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every thing---even in dress and rig- cessary to calculate that difference so
But all were naturally led to curiously as we then condescended to look about for indirect methods of pu- do; and it is remarkable, that even nishment, such as might reconcile our naval engagements with the French both parties, and perhaps evadle li- were about the same period more equal." mits too lately set to a once absolutely contested than they used to be. authority, not to be irksome. Of But still, these very defeats, by irritathese, however, it was soon found, ting at once the seamen and their ofthat on board ship, under existing cir- ficers, suspended the operation of other cumstances, there was but a very li- agents in the cause; and, had that mited choice. No place of solitary war continued, we are well persuaded confinement can there be spared; ex- that the tarnish which it seemed to tra labour, besides that every one is, leave on our former laurels would in the ordinary discharge of his duty, have been well rubbed off. With its as much tasked as he ought to be, has termination, however, the assistance been always observed to make regular derived from it terminated also. Six work first odious, and then slovenly, years have since elapsed; and if the for no powers of body can keep all consequences are not now so evident watches. The means of dieting are as furmerly, it is either that, in a time necessarily few, where such is the of profound peace, the efficiency of sympathy felt for a man whose grog our ships does not require to be so has been stopped, he is almost sure minutely looked into; or that, possito get drunk on the compassion of his bly, commanding and inspecting offi. comrades; and unusual punishments cers are deceived, in some measure, by of a different nature from any of these, the reduced allowance of seamen in were necessarily unpopular where ha- each ship on the present establishment, bits were yet strong, information li- and impute those difficulties to want mited, and at least as much jealousy of men, which we are certain proceed entertained, that the new bounds set from far deeper and more enduring to authority should not be evaded, as causes ;-or, finally, and much the there might be desire on the other side most probably, that the worst period to give them the go-by. t One thing of a difficult crisis is already over-a only assisted them, which was the war new and vigorous systein is replacing with America. We are as certain as an old and worn-out one-its parts we can be of what is matter of mere are falling imperceptibly into their opinion, that our defeats in that short places, by their own gravity, and alstruggle were quite as much owing ready beginning to perform the functo the sort of disorganization which tions for which they have been sevethus prevailed at the time, in the na- rally provided. vy, as to any difference of relative All this, then, we not only admitforce which characterized each com we assert it; and we very readily apbat; we had never before found it nc- peal to every competent witness, in
* One captain obliged his officers to wear the old-fashioned cocked hat another tolerated an opera one-a third, a round--a fourth, a straw-a fifth, a foraging-cap, &e. Coats were cut differently-surtouts were of every pattern—side-arms became so ano. malous, they were at last made subjects of official regulation. One man was content with royals, as bis ship had been fitted from the dock-yard—another had sky-scrapers, moon-rakers, jolly-jumpers, royal and sky-studding-sailsbesides. One ship had a jiggermast fitted to her spanker another the like, together with a gaff, to her mizen staysail -a third, the same to her main-topmast staysail-a fourth, was gaffs to the mast-head, and perhaps the only course she was in the habit of setting in a convoy was a crossjack or a spritsail. T'hese were not whims in those days; they were really traits of cha. racter, marking both individuals and the times. A good observer could then predicate of his friend's disposition literally “ from the cut of his jib;" and Peter Pattieson bin. self, or other such like chronicler, (O si sic ullus !) need ask no more complicated account of the spirit of the age, than just the fact.
op In point of fact, one of the articles of charge against the officers to whose case we adverted in our last paragraph, was that they had inflicted unusual and unprecedented punishments on their people ; and they were condemned specially on this county the articles of war only authorizing officers to punish undefined offences “as in such cases is usual at sen." _So dangerous is it, even in an innovating age, to innovate against its spirit.
