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when he stood for and carried the knot only did he frame petitions and ad- of yeai's were carried into effect. This Regius Professorship, neither a Bachelor dresses ; not only did he deliver speeches is ludicrous enough in P. P. Clerk of nor Doctor of Divinity, which he says, in the House and stir in elections, but the Parish, "and as I said, lo! so diel “ puzzled me for a moment: I had even his diocesan charges and episcopal they;" but in such a man as the Bishop only seven days to transact the business functions were tinged with party poli- of Landaff it is literally astonishing. in; but by hard travelling, and sometics, and man, peer, and bishop, were
We could not, credit it upon any auadroitness, I accomplished my pur- alike whig—whig. Had we not most thority but his own; the authority of pose, obtained the king's mandate for distinctly stated our sentiments in rc- the most unlimited egotism that was a doctor's degree, and was created a viewing a tory-serinon, that of Mr. ever linked to sterling and exalted doctor on the day previous to that ap- Bates at St. Paul's (Literary Gazette, powers of mind. pointed for the examination of the can- page 310) we should refrain on this This overweening foible breaks out didates."
occasion from declaring how much we on every instance. The late Mir. CumThough Dr. Watson's diligence soon disapprove of mingling politics with berland wrote a pamphlet in answer to made him an accomplished chemist, it religion; the wrangling of men with the a publication of Dr. Watson's (Letter is a no less remarkable trait of Cam- worship of God. In this respect the to the Archbishop of Canterbury), of bridge characteristics to elect a man to spiritual merged in the temporal with which he says :instruct others in a science of which he Dr. W. and he paints himself rather as But he knew nothingof the subject, and himself was utterly ignorant; of the the sturdy citizen, obstinate and dispu- misrepresented my design. He laid himself divinity appointment we say nothing, tatious for his rights, than as the meek so open in every page of his performance, as our author seems only to regret that churchman, not neglectful of his pri- that, could I have condescended to answer
him, I should have made him sick of writing he was not a good prosodian, and we vileges as a Briton, but holding even
pamphlets for the rest of his life.” take it for granted he had no other de- these secondary to his liolier offices as ficiencies, to render him ineligible for a Christian teacher, whose views ex.
This was in 1782 ; but in proof how that important station.
tended beyond this sphere, and all its sore Cumberland's diespised pamphlets His constitution" (we have said petty passions, and whose paramount noticed with signal dispieasure, and
made him, we have them frequently it was ardent) being, as he informs us, duty to luis brethren it was to page 44, “ill fitted for celibacy,"
even in 1806 they are not forgotten. “ Allure to brighter worlds, and lead the way." Dr. W. thought it better to marry than
In a letter to Nir. Hayley of 14th Junc,
in the latter year, he says, burn, and on the 21st of December Dr. Horsley called Dr. Hoadley 1773 espoused, at Lancaster, Miss republican bishop :" a great reproach;
“You have cut up Cumberland wiih Wilson, the elitest daughter of Edward for unless a bishop meildled more with shill, without dirtying yourself by the nasty Wilson, Esq. of Dallum Tower, West- such things than became his situation, I have no curiosity to know, as I am certain
operation. What he may have said of me, moreland, and the day after set out to he would not be liable even to a false that I shall never be at the trouble of either take possession of a sinecure rectory imputation of this kind. Dr. Watson correcting his misapprehensions, or refut ing in North Wales, procured for him by disclaims being a republican, but his malignity. I am aware that many years the Duke of Grafton, which he after- loudly asserts his being it reformer, a ago, he wrote two pamphlets against me, or wards exchanged for at prebend in the loser of the revolution, i Liberal, and railier against any political principles; for church of Ely. In July, 1982, he a hearty whis.
