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Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Politics, etc.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 31, 1818.

No. 54.

PRICE ls.

In a

THE IMPERIAL TOURISTS. distant from each other. This machine and the portrait of Anna Bullen, by

is drawn by two horses, and driven over Holbein. In the anti-room is a bust Tour of Their Imperial Highnesses the the swath to turn it. That the hay may of Napoleon of Carrara marble. Archdukes John and Lewis of Austria. not hang to the axle, and impede the In walking through the Duke of Bed(Continued.)

motion of the machine, a piece of ford's garden, we were struck with the Beechwood, Woburn, Leicester, Beau- flannel is hung over the axle to brush remarkable beauty of a large orangery. desert.-We saw a great many various off the hay.

In the middle of it are eight columns machines. A sowing machine, which

Sir John Sebright possesses a flock of white marble; they surround a large is like those at Flofwyl, with this dif- of a thousand sheep. They are partly vase, adorned with bas-reliefs, and ference, that in the front a little plough- Merinos, and partly of the English several smaller marble vases. share is applied, with two projections breed. As his principal object

As his principal object is di- niche stands a cast of the Apollo Bel(oreillons) between which the seed falls: rected to fattening, he prefers the latter, videre. At the end of the orangery is the cylinder, which passes over the which possess, in this respect, advan- a temple, supported by four columns of furrow, presses down the earth over tages over the Merinos. *

the Ionic order, which is sacred to the the seed, and at the same time makes a We passed the evening in agreeable memory of the late Duke of Bedford, new furrow. The sowing machine is conversation. The worthy Baronet's brother to the present duke. Within fixed to the cylinder, and both are eldest daughter, who is very fond of is a cabinet, with a gilded ceiling, in drawn by the same horse. Another chemistry, shewed us an experiment of which are placed the busts of Fox, and machine, for sowing turnips, appeared Wollaston, which has since been pub- of his friends, the Lords + Fitzpatrick, to us remarkably ingenious, on account lished, but was then new to us: name- Lauderdale, Robert Spencer, Grey, of its simplicity. It consists of a ly, that of a little galvanic battery, con- Holland, and Harvey. A Chinese pawooden chest, lined with tin, which tained in a thimble, which is able to vilion is adorned with furniture and has holes pierced in it, and is fixed upon make a wire of platina red hot. vessels from China and Japan ; and a wheels, two or three feet high. An We saw so many things at Beech- menagerie contains many rare animals. iron bar, passing through the chest, is wood, that it was impossible for us to We have not seen any where a park so put in motion by the wheels them- take notes of every thing; but Sir well stocked with deer as that of Woselves ; to the iron bar wooden rollers John politely promised to visit us burn. These pretty creatures are so are fixed, provided with brushes, which, after our return to London, when the tame, that they come up to the very turning with the bar, keep the holes very important notices, which we had windows of the chateau. open, and hinder them from being collected at his seat, should receive a The farm is at the distance of half a stopped up.

complete supplement. We made, be- mile from the house, and, including all We saw a very large and convenient sides, the best use of the time that we its dependencies, looks like a little rake for gathering up the oats and were able to pass in his company, so village. Many remarkable things are barley when mowed down: it consists that we learned far more from him, to be seen here; among which is a of a piece of wood two toises (twelve than it would have been possible to steam engine, which puts in motion a feet) long, furnished with iron teeth collect elsewhere in the same time. He machine for threshing corn, and two and a handle: a horse is yoked to it, is the true model of an English gentle- mills. The manner in which the moand it is drawn over the corn; in this man: his mind is highly cultivated by tion is produced by the steam engine, manner the rake gathers up the harvest travelling; he understands hoth French is extremely ingenious; but a clear with great rapidity.

and German, and converses on various idea of it cannot be given without a The machine invented for turning subjects in an agreeable and instructive drawing. the hay, appeared to us very ingenious; manner.

