early as the time of King still, however, settled in Morley, within the Stephen, when Avicia de Romelli, daugh- township of Pownall Fee, when the manor ter and coheir of William de Meschines, Lord of Copeland, and cousin of Ranulph de + Of the office of Chamberlain, the following Meschines, third Earl of Chester, married explanation occurs in Ormerod's History of Chefor her second husband William Paganel,* shire.

“ And to this day the county palatine of ChesThe only daughter and heir of this marriage, ter hath bad a Chamberlayne, who supplieth the Alice PAGANEL, wedded Robert de Gant, uncle place of Chancellor, and also Justices, before whom and heir of William de Gant, Earl of Lincoln, see the causes which of their nature should otherwise Burse's Extinct and Dormant Peerage, Gant, Earls belong respectively to the King's Bench and Comof Lincolo.

Pleas, are triable," &c.



of Bollyn was divided between the Booths Sir GEORGE POWNALL, knt. b. in 1755, and the Traffords, 9th Henry V. (1422), re who was appointed Secretary of the province presented by Thomas PowNALL, esq. whose of Lower Canada, and afterwards Provost son HUMPHREY removed to Witton and Barn- | Marshal General of the Leeward Islands. ton in the same county, and from him, He died at Brighton, a bachelor, 17th Octo

IIUMPHREY PowNALL, descended, accord- ber, 1834, when this branch of the family ing to well founded tradition,

became extinct. THOMAS POWNALL, esq. of Barnton, who Another collateral branch, taking its dewas baptized at Great Budworth, in the scent also from the Barnton family, concounty of Chester, in 1650. He wedded Mary, tinued settled in Cheshire until its head, daughter and heir of Richard Browne, esq. William PowNALL, esq.b. in 1718, removed of Saltfleetby, in the county of Lincoln, and to Liverpool, and rendered himself eminent was s. by his son,

as a merchant in that great commercial place, William PowNALL, esq. who d. in 1731, of which he was elected Mayor in 1767, and leaving issue,

died before the close of his year of office, John, his successor.

owing to an overzeal in the discharge of Thomas, of North Lynn, in Norfolk, his magisterial duties. A local periodical

and Everton House, in the county of publication, in announcing this worthy genBedford, b. in 1722, m. in 1765 Lady ileman's demise, thus concludes: “His perFaukener, dau. of General Churchill, sonal virtues were well known to all who had and died at Bath, without issue, in the happiness of an intimate acquaintance 1805. Of this gentleman the follow- with him; his public character reflected hoing account is given in the Gentleman's nour on the society to which he was related, Magazine of that year, p. 288 : and both will render his name respected by

It may be said of Governor Pow-posterity.” He m. Mary, daughter of Jesse nall, that in every station of life he Gerrard, esq. of Moreton Say, in the county sustained a bigh character for ability, of Salop, and had two sons, WILLIAM and zeal, and rectitude of conduct. In the John. The only brother of this highly reyear 1753 he succeeded Sir Thomas spected citizen, Danvers Osborne, bart. in his office John, likewise of Liverpool, b. in 1723, of Lieutenant Governor of New Jer- m. 20th February, 1744, Jane, daughter of sey. In 1757 he was appointed Cap- John Crouchley, esq. of Flixton, in the tain General and Governor of Mas- county of Lancaster, and had two sons, sachusets Bay, and, when in 1761 William and John. He d. 8th June, 1812, he returned to this country, he re and was s. by the elder, ceived the appointment of Director WILLIAM POWNALL, esq. of Litherland, in General of the office of Control, with the county of Lancaster, b. 18th November, the rank of Colonel in the army, un 1754, who m. Elizabeth, dau. and heir of der the command of Prince Ferdi- John Quillen, esq. attorney-general of the nand in Germany. In 1765 he was Isle of Man, and had issue, elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, JAMES, bis successor. and in 1768 returned to parliament

John. for Tregony, in Cornwall.” Governor Charlotte. Pownall was the author of numerous Mary. works on political economy, on anti Eliza, quities, and in the Archæologia of the He d. 22nd November, 1814, and was s. by Antiquarian Society, of which insti- his son, JAMES PownAll, esq. now of Powtution he was a member.