I had no personal acquaintance with linn,
and therefore could not hare offended him. was, through the Duke of Ruthind's The late Mr. Luther, 11. P. for Essex, On reading one of these two productions, I interest, promoted to the bishoprie of having in 1761 quarrelled with and sat down to answer it; but I soon found Landaff by Lord Shelburne, who at that separated from his wife, Dr. Watson that I was heating myself with cudgelling a period succeeded to the administration, hastened to Paris after his friend, and dwarf, and, disdaining such a miserable ocvacant by the death of Lord Roching. succeeded in bringing about il recon- cipation, I threw my weapons into the fire, han. This was the top of his prefer- ciliation. This was afterwards remem
and left him to sleep in pcacc:"ment, and as richer bisbopricks passed bered in Vr. Luther's llill, by which This is a sinister compliment to Mr. away from his ambition, and were given the bishop wits enriched to the amount | Ilayley, who is cominended as a dexte. to other, younger, and pralia!ıly less of 20,0001. In disgust with the un l'ous coinbitat in cutting up his equal learned competitors, he soured and be availing pursuit of higher dignities, the dwarf. But Dir. Watson is never came discontented; blamed Ivy turns upon this sum, and be limited revenues prone to put any person's dients in the King, the Qucen, Mr. l'itt, Lord of Landafl, Dr. W. applied himself to competition with his own. All those Grenville, or whoever was minister at agriculture, and was very succe;sful in who argue against hiu are mere flimsy the time, for overlooking his transcen- the cultivation of trees, and other ex. Lilliputians, and he is the very Gulliver dent merit, and bestowing their fa periments on a considerable scale, boy of politics and literature. Paley is tolervours on more pliant divines, and which he added handsomely to his in- abiy clever, but his ethics and politics more subservient partizans, whom they come. He again and again protests only so-so ; Mr. Pilt a man of a little pretend to choose for their orthodoxy that he has relinquishieil politics; but and revengeful mind,” (page 238); and agreement in principles.
still on every occasion we find bin Lori Eldon (who neglected to answer Fretted, but not subdued, Dr. Watson volunteering advice to the ministers, one of the Bishop's letters) of very took an active part in the politics of and either piqued at the little attention limited capacity; Dr. Cornwallis, Archthe day; too active, as we think, for a sometimes paid to his suggestions, or bishop of Canterbury, (guilty of the dignitary of the church. Not only did taking to himself great praise for hav- samne fault) wife-ridden, and of no he write anonymously in the journals, ing originated in this way micasures of abilities; and, in short, every being, and utter pamphlets from the press; much consequence, which in the course who either opposed, or slighted, or dif
fered from the infallible Bishop of Lan- | Narrative of my Captivity in Japan, fifty
of these sorely oppressed people, daff, were ignorant, or venal, or weak.
during the years 1811, 1812, and It is to be confessed, however, that he
1813; with Observations on the Country
short hairs, and whom their Japanese is not invariably consistent in these opinions. It was immediately after
and the People. By Captain Golow- conquerors use like the beasts, which, NIN, R.N. 2 vols. 8vo. &c. &c.
in this covering, they resemble. From the Bishoprick of Durham was dis
this island they sailed to the eastern posed of, contrary to his application to Of Japan so little is truly known, that coast of Ooroop, and encountering Mr. Pitt, that the latter is spoken of in nothing can be published respecting contrary winds for some time, on the illiberal manner we have quoted: that Empire which is not interesting the 4th of July they reached the elsewhere (page 429) the Bishop says, This work is eminently so; for to the Straits between Matsmai and Kimas“I always had a regard for him," and abundant notices it contains of Japan-chier, into the harbour of the latter “I knew that his talents and disinterese laws, manners, and customs, it of which they entered on the following estedness merited my esteem, and that joins the most affecting narrative of the morning. It would extend this sketch of erery impartial man!!!