The present duke is brother to him it seemed perfectly to answer its pur

The seat of the Duke of Bedford at who is so well known as an agriculpose, and at the same time to save Woburn, where we arrived on the 5th | turist, and who also erected all the much manual labour. It is fixed

upon

of November, is, with its park and buildings on this tine estate. During two wheels joined by an axle, twenty- gardens, one of the most beautiful re- his life, agricultural pursuits were two feet long; two pieces of wood, in sidences in England. Whatever makes carried on here with great activity. The which the axle turns, join in an angle the British country seats agreeable and time of sheep-shearing, about the towards the pole; the latter has in its delightful, is found here in the greatest middle of June, was observed as a rural fore part a little wheel : a mechanical perfection. We saw an extensive and festival, at which three or four hundred power is fitted to the axle : two rings well chosen library; we examined with persons were present. are fixed to the smallest wheel of much pleasure a valuable collection of The country through which you this mechanical power : and, lastly, to fine paintings; among which we par- travel after leaving Woburn, is rather the rings four laths, under which there ticularly remarked many by Vandyke, monotonous, though well cultivated; are springs, which give way when

but as soon as you get into the county

• The above remarks prove how accurately they strike against stones : the laths these Princes observed our most useful mechani + General.-EDITOR. are furnished with teeth, six inches cal inventions.-EDITOR.

We do not know who this is.-Editor, VOL. II,

of Leicester, the country and the culti- | the soup, cold pinch is presented : Aimé Bonpland, &c. vol. iii. 8vo.
vation change. In the higher position, after this, custom requires that you pp. 575. with maps, plans, &c. &c.
on accoimt of the abundance of meadow take a glass of wine, according to the Tre literary and scientific world will,
land; the breeding of cattle is the chief choice of the lady of the house, and we are sure, rejoice with us in the ap-
object of attention.

drink her health. Afterwards, when pearance of another volume of this On the 6th we arrived at Leicester. you wish to drink, it is the custom to highly interesting narrative. To those The houses are built of bright red invite acquaintance, or those who sit who have not perused the preceding bricks, and covered with slates, which next you, to join you. Every body publications of these distinguished trahas a very neat appearance. Wilson's helps to the dish that stands before vellers, we may say that their zeal and foundery was the first manufactory that him. At the dessert, the ladies with intelligence are not to be surpassed ; we saw in this town. It produces only draw, the servants are dismissed, and and to those who have enjoyed that machines, and other curious things. the claret bottle begins to circulate gratification, we shall content ourselves The horizontal windmills, for which from the left hand. After that, the with stating, that the present volume is Wilson has a patent, are uncommonly gentlemen go to the ladies in the in no respect inferior to any which have beautiful.

drawing-room, or into the library, gone before. We might sometimes The manufactory of Mr. Kelly, for enter into conversation, and every one wish for compression, but are never knitting-work, is very considerable. A teaves the company when he thinks fatigued. steam engine puts in motion fourteen propier.

The region of New Andalusia, Cularge looms. By this means this ma: Riding and hunting are the principal mana, and the Caraccas, the exploranufactory is able to furnish for four diversions. In the first the ladies take tion of which furnishes matter for teen shillings, the same goods which a great share. The fox-chace, with the work, affords it peculiar claims formerly cost forty. The produce of dogs, is rather a dangerous pleasure, to notice, at a moment when political the establishment is very considerable. because you are obliged to leap your events, of so great importance are They sell every week seven or eight horse over hedges and ditches. They acting upon this theatre. Jntending, hundred dozen of braces (bretelles). A also hunt hares. The dogs are ex- therefore, to devote more than one quantity of these goods goes to America. tremely well broke, and the fowling Number to the examination of its conNear Ashley we saw the first iron pieces excellent.

