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Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Politics, etc.


No. 55.



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THE IMPERIAL TOURISTS. large sawing machines, as well as the In the neighbourhood of Matlock various turning lathes.

we saw a spring, which possesses the Tour of Their Imperial Highnesses the The iron foundry produces founder's property of covering things that are Archdukes John and Lewis of Austria. work of every kind. Steam engines are dipped in it, in the space of six minutes, The Cathedral of Litchfield, where we also manufactured here, the action of with a calcareous crust. The water is arrived on the 9th of November 1815, each of which is calculated to produce lukewarm, being of the temperature of is built in the most ancient style: in the effect of the labour of the number 68 degrees of Fahrenheit. The prothis cathedral there is a monument of of horses, whose place it is to supply. prietor of the spring, which is in a the celebrated Garrick. From Litch- The prices of these engines are as fol- cavern that is closed up, has built a field the road lies along the side of the lows :

shed, or hụt, near it, in which the ingreat canal, through a beautiful valley. Of one horse power

1007. sterling crusted things are sold; they consist of This canal crosses the river Trent, over two ditto


eggs, little baskets, skulls of animals, which it is conducted by means of a

three ditto


birds' nests, &c. The sale of them is brick bridge (or aqueduct) supported

four ditto


considerable, especially to the company by twelve arches.

From this foundry we went to a

who come to take the waters at Mat. At Derby we halted : the town lies manufactory of porcelain. The paste lock. The crust which thus corers the upon the river Derwent, at the foot of (or clay) is good, but the painting is articles put into the water, is of a brown the mountains which form the north very indifferent. The colours, with colour. The warm springs at Matlock side of the county of Derby, and all the exception of the blue, are not at were discovered in the seventeenth cencontaining mines. Of the five churches all beautiful. The lathe is set in mo- tury. There are three bathing houses, in this town, that of All Saints is ad- tion by a large wheel, moved by a and sufficient room for four hundred mired on account of its steeple, which child : this is advantageous to the persons. was built in the reign of Henry VIII. workman who gives the form, because, We went down into the celebrated and, as we were informed, is 179 feet not being obliged to tread with his foot, cavern, known by the name of Cumin height. · We examined a silk mill, he can hold faster, and work with berland's Cavern. It did not appear to which is remarkable, as being the greater certainty and accuracy. us very interesting, except for minerafirst that was erected in England. John Two canals unite at Derby, and pour logists, who visit it with a hammer in Lombe, the person who erected it, had their waters into the Derwent. 'We their hands, and make a rich collection travelled to Italy for the purpose of left the town on the 10th. The country of crystallizations of spar, &c. We procuring drawings and models of the becomes more and more irregular. The were told that finer specimens were to fery ingenious and complicated ma eminences are entirely cultivated. At be found in Rutland's Cavern, on the chines which are employed in that a pretty village, the road divides into other side of Matlock. They have country. In the year 1716 he obtained two branches, one of which leads to lately discovered in it, copper combined a paten: for fourteen years. This mill Belper, the other to Wirksworth. We with vitriol. In Matlock, as well as furnishes three or four hundred weight took the latter. It continually ascends, Derby, there are magazines of Sparof spun silk per week, and employs be- and the country becomes gradually vases. That of Messrs. Brown and tween two and three hundred workmen. more barren. Here, as well as in Mawe contains an uncommonly beau

In Derby there are many warehouses other parts of. England, we meet men tiful collection of these articles. We of the beautiful vases, candlesticks, on horseback, with women sitting be- saw here specimens of the newly dislamps, &c. which are made of spar: a hind them, on a saddle contrived for covered varieties of the red spar. We white calcareous stone, which is found the purpose. In the neighbourhood of were informed that Mr. Mawe is one of about three miles frou: Derby, is used Wirksworth, the openings of the mines the first mineralogists in England: bie tor similar purposes : Brown's ware are to be seen on all the surrounding has written a work on the minerals of house for these articles appeared to us hills.

