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velling workmen with a harmmer, little , of whom are Mahometans. It is placed on

A Letter to the Duke of Wellington on the anvil, and bellows resembling the a bank of scorching sand, and little culti

arrest of M. Marinet. By Lord Kin. bag of a bagpipe. These also are the vation is to be seen. On the Isle of Sor, to the East, cotton and indigo grow naturally,

naird. arniourers.

and together with mangoes and mimosas, This pamphlet has excited so much But their chief commerce, which is very the magnificent baobab, or adansoia, the extensive, is in salt, which they carry to elephant of the vegetable kingdom, is found. public interest, that we consider a short Tombuctoo, and to Sego, large and very | This tree often serves the negroes for a

notice of it expedient, though we are populous cities, situated in the interior of dwelling, the construction of which costs not in love with politics. The facts of Africa. Sego (adds our author) is built on no further trouble than cutting an opening the case to which it relates are simply both sides of the river Niger, and Tom- in the side to serve as a door, and taking these :-M. Marinet, a person who had buctoo not far from its banks, the former out the very soft pith which fills the inside escaped from a former condemnation about 500, and the latter about 600 leagues of the trunk. The tree, far from being ineast of the island of Goree. The Marabous jured by this operation, seems even to and was residing in the Low Countries,

to death by a prevotal court in France, (priests) who are almost all traders, fre- derive more vigour from the fire which is quently extend their journeys into Upper lighted in it for the purpose of drying communicated to Lord Kinnaird, that Egypt.

the sap by carbonizing it. In this state a plot was in agitation against the life We should have been glad if this in- it almost always happens that the bark, of the Duke of Wellington, respecting formation had been somewhat more

instead of forming a ridge at the edge which he could make such discoveries

of the wound, as happens with some as would defeat the infernal purpose. precise, and the sources whence it was

trees in Europe, continues to grow, and Upon this his Lordship entered into a derived, particularly stated. at length covers the whole inside of the

the illustrious King Zaide was of a lofty stature, had tree, generally without any wrinkles, and correspondence with an open countenance, and three large teeth thus presents the astonishing spectacle of Duke and the French Police, the result in the upper jaw, on the left side, which an immense tree recompleted in its orga- of which was an offer to treat with projected at least two lines over the under nization, but having the form of an enor- the Informer,” which being shewn to lip, which the Moors consider as a great mous hollow cylinder, or rather of a vast his Lordship by the British Secretary of beauty. He was armed with a large sabre, arborescent wall bent into a circular form, Legation, he deemed it a sufficient guaa poniard, and a pair of pistols ; his soldiers and having its sides sufficiently wide as under rantee for the security of Marinet's perhad zagayes, or lances, and little sabres in to let you enter into the space which it enthe Turkish fashion. The king has always closes. If casting our eyes on the immense son, and thereupon proceeded with him

After being a few days at at his side his faithful negro, ivho wears a dome of verdure which forms the summit to Paris. necklace of red pearls (beads, we suppose) of this rural palace, we see a swarm of Paris, Marinet was arrested as a parand is called Billai. Zaide received the two birds adorned with the richest colours, ticeps criminis ; and against this alleged whites kindly :

He ordered Mr. Sporting on its foliage, such as rollers with breach of safe-conduct Lord Kinnaird Kummer to relate to him the events of the a sky-blue plumage, senegallis of a crimson reclaims. last French revolution; he was already ac- colour, soui-mangas shining with gold and quainted with those of the first. azure; if advancing under the vault, we