tents, we shall proceed directly to our rail-road. The waggons used on these As every rich lanslowner passc's a | task, and follow the thread of the narroads, have four small low light wheels, part of the winter in the country, rela- rative, in bringing our readers acof cast iron. On these four wheels tions and neighbours incet together, quainted with its most striking feastands a square kind of chest. The and the company is nunrerous enough lues. waggon is drawn by one horse. * wo supply the place of the circles in our travellers penetrated into the

On the 7th we arrived at Beaudesert, town. The prevailing ton is pleasing, interior of the missions * of the Chayma a fine seat belonging to the Marquis of free, but strictly decorous; and the Indians in Andalusia, Anglesea. During our stay there, we hospitality and politeness that you meet

A country studded with forests; and were enabled to form an idea of the with here, must afford pleasure to every visited a convent surrounded by palın trees inode of living of the rich English one who is capable of appreciating their and arborescent fern, situate in a narrow landowners. Before ninc o'clock in value.

valley, where we felt the enjoyment of a the morning, nobody is to be seen. At.

The arrangement and furniture of cool and delicious climate, in the centre of ten, the company asseinble in the draw the rooms are extremely convenient. In the torrid zone. The surrounding mouning room, where an ample breakfast is these country scats you find every of nocturnal birds; and, what affects the

tains contain caverns, haunted by thousands provided, which consists of tea, bread thing combined that can tend to the imagination more than all the wonders of and butter, toust, eggs, cutlets, &c. material, or the intellectual enjoyments the physical world, we find beyond these This breakfast lasts an hour: then the of life. The intercoured with the mountains a people so lately nomade, and company separate, and every one cm- ladies, who in general possess much still nearly in a state of nature, savage ploys or anses himself, as he thinks and various huowledge, and often more without being barbarous, and stupid rather ht, till dinner, which is served up at than the men, affords all that you can

from ignorance than long rudeness. six or seven o'clock. Half an hour wish. If to this bc adalcıl the per- Europe, penetrates for the first time into

“ When a traveller, newly arrived from before dinner, the company meet infectly unconstrained mode of living, it the forests of South America, Nature prethic library or drawing-room. In the lis casy to conceive the charms of sents herself to him under an unexpected morning inc gentleinen may appear in country life; and it seems very natural aspect. The objects that surround bim boots; but in the evening they nzust be that the English nobility and gentry recal but feelily those pictures which cele. dressed as in town. The ladies too should reside in the metropolis only brated writers have tracce on the banks of appear full dressed.

during the sittings of parliainent. T'he dinner consists of every thing

* Missions are small communities of the wanthat a good kitchen can afford. Thic

dering tribes, formed by the Roman Catholin

missionäries about, and subsequent to, the era o table service is very handsomc; ofteh

REVIEW OF NETV BOOKS. Charles V. These establishments, though ori you are served in silver gilt. After

ginally favourable to civilization, have now n

other effect than to stultify the poor Indians, ar Personal Narrative of Trurels to the keep them in stupid subjection, insulated fro We do not know how farge the irággons ate

Equinoctial Regions of the New Conti- the rest of the world ; their intellectual progre which their Highnesses 'sat here, but on sonte

enchained, and their wild independence ili roads one hörsc draws tën or more waggons..

nent, during the years 1799–1804. changed for gloomy degrading servitude to cloi EDITOR.

By Alexander de Humboldt and tered bigotry.

the Mississippi, in Florida, and in other tem- | still unknown. The Casas del Rey are to be | The child had no other nourishment than perate regions of the New World. He feels found in all the Spanish colonies, and may be the milk of his father. Lozano, who was at erery step, that he is not on the confines, deemed an innitation of the tamboes of Peru, not at Arenas during our journey in the int in the centre of the torrid zone; not established according to the laws of Mauco missions, came to us at Cumana. " He was in one of the West India Islands, but on a Capac.”

accompanied by his son, who was then vast continent, where every thing is gigan The missionary of San Fernando re- about 13 or 14 years of age. Mr. Bontie