mall Hall. The elder son and heir,

John Pownall, esq. b. in 1720, m. Mary, Arms—Gules, a lion rampant, ermine, daughter of Bowden Lillingston, esq. and gorged with a collar gemel azure, therefrom had issue,

pendent an escutcheon of the last, charged George (Sir), his heir.

with a mullet, arg. John Lillingston, b. in 1757, a commis Crest-A lion's jamb erased ppr. charged

sioner of the Customs, married, but with two mullets in pale argent, in the paw, died issueless.

a key in bend, sinister or, affixed thereto a Mary.

chain entwined about the jamb of the second. Mr. Pownall, who was a magistrate of the Motio-Officium Præsto. county of Lincoln, and served the office of Residence-Mayfield, Wavertree. high sheriff, died in 1795, and was s. by his Seat--Pownall Hall, in the county of


elder son,

WARD, OF SALHOUSE. WARD, ROBERT, esq. of Salhouse Hall, in the county of Norfolk, b. 3rd Sep

tember, 1767, m. 20th December, 1794, Lydia, third daughter of Richard Rawle, esq.* of Liskeard and Trevill, in the county of Cornwall, and has had issue,

1. Robert, b. in 1795, who whilst serving as a midship

man on board H. M. S. Topaz, was mortally wounded
in an attack on the North Fort of Mocha, in the Red

Sea, 7th December, 1820.
II. RICHARD, b. 14th June, 1799.
III. William-Henry, b. in 1801, a student for holy orders,

of Exeter College, Oxford, d. 8th December, 1819.
1. Lydia, b. in 1797, m. to her cousin, William Ward, esq.

and d. 12th October, 1834, leaving issue one daughter, Elizabeth Ward. Her widower m. secondly, 5th November, 1835, Sarah, second daughter of the late Francis

Hopkinson, esq. of Peterborough.

11. Frances, b. in 1808, d. in 1825. This gentleman, formerly an officer in the royal navy, whilst serving as a midshipman on board the Monmouth, in the fleet commanded by Sir Edward Hughes, was in six general actions in India, from 1780 to 1784, in one of which he was seriously wounded by a splinter from a gun-shot, and for some time considered lifeless. Mr. Ward is in the commission of the peace for the county of Norfolk, and succeeded to bis estates on the demise of his mother in 1828.

Lineage. The Wards have long been seated in the from the generalitie of subjects, or to the county of Norfolk; they held adjoining private helpes of some well affected in parestates at Walcotte and Happisburgh, in the ticular, by way of loane: in which later sixteenth century, which have descended in course wee being at this time inforced to direct succession from father to son to the proceed, for some supply of some portions present generation. In the reign of JAMES I. of treasure for divers publique services, and we find by a document still preserved, that particularly for continuing and encreasing needy monarch, when issuing his privy seal our magazines in some large proportion, in for the purpose of raising money, including our realme of Ireland, in our navie, and in amongst his loyal subjects Robert Ward, of our fortes: (in all which greater summes Walcotte :

have bene expended of late, both in build“To our trusty and wel beloved

ing, and repairing, and in making sundry Robert Ward, of Walcotte.

provisions, then have been in twentie yeeres before :) wee have now in our eye an espe

cial care that such discretion may be ob“ Trustie and welbeloved, Wee greete served in the choise of the lenders, and such you well. Having observed in the presi- an indifferent distribution, as the summes dents and custome of former times, that all that wee shall receive may be raised with the kings and queenes of this realme, upon an equall consideration of men's abilities; extraordinary occasions, have used either to and therefore, seeing men have had so good resort to those contributions which arise experience of our repayment of all those


* The family of Rawle is of great antiquity in Cornwall. They were seated at Kennett and Trevill, in St. Juliet, in the reign of EDWARD IV. about 1460. Their representatives now reside at Liskeard and Plymouth, but still hold the manor of Tresparrett, a moiety of the rectory of St. Juliet, and several estates in that parish, which have descended to them for many generations.

William Rawle, in 1632, m. Catherine, daughter of John Webber, esq. of Middle Amble, in St. Kew, by Susanna, daughter of Degory Polwhele, esq. an ancestor of the historian.

Francis Rawle, esq. in 1658, m. Thomasine, daughter of Francis Buller, esq. of Tregarrick, who was high sheriff of Cornwall.

Richard Rawle, esq. of Liskeard, the father of Mrs. Ward, m. Anne, eldest daughter of William Carthew, esq. of St. Austell.

