The Troubled Republic: Visual Culture and Social Debate in France, 1889-1900

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Yale University Press, 2004 - 256 páginas

Fin-de-siècle France was a period of unrest, with strikes, demonstrations, and anarchist terrorism reflecting deep social and political differences. Yet at the same time, this decade produced a vibrant visual culture--monumental sculpture, mural decoration, avant-garde painting, posters, illustrations, and photography--much of which was used to articulate France's ideological arguments. This fascinating book shows how four key issues in social debate were treated by contemporary artists.

Richard Thomson begins by exploring disquieting attitudes toward the body and sexuality that resulted from France's concerns about national decadence after its defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. He then considers how artists depicted crowds and represented public discomfort about mass unrest. Next he discusses religious imagery during a decade when the Catholic Church was attempting to come to terms with Republicanism. And finally he addresses the question of revenge against Germany for the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine, showing that it was kept alive in contemporary art.

 

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TROUBLED REPUBLIC: VISUAL CULTURE AND SOCIAL DEBATE IN FRANCE, 1889-1900

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Through the long lens of history, the final decade of 19th-century France seems remote indeed, but Thomson (fine art, Edinburgh Univ., Scotland) explores this era with insight and clarity. Surveying ... Leer reseña completa

Índice

Introduction
Public Health and Private Desire Exploring Modernity and the Erotic
18
A Degenerating Nation?
22
Decadence and Transgressive Sexuality
33
Diagnosis Voyeurism Desire
37
Finding Forms for Sexual Experience
47
The Female Body and Psychological Narrative
58
Bourgeois Fear Bourgeois Fantasy
69
Modernity and the Picturing of Religion
143
The Parochial and the AntiModern
158
Anarchism and Religion
164
Always think about it never discuss it Imagery and the Idea of Revanche
168
Policy and Imagery in the 1890s
170
Reading the Imagery of Past War
181
Preparing the Next Generation
196
Looking into the Future
202

Theorising the Crowd
81
Controlling the Crowd
89
The Physical and Psychological Spaces of the City
96
Riot and Repression
105
Painting the Faith
126
Secularisation AntiClericalism and Blasphemy
132
Images of AntiClericalism
139
The Costs of Ambiguity
219
Reading the 1890s
222
Notes
225
Bibliography
232
Index
248
Photograph Credits
255
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Sobre el autor (2004)

Richard Thomson is Watson Gordon Professor of Fine Art at Edinburgh University.

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