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abolitionism administration admitted adopted agent agitation argument assertion authority bank Bank of England bill Calhoun cause character citizens commenced concurring conflict Congress Constitution contest convention course currency dangerous declaration defence delegated duties effect equal established executive exercise existence fact favor federal feeling force Force Bill foreign former friends important increase institutions interests JOHN CALDWELL CALHOUN latter legislation liberty limits majority manufactures means measure ment Missouri compromise nation nature necessary never nullification object operation opinion opposed opposition party peace political portion present President principle proper proposed protection provision question reference regard repeal Republican Republican party reserved powers resistance resolutions revenue Senate session Silas Wright slavery South Carolina sovereign sovereignty speech suppose tariff tariff of 1816 taxes territory tion treasury treaty true uncon unconstitutional Union United Virginia vote whole Wilmot proviso
Página 163 - That the government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers; but that, as in all other cases of compact among parties having no common judge, each party has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of infractions, as of the mode and measure of redress.
Página 309 - The ratification of the convention of nine States shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the same.
Página 428 - Union!" can no more prevent disunion than the cry of "Health, health, glorious health!" on the part of the physician, can save a patient lying dangerously ill. So long as the Union, instead of being regarded as a protector, is regarded in the opposite character, by not much less than a majority of the States, it will be in vain to attempt to conciliate them by pronouncing eulogies on it.
Página 415 - I HAVE, Senators, believed from the first that the agitation of the subject of slavery would, if not prevented by some timely and effective measure, end in disunion.
Página 334 - I bold, then, that there never has yet existed a wealthy and civilized society in which one portion of the community did not, in point of fact, live on the labor of the other.
Página 249 - Government is not made the final judge of the powers delegated to it, since that would make its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers ; but that, as in all other cases of compact among sovereign parties, without any common judge, each has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of the infraction as of the mode and measure of redress.
Página 438 - But will the North agree to this? It is for her to answer the question. But, I will say, she cannot refuse if she has half the love of the Union which she professes to have, or without justly exposing herself to the charge that her love of power and aggrandizement is far greater than her love ..of the Union.
Página 162 - The great and leading principle is that the General Government emanated from the people of the several States, forming distinct political communities, and acting in their separate and sovereign capacity, and not from all of the people forming one aggregate political community ; that the Constitution of the United States is, in fact, a compact, to which each State is a party...
Página 275 - It has been said by the Senator from Tennessee [Mr. Grundy] to be a measure of peace! Yes, such peace as the wolf gives to the lamb — the kite to the dove! Such peace as Russia gives to Poland, or death to its victim! A peace, by extinguishing the political existence of the State, by awing her into an abandonment of the exercise of every power which constitutes her a sovereign community. It is to South Carolina a question of selfpreservation; and I proclaim it, that, should this bill pass, and...