Viewing the question, as we think find flowers of dazzling whiteness hanging his Lordship must have done, we con: His majesty pretended to administer on every side; and if in the center of this sider his argument as well founded. the laws with the utmost justice and retreat, an old man and his family, a young The passage of the letter shewn to him impartiality; as a proof of which he mother and her children, meet the eye:

was either an assurance of safety, or related an anecdote of two of his princes what a crowd of delicious ideas is aroused at

nothing; and as it is impossible that fighting a duel (legal in Africa) in this moments into The leares, when dried; Marinet could be considered from the which his personal friend was thrown which the natives season almost all their beginning in any other light than as an down and stabbed to death in his pre- food. They employ the roots medicinally accomplice, no posterior discovery of sence, without his interfering. The inwardly, and its gummy bark for disorders this fact could justify a forfeiture of the whites were soon conducted safely to in the breast, -they make cataplasms of the implied indemnity. It might be rash St. Louis, and we have rather too much parenchyma of the trunk for cutaneous and precipitate to trust to so vague an of the personal complaints of theauthors, diseases,—they use the pulp of its fruit as who accuse the French officers, the an astringent beverage, -they regale them- expression, but still it was trusted to, English governor, and their own go-calyx of its fowers instead of tobacco, where he was, out of danger, at Brus

selves with its almonds,-they smoke the or the assassin wouid have remained vernment at home, with the greatest and often by dividing into two parts the glo- sels, and not have thrown himself into acrimony, paying only a grateful tri- bulous capsules, and leaving the long woody the lions' den at Paris. But here our bute to poor Major Peddie, and Mr. stalk fixed to one of the halves, which be- sanction ends. What, as a sound piece Campbell, who succoured these unfor come dry and hard, they make a large spoon of reasoning, raises our opinion of the 'tunate nien previous to setting out on or ladle.

logician, displays the noble author in a their own fatal expedition.

Thus does one astonishing tree serve most unfavourable light as a man. We Towards the close of the volume for residence, food, drink, medicine, have often lamented the effects of facthere is a brief but good account of the household utensil, and luxuries of tion in perverting the best minds and obsettlement at Senegal, with a portion several kinds. But we have copied scuring the brighest intellects. We care of which we conclude our remarks on enough to shew, that besides the ap- not to which side the balance turns, this unequal, ill-translated, sometimes palling narrative of the wreck of the but equally deplore those party passions tiresome, always thoroughly Frenchi- Medusa, and of the conduct of the whether ultra-royal or ultra-liberal, fied, but yet, from its matter, very in- human serpents which issued from her, which, as all strong party passions do, teresting work.

readers will find much to gratify them destroy the perception of truth, and an• The population of St. Louis, situated on in the perusal of the other portions, nihilate the purer feelings of humanity. an island formed by the river Senegal, especially in the Notes, of this publica- Had not Lord Kinnaird laboured under 'amounts to about 10,000 souls, the majority |tion.

this miserable delusion, what would he

have done? Let any man ask his own knighthood; and many inquiries into | licensing persons to teach in the Cathedrals• bosom, what he would do if an out- the ancient customs of sepulture, an

From this public license these persons were lawed convict approached him to make cient architecture, and the foundation called Licentiates; and soon after the de

gree of Master or Doctor was framed, in him the confidant of a projected mur- of ancient cities. der? Would he

conferring which a wand or Bacillus was treat with him,

On the first of these various topics, delivered, whence the name Baccalaureus, make terms with him, endeavour contained in the first chapter, we now Bachelor, afterwards made a distinct title. to procure pardon for him, protect proceed to give a short analysis :

As this is a publication of a most him, and travel with him? Or, would Before the dissolution of monasteries in discursive sort, we leap from the origin be seize the ruffian by the throat, England, 27 Abbots, sometimes 29, and of degrees to the origin of writing :and hold him, gasping, till he could de- 2 Priors, almost all Benedictines, held Ba

The most ancient manner of writing was liver him over, on his own confession, ronies and seats in Parliament. We have to justice, or to a mitigated sentence of now 24 bishops and 2 Archbishops, Eng- a kind of engraving, whereby the letters the pains of law as the reward for ain

lish; 3 Bishops and 1 Archbishop, Irish- were formed in tablets of lead, wood, wax,

so that, in regard to number, the ecclesias- or like materials. This was done by styles ple and unreserved disclosures? We tical peerage is pretty much in statu quo. made of iron, brass, or bone. The Papyrus will not aggravare the error of the con. In the older parliaments, the Abbots were

