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cessary papers—examined the prisoner—summoned and constituted the court—held the trial—made out several drafts of a long sentence; and had the whole passed, signed, and perfected, within two hours! But Buonaparte says, this was a fair trial, and Buonaparte ' is an honourable man!'
The judge-advocate proceeds in his proces-verbal to state
that— . !..' .,;.,,','! l.,.„i.. '.'. '.."V"'
'Having arrived at Vinrennes, Geueral Mulin.P9mmuuicated.Mwef 1. A copy of the decree of the government of the same day, ordering that the ci-devant Duke d'Enghien should be tried by a military commission, composed of stven members. to,lienumtd, by General Murat; and 2d, the order of Genera) JVLurati of the same date, <lireeling that General Hulin and six other officers, colonels and commandants of regiments, should constitute the court, and further that I (the writer of the report)should act as rapporteur (judge-advocate); and further, that the court should assemble forthwith, in the castle of Vincennes, there*; •without delay or separation (sans desempacer), \o ju4g?> th^^c^ctjsed on,, the,.charges staled in. the, said, decree of the government^ —-P^ces His(.
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>H«rti i*& must pause a moment—let us consider the state in which this judge-advocate found himself.- At'midnight he is summoned to attend Murat in Paris—thence he is ordered to proceed to attend General Hulin at Vincennes—there he finds, at about one o'clock in the morning, that he is to be the conductor of this most extraordinary and stupendous.. tfiftV and,a/^ tfre pa\r deuce put into his hand is, the indictment and an order to proceed to judgment forthwith, without separation or delay. Not one other iota of evidence was furnished to him—what then was to be done?—We think no reader can anticipate what is about to follow.—The duke had not been out of a tra veiling'fcarjjage' for tfntee day^ and flights ;'-■ VOw ottt with, wonder, anxiety, and fatigue, the victim hada4alJeir asleep. Between one and two o'clock in the morning, the judge-advocate with two officers"and two private gendarmes, suddenly entered his room, awal^ened'him, and began immediately to interrogate him; in hopes of getting from his own mouth, in the confusion and fatigue in which he naturally must have been, some colour of evidence against him. We firmly believe that a scene of such romantic atrocity-was never before acted. Now comes the interrogatory.
j Asked him his name, christian name, age, and birth-place?' ,' Answered, That he was Louis Antoine Henri de Bourbooi Due d*Enghien, born the 2d of August, 1772, at Chantilly. 'Asked, When he had quitted France?
'Answered, " I cannot exactly tell, but I believe it was about the
16th Ifilh of July, 1789;" added, that he went with the Prince <le Conde, his grandfather, his father, the Count d'Artois, and his children.
'Asked, Where he has resided since he left France?
'Answered," On leaving France 1 went with my parents, whom I always accompanied, to Mons and Bruxelles; thence we went to Turin, where the King of Sardinia received us for about sixteen months ;" that thence, still with his parents, he had gone to Worms and its neighbourhood on the Rhine; there the corps of Conde was formed, and 1 served in the whole war. I had before made the campaign of 1792, in Brabant, with the corps de Bourbon, a part of the Archduke Albert's army.'
'Asked, Whether he had retired since the peace between France and the Emperor? (of Germany.)
1 Answered, " We ended the last campaign near Gratz, where the corps of Conde, which was in English pay, was disbanded ;" that he afterwards remained for his amusement in the neighbourhood of Gratz for six or seven months, waiting directions from his grandfather, the Prince of Conde, who had gone into England, and was to let him know what allowance that power would make him, it being not yet settled. During this interval I asked the Cardinal de Rohan's consent to reside in his territory at Ettenheim, in the Brisgaw, part of the late archbishopric of Strasbourg; that for the last two years and a half he had resided at Ettenheim; that, on the cardinal archbishop's death, he had officially requested the Elector of Baden's consent for a continuation of his residence at Ettenheim, which was granted; for he would not have thought it proper to reside there without the Elector's consent.
'Asked, If he has not been in England, and if this power does not still make him an allowance?