adventures and sufferings of the author far beyond the limits we prescribe for Similar inconsistency appears on and his companions in captivity, than it, were we to enter into a detail of all many of the subjects which are broach- which romance of real life, no story the transactions which ensued between ed in these anecdotes. Neither on the ever coined by the brain, can lay a Captain Golownin and the Japanese. Catholic question, on the Irish Union, more irresistible hold on the attention Suffice it to say, that he, with two on the French Revolution, nor on and feelings of the reader. The East officers, (Mr. Moor, a midshipman, other important topics, is there that ern colouring of the scenery, and cha- and Mr. Chlebnikoff, a pilot,) four uniformity of sentiment which we ex- racteristics of the actors greatly en- sailors, and a Russian Kurile named pected from so able a reasoner. But the hance the novelty and charm of this Alexei, in all eight persons, were enticed truth is, that with all Dr. W.'s boasts eventful history; and the air of fiction on shore to a conference, surrounded of sturdy independence, it is clear that which belongs to the extraordinary by armed men, seized, tied with ropes, his passions operated strongly at differ- circumstances of which it is composed and marched prisoners up the country. ent periods, as he hoped for, or was is advantageously contrasted with its The senior officer on board the Diana, disappointed in promotion, in affecting truth, carrying conviction with every Lieut. Ricord, could do nothing to rehis views of men and things. Though particular, and with the simplicity of a lieve his companions, thus treacherhe tells us, indecorously enough, relation at once extraordinary and un- ously entrapped, and returned to Okotzk “ I had not the usual prudence, shall I call questionable.
to devise with the Russian governor it, or selfish caution, of my profession, at It appears that the Emperor of the means for their deliverance. Meanany time of life. Ortus a quercu non a Russia attempted to open a commercial while, bound in the eruelest manner, salice, I knew not how to lend my prin intercourse with Japan, in 1803, through with cords round their breasts and necks, ciples to the circumstances of the times.”
the negotiation of the Chamberlain their elbows almost constrained to We do not observe that he missed Resanoff, which ended in a prohibition touch, and their hands firmly manacled many opportunities of urging his claim from that jealous government, fórbid- together, from all which fastenings a to vacant Sces, Durham, Carlisle, Ches-ding all Russian vessels to approach the string, held by a Japanese keeper, proter, Bangor, or Canterbury; and in a coasts of Japan. Resanoff afterwards ceeded, who could in an instant tighten man whose ' profession' was the gospel sailed to America in one of the Ameri- the nooses to helplessness or stranguministry, we hold the above inuendo to be as illiberal as it is unjust.
can Company's ships, commanded by lation, these unfortunate men
The Lieut. Chwostoff, and died soon after marched for fifty days, till they reached present Bench of Bishops, niany of his return to Okotzk. This Chwostoff a prison at a city called Chakodale. whom have risen over Dr. Watson and seems to have been a bad subject: he Thence, after being confined some time, provoked his spleen, affords as eminent sailed again, and without provocation they were transported to Matsmai, examples of worth, learning, and piety, attacked and plundered several Japan- where they were literally imprisoned in as ever graced the annals of the Pro- ese villages on the coasts of the Kurile large cages. Here they underwent testant Church, and such
à sneer Islands, thus widening the misunder- daily and protracted examinations of only recoils with discredit on the head standing which already existed between the strangest nature ; but their treatof its author.
the countries. Of this breach Captain ment became gradually ameliorated : We cannot see without pain the Golownin was the unfortunate victim. their food was better, they were re, name of a person so respectable in Having received orders to visit the moved under a guard to a house, and other points, connected not only with southern Kurile Islands, some of which were frequently allowed to walk for such imputations as this, but with vul
are in the possession of the Japanese, exercise and hcalth. Despairing of gar insinuations respecting our revered he sailed in the Diana sloop, and on being restored to their country, on the Monarch, his exemplary Queen, and the 17th of June, 1811, arrived off the 20th of April an attempt at escape was much that is venerable both in indi- northern extremity of Eetoorpoo,
where made by all but Moor and Alexei
. viduals and Institutions. It is reported some cominunication took place with The fugitives underwent incredible that the editor (the Rev. Richard Wat- the inhabitants, who induced the Rus- hardships, and after ten days wandering son) has blotted a great deal: does sians to sail for Oorbeetsh, under the were retaken, and carried back to their he not now wish that he had blotted hope of obtaining water and provisions. cages. They received, however, no more, and not have afforded so much At Eetoorpoo they saw a toian, or chief, further ill-treatment: and the conduct matter for prurient faction to quote of that singular aboriginal race of these of the government of Japan is painted, and revel in ?