Derbyshire. the most complete. The utensils and The lead-mines in the county of

(To be continued.) ornaments of dark bluc spar were par- Derby produce annually five, or six ticularly beautiful. Some were shewn thousand tons. In many of them the

REVIEW OF NEW BOCKS. to us, consisting of a single piece, and lead is mixed with calamine, which is which are fifteen inches in height, and separated in reverberatory furnaces, sine or ten inches in diameter. The then calcined, pounded and washed.

SOUTH AMERICA. bost beautiful pieces, of a dark blue, In a valley near Cromford, we were Humboldt's Personal Narrative. aclining to violet, are not quite of their shewn a great cotton mill, which was

(Continued) satural colour, but are changed by the erected by Sir Richard Arkwright in M. de llumboldt and his friend having operation of heat.

1792. It was he who first introduced visited the convent of Caripe, one of After spar is saved, the vessels are into England the great cotton mills, the finest situations in these tropical burned upon the lathe, with steel tools. and led to the flourishing state of this regions, thence took an excursion to a 4 steam engine sets in motion four branch of industry.

celebrated cavern, called the Cueva del VOL. II.

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Guacharo, of which a highly picturesque tooth, by its feet without the membranes | young birds are opened in the cavern, they description is given.

that unite the anterior phalanxes of the are found to contain all sorts of hard and

claws. It is the first cxample of a noc-dry fruits, which furnish, under the singular” “ The Cuera del Guncharo is pierced in turnal bird among the passeres dentiro- naine of guacharo seed, semilla del guucharovie the vertical profile of a rock. The entrance strati. In its manners it has analogies both a very celebrated remedy against intermit- or is toward the south, and forms a vault | to the goat-sucker and the alpine-crow. tent ferers. The old birds carry these seeds eighty feet broad, and seventy-two feet | The plunage of the gracharo is of a dark to their young. They are carefully colhigh. The rock that surmounts the bluish gray, mixed with small streaks and lected, and sent to the sick at Cariaco, grotto is covered with trees of gigantic specks of black. Large white spots, which and other places in the low regions, where can height. The mammec tree, and the genipa, have the forn of a heart, and which are fevers are prevaleirt." with large and shining leaves, raise their bordered with black, mark the head, the branches vertically toward the sky; while wings, and the tail. The eyes of the bird the history of this remarkable bird' = To

We have extracted, nearly at length, à those of the courbaril and the erythrina are hurt by the blaze of day; they are blue, form, as they extend themselves, a thick and smaller than those of the goat-suckers and cannot quote the details of the ael. This vault of verdure. Plants of the family of the spread of the wings, which are com- vance, 1458 feet into the cavern, where a uze ilip pothos, with succulent steins, oxalises, and posed of seventeen or eighteen quill feathers, there is a subterraneous rivulet, as it din orchidere of a singular structure (a dendro is three feet and a half. The guacharo every thing conspired to complete this nak ji bium, with a golden flower, spotted with quits the cavern at nightfall, especially South American Tartarus, with it ati, in black, three inches long), rise in the driest when the moon slines. It is alınost the Phlegethon and Stygian birds. clefts of the rock ; while creeping plants, only frugiferous nocturnal bird that is yet are superstitions wanting : it was with fe of waving in the winds, are interwoven in fes-known; the conformation of its feet susti. toons before the opening of the cavern. We ciently shows, that it does not hunt like difficulty the traveller's could get the inhal distinguished in these festvons a bignonia our owls. It feeds on very hard fruits. Indians to proceed so far into the inters of a violet blue, the purple dolichos, and, it is dificult to form an idea of the horrible terior, where they held that the ghost eigi for the first time, that magnificent solandra noise occasioned by thousands of these of their father's and evil spirits residled and (scandens), the orange flower of which has birds in the dark part of the cavern. “ Man (said they) should avoid place in a fleshy tube, more than four iuches long: The Indians sliewel us the nests of these which are neither enlightened by the The entrance of grottoes, like the view of birds, by fixing torches to the end of a cascades, derive their principal charm from long pole. These nests were fifty or sixty sun (Zis), nor by the moon (Nuna). Super the situation, more or less majestic, in feci high above our leads, in holes in the To go and join the guacharoes is thei saan which they are placeri, ani which in some shape of funnels, with which the roof of phrase for dying, and going to rejoisme, sort determines the character of the land- the grotto is pierced like a sieve.