The Rawle arms, sculptured of a very early date, are still affixed to the old manor house of the family: viz. Sable, three swords in pale, the middlemost pointed in chief, arg.–See Lyson's Magna Britannia, vol. iii. and Gilbert's History of Cornwall.

summes which wee lave ever required in Westminster, of wbich family was Lord this kinde, we doubt not but wee shall now Chief Justice Holt. Robert Ward died in receive the like argument of good affection London, 1706, and by the testamentary will from you (amongst other of our subjects), of William Holt, esq. the purchase of the and that with such alacrity and readinesse, Salhouse estate was made, by the order of as may make the same so much the more a master in Chancery in 1712, agreeable to acceptable, especially seeing wee require the testator's directions, for the benefit of but that of some which few men would deny Mr. Ward's children, a friend ; and have a minde resolved to ex Holt Robert WARD, his heir. pose all our earthly fortune, for preserva

Joseph. tion of the general. The summe that wee Margaret. require of you, by vertue of these presents, Holt Robert WARD, esq. of Walcot and is twenty pounds, which wee doe promise, Salhouse, the son and successor, b. in 1704, in the name of us, our heires and successors, d. in 1732, leaving by bis wife, Elizabeth, to repay to you, or your assigns, within eigh 1. Robert, an officer of marines, died at teen monthes after the payment thereof unto Holy Island. the collector. The person that wee have 11. RICHARD, his successor. appointed to collect it is Sir Charles Cornwal wu. Holt-Joseph. lis, knight. To whose handes wee doe re 1. Margaret. quire you to send it within twelve days after II. Sarah-Maria. you have received this privy seale, which to III. Elizabeth. gether with the collector's acquittance, shall The second son and successor, be sufficient warrant unto the officers of our RICHARD WARD, esq. of Walcot and Salreceipt, for the repayment thereof at the house, b. 12th October, 1730, d. in 1799, a time limited. Given under our privy seale captain of Dragoons, and major of brigade at our pallace of Westminster the 14th day to the Cavalry in South Britain, a deputy of January, in the ninth yeere of our raigne lieutenant and justice of the peace for the of Great Britaine, Ffrance, and Ireland. county of Norfolk, and lieutenant-colonel of

“ FRA. MYLLERS. the East Norfolk regiment of Militia, which Privy seal, 28th of Jan. 1611,

command, from his well known military by vertue of Rob. Ward, of

experience, he accepted in an eventful era Walcotte, the some of £20.

of his country's history, at the urgent soliciCharles CORNWALLIS."

tations of the lord lieutenant, and other

influential noblemen of the county. He m. ROBERT WARD, esq. who d. 2nd April, Amelia, fourth daughter of Stamp Brooks1639, erected the family residence at Wal- | bank, esq. M.P. of Helaugh, Yorkshire, cotte, now called Walcot, in Norfolk. This and Hackney House,* Middlesex. His structure, although curtailed in size, is still merits as a soldier, a magistrate, and a standing, and bears the date of its erection, gentleman, are glowingly depicted on his 1619; and from the elaborate architecture monument in Salhouse Church, and in the of its chimneys, is commonly called in the obituary of the Gentleman's Magazine, 1799, neighbourhood and styled in the map of from the pen of his intimate friend, the late Norfolk,“ the Chimney House.” He wedded Rev. John Longe, rector of Spixworth, Bridget, daughter of Callow, esq. and Norfolk. He had issue, had issue,

1. Richard Dalrymple, an officer in the 1. Edmund.

Royal Artillery, who served in the II. Solomon.

American war, d. in 1765. III. HUMPHREY, his successor.

II. Robert, his successor. IV. Isaac. v. Samuel.

* Hackney House was erected by Mr. Brooksvi. Francis.

bank in the reign of GEORGE I. at an expenditure vii. Robert.

of upwards of £28,000: it stood in a lawn of HUMPHREY WARD, of Walcotte (the third eighteen acres, surrounded by a wall. On Mr. son) died 1643, and had by his wife, Alice, Brooksbank's decease it was sold to J. Hopkins, a son and successor,

esq. of Brittons, in Essex, heir to the famous ROBERT WARD, esq. who wedded Mary, Vulture Hopkins, concerning whom Pope has the daughter of Richard Gaze, gent. and died following lines : "1st December, 1663, leaving with two daugh When Hopkins dies, a thousand lights attend ters, Mary and Alice, a son,