, the mountains, the rivers, and the mass /ceived them kindly, as they were fur- pland examined with attention the father's of vegetation. -. It might be said, nished with proper Canonical letters of

breast, and found it wrinkled like those of that the earth, overloaded with plants, does

women who have given suck. He observed t.ot allow them space enough to unfold recomiendation. He was a true sample that the left breast in particular was much

themselres. The trunks of the trees are of monastic sensuality; very curious enlarged ; which Lozano explained to us Irsery where concealed under a thick carpet about the news of battles and sieges in from the circumstance that the two breasts

of verdure; and if we carefully transplanted | Europe; but much more interested in did not furnish milk in the same abundthe orchideæ, the pipers, and the pothos, the killing of a cow, which was to take ance.” which a single courbaril, or American fig: place the next morning, to furnish him This curious physiological phenocurer a vast extent of ground. By this sin- with what he called the most incom- menon M. de Humboldt argues upon gular assemblage, the forests, as well as the parable enjoyment of life, the means of at some length, and quote's several exfanks of the rocks and mountains, enlarge eating good beef (carne de vacca.) The amples of males of the human species, the domains of organic nature. The saine price of the animal was only seven as weli as animals, producing a secrelianas as creep on the ground, reach the piastres, and the mode of slaughtering tion of milk at the breast, which we tops of the trees, and pass from one to an- it barbarous in the extreme: it is done are the more inclined to credit, from other at the height of more than a hundred by han-stringing, and then plunging having been eye-witness of the fact, in fect."

a large knife into the vertebræ of the a Scotish Highlander, employed in the They walker for hours under these neck in twenty minutes after which labours of harvest in a southern county: majestic arcades, and in groves where operation, eight Chayma Indians cut M. de H. instances the lower order of the pendent bottle-shaped nests of the the carcase completely up into small Russian peasants, as offering frequent oriole Hung like artificial ornaments to pieces. It may be noted, as a charac- examples of the same kind. But it the lower branches, while the song of teristic trait, that on the same day, the does not appear that the quantity of that bird mingled with the harsh notes friar paid a soldier eighteen piastres this secretion is often sufficient for the

of flocks of parrots, and the dissonant for having succeeded, after many fruit- purpose liere attested; nor are we sure · cries of macaws, which only fly in pairs, less attenits, in bleeding him in the that the quality deserves the nanre assometimes composing altogether a con- foot.

cribed to it. In the case we have cited, cert loud enough to drown even the

As San Fernando is a sample of the the liquid had more of a mucous than thundering noise of the mountain tor: multitude of other missions, we may lacteal appearance; and we cannot rent. Proceeding onward, they reached observe, that it consists of a hundred Aatter our sex with the hope of agreethe small village of San Fernando.

families, and that the population is in ably rendering the most lovely of fe“ This was the first mission we saw increased by the custom of early mar- male and maternal duties a sinecure. America. The houses, or rather the huts, of the Chayma Indians, separated from each riages, at the age of thirteen or fourteen.

The next stage of our travellers was other, are not surrounded by gardens. The The government of these parishes is Cumanacoa, seven leagues from Custreets, which are wide and very straight, very complicated ; consisting of go-mana, and a place of 2300 inhabitants, cross each other at right angles. The walls, vernor, major alguazils, and militin having quadrupled in the last sixty shich are very thin and slight, are made of commanders, who are all copper co years. It is a strange circumstance, clay, strengthened by lianas. The unifor. loured natives. The militia is composed that while it scarcely ever rains at Cumily of this construction, the grave and of companies of archers, who are trained mana, there are annually seven months taciturn air of the inhabitants, and the extreme neatness that reigns throughout their to shoot at butts, and have colonels, of wintry weather at Cumanacoa, which babitations, reininded us of the establish- &c. like regulars--a curious anomaly is 104 toises above the level of the sea. wents of the Moravian brethren. Every under a purely monastic system. The thermometer kept at from 18. 5o, to Indian family cultivates at some distance Near San Fernando is the village of 20'. Tobacco, of a fine aromatic kind, from the village, besides its own garden, Arenas, where the following singular the same as the Virginia, is much cultithe conaco of the community. In this the story is related, which we chuse to give vatcd,- the monopoly of which is odious' adults of eaeli sex work one hour in the in the author's own words, rather than in itself, and most oppressively and inmorning, and one in tlic evening. In the risk our credit by an abridgment. It solently enforced upon the people ;roissions nearest the coast, the garden of the community is generally a sugar or in relates to one Francisco Lozano, a

