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contend that a belt of ten degrees of ice The Friends: a Poem in four books. Pustil General Howe to General Lee, has not a strong influence upon the tem

By the Rev. Francis Hodgson, A.M. ' How came you by your Liberty ? perature; nor that the difference between an open and close season does not prove

Author of a translation of Juvenal, &c. Quoth General Lee to General Howe much more extensive variations in the London 1818. 12mo. pp. 189.

Tol de rol, te iddy tiddy, bow, wow, wow ! Polar circle at different epochs, than Mr. Were we called on to divine the source Perhaps this is the briefest history of the Lesslie is inclined to allow. Mr. L. of this production, we should trace it to American war yet published; but we however admits the probability of an private feeling rather than to poetical must return to Mr. Hodgson. Theodore expedition reaching the Pole, as the cold inspiration. There is a locality about forms an attachment to an amiable girl increases but very little in advancing to its scenes, a verisimilitude about its in-called Ellen, and is on the eve of marthe higher latitudes; but he thinks the cidents, and a sincerity about its seoti-riage when accounts are received of the intrepid navigators must winter there, timents, which do not seem to belong to capture of his beloved friend by the where, he very naively states

imagination, and, perhaps, the truth with savage Indians. Friendship prevails The appearance of the heavens would be which both scenes and incidents are over every other feeling, and he departs nearly the same as at Spitzbergen ; and painted, prevents either that soul-sub- to find and succour him. In this he even if the traveller passed over the mag- duing pathos or loftiness of flight which succeeds, and after various adventures, netic Pole itself, the needle, so far from pertain to the Muse in her wilder moods has the happiness to save Ferdinand just suddenly reverting, would most probably and sublimer phantasies. It is then that as he is on the point of being sacrificed. become sluggish in its oscillations, and the soul plunges into a creation of its His health is restored, and the modern rather indetermined in its direction ; since own, the images of which, though formed Pylades and Orestes sail on their return the centre of its attraction being deep after the model of natural recollections, to England. They gain the coast, but seated under the surface of the globe, scarcely any portion of this power could be

are far more ethereal and vivid : that a dreadful storm arises, and they perish exerted horizontally.

“the voice is Jacob's voice, but the together. Such is the tragical end of

hands are the hands of Esau ;"—the sem- The Friends, from which we shall now We have had a laugh at this para- blance belongs to the earth, but the take a few exemplifications.

The well graph, for, profoundly as the northern lineaments are divine.

known legend of Bethgelert, when the sages philosophize, we believe they know about as little of the depth of the magnetic middle till towards the close of last

The era of this production is from the companions in one of their rambles

rove down by the faithful greyhound's Pole as those whose more southern situation removes them further from the point dore the son, and Ferdinand the ward of lowing, stanzas.

century. “By Dee's wild stream,” Theo- rocky grave,” is introduced in the folof observation. Ulric, are reared under the affectionate

Bright upon Snowdon's double peak We could willingly enter more at large

The rays of morning rest; eye of their common father. Their

And clouds, like flying armies, seek into an epitome of Mr. Lesslie's Essay, early friendship is cemented by a simi

Yon Ocean's azure breast. but as it will be generally read, we larity of habits, pursuits, studies, and Loud rung the glen with horn and bound, may rest contented with having gone amusements. Much of the beginning of To bail the dawning day: even so cursorily over it, not in the pain the poem is occupied with descriptions

As up the steep defile they wound, spirit of discussion, but so as to produce of their rambles through the romantic

Llewellyn's vassals gay, within a short compass many of its scenery of Wales, and though there is a

Far in the midst the Chieftain moved principal features and most important good deal of spirit in these landscapes,

Upon his fiery steed; facts, for the benefit of our readers.