The wretch that living saved a candle's end." Joseph Ward, esq. of Walcotte, who From Mr. Hopkins it passed through various died 1678 (his widow m. secondly, Richard hands, and finally, in 1802, the building was Ellis, esq. of Northrepps, Norfolk), and had razed to the ground, the whole having been ala daughter, Mary, and a son,

lotted for building, and become a populous neighRobert WARD, esq. who m. Margaret, bourhood. See Universal Magazine, 1791, for daughter of William Holt, esq. of St. James, further particulars.

11. William, M. A. of Queen's College, III. Frances, born in 1733, m. to the

Cambridge, in holy orders. This gen Rev. John Longe, vicar of the valutleman devoted a great portion of his able living of Coddenham and Crowlife to the study of prophetic history, field, Suffolk. Mr. Longe, who was was the author of four vols. 8vo. and an active magistrate of that county, several abstruse works on the fulfil

d. in 1834. ment of prophecy. He m. Margaret, W. Sophia, d. in 1828. eldest daughter of William Wooley The second, but eldest surviving son is the Simpson, of Diss, banker, and left present Robert WARD, esq. of Salhouse. at his decease, 1835, William, m. to

Arms — Arg. on a bend engrailed sa. his cousin, and other issue.

between two acorns, slipt vert, three fleur1. Amelia, d. in 1781.

de-lis, or. II. Mary, m. to George William Browne

Crest-A dexter arm erect couped at the Bohun, esq.t of Beccles, Suffolk, de- elbow, habited quarterly, or and vert, cuff ceased.

arg. hand proper, holding a pheon of the + A lineal descendant of the ancient family of third. De Bohun. Humphrey de Bohun is mentioned

Motto-Usque ad mortem fidus. in Doomsday Book for Norfolk, as Lord of Der

Estates-At Salhouse. cios in Taterford.

Seat-Salhouse Hall, Norfolk.

WRAY, OF KELFIELD. WRAY, The Reverend CECIL DANIEL, A. M. of Strangeways, Manchester, one

of the fellows of the Collegiate Church of that town, b. 21st January, 1778; m. first, Elizabeth, second daughter of Joseph Thackeray, esq. of Manchester, and by her, who died in 1825, had issue,

Cecil, b. 4th January, 1805, A. M. in holy orders, one of

the incumbents of St. Martin's in the Fields, Liverpool.
George, b. 9th September, 1814.
Henry, b. 11th June, 1823.
Eliza, died in 1817.

Mr. Wray married, secondly, in 1831, Marianne, third
daughter of George Lloyd, esq. (see vol. i. p. 245). He
succeeded to the estates at the decease of his father in 1814.

Lineage. The family of WRAYE was originally uncle at Ashby cum Finby, in Lincolnshire: seated at Carlton, in Coverdale, Richmond he m. in 1587, Anne, daughter of Adam shire, early in the reign of ELIZABETH, Carter, esq. and by her had issue, holding at that time grants of land from the 1. George, his heir. crown, as proved by a series of wills for two II. John, d. unm. in 1819. hundred and fifty years past, and other do 11. Thomas, married in 1679, but d. s.p. cuments. The Wrays of Kelfield are the

1. Mary. only surviving descendants of the name,

11. Elizabeth, m. to William Blithe, esq. sprung from the father of Lord Chief Justice

of Stillingfleet. (Sir Christopher) Wray. That eminent per

111. Anne. son, who died in 1592, married Anne, daugh

iv. Margaret. ter of Nicholas Girlington, esq.of Normanby,

v. Penelope. in Yorkshire, and was ancestor of the extinct

The eldest son, baronets, whose male line expired in 1809 (see vol. ii. p. 632.)

George WRAYE, esq. of Brogden House Richard Wraye (brother of Sir Christo- and Auburne Hall, 6. in 1594, married Anne, pher), settled at Kelfield, married in 1551, daughter of - Kendall

, esq. and had issue, 1. John, d. unm.

II. George, his heir.
JOHN WRAYE, b. in 1552, of Brogden
House and Auburne Hall(the Manor House), 1. Elizabeth.
in Kelfield, who resided previously with his 11. Faith.

and had a son,

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