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Spaniards, who were so liberally sup- A short time ago, three Judges were plied during the late war by Great sent to the Citadel Henry, to work as Britain. The centinels are obliged to labourers, on being convicted of par. stand like statues from the time they tiality, and were kept at hard labour are posted, until relieved, without be- for a month! ing permitted to move one way or The King is in all things absolute. other. Those at the palace have little He is the sole proprietor of land, the pedestals to stand upon. Nothing, produce of which is sold for the beneeven of a very, minor consequence, can fit of the State. No other person occur without the King's knowledge. whatever can have a freehold: but His memory is so good, that he is ac tracts of land are granted by lease at quainted with every man in the army, a nominal rent, in reward for services, as well by name and person, as by the King constantly retaining the roy, character.
alty. Cattle and sheep are also a royal The laws of Hayti are very severe; monopoly. The revenue arising from but, when it is considered that the the above, and 10 per cent duty levied King, on his accession to the throne, indiscriminately on all imports and found his country in the utmost con- exports, more than double the expendifusion, insubordination, and demoral- ture of the country. The whole treaization, the necessary severity of the sure collected at Sans Souci is immense. “ Code Henry” will appear obvious. Twelve millions sterling is considerThis great and wonderful man, in the ably below the medium statement I space of ten years, has corrected all heard respecting it. Whatever gold the numberless abuses which he found or silver is deposited in the treasury, existing ; and his endeavours to esta never again sees day-light. All payblish morality have been eminently ments are made in produce, which the successful. 'l'he penalty for adultery, merchants are obliged to purchase is death to both parties; but I under- with gold or silver, or European goods; stand there is not an instance of its so that money is constantly flowing having been rigidly put in force. On into the country, without
any leaving a recent occasion, however, the Coun- it. tess of Rosiene (a white woman) was Several manufactures are brought obliged to ride through the streets of to considerable perfection. Mahogany Sans Souci in a state of perfect nudity, chairs and tables, together with most at noon-day, on the back of a donkey, other descriptions of furniture, are as with her face toward the tail, for a highly finished here as in England. breach of chastity, her paramour suf- The magnificent palace of Sans Souci fering a still more severe punishment. is almost entirely fitted up with things A great proportion of the coloured of native manufacture. "What most women are kept mistresses. Some surprised me were the carriages (one months ago, heavy rains occasioned a belonging to the King, the other to river to overflow its banks, and change the Prince Royal) both built at Sans its course, to the almost total destruc- Souci, and finished with equal taste, tion of several plantations. The King lightness, and elegance with some that immediately determined to dam it up stood beside them of English build. in its proper channel. To carry this All the ornamental parts were of solid into effect, he issued an order for all silver; and that metal was substituted women of bad or doubtful character, for iron wherever it was possible. The of whatever rank, to be employed in royal stud is very large, and the stables carrying clay, and the other requisite are kept in the most beautiful order, materials to the workmen, which was under the direction of an English strictly put in force under the inspec- groom, with a salary of 1600 dollars tion of black female overseers. Duel- a-year. Gun-powder mills are worked, ling is not allowed, without the King's also founderies for casting shot. permission being first obtained, which Among other things, the education he very seldom grants. An infringe- of the rising generation is not neglectment on this law is certain death to ed. Schools on the Lancastrian prinboth parties, and imprisonment for ciple are established at all the principal the seconds. Every person has the towns, under the direction of English privilege of appeal to the King, from masters, whose language is to be inthe courts of law, if he conceives him- troduced instead of French. An acaself to haye been unjustly dealt with. demy for instruction in geography,
Trathematies, and the classics, is also for military stores of every description. established at Cape Henry, under the During the latter part of the last year,
direction of an English clergyman. it suffered very much from lightning; The admiral visited these institutions, which, communicating with a magaand was much pleased with their order zine, occasioned a most terrible exand regularity, and with the proficien- plosion, destroying a considerable part cy of the boys, several of whom were ex of the works, and blowing up 350 men, amined for his satisfaction. The whole together with a vast quantity of stores, expense is defrayed by the King, who and some treasures. The flames were frequently inspects them in person. rapidly approaching the principal ma
The hospitals, both military and gazine, containing upwards of 400 tons charitable, are not less admirable. The of powder, and were probably only military is under the direction of Dr stopped by the King's great presence Stewart, a man not less to be admired of mind and intrepid example. The for his professional abilities, than for instant he became acquainted with the his hospitality and gentlemanly man, accident, he repaired to the spot, and, ners. We went over them, and found in defiance of the prayers and advice as much method and regularity exist- of those around him, rushed through ing here, as at the Royal Hospital at the flames, followed by many others,