islands, the Hairy Kuriles, and about in all the prior and subsequent pro(To be continued.)
ceedings, as a very curious mixture of other, and kept his feet as wide apart as A number of their domestic habits severity and kindness; always equable, though a stream of water had been running are described by Captain Golownin, and always suspicious, aiming at the betwixt them.”
from whose notes we copy the andiscovery of the motives of Russia,
The next visit on shore was the fatalnexed : through investigations the most pa- one of the 11th of July:
“ The Japanese beds consist, according tient, persevering, and cunning; im “ We proceeded to the castle. On to the circumstances of the owners, of large moveable in adhering to established entering the gate, I was astonished at the silken or cotton quilts; these quilts are forms and laws; but withal doing number of men I saw assembled there. Of lined with thick wadding, which is taken every thing, consistent with the se soldiers alone, I observed from three to out previous to their being washed. The curity of their prisoners, to render four hundred, armed with muskets, bows Japanese fold thin coverlets double, and their loss of liberty as consoling as
and arrows, and spears, sitting in a circle, spread them on the floor, which, even in
in an open space to the right : on the left the humblest cottages, is covered with possible. Some of these matters will a countless multitude of Kuriles surrounded beautiful soft straw inats. On retiring to be further explained in our extracts : a tent of striped cotton cloth, erected about rest, they wrap themselves in large nightand we hasien to wind up the narrative, thirty paces from the gate.
dresses, with short full sleeves; these are by stating, that at the end of two years
soon introduced into the likewise either of cotton or silk, and are and two months, the negotiations be- tent, on a seat opposite to the entrance of thickly wadded. Instead of pillows, they tween Siberia and Japan, conducted by He wore a rich silk dress, with a complete various forms. The common people place
which the governor had placed himself. make use of pieces of wood, carved in the friendly zeal of Lieut. Ricord, were
suit of armour, and had two sabres under under their heads a piece of round wood, brought to a successful issue, the affair his girdle. A long cord of white silk passed hollow at one end, and from custom, sleep of Chwostoff was satisfactorily account- over his shoulder; at one end of this cordas soundly on this as on the softest pillow. ed for, and Captain Golownin and his was a tassel of the same material, and at The higher, or richer class, make use of a comrades restored to their families and the other a steel baton, which he held in very neat box, about eleven inches high, to country.
his hand, and which was doubtless the the lid of which an oval cushion is affixed, The chief part of the facts related in symbol of his authority. His armour- from six to eight inches in length, and from
bearers, one holding a spear, another a two to three in breadth. The box contains these volumes, being detached from musket, and a third his helmet, sat behind articles which they make use of at the the thread of the main story, which him on the floor. The helmet resembled toilette, such as razors, scissors, pomatum, details the proceedings of the Japanese that of the second officer, with this differ- tooth-brushes, powder, &c.” authorities, and the behaviour of the ence, that instead of the moon, it bore the
They are a diminutive race of people, prisoners, it will not be easy to preserve image of the sun. This officer now sat on
and, with very few exceptions, the any very regular connexion in those the left of the governor (the left is the seat points which we select as best calcu- of honour among the Japanese), on a seat Russians, though only middle-sized lated to illustrate the peculiar habits bearers behind him. Four officers were They eat no meat, and their caution in
somewhat lower; he too had his armour- men, looked like giants among them. and situation of this country; but if sitting cross-legged on the floor on each side every business of life bespeals a degree the mass furnishes, as we think it will, of the tent; they wore black armour, and had of timidity which may be denominateil a lively picture of what is most worthy each two sabres. On our entrance, the cowardice. The whole population, and of observation, we trust the matter will governor and lieutenant-governor both rose be an apology for the manner. úp; we saluted them in our own manner, particularly the women, of whom we
hear very little, contemplated the priAmong the Japanese customs, it is and they returned the compliment.”
