Imágenes de página

len year?

rize of despair ! Soul becomes substan- For whom should she have wak'd the salial, and darkens a dread abyss. Such ire Cockney, darings before “ the To Phæbus was not Hyacinth so dear, Gods, and columns” that abhor medi. Nor to himself Narcissus, as to both, perity. And is it to this dreary non- Thou, Adonais ; wan they stand, and sere, sense that is to be attached the name

Amid the drooping comrades of their youth,

With dew all turn'd to tears, odour to of poetry? Yet on these two passages the whole lauding of his fellow-Cock.

sighing ruth.” neys has been lavished. But Percy Here is left, to those whom it may Byshe feels his hopelessness of poetic concern, the pleasant perplexity, whereputation, and therefore lifts himself ther the lament for Mr J. Keats is on the stilts of blasphemy. He is the shared between Phæbus and Narcisonly verseman of the day, who has da- sus, or Summer and Autumn. It is red, in a Christian country, to work useless to quote those absurdities any put for himself the character of direct farther en masse, but there are flowers ATHEISM! In his present poem, he of poesy thickly spread through the talks with impious folly of the en- work, which we rescue for the sake of vious wrath of man or God!” Of a any future Essayist on the Bathos. “ Branded and ensanguined brow,

Absurdity. Which was like Cain's or Christ's."

The green lizard, and the golden snake, Offences like these naturally come Like unimprison'd flowers out of their before a more effective tribunal than

trance awake. An hour that of criticism. We have heard it mentioned as the only apology for the Died Adonais, till the Future dares,

Say, with me predominant irreligion and nonsense of this person's works, that his under Forget the Past—his fate and fame shall be

An echo and a light to all eternity. standing is unsettled. But in his Preface, there is none of the exuberance Whose tapers yet burn there the night of of insanity; there is a great deal of Time, folly, and a great deal of bitterness, for which Suns perish'd ! but nothing of the wildness of his poetic fustian. The Bombastes Fu

Echo,—pined away rioso of these stanzas cools into sneer

Into a shadow of all sounds ! ing in the preface ; and his language that mouth whence it was wont to draw against the death-dealing Quarterly Review, which has made such havoc Which gave it strength to pierce the guard

the breath in the Empire of Cockaigne, is merely

ed wit! malignant, mean, and peevishly personal. We give a few stanzas of this

Comfortless ! performance, taken as they occur. As silent lighting leaves the starless night.

for Adonais ! He is dead ! Weep, melancholy mother, wake and weep; Live thou whose infamy is not thy fame ! Yet wherefore ? quench within their burning bed

Thou noteless blot on a remembered name! Thy fiery tears, and let thy loud heart keep Like his, a mute and uncomplaining sleep. We in mad trance strike with our spirit's For he is gone, where all things wise and

knife, fair

Invulnerable nothings ! Descend! Oh dream not that the amorous deep

Where lofty thought Will yet restore him to the vital air.

Lifts a young heart above its mortal lair, Death feeds on his mute voice, and laughs And love, and life, contend in it--for what at our despair.”

Shall be its earthly doom-The dead live

there, The seasons and a whole host of And move, like winds of light, on dark and personages, ideal and otherwise, come to lament over Adonais. They act in the following manner :

Who mourns for Adonais-oh! come forth,

im " Grief made the young Spring wild, and Fond wretch! and know thyself and she threw down

aright, Her kindling buds, as if the Autumn were,

Clasp with thy panting soul the pendulous

Earth! Or they dead leaves, since her delight is


O weep

stormy air.


to you,

Dart thy spirit's light

Of hopes and fears, and twllight Phantasies; Beyond all worlds, until its spacious might And Pleasure, blind with tears, led by the gloom

And Sorrow, with her family of Sighs;
Satiate the void circumference !

Of her own dying smile instead of eyes
Then sink

ELEGY!!', '{$09 I
Even to a point within our day and night, Weep for my Tomcat! all ye Tabbies weep,
And keep thy heart light, lest it make thee For he is gone at last! Not dead alone,

In flowery beauty sleepeth he no sleep; When hope has kindled hope, and lured thee Like that bewitching youth Endymion ! to the brink.

My love is dead, alas,

as any stone,

That by some violet-sideď smiling river A light is past from the revolving year ; Weepeth too fondly! He is dead and gone, And man and women, and what still is dear And fair Aurora, o'er her young believer, Attracts to crush, repels to make thee wi. With fingers gloved with roses, doth make ther.