was first used in Egypt--afterwards parch. trary course, by il welling on the glory those of St.Albans, Glastonbury, St. Austin's ment, made of the fine skins of beasts, was and value of the individual whose life Canterbury, Westminster (the richest of invented at Pergamum; and lastly, paper was threatened in the present instance; all,) Winchester, St. Edmund's Bury, Ely, manufactured from linen cloth. Books were on the circumstance of bis being a Abingdon, Reading, Thorney in Cam- anciently writ only on one side, and done countryman, the pride and saviour of bridgshire, Waltham, St. Peter's Glouces up in rolls ; but this being found very cum

ter, Winchelcomb also in Gloucestershire, berous and inconvenient, they were next his country; on the degradation of the Tewksbury, Ramsey Huntingdonshire, written on square leaves and on both sides, informer, whose rery office in this event, Bardney Lincolnshire, Crowland, St. Ben- S. Cassian was a christian schoolmaster, and if we are to apply the rule of detestation nets in Hum Norfolk, (the last Abbacy in taught children to read and write at Imola, alike to all informers, was another stain England, being transferred to the Bishop- 27 miles from Ravenna. During one of the upon his cri:nimal and alreadiy infa- rick of Norwich by Henry VIII.) Peterbo- persecutions, probably of Decius or Valemous character. Unfortunately for rough, Battle in Sussex, Malmesbury, rian, he refused to sacrifice to the gods, and Lord Kinnaird, his understanding was bury, "Évesham, Cirencester, Tavistock, who were forced to stab him to death with

Whitby, Selby, St. Mary's York, Shrews- sutfered martyrdom from his own scholars, so blinded, that instead of the direct and Hide in Winchester. These were the their iron styles. and manly line, he forgot himself so mitred Abbeys : the Priors were those of We have our Bell and Lancasterian far as to hold communion, parley and Coventry, and of the Knights of St.John of Systems as an improvement on the mode bargain, with the murderer; and when Jerusalem. in this devious path he beconies, as was

The revenues of the Clergy were laid at different from what was practised from

of tuition, but that mode itself is very to be expected, entangled amid the la- | dom in the 27th of Henry VIII. ; but more

one fourth part of the revenues of the king: the earliest times to the thirteenth or byrinth of his own error and his asso- impartial writers calculate the amount at fourteenth century. The master then ciate's guilt, he raises his voice in accu- less, -varying from one fifth to one tenth. delivered his explanation like a hasation of the errors and guilt of others. All the Cathedral Priories in England, ex- rangue ; and the pupils retrined as We have already said, that we think cept Carlisle, were of the Benedictine or

much as they could, taking down notes his argument not easily to be refuted; der. In Scotland there were 84 Monaste

to help their memory. Teaching was and if this be so, how much more does ries, Cloisters, and Nunneries. his situation enforce the important les It is worthy of remark, at a period when carried on by lectures; and at the era son to mankind, That there is only one

a subscription is on foot, and a parliamen- we are speaking of the studies requisite tary sanction given to the building of new

to qualify a person for lecturing occuroad to respect, tranquillity and happi. Churches, that there are now only 10, 192 pied fourteen or fifteen years, so that ness-the plain and open road of noble churches, 1,551 chapels, forming 10,421 the youngest teacher was generally candour, firm integrity, and immove. benefices to a population of 9,940,339 ; about 35 years old. -Among the misable truth!

whereas before the reformation there were cellaneous matters through which we 45,009 churches, and 55,000 chapels ! Has

are thus w.connectedly conducting our religion fallen off more than ten per cent? An Inquiry into some of the most curious

readers, we find this notice of a subject

Passing for the present over the seand interesting subjects of History, An-cond chapter, which treats of the Ca

which has recently attracted the public: tiquity, and Science, &c. &c. By Tho-lendar; and the third, which offers a

Purgations by single comhat of the accumas Moir, Member of the College of brief history of Oxford and Cambridge Burgundians, introduced in England by

sers and accused were instituied by the Justice, Edinburgh. 12mo. pp. 974.