support of our allegations. The bright soning powers, must be led, not driven:. side of the picture, however, is much and the only difficulty then, is to make more deserving of minute examination the transition. In a community, this than this, its shadow; it is more gra- should be begun as soon as a sense of tifying at once, and more comprehena shame and indignity is observed to sive. A few difficulties and embar- mingle, in the individuals composing rassments in the path of a limited it, with a sense of mere pain under number of men, many of whom, we the inflictions of the original system, ean well believe, bave been insensible unjustly aggravating their severity; of their accumulation; and a little the mind thus called out on one point temporary inefficiency, of which we will presently expand ; other and more cannot even say that fortunately it oc- generous sentiments will develope; and curred in a period of comparative tran- perhaps, an entire change may be efquillity; for in truth, such a season fected in all cases, with time and care, was necessary to bring it to maturity, and a complete system of moral influand another active war would either ence be substituted for every vestige again suspend, or hasten it to its final of physical coercion. This at least is termination—these are cheap equiva- certain, that a very considerable apleats for the prospects to the whole proximation to such a revolution may profession with which they seein con- be made in every instance; and assunected, and of which they are, in our redly with advantage when it is aceyes, the harbingers and heralds.
complished, for that authority which We have already said that the old merely crushes the wills and tempers system did its work excellently well of its subjects under its wheels, can in the time when it was in vigour; never be so effective as that which and notwithstanding the present un- harnesses them to its cår. But then popularity of such an opinion, we are the period when this even commenmuch disposed to generalize the pro- ces cannot be the same in all indiviposition, and maintain that as long as duals; and still less is it possible that the human mind, either from infancy all those vested with authority over or want of cultivation, is, as it were, others during its progress should have dead within, and can neither guide its the tact requisite to meet its variations actions by a long induction of reason- uniformly without mistake. Besiiles ing, nor trace its transgressions through this, the springs of moral influence, a series of indirect steps to their ulti- however powerful, are unseen ; wheremate consequences, so long is it for as those of physical coercion are palthe benefit of all parties that a despotic pable to the grossest observation. The authority should be lodged in the consequence is, that even when most hands of the chief of the coinmunity, skilfully conducted, this transition and the connexion between crime and must always appear marked with enpunishment kept direct and palpable, croachment on one hand, concession on by ineans of summary corporal inflic- the other ; while the smallest precipitions. It seems to us quite plain, that tation, or want of tact, in either party, there is a period both of human life will elicit symptoms of discontent and and human society, when the mind is insubordination, uncertainty and vaaccessible only to present impressions, cillation, isolated experiment, and want communicated chiefly, almost exclu- of concert on the receding side. Alsively, through the medium of the ani- though still these accidents, (for they mal sensations ; when, accordingly, are no more,) unless very much are the relative place of individuals is de- gravated, in which case it is certain termined among themselves by their that the transition is prematurely dephysical powers; and monarchs, mas- veloping, are viewed, not in themselves ters, and among others sea-captains, with favour, but without much regret, must travel to influence over the minds by a liberal-minded observer. They of those intrusted to their care by the always mark an advance made, and same brief road with their companions, yet making, in the scale of civilization: if they would not lose their labour. they are bubbles on the surface which On the other hand, however, it is in- only boil over when an undue degree disputable that there is a period both of heat is externally applieil: luisse of life and civilization when this system fuire les evenemens is the wise maxim will not answer the purpose ; when the "concerning them, and the result, in youth shooting into manhood, the man such case, is always gratifying and sabecoming acquainted with his own rea- tisfactory.