their ancestors; and is beyond thu, the scape. What a contrast between the Cueca The Indians enter into the Cueva del distance we have mentioned, 16 of Curipe, and those caverns of the north Guacharo once a year, near Midsummer, thing would induce them to penetrato cha crowned with oaks and gloomy larch-trees! armed with poles, by means of which they the Europeans were obliged to returi teiste

" But this luxury of vegetation eubel destroy the greater part of the nests; Ai Nor can we wonder at their resolutions in die Lishes not only the outside of the vault: it this season several thousands of birds are appears even in the vestibule of the grotto. killed; and the old ones, as if to defend or rather want of resolution ; for eve Wo saw with astonishment plantain-leaved their brood, hover over the heads of the at this depth, a strange sort of vegeta heliconias eighteen feet light, and arbores Indians, uttering terrible cries. The young tion has sprung up from the sced cent arums, follow the banks of the river, which fall to the ground, are opened on dropped by the birds. Blanched stalk: even to those subterranean places. The the spot. Their peritoncum is extremely and half-formed leaves, growing to th vegetation continues in the care of (aripe: loaded with fat, and a layer of fat reaches height of two feet-pale and distigure excluded from the light of day, and does a kind of cushion between the legs of the vegetables, unlike those on the “ uppe not disappear, till, arivancing in the in-birul.

At the period which is earth,'' presented a sufficiently specir: terior, we reach thirty or forty paces from commonly called at Caripe the oil harvest, appearance to confirm their opinios tire entrance. We measured the way by the Indians build hunts with palm leaves, that nothing natural existed here. means of a coril: and we went on about near the entrance, and eren in the porch of is recorded at the convent, howeve 130 feet, without being obliged to light our the cavern. There, with a fire of brush. that a Bishop of St. Thomas went moi torches. Daylight penetrates even into this sood, they melt in pots of clay, the fat of than a thousand feet further ; perha region, because the grotto forms but one the young birds just killeil. This fat is single channel, whicho keeps the same di- known by the name of butter, or oil, (man- the natives thought themselves sati reriion, from sonth-cast to north-west. !rca, or hvrites of the guachiaro. It is hall with a Roman Catholic bishop tha M'here the light begins to fail, we heard liquid, transparent, without smell, and so with Protestant heretics, iu from afar the hoarse sounds of the nocturnal pure, that it may be kept above a year quarters. birds ; sounds which the natives think be. without becoming rancid. At the convent M. de Humboldt, ever delucir*** long exclusively to those subterrancons of Caripe no other oil is used in the kitchen scientific information from his remar! places.

of the monks, but that of the cavern; and " The gracharo is of the size of our we never observed that it gave the aliments on natural phenomena, enters into fowls, has the mouth of the goat-sucher a disagrecable taste or smell. The quantity geological inquiry into the nature and procnias, and the port of those vul of this oil collected, little corresponds with caverns, of which very few are e tures, the crooked beak of which is sure the carnage made crery year in the grotto hibited in primitive formations. The rounded with stiff silky hairs. Suppressing by the Indians. It appears that they do he divides into three distinct classe + 1; with M. Cuvier, the order of picæ, we must not get above 150 or 160 bottles (60 cubic according to their configuration : fire refer this extraordinary bird to the passeres, inches caclı) of very pure manteca; the those having the form of large cleft the genera of which are connected with rest, less transparent, is preserved in large each other hy almost imperceptible transi- Parthen ressels. This branch of industry or crevices, like veins not filed with tions. ..: : It forms a new genus, very reminds us of the harvest of pigcon's oil, ore: second, those which form gall different from the goat-sucker, by the of which some thousands of barrels were ries through rocks or mountains, at el force of its roice, by the considerable formerly collected in Carolina.