Universities; we select the materiel of the William the Conqueror, and continued This book has one great merit : it is the fourth, on the Institution of Academical later than Henry III. though always conleast of a book-making concern that degrees.

demned by Rome. Gerdil Tr. des Comwe have seen for a long time, and contains a great deal of curious matter by Charlemagne about the year 800, and this

The General Study of Paris was founded

bats singulim.

Elsewhere we readwithin a small compass, and at a small Institution was patronized by his succes FEUDAL SYSTEM.--Feudatory laws were price. The principal subject on which it sors, especially Louis le Gros (the VI.) inso- unknown to the world till framed by the treats is—the state of Religious Houses much that about ann. 1200 it was called the Lombards in Italy, the first authors of in England before the Reformation ; | University, from the whole circle of sciences feudatory laws and principalities. Pepin there are also, a disquisition on the being there tanght. Ecolatres, or Scholar- and Charlemagne began to introduce soinenew style, the solar

ships, were, for the encouragement of learn- thing of them in Germany and France,

ing, added to the enfranchisement of stu- where they were atterwards exceedingly and lunar systems; an account of the dents from feudal vassalage; and academical multiplied in the reigns of weak princes, origin of the most renowned orders of degrees were introduced for the purpose of | and by various accidents,

Julian year,

The GAMUT IN MUSIC.-Guido, a monk are right;" but when the tranquillity of best literary productions of Germany. She of Arezzo, in Tuscany, in 1009, was the in- other countries was threatened by French expressed her astonishment at the present ventor of the Gamma ut, or gamut, and the adventurers, when new scenes of horror race of Gerinans, and called them the six notes, Ut, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, which were daily exhibited, and when the royal Comptrollers of Collected Knowledge syllables are taken from the three first family became the victims of popular She augmented an interesting Album verses of the hymn of St. John Baptist, frenzy, her opinion experienced that with the following lines: “ With pleasure Ut queant laxis, &c. Guido says, I hope change which those dreadful events were | 1 add, in our dear mother tongue, my name they who come after us will not forget to calculated to produce.

to so many worthy and celebrated names, pray for us, for we make a perfect master On the subject of the peace of Naples with the assurance of my eternal gratitude of singing in a year or two, whereas, till she observed : If the conditions be ho- and love for Germany." now, a person could scarce attain this nourable, and we cannot actively cooperate, In her libraries at Caserta, Naples, and science, even imperfectly, in ten years. we must conclude it. I am a Neapolitan Portici, the greater part of the books are

GIBRALTAR.—Roderic having dethroned and a Cosmopolitan.When her future in the German language, and at Caserta and pulled out the eyes of Vitiza, the Go- biography was spoken of, she said, “I shall she has a separate room built for them, thic king of Spain, and excluded his chil have every thing stated as it really occurred. with the inscription, “ My beloved native dren from the crown, usurped himself the There will perhaps appear some things country.” Speaking of her Gerinan books, throne in 711. Count Julian, the most worthy of praise, and others deserving of cen- she said, with her arcustomed vivacity, powerful nobleman in Spain, invited the sure. To the susceptibility and vivacity of “ I am like a miser, though I cannot enjoy Moors or Saracens from Africa into Spain, my character, many precipitate actions inay and study them all, yet I am delighted at to revenge an insult offered to his daughter be attributed, which have cost me mneh the thonght of possessing them.” by Roderic. Mousa, who was Governor of regret; but at all events they had their From taste, as well as love for her native those Saracens, sent first 12,000 men under origin in kind feelings and good intentions. country, she prizes the literature of Gera general named Tarif, who easily possessed Though I have lived upwards of thirty years many even before that of Italy: the Italians himself of Mount Calpe, and the town He- in Italy, I still possess a German heart.”. cannot take offence at this. She reads raclea, which these Moors from that time The Marchioness di Santo-Marco, her Filangieri's works; she likewise admires called Gibraltar, or Mount of Tarif, from friend, possesses an affecting drawing, which and cultivates the pictorial art, and whilst this General, and the Arabic word Gibel, a was sketched by the Queen herself when she was Arch-Duchess executed three mountain.