But this is evidently the point to been making some way in their des which the British navy has now for tined course; their little finger was some time attained ; this the source of in, their arm has already more than the anomalies and embarrassments followed, and now every thing seems which we have mentioned; and this, ready for introducing their whole bo accordingly, the light in which we re- dy. The officers, on the other hand, gard them. Our seamen's minds have have not, as we have already intimabeen expanding in common with those ted, been universally sensible of the of the age in which they live: they change which was going on about staggered a little at first under the them: they have borne, each his own weight of their new found wisdom, burthen, as he might; carried along, which but ill agreed with the cir- all of them, by the stream of improvecumstances in which their ignorance ment, backing and filling in its chanhaid before chiefly contributed to place nel, unconscious of their own progress, them; and their officers, on the other unless when made occasionally sensihand, are still perhaps a little per- ble of the altered bearings of the land plexed and embarrassed by those about them. And this has been forthroes of intelligence which discompose tunate for the cause, for it is of the them in that seat of authority in which very essence of human policy to rush they were once immoveable. But the too rapidly to its object; and it has worst is over, and every thing now not been unfortunate for themselves, combines to facilitate their passage for such have been the judgment and through the remainder. It is indeed temper which they have throughout a very striking subject contempla- exhibited, scarcely one stray brother tion to consider the minute preparation has been drawn in by the eddies, or which, unconsciously on all hands, has cast ashore and wrecked amid the paved the way for this consummation. shoals of the times. But now they are The men first mutinied :—they were almost at sea, and only wait for a rennot altogether to blame for this,* but dezvous signal to make sail in concert. it fixed public attention for a while on For this has their present long relaxatheir situation, obtained an exam• tion been given them, for this their ple of relaxation in their favour, and habits of violence have been interruptproved besides satisfactorily, that they ed, and themselves been constrained to were not yet ready for more. From study the arts of peace. To the same end that time down to the present, they are their people now subdued by cirhave been the most faithful and loyal cumstances to more regularity than of subjects ; most exemplarily patient before ; and their own clubs, Bible and persevering under many hardships, Societies, elections, and the whole apsorne discouragements, and what is paratus of civil collision in which they worst of all for men of their stamp to are involved, been provided. That bear, the ennui of protracted but inac- thus inveterate habits on both sides tive service. Yet have they always might be gradually but imperatively
• The elements of combustion were perhaps prepared, but, next to the agents of sedition from the shore, it was the Quota-men, as they were called, who fired the train. These were landsmen, volunteers furnished by the several counties, and lured by énor. mous bounties, L.25, when the best seamen that could be impressed got either nothing, or at the most L.5; they were mostly better educated too than the regular hands-pen and ink gentry, unaccustomed alike to labour and restraint, and consequently prepared to find every thing wrong. The celebrated chief delegate, Parker, was a fellow of this stamp; contributed, we may add, by our own “gude town.” We are acquainted with a gentleman still residing here, who was accidentally present when he was first brought before the sitting magistrate, charged with an intention to fly the country to defraud his landlady, to whom he owed about L.18. His address was so good, and pretensions so high, the magistrate at first scrupled to issue the warrant to detain him, although he had no bail to offer. But at length he was committed, accepted the high bounty to obtain his release ; and just eighteen months afterwards hoisted his rebel flag at the Nore.
We wish very much that some of the many surviving officers who held situations of rank and responsibility at that eventful period in the navy, would now, when details could do no harm, favour the world with their recollections on the subject. We are in possession of somé anecdotes ourselves relating to it, which we should not scruple to pubIish, were nothing better offered. But they are hearsay, and it should be an eye-witness, and even an actor, who undertook the task.
broken ; and new ground occupied by rushed into it with a haste which, as each, of necessity and of course. our views opened on consideration, has
It now remains then to trace the made even our title now incongruous, probable effects of so many causes, for we no longer consider the moral with their effects again, as we have and religious education at present bealready said, either as already deve- stowing on our seamen as a primary
loped, or likely progressively to ap cause of almost any thing peculiar in pear. They naturally divide them- their worldly prospects; it seems to us 1 selves under two heads, the changes only a powerful agent in their behalf, I which may thus be anticipated in the evoked among others, by the peculiari.. situation, and in the character of our ties of the age, which it did not even pre
seamen. And the first, strictly speak- cede in point of time. It does not aping, belongs to the present division of pear necessary, however, to break the our subject, while the second would series to remedy this. Mere title is
come in more appropriately when sail- unimportant, and our objects continue bors are considered from under that substantially the same,-to trace, with
eye of aụthority, which on board ship as steady a hand as possible, the pro
will always impose some restraint on spects of a profession in which we take El their natural dispositions. As we have the warmest interest, viewing them in i been led, however, now into a consider- connexion with that instruction now
able detail, which was not at first an- in course of dissemination among all tä ticipated, we shall postpone both to a its members'; and to promote that disfuture occasion...