soners with pity and compassion. From one not the least singular, to cover all The entertainment consisted of tea, different individuals, and from their their fortification outside with cloth, as pipes and tobacco, rice, fish with a guards, they experienced many a secret if to dress the walls for war. White, green sauce, and other savoury dishes; kindness. Ten, comfits, fruits, sugar, black, and dark blue striped hangings, and concluded, as we have mentioned, and sagi, or saki, the wine of Japan, conceal entirely the nature of these de- with the seizure of the too unsuspicious were often privately administered to fences. Their guns are few, and in guests. At other places we find even their wants. bad condition; and their gunpowder the common soldiers clothed in rich of an inferior quality. The dress, &c. silks, and their chiefs soinetimes hold:
“The Japanese have tea of native growth,
both black and green : the former is, howof the officers and soldiers may be ing a sort of balance, as the symbol of
ever, very bad; it is like the Chinese tea gathered from the following:
authority. The captain of the guard only' in colour, but bears no resemblance “I had not long to wait for the governor on the prisoners, in approaching one to it in taste or smell. The Japanese con(of Kimaschier, the person who managed of these upon the march, knelt down, stantly drink it both warm and cold, withtheir seizure): he soon appeared, com- and continued long in conversation, out sugar, as the Russians do kivass: as pletely armed, and accompanied by two with his head inclined towards the for the green tea, they drink it seldom, and soldiers, one of whom carried his long earth.
as a luxury. They previously roast or heat spear, and the other his cap, or helmet,
it at the fire, in paper canisters, until the which was adorned with a figure of the “Old men are usually appointed to the vapour issuing from it has a very strong
In other respects it somewhat re- rank which corresponds with that of a ser- smell; it is then thrown into a copper teasembled the crowns which are occasionally eant or corporal. They are styled kumino- kettle, containing boiling water, and thus worn at nuptial-ceremonies in Russia. It kagshra, or rice commissaries, because their acquires a particular flavour, of which the is scarcely possible to conceive any thing business chiefly consists in receiving rice Japanese are very fond, though it proved more ludicrous than the manner in which from the magazines, and dealing it out most disagreeable to us: they have no loaf the governor walked: his eyes were cast among the soldiers; for in Japan, a por- sugar. Muscovado of the best sort is down and fixed upon the earth, his hands tion of the soldier's pay is given in rice. In brought them by the Dutch; * it is sold in pressed close against his sides; he besides Matsmai, and on the Kurile islands, they proceeded at so slow a pace, that he receive a small sum of money along with * They call the Dutch “ Orando," and the scarcely extended one foot beyond the the rice.
Cape of Good Hope “ Kabo."
ANALYSIS OF THE JOURNAL DES SAVANS FOR
little baskets, and very dear. They have such occasions. On one of their visits trust that, added to our general intelli brown sugar of their own, but it is very to the bunyo, or governor of the city of gence from other sources, in Germany, dirty, dark-coloured, and by no means Matsmai, their escort also left their France, Italy, and the northern counsweet. They seldom drink tea; but prefer eating it by itself. They swords and daggers at the door of the tries of Europe, we shall thus be enusually take a spoonful in one hand, inner court. The bunyo on entering abled to supply our readers with as and eat it like little children. When we was preceded by a person
ample accounts of contemporary foreign offered our guards any of the sugar which “ In an ordinary dress, who came for- literature as their curiosity or taste had been offered to us in presents, they ward, kneeled down, placed the palms of require. always refused it with awkward reverences; his hands on the floor, and bowed his head. but no sooner did we fall asleep, than they The bunyo was in a common black dress, ate it all up by stealth.