the melancholy recollections of mortality copper-plate engravings. She invited An. We shall now take our leave of the hovered around her with the spirits of her gelica Kauffman to her court, styled herself author, whose quaint style, belief in situations and actions, are collected round the princesses under her tuition. She

deceased children. Her offspring, in various ** her grateful pupil," and likewise placed demonology, hostility to promiscuous

a simple sepulchral monument, on which shews equal favour to Hackert and Tischdancing, and other peculiarities have are inscribed the following words: “ Maria bein, however much court parties may inentertained us much. Ilis publication | Carolina, Madre di una numerosa famiglia trigue against them. She rises early, is an odd medley; but our extracts qui giace. Pace Eterna." Lower down examines all the dispatches, and makes will demonstrate, that it is not one appear the words : Fuit la tua vera e spirited and pointed observations upon

them. When the King is in the country, which is destitute of amusing research sincera amica.

She made the following remarks con she dines at one o'clock with her family; at and valuable inforination,

cerning Gorani's accusations; since the ap- other times she dines at 12, as the King is pearance of which it has been fashionable fond of riding out in the afternoon After

to mistake the character of the Queen. dinner, whilst other persons of the court Buron Gerning's Travels in Austria and

“ What calumny! Such language could are wasting their time in sleep, she usually Italy.

only be dictated by a base heart! and it reads or draws. She devotes the evening We resunse our extracts from this deserves to be despised and forgotten. To to writing, and passes a short time before

ine it is a sufficient consolation that I supper in amusing herself with her children. interesting volume with the account of neither feel nor merit it. I have calmly She scarcely ever devotes more than five or

perused the farrago twice, and I am only six hours to sleep. Her health has been THE QUEEN OF NAPLES. Assuredly the Queen has a noble heart read and circulated in Germany, where I more by the severe shocks of fate, which

astonished that the book should have been much impaired by over-exertion, and still and a fine understanding. At the fifteen, in the bloom of life, she shed tears ought to be better known: yet I rejoice that within a few years has deprived her of her

soon after its appearance it was condemned brother and sister-in-law, as well as her of regret on quitting the frontiers of Germany'; and she wept for joy when in 1790 real character. I regularly receive all the

own brother and sister. by unprejudiced men acquainted with iny

She generally closes her letters with exshe again returned to her native country. new publications which appear, particularly pressions of acknowledgment. Like all ber Und Germania stolz weinet dir Königin

in Germany, concerning the present state sisters, she is generous, liberal, and full Tränen freudigen danks--weintest du ihr nicht of affairs. ' I likewise read the malignant of sensibility. She frequently distributes auch

satirical works against sovereigns, "&c.; money and bread among the people, and Wonne-zähren, als du ihre geliebtere

but they indeed afford comfort to my mind; regales the soldiers, particularly the GerGrenze wieder entzückt betratst ?

I live consoled by the inward conviction of mans, who look upon her as their mother. For thee, O Queen, proud Germany sheds tears having conducted myself as well as I was On the departure of the French ambassador, Of grateful gladness--And dost not thou able, and only wish for an impartial judg- Bombelles, she directed one of his children Shed tears of joy, as her loved strand thou see'st, ment after my death. Nothing of this to be brought to court, and allowed it to And on her soil again enraptured tread'at?

kind can now disturb me, but will rather play with a beautiful pocket-book with So the poet sung of her who is worthy serve to confirm me in my principles.” which it was pleased; she afterwards gare of his song. Possessing an enlarged and On the subject of Madame de la Roche's the child the pocket-book, which contained literal mind, she disregards all petty forms - Resignation,' she observed, “ I am asto an order for a pension to Bombelles' family. of courts and distinciions of ranks, and nislied at the exalted and enduring virtne Every one inay freely approach and conextends her favour only to those who dle of Eugenie, and those through whose me. verse with her, wearing swords, according serve it; for her noble heart and elevated diun she speaks. She who can represent to the old fashion. She addresses her atspirit teach her to take a great and compre- mankind in so persect a light inust indeeri tendants in a familiar style, and in a soft hensive view of every thing. She was at be a perfect being.".

tone of voice. Of her thirty-six Ladies of first persuaded of ihe necessity of the The Queen manifested great judgment Honour, only two are on duty every afterFrench revolution, and said, “I think they l and discrimination in her remarks on the noon through the week, and the rest only

on court-days. The Queen is present at i farewell work. Though only part of

More gilded scene, more studied grace, every council of state, and delivers her

May sinile on other coasts, in extensive plan-'a Metrical Suropinion in a decided and judicious manner.