And oft he called the dog he loved they are too much of an itinerary in

But Gelert would not heed. As an able and comprehensive theory, verse not to become rather tedious on

The deer is up-away, away! it is a paper of singular merit; but as a repetition. Egbert from“ fields of war”

O’er moorland, heath, and hill, refutation of that excellent article in the visits the abode of the youthful friends, Close on the traces of their prey Quarterly Review (for which it seems to and his presence developes their different

The keen hounds follow still. have been intended,) it appears to us to characters: Theodore, unambitious, fond Yet, foremost as Llewellyn rides be a failure. It blinks most of the strong of retirement, meek, and placid, pants Along the narrow dale, facts by which Mr. Barrow sustains his for only peaceful joys : while Ferdinand,

Or crosses swift the mountain tides,

Down rushing to the vale, interesting hypothesis, both in regard to aspiring, active, bold, and enterprising, the change of climate and to a North- longs for the laurels of the warrior's

In vain with eager glance around

For Gelert's eye he looks; west passage. No answer is given to brow. Theodore embraces the clerical,

In vain his voice, with gentle sound, the statements of the currents; of the Ferdinand the military profession; and His absent friend rebukes. whales with harpoons struck in one sea as the former cultivates his mind in

The chase is done—the quarry's wonand found in another; of the variations academic bowers, the latter seeks “ the Slow homeward bend the train; of the compass; of the direct testimony bubble reputation" in the blood-stained Though, blithe as when the day begun, of extraordinary changes in the situa- forests of America. A sketch of the war They tell it o'er again. tion of the Arctic ices, &c.; nor is the in that country is given—it is longer Alone, regardless of their mirth, argument against the ancient coloniza- than a very whimsical history of the The Prince rides down the dell: tion of East Greenland at all made out. contest which we remember to have

“ How fare they at his own loved hearth ?

Good angels, guard them well!" In spite of philosophy, people will think heard sung, and, no doubt, more partithat a North wind is cold, and a South cular and more poetical. But as our

Some secret augury of woe

Hangs heavy at his heart; wind warm, and if the atmosphere should history is a short one, we introduce it

And coming tears refuse to go, * absorb all the cold and heat in its pas- for contrast's sake, and to shew how Unconscious why they start, sage to us from the Pole and the Equa- different minds are affected by the same

* This is a bad line for a simple balladtor, our senses bear evidence that it does events in different ways, and so treat

“ coming to go" is very quaint ; and the connot perform its duty. them in different sorts of verse;

cluding line is a little absurd.

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now no more,

Far distant in the wooded plain

The departure of Theodore to rescue | To wake the rerdant life that througla them His sylvan towers appearhis friend, and his parting with Ellen, are

springs, And cheering voice and loosened rein

And warm their moving crowds of animated Have brought him panting here. equally touching pictures; but as they

thingsoccupy several pages (125,6,7,8, and 9) Ha !--moaning, and distained with gore, His Gelert meets his eyes;

they are too long for us to transcribe. Say, will ye rush together from the skies, The mention of the writings of ancient Or, as untired the imınortal ages rise,

And sink at once in fearful night obscure ? And, rushing through the ungnarded door, My child, my child !” he cries. genius

To prove the race ye hold, awhile endure; Blood, blood, discoloured all around;

not yet obscured

Then die at different periods, till at last O’erturned the cradle lay

With clouds of Taste corrupt, by careless eyes One universal Now absorbs the past ? And furious on the trembling hound


Oh! many are the mansions to receive He sprang in wild dismay. leads to a passage with reference to the The emancipated crowds of every globe

All who one Lord obey, one Lord believe, The death, descending from his sword, modern poesy of Britain which we quote

Shall wear at length their amaranthine robe, Stretched Gelert lifeless there

with the warmest tribute of approval On those apportioned thrones of glory placed, “ And is it thus thy thankless lord and admiration :

All their sighs hushed, and all their tears effaced. Repays thy guardian care!" Too late the Prince in sorrow sighs Too many a blot already stained the page

There is a pretty little allegory, with When safe within his nest

Inspired by Britain's Muse--but foul misrule, which we shall close our extracts:

But barbarous boldness, in that fresher age, Placed in an Island on the main, His rosy infant he descries,

Dared not to raise licentious Folly's school Where rolling wares for ever swell; And clasps bim to his breast.

Nor yet the wholesome dread of thee wax o'er, Chequering their hours with joy and pain, A monstrons wolf beside him slain

Proud Wit!—but Dulness thrives, for Pope is Two lovely Nymphs together dwell. Attests the bloody strife But oh! what tears will bring again

The one looks back upon the past His faithful dog to life?