And every bud its petal green doth sever, That benediction, which th' eclipsing curse And Phaebus sets in night for ever, and Of birth can quench not, that sustaining

for ever! love,

And others come ! ye Splendours ! and ye Which, through the web of being blindly Beauties! wove,

Ye Raptures ! with your robes of pearl By man, and beast, and carth, and air, and

and blue;

Ye blushing Wonders ! with your scarlet Burns bright or dim, as each are mirrors of

shoe-ties; The fire for which all thirst.

Ye Horrors bold! with breasts of lilyhue;

Ye Hope's stern flatterers ! He would trust Death makes, as becomes him, a great figure in this “ Lament,”—but in ra

Whene er he saw you with your chesnut ther curious operations. He is alter

hair, nately a person, a thing, nothing, &c. Dropping sad daffodils; and rosepinks true! He is, “ The coming bulk of Death,”

Ye Passions proud ! with lips of bright Then “ Death feeds on the mute voice."

despair ;

Ye Sympathies! with eyes like evening star, A clear sprite

When on the glowing east she rolls her

crimson car. Reigns over Death

Kingly Death Oh, bard-like spirit ! beautiful and swift! Keeps his pale court.

Sweet lover of pale night ; when Luna's Spreads apace

lamp The shadow of white Death.

Shakes sapphiredew-drops through a clondy The damp Death Quench'd its caress

Purple as woman's mouth, o'er ocean Death

damp; Blush'd to annihilation !

Thy quivering rose-tinged tongue_thy Her distress

stealing tramp; Roused Death. Death rose and smiled The dazzling glory of thy gold-tinged He lives, he wakes, 'tis Death is dead !

Thy whisker-waving lips, as o'er the swamp As this wild waste of words is alto Rises the meteor, when the year doth fail

, gether beyond our comprehension, we Like beauty in decay, all, ali are fat and

stale.” will proceed to the more gratifying office of giving a whole, unbroken spe

This poem strikes us as an evidence cimen of the Poet's powers, exercised of the improvement that an approprion a subject rather more within their ate subject makes in a writer's style. sphere. The following Poem has been It is incomparably less nonsensical, sent to us as written by Percy Byshe, verbose, and infiated, than Adonais; and we think it contains all the essence while it retains all its knowledge of of his odoriferous, colorific, and daisy- nature, vigour of colouring, and

felienamoured style. The motto is from city of language. Adonais has been pub" Adonais.

lished by the author in Italy, the fitting soil for the poem, sent over to his

honoured correspondents throughout " And others came.-Desires and Adorations, the realm of Cockaigne, with a deWing'd Persuasions, and veil'd Destinies,

lightful mysteriousness worthy of the Splendours, and Glooms, and glimmering Incan

dignity of the subject and the writer.

rift ;

tail ;



MECHANIQUE CELESTE; OR THE PROPHETIC ALMANACK, FOR 1822. Perhaps no greater demonstration of gether an astrological doctrine; and the utter contempt in which any indi. long before the days of Sir Isaac Newvidual held the understanding of a ton, was as well understood as it is at people, was ever exhibited than that this moment. The correspondence alof Cobbet bringing over the bones of leged by the ancient physicians to exTom Paine from America, in the hope ist between the positions of the moon of making as profitable a thing of the and the stages of various diseases, is so speculation as the Jew dealers in the far from being rejected by the modern rags and relics of the Christian mar- faculty, that it has been openly maintyrs made of old, when it became a tained.+ The astrologers assert, that part of religion to venerate such trump- the fits of a particular kind of madery. The scheme, however, failed; the ness are governed by the moon; that people of England rejected, with deri- her rays quicken the putrefaction of sion, the rotten remnants of the Apostle animal matter ; that persons are renof Anarchy; and Cobbet, convinced dered dull and drowsy who sleep exthat although many among them were posed to the moon-light; that vegetainted with the political heresies of his tables sown in the waxing of the moon sect, they yet entertained some fear of differ in flavour from the same kind God, and hopes of an hereafter, threw sown in her waning; that vines pruthe bones to the dogs, and betook him- ned during her conjunction with the self to writing religious tracts. sun, shoot forth a less rank foliage af

It is in fact no longer the custom terwards; and that timber felled at among the Radical chiefs to affect to the same time, endures longest uncorconsider the multitude as a “thinking rupted. They also assert that oysters, people.” They have changed their crabs, and all testaceous fish, grow fat mode, and now really treat them as far and full with the progress of the moon, below the scale of rational beings, in and dwindle with her relapses ; that the nineteenth century,and in England she has an influence in the production too, as they formerly affected to con- of mares and horses; and that children sider them above it. Instead, therefore, born at the time of the new moon are of appealing to their reason with alleged always short-lived. The fact of these facts and assumed grievances, they ad- allegations might be so easily ascerdress them as if they were depraved to tained, that it is surprising they should the superstition of the middle ages, and still be pronounced incredible, and deattack their fears with every species of nied railer than contradicted. evil augury and omen. The estimate in