no mean cause of the insurrection in digo plantation, under the direction of the white man, descen-led from Europeans. the province. missionary; and the producc of which, were « This man has suckled a child with his

The amazing fertility of the tropical the law strictly observed, can be employed own milk. The mother having fallen sick, regions may be conceived from the hisonly for the support of the church, and the the father, to quiet the infant, took it into tory of the culture of this plant. purchase of the sacerdotal ornaments. The his bed, and pressed it to his bosom. great square of San Fernando, in the centre Lozano, then 32 years of age, had never “ The seed is sowed in the open ground, of the village, contains the church, the remarked, till that day, that he had milk : at the beginning of September; though dwelling of the inissionary, and that humble but the irritation of the nipple, sucked by sometimes not till the month of December, edifice, which is pompously called the king's the child, caused the accumulation of that which is less favourable for the harvest. house, Casa del Rey. This is a real cara- liquid. The milk was thick and very sweet. The cotyledons appear on the eighth day ; ranscrai, destined to lodge travellers ; and, The father, astonished at the increased and the young plants are covered with large as we often experienced, infinitely valuable size of his breast, suckled his child two or leaves of heliconia or plantain, to shelter in a country where the name of an inu is three times a-day during five months. them from the direet action of the sun.

Great care also is taken to destroy the | Investigation of the cause of Easter 1818 publication, and to say more would be weeds, which, between the tropics, spring up with astonishing rapidity. The tobacco

being appointed to be celebrated on a

mnisplaced, since the work itself is so is transplanted into a rich and well-pre wrong day, &c. &c. By a Member of completely within the reach of all

readers. pared ground, a month or two after it has the University of Oxford. pp. 20. risen from the seed. The plants are disposed in regular rows, three or four feet This little pamphlet demonstrates what account OF GREENLAND. From distant from each other. Care is taken to is proposed in its title; namely, that Journal of « Voyage to Greenland, weed them often, and the principal stalk is Easter, in the present year, is erro and of a seven-yeurs Residence between several times topped, till greenish blue neously appointed for a date one week the 60th and 77th degrees of north spots indicate to the cultivator the maturity earlier than that on which it really falls; of the leaves. They begin to gather them and that, from the existing system

latitude. By Carl Ludwig Metzler in the fourth month, and this first gather

Gieseke, a native of Augsburg, and ing generally terminates in the space of a

of chronological computation, much now Professor of Mineralogy at few days. In good years the cultivators greater errors must ensue in the ob Dublin. cut the plant when it is only four feet high; servance of the fasts and festivals of Gieseke left Copenhagen on the 19th of April and the shoot which springs from the root, the Christian church. We need not 1806, on board his majesty's Greenland throws out new leaves with such rapidity, say that so grave a matter so lucidly ship the Frühling (the Spring), Captain that they may be gathered on the thirteenth brought forward, merits the best atten- Kettelsen, and arrived on the 31st of May, or fourteenth day. These last have the celi tion of the public, and of the legislature in the colony of Friederick's Haab (Frethey contain more water, more albumen, At an era so enlightened, it is a shame and less of that acrid, volatile principle, to continue in error ; and an error in coast, from Cape Favvel (Farewell) to the

most northern Eisblink (from 600 to 790) which is but little soluble in water, and in science is peculiarly unworthy of an Vierwohl: left Greenland on the 16th of which the stimulant property of tobacco age claiming all the scientific intelli- August, 1813, and arrived on the 19th of seems to reside.” gence of that in which we live.