And Art more po'ished feature trace, vey

of the British Isles,' which the au. Than si uple Erin boasts; Her memory and judgment excite universal thoress announces she has relinquished But Love adorns, Friends think her sweet, admiration. She writes with elegance,

And weeping Echo will repeat clearness and precision, for the most part the hope of realizing. It consists of

Farewell Erin. in Italian and French, though occasionally various poetical views of different parts in German; and she laments that the pre- and features of our native lanıi, and Love's fragrant incense still may rise sent systein of education has occasioned the bas several episodes descriptive of per

From every cottage thatch; study of her mo: her-tongue to be neglected. sonal adventure in love and war. These

An odour welcome to the skies, The Emperor Joseph jokingly said, “My

Though wealth disdain the latch; we are sorry to find too long for our Friendship will wake the trembling string, dear sister writes more than my whole cabinet.” She strongly resembles her in- bounds, and must therefore content when doom'd in other isles to sing

Farewell Erin. inortal mother, but surpasses her in taste ourselves with a passage of more uni. for philosophy and in religious toleration. Versal application, as a specimen; to * 'A vile phrase' for spirit.-Ed, The religious works which she and her which we shall ald two other extracts German court most esteem, are those by relative to Scotland and Ireland; which Mosheim, Jerusalem, Sturm, Spalding, together will aff»rd the public a fair op

Mémoires secrets sur Lucien Buona purte. Zollikoffer and Herder. Her present father

2 vols. 8vo. confessor is an intelligent capuchin. Rainer, portunity of for ning an opinion upon

(Continued.) her secretary, is a man of penetrating mind the merits of this production. The Queen is fond of conversing with men Lives that cold heing who never knew

Our notice of this work last week of learning, and investigating their opinions. How souls can thrill wben souls are true ? poroke off with the account of Licen She intended to invite Necker, to arrange Is there an eye contemptuous closes

Buonaparte's first starting the idea of the finances; but with many natural re

On young Love's blooming wreath of roses? sources, he would have had to encounter Is there a nerve that never felt

his brother divorcing the sterile Josemore difficulties here than in distracted When Love was life, when life was Love

When Truth has sighed and Honour knelt phine-ien vars before that measure France !

was carried into effect. His scheme A pure chaste lustre from above; An experienced and upright man, named Not that false phantom, drest like Joy,

for a second wife, formed when he was Lalo, superintends her private treasury, First to mislead and then destroy,

ambassador in Spain, is thus detailed. and annually distributes the sum of 60,000 To lure the senses, break the heart,

Lucien's election fell on Isabella, second ducats among the poor. None but meri- and bid lost Innocence depart

daughter of the king, sixteen years of age, trions individuals enjoy the confidence of Oh, no! Love dies in arms impure,

and now hereditary princess of the two Sithe Queen. Among them is particularly But lives in Virtue's breast secure.

cilies. Having communicated his design, distinguished the widow of Filangieri, an The moral is, we fear, better than and developed his plans to Napoleon, they accomplished woman, a native of Austria, the versification : but we journey on to were instantly approved of, and Lucien and the Duchess Giovane, at present in SCOTLAND.