And thou, Corruption, heavier far and worse, With many a pensive sigh and tear

Adulterate feeling of a German breed- Mourning the lights that would not last Though memory o'er his Gelert's grave Oh! can an English soil sustain thy curse,

To shine upon her brief career. Long mourns his cruel lot;

Conceit thy sire, and Infamy thy seed? Where yonder weeping birch-trees wave Where wondering Vice young Virtue's blush

The other to the future still To mark the honoured spot.


Casts an assured, a sanguine eye

Forgetful of recorded ill, The beginning of the second canto is And robbers die like heroes, not in chains !

And careless of the griefs gone by. animated and patriotic—it describes the In tribes untanght, where India's waste of wood march of the British bands in the Ame Shelters her houseless savage, Hatred then, Life is the sp ck that marks the void ;

And Vengeance, swift to shed a brother's blood, Space is the sea of boundless scope : rica struggle.

Were deemed to dwell-but now-'mid po

And those whose days are thus employed, In glittering pomp the gallant march began,

lished men

Pale Memory and glowing Hope. File after file advancing from the shore : The fiends let loose from darkness, rise and

After these quotations, it is not agreeThose well known colours floated in the ran,

claim, That youthful Hope and untried Honour bore: Not rest, nor mercy, but applause and fame.

able to us to say any thing deteriorating Long groves of steel glance bright against the sun ; Veiled in bright robes of free and generous pride, altogether so admirable in the principles

of a poem presenting such beauties, and The field's alive with war, and seems already

Wreathed with bright flowers of fair confiding it maintains. In justice, however, we


By Beauty favoured, and to Truth allied, must state, that we frequently encounter And is not England's banner proudly known "O'er blighted realms the brave banditti rove- | passages in which the sense is obscure,

Where'er the waters roll, or inountains rise ? So ronnd some Upas trunk might roses tuine, Where barbarous Tyrants shake on Asia’s throne, Or Hell breathe odours of an air divine.

and find few of the delineations, whether Or France turns pale beneath Canadian skies?

of animate or inanimate nature, more Here now she trembled, as her ancient foe This denunciation is becoming and just than mere sketches, not finished with Renew'd in distant climes Britannia’s battle blow. against that portion of the new school, the care of perfect pictures. We will not Britannia! name as venerably great

which, from Charles de Moor of Schiller prolong our review by transcribing these As Time's emblazoned records yet contain; to the latest products of (we are sorry to parts—the author has too much talent (Purer from human stains what human state?) say) the British Muse, whether seen in not to be able to discover and obliterate

Britannia! name that quickens every vein the incestuous Rimini, the ruthless and the blemishes in reprinting a poem which
In her true sons-Oh never may she fade
From records high in heaven, that wings of angels bloody Corsair, the Bertrams, Bertrands, unquestionably does credit to him and to

or other human demons of our day, the English literature. There is much tenderness in Theo- favourite heroes of the drama and verse, dore's meeting with old friends after his is sure to ennoble the most atrocious Narrative of a journey in the Interior of father's death : villains with many of the purest virtues,

China, &c. By Clarke Abel. London That honest grasp has cheered him—oh delight and so confound the evil with the good,

1818. 4to. pp. 420. Unutterably dear, when face to face,

that the bewildered mind of the reader When hand to hand, long-parted friends unite ! is unable to distinguish if the cut-throat Having in our last condensed the occur

When softer kindred yield the quick embrace be a sound moralist or not, the infidel a rences and observations of the journey Of artless love, and human hearts are given

Christian, and the crime-covered ruffian through China in this publication, we The joy of meeting families in Heaven. and desperado an honour or a disgrace, shall at once transport our readers to

Manilla The grief is struggling at each gentle heart a blessing or a curse to humanity. We

on their return homeward. But Theodore beheld—bis manly soul quit the theme willingly for a fine train Here, the Mulatto ladies are much adLent aid to those who bore the lighter part,

of reflections on viewing the starry fir- dicted to smoking immense cigars, seren And shewed the ennobling power of self-controlmament:

or eight inches long and an inch and a

half in diameter. These rolls, though That power which dries not sorrow's hidden Ye clustered glories of Night's awfiul reign,

they fill their mouths, are seldom out of source,

Stars upon stars receding, backward yet, But bids it flow within, and checks its outward | (Like brilliant islands in a shoreless main)

them; and when they are fully lighted, Each in your round of rolling planets set, and pouring forth volumes of smoke,

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their fair, or rather dark, smokers re- | country by Mr. Abel, and of vhøse habits fórhi, and

exactly terminating with the ex. semble walking chimneys.

reseinble hands in the palms, and is having The mawafacture of cigárs affords em- tleman's account:ployment to a great number of native

fingers rather than toes, But kave heels rewomen, and exhibits to the stranger an in- he is two feet seven inches.

