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of which he did not know,--and that how it should be scanned. But when Boethian lambic; and Boethian Tro- he displays such astonishing ignorance chaic, penthemimers, owe their origin as to exhibit to his own fertile imagination. Nor can I allow him to pass the
Egð mů. l -lvěr ē. 1 -go, &c. Molossic or Carcine, as distinct species with the first of mulier, and the first of verse. The Molossic is only a spe- of ego long, I do not know what to cies of Hexameter. Indeed he calls it say, and stop in amazement, though I Hexameter in p. 198; though in p. still leave a fine harvest of blunders 228 he bids us scan it with four mo unnoticed. lossi ;-that is, we have a six foot. And yet he is so well satisfied with line, consisting of four feet. Again, himself, that it is a pity to laugh at I must congratulate Ireland on the him. It is manifest that he thinks English origin of our author. The himself a much deeper scholar in procarcine is only a foolery that can be sody than I. Vossius, (p. 231.) and applied to all kinds of verse, and is not and boasts most lustily of his superior worth enumerating. En passant, I diligence as a verse collector, (p. 195may remark, that somebody has been 231.) But, of the seventy-five verses writing, in a late number of the New he has raked together, I must inform Monthly Magazine, on the subject of him twenty-nine are to be struck out,* Carcines most ignorantly, as I could as being identical with other linesdemonstrate, if it were worth while to or wrong scanned-or corrupt-ornon
sensical ;--and that, nevertheless, he I am getting tired, like my read. has omitted at least a dozen legitimate ers, of exposing this ignorant far- species of verse.t rago, so shall only cull a few more po I have taken the trouble of examinsies, and conclude. The third foot of ing this book, and pointing out its inthe major ionic tetrameter, we are credible errors, merely to shew, that told, (p: 223,) may be a second epi- if we wished to retort the sneers which trit, which is merely impossible. The some unfair critics in England heap example he quotes from J. C. Scali- upon us, we have ample means in our ger, gives us a dichoree in that place, power. I confidently assert, that in though our worthy metrographer has Scotland there is no Latin teacher who been so unfortunate as to scan him could be so ignorant as to publish á wrong. But it is with Catullus's Gal- book abounding with such inistakes liambi, (the metre of that fine poem and false quantities; or, if he did, that the Atys, which I perceive by your the Reviews of the country would not Magazine the Hon. Mr Lambe has so panegyrize it. Unfair, indeed, it would eruelly doggrelized,) that he makes be to value the literature of England the saddest work. He lays down, that by the production of this unfortunate it consists of half a dozen random feet, pedagogue. But is it not equally unwhich happen to suit the first line; fair in her critics not to extend to us and soon finding that his ridiculous a similar allowance? canon cannot proceed through three
I am, Sir, lines correctly, he flounders through
Yours sincerely, a number of attempts at scanning, and
AUGUSTINUS. then gives it up in despair, confessing St Andrews, that it contains still more varieties. Sept. 13, 1821. This is pitiable. He has not an idea
• He has, for instance, no less than 8 trimeter lambics, given as varieties, on account of their containing different feet. By following this plan to its extent, he would have beaten out all competitors in number, for the comic tetrameter would have given him 98,750 varieties ; and, if his own rule (p. 230,) was right, over half a million. This would be a fine body to march into the field.
+ Carey has 58, exactly a dozen more than Lyne's real metres. I cannot mention Dr Carey's prosody without strongly recommending it. No scholar, in fact, should be without it. But it would be much improved if a less egotistical style were adopted, if the barefaced puffing of his own books were suppressed, and his own good-for-nothing poetry struck out. They who take the trouble of turning in his third edition, (London, 1819,) to pp. x. xiv. xix. 31. 37. 52. 55. 113. 140. 148. 150. 172. 187. 207. 222. 223. 227. 297. (one of the grandest specimens extant of the puff-direct,) 355. 337. or any Jedediah Buxton, who will count how often the pronoun I occurs in the book, * will be satisfied that I do not recommend an unnecessary alteration.
THE VOYAGES AND TRAVELS OF COLUMBUS SECUNDUS:
On Town-guard sodgers' faces,
And scrapes them for the Races.