Haslar. Dr Stewart has a carte blanche and, by dint of personal exertions, from the King; and nothing is want- succeeded in removing or destroying ing for the comfort and accommoda-' the whole of the powder in time to tion of the patients. One thing ap- save the citadel from total destruction. peared rather ludicrous and unneces- The flames were soon afterwards got sary,
which was, a pair of stoeks fitted under, but not before a very consider. to every bed-place, in which the legs able damage had been done. It is of the occupier are immediately put, now repaired and enlarged, and in on the least symptom of insubordina- other respects considerably improved. tion. Dr Stewart assured us, that With respect to his domestic chacoercive measures were absolutely ne- racter, I was assured he was a most cessary; as, from the great ignorance excellent father and husband, and has of some of the negroes, it was impose spared no pains in giving his children *sible to induce them to take their me a finished education. The Princesses Edicines by mild ones.
have had the advantage of English bat : To this state Haïty has been brought governesses, and are said to be highly
in the sixteenth year of its independ- accomplished. The Prince Royal has ence, by a people whom some have been brought up by the Baron Vasti, the wickedness to reproach with being an exceedingly clever and gentlemanthe link of affinity between the human ly white man, author of several welland the brute creation.
written publications. During our stay The general residence of the King at the Cape, I had the pleasure to be is Sans Souci, a palace built by him- come well acquainted with him, and self near a town of that name, situated liked him very much. The Queen is about fifteen miles from Cape Henry. a very amiable and charitable woman, It is said, that more than two millions quite destitute of the affectation, which
sterling have been expended on this generally accompanies so extraordinary in magnificent strueture, which is placed a rise as hers. She is fond of relating ** on such an elevated position, that the her adventures during the revolution, pou thermometer seldom rises higher than the whole of which time she accom
65°. Near to this is the Citadel Hen- panied her husband, with her chil
ry, which stands on the summit of dren on her back, often without any ft. one of the highest mountains in the other food than wild fruit and berries, i li country. From its natural strength and generally exposed to the weather, 1% of position, together with its very ju- sometimes half clothed.
dicious and elaborate defences of art, During our stay, we were entertained it is justly reckoned the 'Gibraltar' of every evening with balls, given for our the West Indies. Three hundred and amusement by the order, and at the ex. sixty pieces of artillery are mounted pence of the King. The colours of the on the ramparts; two years' provisions company varied from the black to the are constantly kept up for a complete white. Some of the Creoles were ungarrison, and it is the principal depôt commonly pretty, and agreeable; and Vot. X.
several patriotic songs, which my very off his hat, a oshd desired us to be seate
the extraordinary good manners of the Onaminthé then gave, « The Prince generality of the company (whether Regent;" after which other compliBlack, brown, or white) were truly ad- mentary toasts ensued on both sides
. mirable; which, in addition to their A band of music attended, and struck great attention and politeness to our up a tune to every toast. The evenselves, made a most favourable im- ing's amusement concluded, as usual, pression. We danced quadrilles, (in with a ball. the Creole style), and now and then an The King, being on the frontiers at English country dance. The Haytians the time of our arrival, was not able are excellent dancers; their manners to reach Cape Henry before ten o'clock and dancing are, I fancy, a legacy this night. His arrival was announced from their former masters. Count by salutes fired from the different batOnaminthé, a very distinguished offi- teries. At day-break on Friday mornicer, is one of the most elegant men I ing, he proceeded to visit the hospitals ever saw; and a very few minutes in and arsenal ; and at ten, Sir Home his company made me forget the dif- Popham and party waited upon him ference of colour. This officer recei- at the palace, where we were received ved seven musket balls through his with every possible attention and rebody, and five bayonet wounds du- spect by the principal nobility, the ring the revolutionary war. Every Archbishop, and a guard of honour of thing here is transacted by beat of the Gardes-du-Corps, a very fine body drum;
and at private parties centinels of men, in uniform, with crimson faare placed to facilitate the approach cings and gold lace. and departure of company. At the The entrance to the palace is both third night's ball, some of the ladies handsome and convenient. In the shewed an inclination to move off at hall are the prints of distinguished an early hour; which being perceived British statesmen, soldiers, and sailors, by the governor, orders were imme together with several military and nadiately given to the centinels not to val victories. We were conducted, permit them to pass, without being through two lines of officers, to a large franlced by an English or Haytian and splendidly furnished room, ren-, officer.