Frợrh his heel to the crowh of his head, sembling the human. The great toes are

very short, are set on at right angles to the teresting example of local customs. It is carried on in a spreisus gallery of a square brownish red colour, and covers his back, out nails

The hair of the Orang-Oütatig is of a feet close to the heel, and are entirely withform. Upwards of two thousand females arms, legs, and outside of his hands and uf all ages are seated at low tables, at feet.' on the back it is in some places six incapable of walking in a perfectly erect


Orang-Outang of Borneo is utterly which they make cigars by rolling the inches long, and on his arms five. It is posture. He betrays this iš this whole exte leaves of the tobacco plant on each other

. I thinly scattered over the back of his hands fior conformation, and never wilfatty atThe most scrupulous precaution is taken and feet, and is very short. It is directed tempts to counteract its tendency. to prevent their smuggling it in any downwards on the back, upper' arin and form. Superintendants walk round the legs, and upwards on the fore-art. It is from Batavia, was allowed to be entirely


The Orang-Outang, on his arrival in Java table and collect the cigars as they are directed from behind forwards on the head, liberty till within

a day or two of being put inade, and examine the persons of the and inwards on the inside of the thighs. on board the Cæsar to be conveyed to Engworkers at the close of their labours. Thirty The face has no hair except on its sides, land; and, whilst at large, made no at women, for the most part elderly, and somewhat in the manner of whiskers, and thought particularly trust-worthy, seat

a very this beard. The middle of the tempt to escape; but became violent when lar tanding-place, without the entrance to in England, but has since become hairy: island. themselves, excepting one, round a circu- breast and belly was naked on his arrival put into a large railed bamboo, cage for the the gallery. One only stands at the door The shoulders, ethows, and knees, ħave of the gallery with a rattan in her hand, fewer bairs than other parts of the arts and

On board ship an attempt being made to and allows thirty girls to enter, counting legs. The palms of the hands and fećt are ple, he instantly unfastened it, and ran off

secure him by a chain tied to a strong stathem off as they come in. When the thirty quite naked have passed, they go up to their respective examiners, and having freed their long skin, when naked or seen through the hair, coiled it once or twice, and threw

it over The prevailing colour of the animal's with the chain dragging behind; but hud

ing himself embarrassed by its length, he black hair, hold it in their hands at arm's is a bluish gray. The eyelids and margin his shoulder. This feat he often repeated, length; and then shake their handker- of the mouth are of a light copper colour, and when he found that it would not rechiefs, and loosen the other parts of their The inside of his hands and feet are of a main ón his shoulder, he took it into his dress, and suffer the examiners to pass deep copper cotour. Two copper-coloured their hands over their bodies, to ascertain if

mouth. any tobacco be concealed close to their per side of the body as low as the navel. stripes páss from the armpits down each

After several abortive attempts to secure sons. In this manner suecessive parties are

The head viewed in front, is pear-shaped, wander freely about the ship, and soon be

him more effectually, he was allowed to searched, till all the girls have undergone expanding from the chin upwards, the cra- came familiar with the sailors, and surpassthe examination. The examiners then rise, nium being much the larger end. The eyes ed thein in agility. They often chased him ånd in the same way examine each other. The government monopolizes the sale of dark brown colour. The eyelids are fringed opportunities of displaying his adroitness

are close together, of an ovál forin, and about the rigging, and gave him frequent tobaceo.