are open at each end : and third, tho strength of its beak, containing a double When the crops and gizzards of the (thc inost common) which have a su

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passages of greater or less breadth. The Chaymas are acquainted with no other formed and noble-minded British naval

cession of cavities, placed nearly on “ I beheld a missionary violently agitated author of this volume, in their interthe same level, in the same direction, in proving that infierno, hell, and invierno, course with the natives. It is truly and communicating with each other by vinter, were not the same thing ; but that

gratifying to contemplate well-inthey were as different as heat and cold. ile inquires into the causes of these winter than the season of rains; and the officers

, by every act supporting, not varieties, and discovers them in the hell of the whites appeared to them a only their individual characters, but different actions of volcanic fires, gases, place where the wicked are exposed to the character of the high profession to and water. He also demonstrates the frequent showers. The missionary ha- which they belong; and not only the nature of the rocka, &c in which they rangued to no purpose : it was impossible fame of that profession, but the honour are generally found. To this curious :0. efface the first impressions produced by and dignity of their native country. and interesting investigation is super- and he could not separate in the minds of Such appears to us to have been the added one still more important, as an the Neophytes the ideas of rain and hell, course pursued by the meritorious ofli

cers to whom we have alluded, and to on the determination of the tempera- " From Caripe the travellers descended whose deserved laurels, even so humble tures of these grottoes, and helping to again by a complete ravine of dreadful a public acknowledgment as this is, elucidate the grand proposition respect- steepness towards the coast ; but here will do no wrong, when we simply say, ing the temperature of the interior of

having extended our remarks suffi- that where men like them convey an this globe which we inhabit. Data are ciently for a single Number, we shall impression of our national manners and much wanted for this great meteoro- take our leave of them till next week.

feelings to unknown regions, Britain logical inquiry, seeing that man can

has every reason to be satisfied with the penetrate but a very little way into the

respect and esteem their representation stony strata that form the crust of our Account of a Voyage of Discovery to the must inspire. planet. Comparing his observations in West Coast of Corea, and the great Captain Hall sets out with an acthe southern hemisphere, with those

Loo-Choo Island, &c. By Captain count of the visit to the Corean coast, made by Von Buch and Wahlenburg

Basil Hall, Royal Navy, F.R.S. after landing the Chinese Embassy, and under the polar circle, M. de Humboldt

&c. &c.

devotes one chapter to this part of the puts the hypothesis, that the earth and of the many interesting works which voyage, avoiding the repetition of any air continually tend to an equilibrium the fecund press of England has enabled of the matters described in the precedof temperature, and that the cold which us, within twelve months, to bring ing publication of Mr. M‘Leod. There perpetually reigns in the abysses of the under the cognizance of our readers, is also a short introduction, doing justice equinoctial ocean, is the effect of polar there is not one upon which we could to the assistance of Lieut. H.1. Clifford, currents rushing to contribute to the bestow more unqualified praise than whose talents and diligence are disdiminution of the temperature of the upon the present. The subject is cu- played in a marked way, in a copious earth under the tropics. The whole of rious and agreeable; the manner in appendix, of eminent utility to the nathis theory is well worth the attention which it is treated, gentlemanly and vigator, and the philologist. of philosophical minds.