dered delightfully cool by artificial On Thursday the 19th, the governor means. The court-uniform of the gave a grand entertainment in honour officers is dark green, with crimson of the admiral. We sat down, about facings, and a profusion of embroififty, to dinner. The entertainment dery; their pantaloons of white satin, was excellent, and conducted in very embroidered with gold. good style. The company consisted The more one sees of this interestof the principal people in Hayti ; ing country, the more one admires the among them was the Archbishop, a man, whose strong mind, indefatigable native of Cuba, of pure Spanish ex- conduct, and great natural abilities, traction. He wore a very beggining have brought his subjects (previously sort of dress, uncommonly well, cal, sunk in the most degrading slavery culated for stage effect. It consisted and ignorance) to so high a state of of a long black satin robe, with all
order, and even refinement; and not enormous gold crucifix suspended from
less ought we to admire the people his neck. As soon as dinner was over,
who are capable of receiving such rathe Duke of Marmalade, in a long placa few minutes the King and his speech, proposed the “ health of the King of Great Britain, and perpetual son,
the Prince Royal, entered the amity with the great nation over which room,
iced. The ease and dignified
by a door opposite where we he reigns.” This was drank with great were plus of his deportment did not fail applausc. Sir Home Popham then, elegance in a complimentary speech, gave, the to excite
de our admiration. He was “Health of the Good King Henry.” dressed in rand cross of the Order of
o plain green coat, decorated The Haytians appeared to devour with the ge white satin breeches, and every word he uttered, and received St Henry, the toast with more enthusiasm than I crimson Molis entrance, he soon took
brocco boots. Though ce ever witnessed. This was followed by vered upon slight knowledge of French did not ed. His hai
ter is perfectly gray, his permit me fully to understand. Count countenance
19dery intelligent, and his
whole person well proportioned ; his ment my strength; I fear that it would manners are particularly pleasing, require more than I am master of even without the slightest appearance of to lift so stout a fellow.” He then affectation or arrogance.
changed his note to a more serious' He first addressed himself to the subject, and talked of his eldest son, Admiral, congratulating him on his who had been treacherously strangled arrival, and expressing his hope that by the French; this he did in a very he intended to make a long visit ; re- feeling manner, at the same time exgretting, at the same time, that, on pressing his abhorence of their whole account of his distance from Cape nation. Henry, he had been prevented recei Shortly after this we took leave ; ving him before, but trusting that the King assuring the Admiral of his Baron Dupuy had done his duty in great respect for magnanimous Enga arranging every thing to Sir Home's land! The same evening he set off satisfaction. He then complimented for Sans Souci, as the heat of Cape him on his well-known abilities, said Henry does not agree with him. Whehe was no stranger to the services he ther in a carriage or on horseback, he had done his country, mentioned the constantly travels at full gallop, and is Popham code of signals now used incapable of undergoing any degree of the navy, and concluded by inviting fatigue or privation; although, when us to his Palace of Sans Souci, which, at home, he lives in a luxurious manI regret to say, the Admiral did not ner. accept, being anxious to return to Ja On Saturday morning I breakfasted maica, whence he had been absent with the Archbishop, who received me about two months—a much longer with the kindest cordiality. It was his period than he had made arrangements intention to have given the Admiral an for at the time of sailing.