NOVEMBER, 1817. on the sleeves of which, as is the custom “The Japanese, instead of pocket- with all the Japanese, his armorial bearings Art. I. Lord Holland's Lives and Writings handkerchiefs, make use of pieces of paper. were embroidered; he had a dagger at his
of Lopez de Vega, and Guillende Castro, The richer class make use of a very fine girdle, and his sabre was carried by one of
reviewed by M. Raynouard. kind of paper; the poor, on the contrary, his suite ; he held the weapon near the
(First Extract.) use very coarse." [Our prisoners wrote on extremity with the handle upward; but a Lopez de Vega enjoyed during his life the pocket-handkerchiefs which were given cloth was wrapped round the part which he such a great and extensive reputation, that them.]
grasped, to prevent his naked ,hand from he cannot be compared in this respect with “ The Japanese neither make use of coming in contact with it.
any modern author. Yet notwithstanding spoons nor forks, but eat their victuals with
“ Playing at cards and draughts are very the enthusiastic admiration felt for him two slender reeds. Food of a fluid nature common amusements among the Japanese. and his works by the Spaniards, they have they sip out of the dish, as we do tea. They are fond of playing for money, and not handed down to us those details which
• The fruits, such as apples, common will stake their last piece upon a game. are so precious in the eyes of succeeding pears, and bergamots, were not yet per- They were taught to play at cards by the generations ; who, while enjoying the fectly ripe (in August we believe); but Dutch sailors, who were allowed free inter- works of a great author, are eager to be they suited the taste of the Japanese, who course with the inhabitants, and in Nanga- informed respecting his private life and are extremely fond of acids. In the yard sak were permitted to visit taverns, and character. Perhaps the enthusiasm of his of our house (at Tatsmai) there was a peach women of a certain character; who in contemporaries led them to imagine that it tree loaded with fruit, but they plucked all Japan carry on their trade of prostitution was neither necessary nor possible to add the peaches before they were ripe, and ate under the protection of the laws. The to the esteem of the public by such details. them, occasionally giving us some. We cards were at first known to the Japanese The greater part of his works has never could eat them only when they were baked; by their European names, and there were been printed, and what has been printed but the Japanese devoured them with a fifty-two in a pack. Owing, however, to has never been united in a complete colvoracious appetite, either raw or baked. the pecuniary losses, and fatal disputes to lection. It was not till 1776 that the
“ The Japanese have no looking-glasses. which card-playing gave rise, that amuse- Spaniards proposed to publish by subscripTheir metal mirrors are, however, so ex ment was strictly prohibited in Japan. In tion a collection of the select works of quisitely polished, that they are scarcely order to evade the law, the Japanese in- Lopez in 2l volumes in 4to. and these do inferior to the finest glass.
vented a pack of forty-eight cards, which not contain his theatrical works. The “Wood is the only article used for build- are much smaller than ours, and which are editor had promised a biographical memoir, ing in Japan. The Japanese, however, generally used. Their game at draughts is and an historical and critical catalogue of declare that they can build with stone as extremely complicated and difficult. They the author's productions, but it seems that well as other nations; but they are prevented make use of a very large draughtboard and he has not redeemed his pledge. from so doing on account of the violent 400 men, which they move about in many A part of this debt of the Spanish nation earthquakes.
different directions, and which are liable to has been paid by Lord Holland, in the first One of these happened while the be taken in various ways.”
part of the present work. The success of Russians were at Matsmai.
The Russian sailors taught them the the first edition, published some years ago, Their interiors are generally splendid, European game, which speedily be has induced the author in this new edition, the large rooms being divided by screens came general.
to insert a similar essay on the Life and
Writings of Guillen de Castro. But as the of paper, or wood richly gilded, carved, We must here close our remarks for first part has been so long before the and adorned with landscapes, &c. like the present, reserving for our next British public, and M. Raynouard reserves the boxes and cabinets which are im- number the extracts which develope his remarks on the second part for another ported into Europe. The floors of the the state of learning, the division of article, we shall be very brief. We cannot great are covered with finely wrought time, the punishments, the commerce, but observe with pleasure the justice which tapestry,
and the opinions of this retired and the French critic does to the noble author. “ The Japanese burn a fire on the hearth singular people.