himself formally empowered to open his Vienna, whom, after her separation from

high negotiation. The good king. Charles her husband, the Queen invited to reside Hail, Caledonia ! though bare bills be thine, at the Court. Some persons endeavoured Though round thy temples no soft myrtles twine, IV. was not long in ceding the rights of his

family, and all consideration of personal to persuade the Queen, that for the main-Though at thy feet spread no luxuriant vinetenance of the throne the strictest precau- Born 'mid the storin and nurtured in the snows. Yet through thy land the soul of Freedoin glows, dignity, to his blind admiration of that

great man. He thought it was for the tionary measures were necessary: Oh! in that land where Wallace nobly bled, best interests of Spain, to

renew the we are no tyrants,” said she. Though a

Where valour oft the heart's last drop has shed; close alliance of the two countries, which Queen, and 'the daughter of an Emperor, where the rough Highlands sheltered Learning's existed in the time of Louis XIV. and his she is alıvays dressed in a style of sim

ghost *

Grandson. The Queen, seduced or overplicity. She cannot endure to see her fe- From the last crush of an invading host;

come, also yielded ; and every thing was male friends and attendants painted. With Where Bards, half-veiled by mist, of freedom arranged, so that Napoleon, in preserving the King she lives in a state of domestic sung,

the title of Consul, should declare his confidence and happiness. Nothing atfords And clans re-echoed in the inountain tongue, Gave the full pibroch to the listening vale,

power hereditary. Matters were in this her so much pleasure as to spend an even

And warm'd the ardent spirit of the Gael ;ing with her children, when the business of

state, when Madame Buonaparte, from the day is at an end. In considering the

In her praise of Ireland the authoress ther by some indiscretion on the part of

whom it had been entirely concealed, whecharacter of this sovereign, we may justly is equally warın ; and it may be proper her husband, or the revelations of Fouché, exclaim

to remark, that Mrs. M'Mullan's is by discovered the whole affair. Her influence Was doch ist die geburt? Verdienst und Tugend no means a querulous muse; it rarely over Napoleon was well known; this she

allein ist Was den menschen mit macht über die menschen os never censures, but perfumes every derived from her sedulous attentions and

unvarying deference to his will. object with poetic incense erliebt.

Her Never did Erin greet with aspect cold

efforts were redoubled on the present occaWhat is high birth? 'Tis merit and virtue's A needy wanderer from the Muses' fold;

sion, when, in addition to tears and entreapraise, But in her huts displays the humble store

ties, she not only sent Hortensia to move Man above man in changeless rank to raise. That marks her spirit, though it speak her poor. the First Consul, but suggested a variety of

Convivial circles, round her peat-warm'd hearth, political fears as likely to arise from the in

To many a tale and many a song give birth, BRITAIN, or Fragments of Poeticul Aber

tended union, and finally carried the day. While strangers mingle in the wirthful lays, Instead therefore of the last signature, ration. By Mrs. M Mullan. Svo. And Feeling pours the tributary praise.

which was hourly expected at Madrid, the Though joys once hallow'd bloom no more,

ambassador received a positive order to Mrs. M'Mullan is a persevering poetess; Though faithless friends forget

break off the negotiation altogether. Foamalways patriotic and right-minded, ge. Though Fancy deem her blisses o'er,

ing with rage, Lucien had no sooner read nerally easy and pleasing, frequently

Though Hope's bright star were set

the dispatch, than, collecting all the correshalting, and sometimes inspiring to a My parting tear shall dew the day,

pondence relative to this important affair, My heartfelt sigh shall grateful say

he flew to the palace, and shutting himself high rank in her composition. This is

Farewel Erin ! up with the King and Queen, submitted the

« But

pp. 109.



whole of his conduct to them. Their Ca- | a distant country seat, there to cool the , also to induce Joseph to refuse the Vicetholic Majesties made no hesitation in dis- ardour of his agitated feelings.

royalty of Italy, which was in consetinguishing it from that of his brother, Lucien being replaced by Gouvion quence bestowed on Eugene Beauhardirecting all their anger and indignation St. Cyr, returned to Paris in the end nois, he was ordered to quit France, against Napoleon.