September at Leith, in Scotland. His After being gathered, the leaves are It is evident that the reform of the winters' abode in Greenland, was three suspended by threads of cocuiza (the Nicene mode of calculating time by the winters at Gedt Haab (Good Hope) in 65°, American agave), their ribs are taken lunar cycle of nineteen years, adjusted three, winters at Godhave (Goud Garden)

on Disko Island, in 70°, and one winter at out, and they are twisted into cords. to a solar cycle, in which six hours were Omenak, in 73". The maximum of the Were the culture and trade free, Cu- substituted for 54 48' 57" in every winter's cold, was the freezing of quickmana might almost furnish Europe year, though it approximated more silver; that of the summer heat, 240 of with this commodity, so valuable as a nearly to accuracy, was still incorrect; Reaumur. The immense glacier, which branch of trade. Indigo is also pro- and as very minute discrepancies being traverses the country from north to south, duced here: there are in all four spe- repeated, through the lapse of cen

cuts it, as may be said, in two halves, ries of plants which furnish this article turies, at length constitute a serious baffles every attempt to cross the country,

and by its astonishing clefts and abysses, of commerce.

portion of time, it seems equally clear from the west to the cast coast. This Jaguar tigers are found in this dis- that the error in the Gregorian period, glacier is in many places about 100 fathoms trict, of the immense size of six feet in or new style, has now reached a quan- thick, and in many parts of the coast, exlength. They are so strong as to be tum sufficient to cause the wrong ap- tends, becoming gradually flatter, down to alile to drag off a horse, and so amaz- pointment of the ensuing Easter.

the sea; by it are formed the marine caingly fierce that they not only do not The mistake arises from all the ec

verns at Újuraz-soak, Inglorspit, which flee from men, but will even leap into clesiastical tables laying down the full present picturesque views. the waters of the Oronoko to attack the moon for the twenty-first of March next, alpine plants, mosses, and lichens. No

The country affords the botanists only Indians in their canoes.

instead of the true time, by astrono-tree rears its head; the dwarf birch, and Our space forbids us to enter at pre-mical calculation, at 44 minutes past the arctic willows (salix reticulata, myrrhisent into aj ry of the geological matter 2 p. m. on the twenty-second, which is nites sal.) creep with difficulty, seeking so copiously handled in the portion of a Sunday; and as the Church directs, protection from the wind and cold be. the volume which we have analyzed; that “ Easter Day, (on which the rest tween broken fragments of stone. Only zor can we even visit the volcanic, or of the Moveable Feasts and Holidays of the rhodiola rosca, the knots of the poly

the Greenlander can cat the leaves and roots rather meteoric, districts of Cuchivano, depend) is always to be the first Sunday gonum viviparum, the flowers and leaves which afforded so much food for re- after the full moon, which happens upon of the saxifraga oppositifolia. But the sear ch to the travellers. In these parts or next after, the 21st day of March; European, when pressed by hunger, cats the sugi'r-cane, and cotton, and coffee- and if the full moon happens on a with him the oxalis, the angelica, the cochtree flou ish; wild silk (seda silvestre) Sunday, Easter-clay is the Sunday learia, the vaccinium uliginosum, and the is found si upended from the branches ; after;" it consequently happens, that vaccinium myrtillus.* The natives, bowed the most I Veautiful woods for turnery, Easter Sunday is fixed for the very day not attain longevity; 50 years is a very

down by the severity of the climate, do unknown to Europe, abound; and every of the full moon, which ought to have

great age among them. They belong to thing bespea. ks the bounty of nature, indicated it for the ensuing Sunday, ac the Mongol race; the women have, on save only man ; who knows not how to cording to the church rule, had the an average, only three or four children; convert into isefulness the blessings calculation been correct, as it is de- but they bear with great ease. "The which surround him. fective.

natives are of a yellowish complexion, The contrast h ere afforded to Green

Proposals for forming an infallible have black, thick, stiff hair; their lips are land, as described in a succeeding page, table, and several other points alluded

* The original has, for these two last, Rauschis well worthy the contemplation of to, deserve consideration; but we have beere, and Blaubeere ; we believe they are the every reflecting mini.

said enough to attract notice to this bilberry, or whortleberry, perhaps the cranberry.