He seems to think that Lord Holland has from morning till evening, both in winter
in two or three places not quite done justice and summer: men and women sit round
to Lopez. Though his Lordship calls the the fire and smoke tobacco. The kettles
FOREIGN LITERATURE. “ Jerusalem Conquistada,” the weakest of are never off the fire, as tea is their common
Lopez's works, and that which has been the
No publication is so well calculated least successful ; yet, says M. R. this imbeverage for quenching thirst ; if they have to afford an accurate view of the high- portant poem, which has gone through no tea, they drink warm water, but never taste cold; even their sagi they like better est branches of Foreign Literature, as several editions, merited perhaps more dewarm than cold.
the Journal des Savans, and we now tails from the judicious writer, who em“They neither wear boots nor shoes, proceed to execute a purpose we an- ploys his talents to determine the title of but make, with, plaited straw or grass, a nounced some time ago, of laying he Lopez to the esteem of posterity. kind of sandals."
M. R. examines the extract given by fore the British public a careful analysis Lord H. of the tragedy of Estrella de These are taken off on entering the and notice of its contents. This plan Sevilla. But his lordship ought to have apartments of the higher ranks; as we shall continue from time to time, particularly noticed the genius which the were also the boots of the prisoners on as the subject matter requires, and we poet has shewn in the scene between Sancho
and Tabera, where the former, having been | graphy, the Platonic philosophy and the cuted this great enterprise, it is lamentable insidiously led by the king to engage to sects derived from it, and ecclesiastical an to think that a plan so well conceived, and assassinate the latter, the brother of his tiquities and history, were the chief objects so admirably commenced, was never carried mistress Estrella, provokes Tabera to a of his meditations and researches. As a skil into effect. It has since been partly exeduel, by contemptuously refusing the hand ful Hellenist, an elegant and pure Latinist, cuted by Hudson, but on a more limited of his sister, in order that in obeying the a profound theologian, and à connoisseur plan, and with inferior and less various king's order, he may act like a brave man, versed in the knowledge of the monuments | knowledge than was shewn by the original and not a cowardly assassin.
of the arts, he might have acquired, in so projector. In our own times, a learned This work, which fills up a chasm in the many various ways, a brilliant reputation. | German, Mr. Bredow, resuming the labours literary history of Spain, (thus M. R. con- Yet the number of his publications does of Holstenius, whose letter he published, cludes) is distinguished by an ingenious not answer to the prodigious extent of his undertook to supply the dehciencies, and sagacity, a pure taste, opinions judiciously knowledge, nor does even the quality of correct the errors which Hudson left in his supported, and a concise and animated his works seem equal to the idea of the collection. But death interrupted Mr. narration. Lord Holland has done very merit ascribed to their author. Except his Bredow's researches, and it is doubtful well what he intended to do; but the sub- Commentary on Stephen of Byzantium, whether the fruits of his labours can be ject which he has treated is capable of and his notes on Culvier's Italy, we have given to the public. great developement; and I think that hardly any performance of his but de Similar sentiments of esteemn and regret either he himself, or a writer of his abilities, tached pieces; which, though we always are excited by several other parts of the would compose a work more useful, and recognize in them the profound learning of correspondence with Peiresc. The Platonic fully as interesting, by executing the task the author, cannot be considered as any philosophy appears to have been a princiwhich the Spanish editor had imposed upon thing more than the relaxations of his la- pal and favourite object of his researches. himself, that of giving a catalogue raisonné borious pen.
The 37th letter, addressed to Peirese, conof all the works of Lopez de Vega, which This want of proportion between the great tains much curious inļormation on this have come down to us. The analysis of the variety of knowledge possessed by Holste- subject, and concludes with an Index of different compositions, classified and exa- nins, and the small number of his works, Platonic Philosophers, copied, illustrated, mined in a systematic order,--the quotation which seems still more striking in a life and corrected with his own hand, of which of the finest passages,—the indication of the always employed in literary labours, and he proposed to give an ample and accurate principal imitations, distinct judgments, extended to a considerable length, (he died edition. In other letters, and particularly with the grounds of them, in every branch in 1661, aged 65,) is a problem which the in the 108th, (to Peirese) he gives an acof the merit of this celebrated writer, perusal of his letters will partly solve. We count of another work on which he was would be at once a most useful collection see him in the whole correspondence ge- engaged, and for which his situation furfor the literati of all countries, and a real nerally directing his studies to the three nished him with the most ample materials, monument to the glory of the Spanish principal subjects above mentioned, but namely, a body of Ecclesiastical Annals, author.