“On guns your bagnets thraw ;-
66 And marsh down raw by raw.
Tent a' their cuts and scars :
ROBERT FERGUSON. 0, yinhabitants of Leith !--ye baia place of docking the tails of horses,
lie-admirals and admiral-bailies !-ye confine yourselves to your own docks, - maltmen and skippers, --merchants wet and dry, and be content to travel He and traffickers of every description ! six miles with your superiors, the good --and, chief of all
, ye change-keep, town of Edinburgh, to see the fun ers, and dealers in porter, ale, and which was formerly at your doors. * British spirits, wholesale and retail ! Leith Races were (I am sorry I can -why did you allow the honest town not use the present tense) held annu. of Musselburgh to run away with ally in the month of July, on the seayour Races, and transport all the shore, to the eastward of the town, the wealth and beauty which annually time of running being accommodated decorated your barren sands, to the to the recess of the tide. They lasted Links of these cunning provincials ? a week, and Edinburgh on these occaNo more shall the sweet sounds of the sions was very full of company. The drum and fife,--the charming noise splendour of the equipages sported of the rotuley-powley,--the roar of at this time, and the number of ve animals wilder than yourselves,--the hicles of every description called into tambour of the ground and lofty requisition for Leith Races, gave the tumbler, and the organ of the rope streets an unusually gay appearance, dancer, draw your attention from Almost every citizen who could ride, prices-current, the scarcity or plenty on that week exhibited his horseman of pot-ashes or linseed, and the course ship; and every animal who had the of exchange ! No more shall the fla- slightest claim to the character of a vour of aquavitæ and ale from a thou, horse, was obliged to shew his paces sand bottles, sweeten your tarry and on the Sands of Leith, Farm-horses, oily atmosphere, and make your pub- brewers’-horses, and even those unforlicans glad! Your races are for ever tunate creatures whose destiny it is to run; you must give up all pretensions drag coals to the city, were required to the science of horse-flesh, and in to act as saddle-horses for their mas
Why is the town of Edinburgh called good, the burgh of Linlithgow termed faithful,—and Musselburgh denominated honest, in their public deeds, as if these qua. lities were single and incompatible with one another ? Does not goodness imply the possession of honesty and faithfulness; and do not honesty and faithfulness entitle to the appellation of good ? It is so in general society, and with regard to individual morals; but perhaps our ancestors, in characterizing the population of cities or towns, thought that apparent goodness did not require the nice observance of honesty,—that downright honesty made professions of good quite unnecessary, and that faithfulness
engagements superseded both the one and the other. Or, (but I merely throw it out as a conjecture,) may not some of our witty princes have thus titled the places abovementioned sarcastically, to notify that they were miserably deficient in the qualification implied in the name ? That is, that Edinburgh was the reverse of good,--the Mussel. ourghers the antipodes of honesty,--and the burgh of Linlithgow every thing but faith, Iul.-I must write a Dissertation on this subject.
ters of their friends ; and many an be seen our native Highlanders, in honest brute, with galled sides, and their splendid uniform, the serjeant with pounds of hair at each fetlock, stalking, with face of importance and had the honour to be bestridden at dignified stride, to the sound of the Leith Races, who all the rest of the bagpipe, followed by all his “prave year toiled at the most homely drud- laads.” In another an ancient serjeant, gery.
with cocked hat and still erect air, Early on the morning of the race marched at the head of those whose the Lists were called about by that blue uniform shewed they belonged most respectable body, the flying-sta- to the artillery ; while in others, all
ioners, (which included almost all the the variety of martial cocks and caps, lame beggars of Edinburgh,) in these from the ponderous head-dress of the terms :-" Here you have a list of all grenadier, to chimney-pot shaped skull the names of the noblemen and gen- caps, and light-bob head coverings, tlemen, riders and riders' livery, who heads plastered with soap and pomiais to ride over the Sands of Leith this tum, or black tin queues of immoderate day, for his Majesty's purse of a hun- length, offered to those inclined to be der guineas o' value.”* An hour be- warriors a choice of avenues to military fore starting, the procession of the fame. “ Sic a braw fallow that is ! Purse, which was elevated on a pole ejaculated my country friend, as a welldecorated with ribbons, and carried known Highland recruiting serjeant by a city officer, attended by a drum passed ; " that 'ill be a captain at the and fife, (Archy Campbell, what a least,” said hè, addressing a workman great man wast thou then !) marched who was hastening along the street. from the City Chambers, and proclaim- “A captain, man!