'Answered, That he never was in England; but that England does still make him an allowance, and that he has nothing else to live upon!
'Desires to add to the above answers, that the reasons which induced him to reside at Ettenheim having ceased, he was about to change his residence to Friburg, in the Brisgaw, a much more agreeable town than Ettenheim, in which latter he would not have stayed so long, but that the Elector had given him extensive permission to shoot, of which amusement he was very fond.
'Asked, If he maintained any correspondence with the French princes in England, and if he had lately seen them?
'Answered, That he naturally kept up a correspondence with his grandfather since they had parted, on the reduction of the corps, and with his father, whom he had not seen since 179* or 1795.
'Asked, What rank he held in the army of Conde?
'Answered, " Commanding the advanced guard." Before the campaign of 1796, he served as a volunteer on his grandfather's staff; but ever since 1796 he was always at the advanced guard—observing, that after the army of Conde was taken into the service of Russia, it was divided into two regiments, one of fnfantry and one of cavalry ; of the latter the emperor made him colonel, and it was in this capacity that he returned to the army on the Rhine.
r p 3 'Asked,
'AskeJ, If he knew General Pichegru, and if he had any intercohrse or correspondence with hiinr"'
'Answered, I never Shw him to my knowledge; I never had any intercourse or correspondence with him; I-know that he wished to see me; but I am happy at not having known him, if what they say be true, of the tile means he intended to employ.
'Asked, If he knows the ex-general Dumouricz, and if he has had any relation with him r
'Answered, No more than with the others—I never saw him. .'Asked, If since the peace he had not kept up correspondences in the interior of the republic?
'Answered, " I have written to some private friends who had Served with me, and who were still' attached to' Toe, about their and my'o*n private concerns:" but these correspondences -were not of the nattre which he supposes ore alluded to.'—Piices Hist. pp. xiii. xvii. -■ i Ii;.h
Sach \va9 the evidence; next we have the verdict'and sentehde.
i The voices being collected on each of the under-written rjuesfirihs, beginning with the junior and ending with the president, the court declares Louis Antoine de Bourbon, Due d' Ehghie'n;
1. Unanimously, guilty of having borne nrrhs against the-Frenctfre-. pbblic. '• ''i ■• i. Hi. '., I _: ,,'; i, "|!,.
2. Unanimously, guilty of having offereJ hi* services to ijbe, English government, the enemy of the French pej^piKsl .ill// rj'ij.ni. nil tt
3. Unanimously, guilty of having received and accredited, ag^ptSiof the said English government, of haying,procured ^hem means of rhtjeltigence in Frauce, and of having conspired with them against the'exter
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nal and internal safety of the republic.
4. Unanimously, guilty of having placed himself 'kk. fhe/'n^ad'olfU large collection of French emigrants and others^ formed on th^'frtin'titirs of France, in the countries of Fribourg and' Baden, paid -by Efigfatid'j
5. Unanimously, goilty,)o,f'having ^hild cohimtinibuliansjiwiih ithe town of Strasbourg, tending to excite insurrection'*)' thtemeigfcbtiuijit^ departments, for the purpose of a diversion in.favour of Euglapd>[T
. 6". Unanimously, guilty of "being orte of tbe favourers ..and^pccpniplices of the con8pi(-4c,y,,C8r^ifid qn, by the English against, the life, of tjie First Consul, and inteodjpg.jn the event of the success of sut^h conspiracy, to^nter France. .„,',- ''J [''
j ' Thereupon the presjde'nt put the question as to the plinlsfirnent to be inflicted, and the voices being collected as before, the s'pecral'cou'rtmarlial unanimously condemns Louis Antoine de Bourbon, Due d'Enghien, to death, for the crimes of " espionage—correspondence with fhe'enemies of the republic—and attempts against the external and internal safety of the republic."' ;... ■'(.
• Our readers have now before theai, the charge, the evidence, the verdict, and the sentence :—they must be astonished to see—. that there was not only no evidence on oath, but there was no.evidence at all; there was not even a witness—there was no examination,