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thick, their eyes jet-black and small, but suffer want in the long winters. They have | veller met with, first between the 70th and penetrating. Their hands and feet are no scurvy, though they neglect the whole- 77th degrees of north latitude, immense small, and well shaped. Their stature some cochlearia; but they seldom have salt, beds of basalt, piled in prismatic pillars. seldom exceeds five feet; the women are and do not like it.

That species of calcareous rock which connot perceptibly shorter, and as strong, be Their love to their children is boundless ! tains petrifactions, is wholly wanting ; but ing hardened by labour : for they cover they not only never punish them, but pa- the calcareous rock of the Appenines and boats, build houses, assist in the fishery tiently suffer themselves, without exception, Mount Jura, is frequent, and the transitions near home, and do all kinds of work, ex to be struck by them; the children (and to Carrara marble are also found. A circept such as is more remote. Except scry this is surely a proof of a good disposition) cumstance which greatly astonished was, long hair (Gieseke saw women whose hair become notwithstanding, when they are that the northern lights were frequent bewas three ells (about six feet) long) they grown up, affectionate and obedient to their tween 609 and 65o; but the nearer Gieseke have no beauty in any respect, not even a parents. The men never beat their wives, came to the north pole, the more rare did good shape; and they lose the freshness of are not jealous, and have no reason to be so, they become, and at last disappeared enyouth in their first childbed.

except when Europeans land, whose atten- tirely. They always live as near as possible to tions to their ugly partners they consider the strand, because the cold is there more as the greatest honour.

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. moderate, and for the sake of catching seals. The Greenlanders cannot live out of their Except their dogs, they have no cattle; own country, and die pining away after their these dogs, which serve them for horses icy shores. A fifth part of the eople,

The following is a copy of a very curious and beasts of burden, live on the refuse of thinly scattered along the coast,

letter from Sir William Herbert, of St. fish, which they find on the coast, and often still heathens. The Christians, as they are

Julian's, in Monmouthshire, father-in-law on the alga marina. They are wild and called, are not distinguished by more re

to the famous Lord Herbert of Cherbury, savage, attack strangers, are faithful to fined ideas or morality. Those who are

to a gentleman of the name of Morgan, in their masters, but ill tempered, and never not Christians have scarcely a glimmering in the British Muscum.]

the same county. [N. B. The original is caressing: The sea-shore is throughout of abstract ideas. They do not adore an rocky and full of cliffs ; no proper meadows omnipotent good being, but an omnipotent

SIR, between, but turf moor, a soil covered with evil being; they therefore believe in sor Peruse this letter in God's name : sour grass, which every where sinks in; but cery, and are extremely superstitious. They be not disquieted : I reverance your hoary there is moss enough, and on the rocks bend the heads of the dead upon the knee, hair. Altho' in your son I find too a great quantity of lichens, of various lay them between split slates, in a kind of much folly and lewdness, yet in you I and beautiful colou thick, and of luxu- square chest, and pile a great quantity of expect gravity and wisdom. It hath pleased riant growth; thyme and angelica fill the stones upon them, that dogs and foxes may your son, late of Bristol, to deliver a chalsolitary plains with perfume. The water- not devour the corpses. They sometimes lenge to a man of mine, on the behalf of a falls of the great glacier descend magnis put in the grave some delicacy which the gentleman (as he said) as good as myself; ficently into the sea between the rocks, deceased was particularly fond of when who he was, he named not ; neither do I clothed with richly coloured mosses. alive; thus Gieseke saw a seal's head laid know. But if he be as good as myself, it