with lashes, and the lower ones are saccuThe execution of eriminals in this lar and wrinkled. The nose is confluent he would endeavour to outstrip his pursueri

in managing an escape. On first starting part of the world is peculiar and with the face, except at the nostrils, which by mere speed, but when much pressed, frightful :

are but little elevated : their openings are elude them by seizing a loose rope, and A frame-work, furnished with a number narrow and oblique. The mouth is very singing out of their reach. At other times of iron collars, at the height of the neck of projecting, and of a roundīsha mammiktarý he would patiently wait on the shrouds or a man of ordinary stature, when sitting, is form. Its opening is large, hut when

at the mast-head till his pursuers almost placed in the most public square in the closed is marked by little more than a nar

touched him, and then suddenly lower himsuburbs,

having in its front a number of row seam. The lips are very narrow, and self to the deck by any rope that was near stools of variable elevation, like the musie scarcely perceptible when the mouth is him, or bound along the main-stay from stools of this country, to raise or depress The ehin projects less than the

the other, swinging by his the culprit. When the unfortunate

wreteh mouth: below it, a péndulous membrane hands, and moving them one over the other. is brought to the requisite height, the eol- gives the appearance of a double chin, and The men would

often shake the ropes by lar, always much too sinali, is put round swells out when

the animal is angrý or which he clung with so much vžolence as to his neck, and by a screw behind is tightened twelve teeth, namely, fou incisive teeth, that the power of his muscles could not

be with sudden violence. usually takes place in the morning soon the two middle ones of the upper jaw being easily overcome. When in a playful hus after sun-rise, but the bodies are not re- twice the width of the lateral; two thnine, moved till sun-set. and six double teeth. The ears are small, length of his pursuer; and having struck

mour, he would often swing within arm's As we have still a long and entertain their lower margins in the same lind with him with his hand, throw himself from

him. ing extract to make from this volume, the external angles of the eyes.

Whilst in Java, he lodged in a large ta we shall now finish our remarks with The chest is wide compared with the marind-tree near my divelling; and formed stating, that in its instructive Appendix pelvis: the belly is very protuberant. The a bed by intertwining the small branches it contains many papers of considerable arms are long in proportion to the height and covering them with leaves. During interest, meteorological tables, Chinese of the animal

, their span measuring full the day, he would lie with his head proedicts, and descriptions of a new genus are short coinpared with the arms.

four feet seven inches and a half. The legs jecting beyond his nest, watching wlroever and two new species of plants. The plates

might pass under, and when he saw any one are ably executed by Mr. Fielding from

The hands are long compared with their with fruit, would descend to obtain a share well-chosen subjects, and one of the width, and with the human hand. The fin- of it. He always retired for the night at most prominent of them a Portrait of gers are small and tapering: the thumb is sun-set, or sooner if he had been well fed;

very short, scarcely reaching the first joint and rose with the sun, and visited those the very rare ORANG-OUTANG, or Wild- of the fore-finger. All the fingers lave very from whom he habitually received food. man, from Borneo, brought to this perfect nails, of a blackish colour and oval On board ship he commonly slept at the

one mast

mast-head, after wrapping himself in a sail. vouring to obtain it by direct means, he | him with his hands, and feet, and then In making his bed," he used the greatest altered his plan. Appearing to care little wound him with his teeth.' pains to remove every thing out of his way about it, he would remove to some dis Of some small monkeys on board, from that might render the surface on which he tance, and ascend the rigging very leisurely Java, he took little notice, whilst under the intended to lie uneven ; and having satis- for some time, and then by a sudden spring observation of the persons of the ship. fied himself with this part of his arrange- catch the rope which held it. If defeated Once indeed he openly attempted to throw ment, spread out the sail, and lying down again by my suddenly jerking the rope, he a small cage, containing three of them, upon it on his back, drew it over his body: would at first seem quite in despair, relin- overboard; because, probably, he had seen Sometimes I preoccupied his bed, and teased quish his effort, and rush about the rigging, them receive food, of which he could obhim by refusing to give it up. On these screaming violently. But he would always tain no part. But although he held so little occasions he would endeavour to pull the return, and again seizing the rope, disre- intercourse with them when under our insail from under me or to force me from it, gard the jerk, and allow it to run through spection, I had reason to suspect that he and would not rest till I had resigned it his hand till within reach of the orange ; was less indifferent to their society when If it was large enough for both, he would but if again foiled, would come to my side, free from our observation ; and was one quietly lie by my side. If all the sails hap- and taking me by the arm, confine it, whilst day summoned to the top-gallant yard of pened to be set, he would hunt about for some he hauled the orange up.

the mizen-mast, to overlook him playing other covering, and either steal one of the sailor's jackets or shirts that happened to and antics of other monkeys, nor possesses back, partially covered with the sail, he for