66 Yet safe the world and free from change the one case is, we are persuaded, as er doth last; roneous as it was in the other, and the No years increase it, and no years can waste ; epoch of Radical superstition will prove Its course it urges on, and keeps its frame, but the shadow of the departed Radical And still will be, because 'twas still the insubordination. But it is not wise to allow the imposition to gather strength It stands secure from Time’s devouring unnoticed. *. The New Prophetic Almanack,” with its malignant bode- For 'tis a god, nor can it change with age.” ments, has enjoyed one year of pro- And therefore, say the astrologers, fitable imposture, and it is time that who require us to grant the unchangethe public attention should be di- able nature of the universe, that a recteil to its frauds and its character. correspondence and coincidence must

The study of astrology itself, as exist throughout the whole universal professing to discover, by celestial phe- phenomena ; as in the machinery of a nomena, future mutations in the ele- clock, in which the state of one part ments and terrestrial bodies, ought,* indicates what has passed, or is to happerhaps, not to be despised. The theo- pen, in another. ry of the tides, for example, is alto The notion of the unalterability of



Sir Christopher Heyden's Defence of Astrology, p. 2. Ed. 1603.

Dr Mead's Treatise concerning the Influence of the Sun and Moon upon Iluman Bodies. See also Edinburgh Review, Vol. XII. p. 36.–Balfour on Sol-Lunar In



4 T

the world, as the atheistical astrologers attracted attention. Perhaps it was believe, deserves some attention. Pro- next remarked, that, when certain placeeding upon the supposition that there nets were in particulat"constellations, does 'exist such a concordance in the and the sun in certain signs of the universe as they maintain, it is ob- Zodiac, special effects took place, and vious, from the motions of the earth, were naturally ascribed to the infiuand of the system to which she belongs, ences of those particular aspects. that no two astrological observations A transition from the tides to the can be found in the course of many variations of the atmosphere was an ages precisely similar: a general re- obvious pr ess of astrological contemsemblance of effect is the utmost that plation; and as valetudinarians are may be obtained, until, in the pro- particularly affected by the weather, gress of all the various movements of the progress towards that branch of the universe, the earth, in all respects, the science which relates to diseases come again to the situation which she necessarily took place. held, in relation to every other part, at If the diseases of man be regulated the time the first observation was made by the stars, why not his passions When she has done this, it must be also ? And as his passions govern his allowed, from the premises, that the actions, making one class of motives series of effects will then be recom more influential than another, why menced in every thing resembling the not by means of his passions regulate past. History and chronology having his fortune ? Fortune is but another finished their tales, will begin then to name for situation, and men are evirepeat them, and persons under the dently allured into their various situasame names, and in the same forms as ations by their passions. Hence the those whom we know, and of whom theory of judicial astrology—a theory we have heard, will come again. What at variance with the fundamental doca delightful anticipation! Another trines of the science. For the profes1821 will return, when another Dr sors of it—that is, the fortune-tellersScott, and another Blackwood's Ma- allege that man possesses his will free, gazine, will be found cheering and de- and

thereby has the power of election, corating the world! at once the de- and consequently, also the power of light of the jovial and the loyal, and a changing his destiny. terror to the Whigs and Radicals, and But admitting, for the sake of arall such evil doers, --so revolving in gument, that the principles of the concentric circles throughout the mazes fortune-telling astrology are deduced of eternity!

from those of the astrological science, Such are the general doctrines of it may be asked on what grounds are astrology; and which La Place, in his we to credit the predictions? It is maMechanique Celeste, has adopted. (By nifest, from the infinite grasp which the way, how has it happened that the astrology assumes, that the concerns Edinburgh Review did not observe of the earth itself can scarcely be palthat La Place was an astrologer ?) pable to its arithmetic; how then are How the doctrines of astrology should we to believe the verity of those calever have been applied to the fortunes culations which pretend

to describe the of individuals, or even to the planets, actions of such an infinitely small porwhich, in an estimate of the universe, tion of the system as an individual are as little tangible by calculation as man? Much stress, however, is laid the atoms themselves, can only be ac- by the fortune-tellers on the truth of counted for by the presumption of particular prognostications; and the quacks and impostors. At the same quacks concerned in “ The New Protime, when the application had been phetic Almanack” lay great claims once made, it was not difficult to form upon public credulity for some of their a plausible theory to explain the prin- hap-hazard bodements of political ciples. Accordingly, say the judicial mischiefs. But they forget that if the astrologers, our science, like that of results of their calculations are verified every other, is the result of experience. in one instance, purely from the truths The first observations were those of upon which they assume they are which the results had some concord- founded, they should be verified in ance with the planets at different pe- every instance, otherwise something riods of the year. The tides, varying must be allowed to have an influence with the phases of the moon, early on the results, over which their arith