scholar-like: to a pleasant narrative, is We have rather a more particular At the convent our travellers passed added much scientific observation ; account of the inhospitable natives of a pleasant time, enriching their botani- and the whole production shews us Sir James Hall's group than we had cal collection; and we may take this oc- how much an acute and intelligent before,* and of the old Corean chief, casion to say, that t:ie intelligence scat- mind may achieve in a short space whose childish simplicity and tribulatered through the volume, respecting of time, and how quickly informa- tion, at once amuse and affect us. The this delightful branch of natural history, tion is acquired, despite of every attempts made to procure a mutual unis infinite: it deties abridgment, in a obstacle of customs, language, and derstanding, and the horrors of the publication so various and limited as situation, by a cultivated understanding. poor chief when the British land, the Literary Gazette, and, therefore, The delighiful picture of the people thereby putting his responsible head in though our notices must be only inci- of Loo Choo, to whom the curses of jeopardy, are excellently described ; and dental, we cannot refrain from making money and of war are unknown; who we shall select a passage illustrative of this general statement to the honour of have neither gold to stimulate avarice, the lively style in which the narrative is the authors, and for the information of nor steel to do the bloody business of couched. the lovers of botany among our readers. ambition, is touched with a master's “ He (the chief) had not got much beFrom wandering through the forests, pencil, and while we read these pages, yond the cabin-door, however, before the they sometimes attended the doctrina of it seems to us as if we were refreshing screnity of his temper was once more overthe monks, that is to say, the religious ourselves in a real Utopia, and wan turned. On passing the gun-room skyinstruction of the Indians. But, un- dering through an Arcadia which ex

light he heard the voices of some of his fortunately, the holy fathers, like Go- isted out of the sphere of poetic fiction people, whom the officers had taken below, lownin's Kurile interpreter in Japan (see -more pleasant than ever poet feigned. merrily amongst their new acquaintance.

and who were enjoying themselves very page 19 of our present volume) are al We would not detain those whose The old chief looked down, and observing most totally ignorant of the Chayma lan- curiosity this exordium may excite, them drinking and making a noise, he guage: and as the Indians have a very from the extracts, by which we mean called to them in a loud passionate voice, imperfect knowledge of the Spanish, to prove its justice, but we cannot which made them leave their glasses, and whimsical mistakes often occur be- proceed without paying a tribute of run up the ladder in great terror. From tween them and their teachers. The warm applause to the conduct of Capfollowing is an instance,

* See Literary Gazette, Review of Mr. tain Murray of the Alceste, and of the M‘Leod's work,


thence the alarm spread along the lower This was, we sincerely hope, the dition touched, and almost invariably deck to the midshipmen's birth, where worst mistake which occurred between found the natives timid, incurious, and another party was carousing: The grog the parties; but we are not without jealous. Their dwellings are mean and tained, was too potent for this party, as apprehensions that the poor old chief inconvenient. The animals noticed, they did not seem to care much for the old would be decapitated after their depar- were a small breed of bullocks, very chief, who, posting himself at the hatchway, ture, by his despotic master, for suffer- fat, and dogs : pigeons, hawks, and ascertained, by personal examination, who ing what he could not hinder, the land. eagles, and few small birds. Crows the offenders were. On this occasion his ing of our voyagers, to take a peep at were very numerous. little rod of office was of much use ; he his territories. This he opposed with From one point as many as 120 to pushed the people about with it to make all his might and cunning; but, disbe- 170 of the islands, which compose this round, in order to discover their faces. One lieving that any serious risk could re. wonderful archipelago, were counted. man, watching his opportunity when the sult to him from their going on shore, The Chinese written character is underchict was punching away at somebody who our countrymen landed for a prome- stood by the natives; but as our voyagers had just come up, slipped past and ran off; nade. Nothing could console him when neither remained long enough among but the quick eye of the old man was not he found this was determined upon. them to cultivate an intimacy, nor pos$0 easily deceived, and he set off in chase Invited to dinner,

sessed this means of communication, their of him round the quarter deck. The man had an apron full of biscuit, which had “ His only answer consisted in pointing remarks are consequently of less value been given to him by the midshipmen; this to us, and making signs of eating, and then than they would otherwise have been. impeded his running, so that the chief, not-drawing his hand across his throat; by At Loo-Choo, having steered their withstanding his robes, at last came up

which he was understood to mean, that it course thither, their observations are with him ; but while he was stirring him up might be very well for us to talk of eating, infinitely more attractive, and thither, with his rod, the fellow slipped his cargo of but, for his part, he was taken up with the in our next Number, we mean to acbread into a coil of rope, and then went danger of losing his head.” along with the chief quietly enough. The

company them.