entertainment, and he had made his ara' The King then spoke to each of us, rangements for that purpose, which he quite in a familiar manner ; his whole took care to shew me. "A large table. conversation was highly flattering to was placed in his principal room, that England. The Prince Royal, only fif- would have answered for sixty people, teen years old, is one of the fattest and all his other preparations manifellows I ever saw, and, from his ap- fested great liberality. His house is pearance, might easily pass for ten ornamented with English pictures and years older. His dress was as superb prints. I particularly noticed several as gold, silver, and jewels could make of Cardinal Wolsey, at the different it. In his hat he wore a large plume of periods of his extraordinary life. In ostrich feathers, which had a very be- his library, I observed a large collection coining effect. I was told, he is a very of English sermons, presented by Mr good-natured boisterous lad.
Wilberforce. The same thing I reAfter remaining half an hour, we marked at Baron Dupuy's. In fact, a. retired, leaving the Admiral and the constant correspondence is kept up by King tête-à-tête. Their conference lasts that excellent man and several of the ed about two hours, during which we Haytians. waited in a room below. All kinds of The Admiral's long absence from refreshments were handed in, by a pro- Jamaica induced him to embark this fusion of servants, in green and gold evening, much to the regret of us all; liveries. By the time we had nearly for I never spent a more agreeable talked ourselves asleep, the King and week than at Cape Henry, and I never the Admiral came into our room. His met with so much kindness and hosMajesty began to speak in a witty pitality. On Sunday, the 23d, we sailstrain, and laughed heartily at the ma. ed for Port Royal. levolence of the French, who make a No man could be better calculated practice of inventing the most ridicu- to make a favourable impression than lous stories about him. Amongst others, Sir Home Popham; his engaging manhe mentioned one that lately appeared ners, and enlightened understanding, in their newspapers, of his having, in male him popular with every one. a paroxysm of rage, thrown the Prince If you are not heartily fatigued with Royal from a window of the palace for this long story, my dear ******, I shall having disturbed his sleep. *Pointing give you credit for more patience than to his son, he laughingly observed, generally falls to the lot of mortals; but “ These Frenchmen highly compli- I could go on for ever, so pleasing are
my recollections of ouramiable Haytian the Queen of Hayti is commander. k friends. I send you with thisa Court-Al- consists of fifty women, dressed after manack, which contains the same de- the fashion of Amazons, and armed seription of information that our Red with bows and arrows and sabres. I did Book does. You must not laugh at the not see them, but was informed their Duke of Marmalade's and Count Le costume was particularly handsome and monade's titles, as they take them from rich. These ladies are not intended for places that received those names from actual service, but merely as an addi. the French
tion to the queen's retinue, as well as At our departure, the King made a memorial of some female patriots, ụs liberal presents of wine, live stock, who particularly distinguished them. preserves, fruit, &c. which we found selves during the revolution. The on board, without any intimation har quarters of this troop are Sans Souci
. ving been made of such an intention. They are, generally, ladies of rank. I
With my dutiful love to ** heard a good deal of the beauty of &c. &c.
their horses, which are selected for them Yours, &c.
throughout the whole kingdom. You G. W. C. will receive with this some Haytian
publicationsand gazettes, together with P. S. On reading over this long a liturgy of the Church of Hayti, which letter, I find I have omitted to men a good deal resembles our own. tion a rather singular corps, of which
Whom Zephyr's balmiest kisses woo ; Reine de l'empire de Flore,
Whose hand the floral sceptre rears, Háte-toi de t'epanouir !
O haste and burst upon our view! Que dis-je, hélas 2 differe encore,
No: let me warn thee of thy doom; Differe un moment à t'ouvrir:
A while those opening glories stayL'instant, qui doit te faire éclore, For ah! the hour which spreads thy bloom, Est celui qui doit te flétrir.
That hour shall urge thy bloom's decay. Thémire est une fleur nouvelle,
Myra, herself a rose new blown, Qui doit subir la même loi :
With law as rigid must comply: Rose, tu dois briller comme elle,
'Tis thine, like her, to charm and crown; Elle doit passer comme toi.
Like thee, 'tis hers to droop and die