This animal neither practises the grimace with a young male monkey: Lying on his be drying, or empty a hammock of its their perpetual proneness to mischief. Gra- some time contemplated, with great gravity; blankets. Off the Cape of Good Hope he vity approaching to melancholy, and mild- the gambols of the monkey which bounded suffered much from a low temperature, es-. pecially early in the morning, when he his countenance, and seem to be the cha- tail, and tried to envelope him in his co

ness, were sometimes strongly expressed in over him; but at length caught him by the would descend from the mast, shuddering racteristics of his disposition. When he vering. The monkey seemed to dislike the with cold, and running up to any one of first came amongst strangers, he would sit confinement, and broke from, him but his friends, climb into their

arms, and for hours with his hand upon his head, again renewed its gainbols, and although clasping

them closely, derive warmth from looking pensively at all around him ; or frequently caught, always escaped. their persons, screaming violently at any when much incommoded by their examina- intercourse however did not seem to be attempt to remove him.

tion, would hide himself beneath any co- that of equals, for the Orang-Outang never His food in Java was chiefly fruit, espe-vering that was at hand. His mildness was condesended to romp with the monkey as cially mangostans, of which' he was ex evinced by his forbearance under injuries, he did with the boys of the ship. Yet the cessively fond. He also sucked eggs with which were grievous before he was excited monkeys had evidently a great predilection voracity, and often employed himself in to revenge ; but he always avoided those for his company; for whenever they broke seeking them. On board ship his diet was who often teased him. He soon became loose, they took their way to his restingof no definite kind. He ate readily of all strongly attached to those who kindly used place, and were often seen lurking about it, kinds of meat, and especially raw meat; him.By their side he was fond of sitting; or creeping clandestinely towards him, was very fond of bread, but always pre- and, getting as close as possible to their There appeared to be no gradation in their ferred fruits when he could obtain them. persons, would take their hands between intimacy; as they appeared as confidently

His beverage in Java was water; on board his lips, and fly to them for protection. familiar with him when first observed as at ship, it was as diversified as his food. He From the boatswain of the Alceste, who the close of their acquaintance. preferred coffee and tea, but would readily shared his meals with him, and was his

But although so gentle when not exceedtake wine, and exemplified his attachment chief favourite, although he sometimes ingly irritated, the Orang-Outang could be to spirits by stealing the Captain's brandy- purloined the grog and the biscuit of his excited to violent rage, which he expressed bottle: since his arrival in London, he has benefactor, he learned to eat with a spoon; by opening his mouth, showing his teeth,

eferred beer and milk to any thing else, and might be often seen sitting at his ca- seizing and biting those who were near but drinks wine and other liquors. bin-door enjoying his coffee, quite unem- him. Sometimes indeed he seemed to be

In his attempts to obtain food, he af- barrassed by those who observed him, and almost driven to desperation; and on two forded us many opportunities of judging of with a grotesque and sober air that seemed or three occasions committed an act, which, his sagacity and disposition. He was al- a burlesque on human nature.

in a rational being, would have been called ways very impatient to seize it when held

Next to the boatswain, I was perhaps his the threatening of suicide. If repeatedly out to him, and became passionate when it most intimate acquaintance. He would refused an orange when he attemped to was not soon given up; and would chase a always follow me to the mast-head, whi- take it, he would shriek violently and swing person all over the ship to obtain it. I selther I often went for the sake of reading furiously about the ropes ; then return and dom came on deck without sweetmeats or apart from the noise of the ship; and hav- endeavour to obtain it ; if again refused, fruit in my pocket, and could never escape ing satisfied himself that my pockets con- he would roll for some time like an angry his vigilant eye. Sometimes I endeavoured tained no eatables, would lie down by my child upon the deck, uttering the most to evade him by ascending to the mast-head, side, and pulling a topsail entirely over piercing screams ; and then suddenly startbut was always overtaken or intercepted in him, peep from it occasionally

to watch my ing up, rush furiously over the side of the my progress. When he came up with me on inovements.