are ye wise enough! ed to all as it went along the doings -D'ye no ken Serjeant Sh that were to be at Leith Sands. Num- he's just a chairman at the Tron Kirk berless boys attended the procession in for common."—“Say ye sae," replied its course, and children were held up my country friend, (whom I followed by their mothers and servants-and as closely as I could in his walk along country people stared and wondered— the North Bridge,) —" and this auld to see the gaudy shadow of a purse, man, wi' the cockit hat and blue class, the contents of which were such an he'll maybe be something o' the same object of ambition to so many noble- kind, for a' his looking sae like a sodmen and gentlemen. “Eh! I won- ger?”—“Na, na! that's auld Serjeant der if the haill hunder gowd guineas Amos o' the artillery; and that next be there,” I once heard a peasant say, ane ye see coming there that's the as he stood, and with open mouth famous Serjeant Tapp-Ye'll maybe looked as if he could have swallowed hae heard of him. Mony a puir felit up, pole and all.—“ Hoot, ye stu- low has he trepanned in his day, and pid haverel !" answered one who was mony a puir lassie, too, if a' tales be near; “ man, there's naething in't but true.-- But I maun awa' to the race, some ill bawbees, wiggies or Brumma or I'll be ower lang-Gang ye down gems, to keep it frae flightering in the that way?"-"Od, I dima care though wind. The siller's paid after-hend, I gang a wee bit wi' you,-there's see out o' the Council Chamber.”—“ An' mony ferlies to be seen. do they no get that braw pock to haud The cry of “ Fine Findhorn spelit in 3" replied the countryman.- dings,” by a woman with a basket, “ Na, na! we keep a' our siller here now attracted my rustic friend's atintil the banks, honest man,” said the tention, and he purchased a bunch of citizen." It's wonderfu’!" continued these teeth-trying morsels, to keep his the countryman, as the purse receded chops going on his road to Leith. As from his eye ;“ it's very wonderfu’! we he was turning the corner of the Bridge have nae sic
braw things at the Kirk- at the Theatre, a young man, in the town o' Auldnaigs, except it be the usual Lowland country costume, viz minister's wife's red satin prin-cod.” blue coat and vest, corduroy breech
Recruiting parties, from all quar- es, and blue stoekings, tied with red ters, also attended the races, and at an garters under the knee, with the addiearly hour marched in martial array, tional ornament of a peacock-featber and with military music, clown to the twisted round his hatband, came quick. scene of action. In one party might ly across the street, and accosted him
with, “Eh, Johnny Knotgrass, is that and fumbled in his breechex-pocket, ther you ! Preserve us a', man, wha wad. I had a nevoy, a tittie's son o' ma re hae thought to seen you here?” at the wife's, in the seafaring line, was kill, bux! same time shaking him violently by ed, puir fallow, in that bloody battle; Es the hand. “Gude guide us, Sandy ye maybe kent him; he took on at en Coulter ! if I'm in the body! I'm glad Leith here; they ca'd him Robbie ;”. le to see you; and how's a' wi'ye, man, and he seemed undecided whether to thx' and your titty Jean, and auld Nanse, give a halfpenny. or a penny to the vet's your mither, wi' her cough ?”. teran." What! Bob Gimmer was it?
". They're a' gaily, Johnny ; I hope -my messmate, Bob? I knew him si ye're weel yoursel, and the gudewife well; he was popp'd off by the burstde keepin' stout. Are ye for the race ?” ing of a gun, wa’n’t he ?" –“ Troth,
"I'm etlan to gang, Sandy, gif ye'll ye’re no far wrang; and did ye lose te gang wi' me, as I'm no very sure o' the your legs there? Eh, man, it was a w gate.” — Od, I'se do that, for I dinna sair dispensation that. There's a saxir gang to Clayslap till the morn. I've pence till ye,” said John,, putting the
tar to tak out to smear the sheep, and coppers aside; and if ever ye come by
some iron for the smiddy.", The two Auldnaigs, speer for me, and ye's no od friends now joined company, and turn want a meltith o' meat and a night's
ed their faces down Leith-Walk, where quarters. How glad ma gudewife wad
thousands of every ageand of everyrank be to hear how ye handled the mounat were hastening to the Sands.
zies that day, for she hates them bem Leith Walk, at this period, was the cause they're a' Papists. “God bless these resort of all the beggars whòm disease you!—thank.you !” said this mutila
or disinclination prevented from call- ted remains of a man, as he pocketed king the Lists; and these were stationed the sixpence and stumped off. ez 18 so closely on both sides of the road, A tall blind man, much pitted by
and were so very importunate, that one the small-pox, (from which cause promis does not regret the regulation which bably he had lost his sight,) with unSTEBL prohibits their appearance within the covered head, and long tied hair, acad to bounds of police. So many poor blind companied by a woman, was now sing2 best boys,".
a puir lassies, - fatherless ing how he had been struck blind by children, and mothers without hus- lightning: “ That's nae trouble o' his
bands--so many blind fiddlers, and ain bringing on; that's a sinless inlame musicians of every description, firmity," said John, and he rolled out were plying their different arts in the a halfpenny from the intricacies of his crowded thoroughfare, that it required shamoy purse. Three little children
a more than common share of philoso- who were crying beside their mother, a phyto pass along without emptying who had a fourth in her arms, now ar.
one's pockets of their small change. I rested him. “ What's the matter wi'
have often thought what a fine Essay. you, puir wee raggit things?”—“Eh pies on the Gradations of Human Misery gie's a halfpenny to buy a piece; we could have been written from a view haena tasted meat the day!
devil a halfpenny, chappin o' ale when we come to the if
you please," said one of these last, tents. I ne'er gie thae bodies ony, on wooden stumps as a substitute for thing, for the maist o'them, I've been legs, to the two friends as they went told, are just impostors, and shuldna along :- "lost both my precious limbs be encouraged.”—“ Buy ballants ! buy on the glorious first of June;" and ballants!” cried an old man with a
he held out a piece of a greasy hat basket, containing a perfect library of *: covered with canvas.