semination as far as may lie in our It is in the very nature of precipi- power, by exhibiting the whole chain entation to subject those who submit of improvement, of which it now, more
themselves to its guidance to confes- than ever, seems to us to form but one sion of error and mistake. Captivated link. by the promise of our present task, we
PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD STUART. Dear MR NORTY, As, in the earlier Nụmbers of your Magazine, you gave an occasional inser. 'tion to articles relating to the exiled House of Stuart, I am induced to offer you a Birth-Day Ode, which, if it possesses no other merit, will at least tend to prove that the attachment to the fortunes of that ill-fated family, notorious
ly prevalent in the western counties of England in the year 1715, had not alit together subsided, when the chivalrous spirit of our northern neighbours gave
more overt proofs of their fidelity. The original Ode is in the possession of the representative of a family of considerable station and consequence in this county, to whom it was transmitted by his Jacobite predecessor. The following fragment of a song, my mother, who is nearly connected with the same family, remembers often to have heard her nurse, who lived to a very advanced age, chaunt, in iinpotent defiance of the Usurper. The spelling is adapted to the pronunciation of our provincial patois, and will be easily recognized by a native Zummerzet.
"Az I war a gwaing by the zign o' the Blue Bell,
And I bid un make way for his Haniyer King." It may perhaps be necessary to state, that Major Metcalfe was Chamberlain to the “ Wee, wee German Lairdie.” For the style of the ballad I make no apology, as it is only offered in confirmation of the idea, that the feeling in behalf of the House of Stuart was not confined to the higher classes of society, unless indeed some deference is due to the fastidious patates of the Edinburgh Reviewers, whom I humbly beg to assure, that although I can admire, and can appreciate the devotion of those persons who sacrificed their all to that which they held to be the rightful cause, I am by no means a “ Life and Fortune Man," on behalf of the doctrines of Passive Obedience, Divine Right, and Nona Resistance.
Dear, Mr North, your affectionate kinsman,
ODB ON THE BIRTH-DAY OF PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD BTUART,
The 20th of December, 1746.
Written by Dr ISAACS of Exeter. Awhile forget the scene of woe,
By good unmoved, in ills resign'd, Forbid awhile the tear to flow,
No change of fortune changed his mind, The pitying sigh to rise ;
Tenacious of its aim ;
His mind was still the same.
Amidst distresses great ;
But for his country's fate.
Had not atoned for Britain's guilt,
So will'd offended Heaven ;
That yet awhile the usurping hand, To sing a theme, like them, divine, With iron rod should rule the land, To sing his race on earth!
The rod for vengeance given. How on his tender infant years
But in its vengeance Heaven is just, The careful hand of Heaven appears And soon Britannia from the dust To watch its chosen care ;
Shall rear her head again ; Estranged from ev'ry foe to truth, Soon shall give way the usurping chain, Virtuous affliction form’d his youth, And peace and plenty soon again Instructive, though severe.
Proclaim a Stuart's reign. No sinful court its poison lent,
What joys for happy Britain wait, An early bane his life to taint,
When Charles shall rule the British state,
Her sullied fame restore ;
Nor Brunswick heard of more. How, at an age, when pleasure's charms The nations round with wondering eyes Allure the stripling to her arms,
Shall see Britannia awful rise,
As she was wont of yore.
But fly her happy shore.
With their Protector fled :
Shall rear their decent head:
Shall hail his long-wish'd Lord, The wisest sage, or chastest fair,
Nor find a tale so fit to move Applaud his sense, or praise his air, His listening fair one's heart to love, Thus form'd with grace divine.
As that of Charles Restored. How great in all the Soldier's art, Though distant, let the prospect charm, With judgment calm, with fire of heart, And every gallant bosom warm, He bade the battle glow :
Forbear each tear and sigh! Yet greater on the conquer'd plain,
Turn from the one the thought away, He felt each wounded captive's pain, 'Tis Charles that bids us crown the day, More like a friend, than foe.
And end the night in joy.