ship, and disappear. On first witnessing the shrouds, he would secure himself by one His favourite amusement in Java was in this act, we thought that he had thrown foot to the rattling, and confine my legs swinging from the branches of trees, in himself into the sea ; but on a search being with the other, and on: of his hands, whilst passing from one tree to another, and in made, found him concealed under the he rifled my pockets. If he found it impos- climbing over the roofs of houses ; on board, chains. sible to overtake me, he would climb to a in hanging by his arms from the ropes, and I have seen him exhibit violent alarm on considerable height on the loose rigging, in romping with the boys of the ship. He two occasions only, when he appeared to and then drop. suddenly upon me. Or if, would entice them into play by striking seek for safety in gaining as high an elevaperceiving his intention, I attempted to de-them with his hand as they passed, and tion as possible. Un seeing eight large turscend, he would slide down a rope and bounding from them, but allowing them to tle brought on board, whilst the Cæsar was meet me at the bottom of the shrouds. overtake him and engage in a mock scuffle, off the Island of Ascension, he climbed Sometimes I fastened an orange to the end in which he used his hands, feet, and with all possible speed to a higher part of of a rope, and lowered it to the deck mouth. If any conjecture could be formed the ship than he had ever before reached ; from the mast-head; and as soon as he at- from these frolics of his mode of attacking and looking down upon them, projected his tempted to seize it, drew it rapidly up. an adversary, it would appear to be his first long lips into the form of a hog's snout, After being several times foiled in endea-object to throw him down, then to secure uttering at the same time a sound which

Inicht be described as between the croak. for life, four four 21 years, there for 20, finances, and various kinds of contributions ang of a frog and the grunting of a pig 34 for 14 years and upwarde, 34 for ten levied on the subjects fith. The feudal After some time he ventured to descend. reats and upwards. 106 for seven years and law, that is to say, the laws relative to the but with grrat caution, peeping continually upwards, and all the rest for from three to mars, of muhitary appenages, or fefs : at the turtle, but could not be induced to six years. Treanos, murder, and arson in 7th. All that relates to the ceremonial, the approach within many vards of them. He an inhabited dwelling house, were the only requette. rank, and costume of persons ran to the same height and uttered the capital crimes ; bue death has since been holding dignitas. same sounds on sering some men bathing awarded for setting fire to the state prison, The second volume commences with a and splashing in the sea ; and since his ar and for a convict escaping after a first, and general view of the administralwn of the twal ja England, has shown nearly the returning after a orcond sentence of banish. Onttoman Empire, which is followed by same degree of fear at the sight of a livement in consequence thereof

se en sertions, treating. 1st, of the Sultan tortoise.

and of his court : 21. of the Grand Vitu; Sach were the actions of this animal, as

3-1. of the Sublime Porte, that is to say, of far as they fell under my notice during our

ANALYSIS OF THE JOURNAL DES SAVANS, the three ministers subordinate to the vorage from Jara ; and they seem to in


Cirand Vixir, and of the under secretaries clude most of those which have been re


of state : 4th, of the Dotterdar, or minister lated of the Orang-Outang by other ob- M. l'on llammer on the Constitution and of the finances and his depariment; 3th, servers.

Administration of the Ottoman Empire. of the mhtan force by land and sca: 6th,

Notwithstanding the numerous works in of the corps of l lemas, or clergy, and the

different languages on the administration of Judaial order ; pth, of the Divan, or The Stranger's Guide to the City of New the Ottoman Empire, it may be conndently council of wate: York, &c. By Edmund M Blunt, of athrmed that there is none in what this

This slight abeth of Mron Hammer's New York. London 1818. 19mo. subject is full trrated, or when he deserves werk will sufhep in recommend it to the Pp 301.

entire conhdence IAM. Muradgrad Ohsson attentwn of all persons who are dessous of Of a work of this description one can say - Picture of the Ottoman Empire, it is had been so fortunate as to complete hus solid instruction

As it is wholly impossible for tun, without Little more than that it is a us ful book for probable we should have had no reason to far exceeding our limits, to follow the author persons about to visit New York, and complain of want of authentor and ample in the vast career who ha be goes through, ths! i 18 ahly put together, and full of ne information on the subject; but the great we can merely refer to some parts of the

essary information. The present is, how plan laid down by that author not having work white are the most interesting la evet, 80 anple an account of a city not been completed, it was to br wished that at the first volume we notice the 4th gretion, me ba knows to Europeans, that it pos Oriental scholar, who to the study of the which treats of the night of war among the Sort beards the attractuons of travels, in written mentiments added the advantage of Musselmes, and the oth, relative to the seard of toring a mere dry guide to public having resided several years at Constanti timars, or military appanagra paint It is curious too to have such a nople, would take upon himself to supply