John stopped, such articles, their title-pages all dis
played to view. “ That's weel mind- and gay and comical! But they may it,” said John; “I promised to tak a be very gude and worthy men, for å ballant out to Peggy Morison. Hae that they haena been born to titles. you Sir James the Rose, honest man?” We're a' o' ae stock, ye ken, Sandy, "I think you'll find it here," an- and I was never despise a fellow-creaswered he, presenting a parcel of allu, ture that “But see," again in. ring histories. “ Jamie of Yarmouth's terrupted Sandy,“ see that coach, and Garland ?” said John, as he put on his the flunkies in green livery-that's the spectacles to assist him in his choice; Duke of Buccleuch's, a real nobleman, « that's no it. Loudon Tam-That's and a blessing to a' the country round, no it either. George Buchanan ; ay, for he stays at hame, and spends his he was the king's fule; what tak ye siller amang ourselves.”—“Ay! and for this?”_" Threepence.”—“I wad- is that the Duke's carriage ?' If he na grudge ye the siller, wad ye mak it saw me, he wad speak to me, I'm sure; bigger print," continued John.“ Bare for I never met his Grace (God bless bara Allan, The Babes o' the Wood, Sir him) in our country-side, but he says James the Rose ;-ay, here it's now;" to me, ‘John,' says he, how are you? and he treated for an addition to his and how's the gudewife and family?" library to the amount of sixpence. and bid me, in his hamely way, if ever
While John was thus engaged, San- I cam to Dalkeith, to gang and take dy, attracted by the cry of “ Fine ripe my dinner in his hall. I wish a' the berries, twa dips and a wallop," re nobles o' the land were like him." marked, they “wadna be the waur o' At the bottom of Leith-Walk there a wee pickle groserts,” and received the were congregated, during the time of stipulated measure of this commodity the races, a number of caravans of wild into his hat, to share them with his beasts, horses of knowledge, tumblers friend. The coaches were now rat- and harlequins. My friends had reach. tling down the road in every variety of ed this spot, when John's attention colour and livery. “See,” said Sandy, was strongly attracted by a woman as a well-known equipage was passing; twisting melodious sounds out of an “See to that, Johnny! there's a braw organ, and a clown making grimaces coach for you.” John turned his head to the crowd.—“Walk in, walk in, towards the road, and answered, “Ay, ladies and gentlemen, the performance ay, that's very grand, indeed—a year), is just going to begin--only twopence or a duke, aiblins ; sax horses, and twá -walk in, walk in.”—" He's a comifunkies on the back o' the coach, and cal fallow that fule, I'se warrant him, twa callants bobbing on the horses, to Sandy; it takes a wise man to be a the bargain ! sic luxury !--The folk fule," remarked John;“but those mas there, I'se warrant, dinna ken what dams that gang wi' them, and dance it's to want ony thing, and never do a on wires, wi' trowsers on, it's no very hand's turn, nor need to set their foot becoming in a Christian land. They to the ground unless they like. That's canna be gude, though they look weel; the way o' the gentry, God help us !" and I'm inclined to think, though we -"Na, na, ye're wrang there, John- shouldna judge harshly, that they're ny; the folk there are nae mair gentle just painted Jezebels.”—“But see that than you or me, man. That's the ma wee body sittin' on the man's shou. gistrates and provost; just bits oʻtra- ther,"—his attention being attracted ding bodies in the town. It's lang by a pipe and tabor in an opposite di. since the gentry hae gi’en up being “ă rection, —"how auld he looks-puir terror to evil doers, and a praise to wee fallow, he's dressed like a sodger, them that do weel," as it is said in too.”—“That's a puggy, man,” said the Scriptures. The provost o our Sandy; " and it can gang through the ain burgh o' Clayknows is a better exercise, and shoot a pistol, for as we gentleman than ony othem. The as it is, as weel's ony o' them. But provost, ma lord, as they ca’ him, come awa’-we'll be ower late to see is just a stockin'-weaver; and ane o' the race. the baillies sells ingans; and that's Mr John reluctantly left sights so just ane o' the street coaches they're new to him, and followed in the stream in."*—“Weel, that's very strange, of horse and foot, chariot and cart,
* Geatle reader, see the note at the end of chapter seventeenth.