metic has no control. Science does not day of each month, on which the Sun enadmit of any casualties in its problems: ters that particular sign of the Zodiac, unless, therefore, every astrological pre of the exterior circles.—And lastly, The

which appears in the corresponding division dietion can be demonstrated to be true; small space at the centre contains the date the whole of them must be consigned of the year, for which the Almanack is to contempt; for the verification of one calculated. here and there cannot be admitted as " In each corner of the square described, a proof of the truth of the science, but about the outermost circle of the Compass should be assigned to the calculators Card, certain celestial and terrestrial pheof chances-merely as a curious acci nomena are represented ; namely, First, dent. This the radical knaves con The Sun darkened—Secondly, the Lunar cerned in “ The New Prophetic Alma- Crescent, with an Halo, and Shooting Star nack” know perfectly well, and they Thirdly, A Comet--and Fourthly, A take care to wrap up their soothsay. Burning Mountain. ings in such mystical generalities that

“ The part of the design already described they may be as well applied to the within which is faintly traced an Ellipse,

is surmounted by a rectangular figure, fortunes of the King of Cockaigne, to represent the Orbit of the Earth ; and as to any of the Kings of the King- four small projections of a sphere are indoms of the Earth. We can scarcely serted, in order to shew the position of the give a better speciinen of their jargon, Earth's Axis with respect to the Sun, or than their account of the hieroglyphi- the Plane of the Ecliptic, at each Equinox cal absurdities on the cover of their and Solstice ; and thus, to represent the work.

manner in which the radiation from the “ In the East, West, and South points centre is received by different parts of the of the Mariner's Compass Card, a minia- surface of the Earth, at the four different ture representation of some Mathematical seasons. or Astronomical Instrument is introduced, To what class of readers such balthe North Cardinal being filled up with derdash as this is addressed, we are inthe common Index of that point, namely, capable even of imagining. But it is the Fleur de Lis.—The four intermediate nothing to the blasphemous insinuaoctant points contain each an emblem of tions of one of the most ludicrous that season which accords with the appa- productions we ever read, entitled, rent place of the Sun in his progress

from Solstice to Solstice, at the times of his pass- to his Godson-from which we shall

fr The first epistle of Fatidicoramus, ing those points. --The other eight intersecting points contain each a planetary sym- quote a passage or two, not so much bol ; and the remaining sixteen subdivi on account of the raving, as to shew sions are uniformly filled up in a plain

the cloven foot of radicalism, which manner.—Thus it will be observed, that protrudes itself from under the proeach class of points, according to their con- phetic robe sequence, is designated and diversified, so “ The daily occupations and cares of this as to be readily recognized.

life so burthen the minds of those not born “The central part of the Compass Card, to affluence, that they cannot, even if duly within the points, contains, (besides the educated, sift for themselves the truths of small space at the centre,) four concentric revelation ; and it would be a dereliction circular spaces, each divided into twelve of daty not to guide them to a knowledge equal parts. The outermost of these spa- of things future as far as we can. But I ces includes, in its twelve divisions, minia am moreover deeply concerned to notice ture sketches of the twelve signs of the that the temporary pastimes and fascinaZodiac; and the next interior twelve spa- tions of this world do so dizzy the heads ces contain the twelve common symbols of the wealthy, as to almost extinguish in used to denote the Zodiacal constellations, their hearts those spiritual flames which by the comparison of the figures of which, the prospect of a permanent heritage ought with those of the originals in the spaces to kindle and keep alive. Prophecy, that above them, a certain resemblance may be best fuel of pure devotion, has, I think, of traced, that will serve to explain the figure late, been insidiously suppressed and douof each of the common symbols.—Proceed- bly smothered. The sphere of my obsering towards the centre, the next twelve vation is sufficiently wide for me to discospaces exhibit twelve numbers, that under ver that the buz of the overweening Rabbi each symbol being the number of the sign is, • Better let prophecy alone;' whilst it represents, according to the order in the indevout caviller, on the other hand, is which the twelve signs are put down in the blasphemously crying, “ I don't believe.” Almanack Tables, and in all other Astro. Thus, betwixt the timidity of the one, and nomical Computations. The twelve divis the presumption of the other, I am fearing sions of the fourth central space shew thc that the multitude has lulled itself into a

« AnteriorContinuar »