When they landed he was in tears, old man came back afterwards, and found

and very unhappy. the biscuit, which he pointed out to us, to shew that it had not been taken away." " In a few minutes a crowd, consisting An Excursion to l'indsor, in July 1810 ;

of more than a hundred people, assembled u Sail from Maidstone to Rochester After another rummage for stray round us, and we began to think we should and the Nore. By John Evans, A.M. sheep, our chief concluded his first pay dearly for our curiosity. But the poor To which is annered, a Journal of a visit to a British ship. Another was

old had no thoughts of vengeance, and Trip to Paris, in Autumn, 1916. By productive of an equivoque which an equivoque which was no better pleased with the crowd than

John Evans, Jun. A. M. 12mo. would be entertaining upon the stage.

we were; for turning to his soldiers, he

desired them to disperse the mob, which "A person of rank, who accompanied they did in a moment, by pelting them with If any body ever pitied critics by prothe chief this morning, was asked into the great stones. The chief now began to cry fession, which nobody ever does-for cabin along with him, and was no sooner violently, and turning towards the village; professed critics are unfortunately better seated, than we observed that he had a very walked away, leaning huis heads in the known by their stings than their honey sickly look; which circumstance was the shoulder of one of his people. As he went

- we are sure we should sometimes have cause of a very curious mistake. It had along, he not only sohbed and wept, but been supposed, that the chief, during last every now and then bellowed aloud. our lot compassionated. This plaint we night's conference, made allusion to some

They again tried to comfort him, but utter now, not because this volunie is one friend of his who was unwell; and accord

of those cheerless tomes which repay in vain. ingly, in our arrangements for the morn

our labours with no fruit, but sheerly ing, it was proposed to takc thc doctors of “ The old man inade a long speech in both ships on shore, to visit him. As the reply; in the course of which the belicad- | because it is so multifarious and various

We know not chief had himself come on board, our plans ing sign was frequently repeated. It is as fairly to distract us. for landing were interrupted, and we curious that he invariably held his hands where or how to begin the very title ascribed this early visit to his anxiety on

towards his throat after he had gone through page is a bill of fire, which would take account of his friend's health.

this motion, and appeared to wash his hands up one of our columns, and every sui" It was therefore taken for granted, in his blood: probably he did this in imi ceeding page is an anecdote or talc, and that this sickly looking companion of the tation of soinë ceremony used at execu- the whole book a medley of that enterchief, who, somehow or other, got the title tions.”

taining gossip, drawn from much readof the Courtier,' amongst us, was the pa Leaving the venerable Corcan to his ing, and a general turn for observation, tient alluded to last night; and no sooner fate, our ships threaded the way for which it is utterly impossible to digest were the first compliments over in the cabin, upwards of a hundred miles among into the shape of a critical analysis. than the doctor was sent for to prescribe. islands, lying in immense clusters in We shall quote the title to one of the inade to hold out his tongue, have his pulse every direction, and varying in size from twelve letters of which the excursion to felt, and submit to various interrogatories, a few hundred yards in length, to live or Windsor consists, and from this leave the object of which the unfortunate man six miles. As far as thic eye could reach, our readers to guess the sort of amusecould not divine, particularly as there was they saw, from the mast head, other ment they may expect from Mr. Evans's uothing at all the matter with him. He groups, to which there appeared to be tour. submitted with so much patience to all these forins, and the chief looked on with isles are inhabited, wooded, and culti- Lord Orford ; Story of Chatterton, and his no visible termination. Most of the

“ Biography of Horace Walpole, latterly mination, that they evidently cousidered vated, in the valleys, as well as the melancholy exit; curious Epistle of Lord the whole scene as a part of our ceremonial sides of the hills, with millet, and a Orford to a Lady; his great lore of Paintctiquette."

spccies of bean. At several the Expe- ing; his Serinon on Painting, delivered at

pp. 558.

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