The inhabitants build their houses almost in the stone chest. They are not much must either be for virtue, for birth, for always in the nooks of rocks, and leaning acquainted with brandy, but love it extra- ability; or for calling and dignity. For against the rocks. The mica-slate (glimmer- vagantly, are easily intoxicated, and then virtue I think he meant not ; for it is a schiefer) which is easily split into tables, beat their wives and children.

thing which exceeds his judgement. If for furnishes them with the materials; of this When the sun returns after the long birth, he must be the heir of an earl; the they build walls, with alternate layers of night, they hail it with dances and cries of heir in blood to ten earles; for, in testimony turt, which they line inside with moss: the joy, and call these days only, the feast

. thereof, I bear their several coats. Beroof is of bushes interwoven, (as they are They have no kind of tradition, but in the sides, he must be of the blood Royal; for, wholly destitute of wood, and the ships long nights compose a kind of stories of by my grandmother Devereux, l am lineally seldom bring any) which they cover flat ghosts, &c. which are always forgotten, and and legitimately descended out of the body with turf. This miserable roof seldom succeeded by new ones. "They dread and of Edward the Fourth. If for ability, he affords shelder, and must be frequently re- avoid the places where any one is buried. must have a thousand pounds a year in newed. A small square low room forms The increasing depopulation of this coast possession, a thousand pound a year more the inside of the dwelling; generally 15 dates from the time when the Europeans in expectation, and must have some thoufeet square, in which often twenty people brought them the small-pox and another sands in substance besides. If for calling live day and night! The window openings disease: all cutaneous disorders are very and dignity, he must be a knight, and are covered with the entrails of seals ; a dangerous in this climate. Their greatest lord of several seignories in several kinglong passage of stone and turf, but so delicacies are the eggs of the birds of pas- doms, and likewise of his county, and a narrow and low, that only one person can sage and water-fowl; but these cannot be Councellor of a provence. Now, to lay all crawl through at a time, leads to this den; kept, because the birds appear in the hot circumstances aside, be it known to your before and near it, all the dirt and refuse of months of May, June, and July; they are son, or to any man else, that if there be the seals is piled up, to keep them warmer. also very fond of the blue muscle, which any one who beareth the name of a gentleThe beds of the rich consist of moss and the sea throws on their shores in great man, and whose words are of reputation in scal skins; the poor lie on the bare ground. quantities. They pass the long night in a his county, that doth say, or dare say, that They never make fire, because they have state between dreaming and waking; they I have done unjustly, spoken an untruth, neither roofs nor chimneys; but their train sleep, wake, and eat, during this time, with staind my credit and reputation in the oil lamps serve them for warmth and for out regard to time and order.

matter, or in any matter else wherein your cookery. The seal's flesh is soon stewed, As the traveller is a zealous mineralogist, son is exasperated, I say he lieth in his in pots which hang by straps of seal skin and pupil of Werner, the world inay ex- throt, and my sword shall maintain my word It is very hot in these huts or dens, the fil pect a rich harvest of mineralogical and upon him in any place or provence wherethiness of which is horrible!

geological facts, as well as some meteoro- soever he dare, and I stand not sworn to They are utterly destitute of forethought; logical phenomena, and barometrical ob- observe the peace. But if they be such as thus, when they have been uncommonly servations. It is particularly observable, are within my governance, and over whom I successful in catching fish or scals, they that the transitions to the kinds of primi- have no authority, I will, for their refordo not bury the overplus in the snow tive mountains prevailing here, gneiss, &c. mation, chastise them with justice; and, against a time of need; hence they often are entirely wanting, as also that the tra- for their malapert misdemeanor, bind them

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