froquently digressing to innumberless other infinitely more exact and complete than Art. II. The Olympian Jupiter, &c. By objects unconnected with them: hurried, any that had yet been published, and en
M. Quatremere de Quincy. by the vivacity of his imagination, from one tirely composed of original authors. It is It being our intention to give a particular work scarcely sketched out, to another of evident from other letters, that his zeal in account of this splendid and important the almost infinite variety of his knowledge, more ardent as he procured new informa
a different kind; and forced, in short, by prosecuting tnis work continued to grow work, we pass it over here, and proceed to
and by the inexhaustible plasticity of his tion. The loss of so many materials, colArt. III. L. Holstenii Epistola ad diversos, character, to apply at the same time to dif- lected with such labour, is one of the most quas ex editis et ineditis codicibus colle- ferent researches to satisfy his own curiosity severe which literature sustained by his git atque illustravit Jo. Fr. Boissonade, and that of his correspondents. What must death. &c. Paris 1817, 8vo.
have especially caused a great loss of time, We should willingly dwell longer on this Though Holstenius was one of the most was the looking for and collating MSS. both interesting collection, but we have said active and laborious of the literati of the for himself and to assist the labours of his enough to shew the importance of it ; and 17th century, he is the one who has left friends ; for which he spared neither time, as an additional induceinent to our learned the fewest monuments of his erudition and labour, nor expense. It may be observed, readers, who cannot be supposed to be unindustry. Being settled at Rome, amidst that this noble generosity of Holstenius, sa- acquainted with the labours of Holstenius, the literary treasures accumulated in that crificing every thing in the search for truth, we add, that though many of these letters capital of the world; honoured with the and neglecting the care of his own reputa- have appeared before, viz. those to the protection and friendship of Cardinal Bar- tion to promote the fame of his friends, celebrated Italian antiquarian Doni, (written herini, one of the greatest personages of was the peculiar characteristic of the men chiefly in Italian,) those to Nicolas Heinsius, that court and age; entrusted first by this of letters of that day; and that it is to their to Lambecius the author's nephew, to cardinal with the care of his library, and in pure and disinterested zeal for the increase Meursius, and to P. Sirmond, yet the most the pontificate of Innocent X. placed at the of knowledge, that we perhaps owe the important part, that which bears the name head of the Vatican Library; connected by most useful improvements which have been of Peirese, is entirely new: Holstenius, the ties of friendship with all the learned made up to our time.
honoured with the friendship, and loaded men in Europe, and particularly with the We cannot but regret that so many use-" with the farours of that enlightened patron erudite and respectalile Peirese; Holste- ful enterprises, begun and prosecuted by of learning, seems to take pleasure in enternius possessed ercry advantage necessary him with so much application and ability, ing into the most familiar and minute deto acquire a great reputation in his life- are now lost to letters, and to the honour tails respecting his character, his labours, time, and to transmit his name with honour of his memory. In reading in the 10th and his projects of every kind. He freto posterity by his writing. In fact we see letter, addressed to Peirese, the sketch of quently takes occasion to illustrate facts him engaged at once in numerous works, a plan for the Collection of the Greek Geo- relative to the literary, political, and ecclewhich by the different turn of mind they graphers, the detail of the authors who siastical history of those times. require in those who apply to them, seem were to form a part of it, an account of the “ I cannot conclude this article," says to exclude each other, or at least difficult notes and illustrations of every kind which M. Raoul Rochette, “without paying a just to be reconciled together. Almost the he proposed to add to it, we admire the tribute of acknowledgment to the vast eruwhole field of sacred and profane history profound erudition of the author'; and dition and sound judgment displayed by was open to him.
But three principal when we see in the following letters to the Mr. Boissonade in his notes to the letters studies, namely, ancient and modern geo- sąmc Peirese, with what ardour he prose- of Holstenius. Nothing that could tend to