War is conentered among the Marselmans prrturtion from the English press. what we still wanted in this respect - as a religious duty; its sole oljert srems

The population of this maritine capital von Hammer has undertaken this difficult to the the propagation of the detetare of ls. of the nited States is mentioned at task.

lamism; and treating of this part of their 10.6.3. There are four daily morning M von Hammer's work is naturall public law, the diabeenetan di tors seem and three day evening uewspapers: and divided into two parts, the Constitut won of not to have beeseen that there could even tre f**e, and five once a week. There the Ottoman Empire, and its Administra us at the same time, two new teens, 2a theatre, a creus, and a l'auxhall: the lion it is composed of two volumes, the both legitimare, si usselmans, and orthodes, kurder will contain an audience of 2.500 first contains e ty thing relative to the who might have to settle diferences persons of places of publie worship. the constitut wonal laws of the Empire; the force of arms. The Mahometan who makes mamies amounts to b), besides thines serond treats in succession, of all the parts war is alwass coastered as having to a mtwo other religious establiebmenus The of the administration. The following are bat inhdels, whether heaters, Jews, ne *as vous sects we seventeen, and the idea of the principal divus mons of these two volumes Christians; or busselmans,esthet appears, an established or national religon is not The author, after giving an account in or rebels against tbe legitimate anthonty. contenaneed of public charitable in this preface of the metres which induced The law of war among the Musselmans is tatwas, froendly and B ble societies, trading him to undertake thu work, points out love on barbarous as we might otpeve travem companies, &c. &c. there are a fair pro conmely the various sources from which the relegatus fanatievota of Mahomet and partman, but it is not for us to partuu. he has drawn. Besides the Turkiska bo bu immediate surssons. Before the in

torians, manusetipt as well as printed, and Alrls are attacked, the minute opsied to The Guide is written in rather the course the collections of the ordinances emanating embra eller om, the surpanee of the sivle of the democrats press than in the from the Ottoman Emperors, there is a proporal drearms the SunnelmanIf the doar of the more liberal party. It is tho- multitude of works written in Latin, Freneta, lingirle por fine to emme llamaen, they

ughly Antr-Ingiish, and Itna-Amer an Italian, English and German, pulvlished ! muset le mond to submit te para capita We do prst quarted with men for loking their during the course of three centuries, by twn; and if they are pt the ninetrtea, the own country test, but only desire that the travellers, historians, or dopleren stie charac. ' law impoan it on the 1.2e ormane e dyty should do justice to others, 11, indeed, ters: the very great number at vanety of to desamt fruen burs lors, as the sa her le were to introduce sur le feeling the writers who com M. von Hammer ha eno obtain pour aid the presentation of their bato production of the graus of that be sulted, cannot fail to exrite a very strong property, and are up a night in the poor forr as

prepares in favour of his work ferta of the Mosselmans. The Manel 11 we may julie by the mistakra in de

The trut rolume is composed of an in. man mas kill bus prant, but be topKrag the Prtare trailery of dir. Pall. trution, or general vrw of the sourere bolden to est. late hain Wenen, ebberoa, I do art of painting has yet but very slight of the Mussulinau legislatwn, and that of men who are deformed, m.t, and low 3*. pressson on Ameruan minds, at leasi if the Turks in partacular: and of seven books naine, are twie to be part to the sword; cathe mile of artuus are not better known in sections, vis 1st. The Imperial Consties pie lots are to be farthfalls mortred, thaa then names. Demens hunn ns called toa of the Emperor Mahomet II d. The land of the Proxe ders not reality them, and Deno. Palamede Palamadta, and Ordinance for the government of lepe down the *t of the General who has (Beius Jansscan (orn Jansan.

promulgated by Sohinan !, The crus i al granted thron, bor ut fut prorred t:!l be The pers. of New York contained, three and produce laws of Suliman 4th. The has a to the wabebebe ha determin. gran ago, 44 prisoners, of wboa iš were muitary law of the Musselmans. Bea, Thelton, and the resampion of hostulatud. It

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