of isol, and in the March ensuing and went to Milan in April 1804. From In Spain, Lucien levied monstrous con was made a member of the Tribunat. Milan he journeyed to Rome, where he tributions for the private uses of himself | Here his political labours were again lived in great state, visiting only foand family. Portugal paid 30 millions conspicuous, and the Corcordat, and reign princes and persons of the highof francs, which found its way chiefly Legion of Honour, either originated est rank. Cardinal Fesch had previously into private chests. He also began to with him, were indebted to his tried to bring about a reconciliation, for form his fine gallery of pictures; and talent for their completion. Of the which Madame Letitia the mother was the capital works of Ribeira, Morillos, latter he was made Grand Officer, very earnest, Lucien being her favourite and other Spanish masters, were col- and one of the seven members of child; but as he would not repudiate lected with avidity. A prize taken into the Council of Administration, and in his wife at the cominand of Napoleon, Malaga also enabled him to plunder this quality took his seat in the Conser- the treaty fell to the ground. the stores of the British Ambassador vative Senate, which put an end to the When Joseph was raised to the coming froin Constantinople. He lived semblance of discussion and legislative throne of Naples, and Napoleon visited with outward republican simplicity, government in France.

Italy in the height of his power and but his luxury and prodigality were Lucien was a widower, and glory after the treaty of Tilsit, an interboundless, and he lavished immense very rich: his sister, Bacchioebi, pre- view was brought about at Mantua ; sums on his pleasures, as well as in cor-sided in his domestic establishment, and but Lucien, still firm to his purpose, rupting the nobles of the country. He the most scandalous insinuations are resisted all temptations to divorce his had a little court of his own, consisting thrown out respecting their intimacy. wife, and the end of an angry discusof Felix Desportes, his brother-in-law The lady, however, having taken a fancy sion was a proposal on the part of the Bacchiochi, Arnault the dramatic to M. Fontanes, adopted him as a lover, Emperor, to provide suitally for his writer, Sapey, Le Thiers the painter, and went to reside in the faux bourg | two nieces (the offspring of the first and others; the latter was indebted to St. Honoré. This amour was the foun- marriage)--the eldest being intended his patronage for the appointment of dation of M. Fontanes' fortune, as ano for the Prince of Asturias. The politiDirector of the Academy of Fine Arts ther amour was of the rise of the present cal catastrophe of Spain bowe: er preat Rome, and was the person consulted Princess of Canino. Lucien and his sister vented this match, and Ferdinand VII. in the formation of his gallery. The were great amateurs of private theatri was reserved for another destiny. It is following anecdote will shew the terms cals, and performed tragedies at Senlis, stated, and appears from future ciron which they lived :where the licentiousness of their asso

cumstances likely to be true, that LuThe Spanish ladies, less volatile than ciations and habits was unrestrained. cien was hostile to the measures taken those of France, but more impetuous in The Count de la B— and Lucien were against the Pope, and the spoliation of their amours, and warmly attached to their intimate ; the former had a mistress the Roman teri:ories. It was frelovers, of whom they were extremely jea- named Madame Joubertenu, whom. in quently expected that Tuscany, or Nalous, did not by any means relish the am one of their orgies, he exchanged for ples, or Sicily, would be converted into bassador's capricious wanderings. One of the mistress of his profligate friend. their husbands, who heard there was an in

a king som for him ; but others were trigue going on between Lucien and his Madame J. had a son to Lucien, or, as preferred in every change, and the wife, was so much out of humour, that he the Parisians asserted, to his hanger-on, breach became wider between him and shut the frail fair one up in a convent, and

one Châtillon; but be that as it may, he the despot, till at lengti, after a short sent a challenge to the lover, who being na determined to marry the mother, thus residence at Florence, le retired with turally brave took up the gauntlet, and ae- thwarting the views of Napoleon, who his family to Cani.:0), 25 leagues from cepted the defiance: but his friends having wished to ally him to the Queen of Rome and six trom Viterbo. persuaded him that it was beneath the dig- Etruria. The rage of the First Consul nity of one who represented so great a na

Canino formerly belonged to the Farnese tion to risk his life for such a trifle, M. le was unbounded when informed that

Family, and having afterwards fallen into Thiers proposed to replace his friend, and in spite of his endeavours to prevent it, the national domains of the apostolical accordingly, on the next day, this modern this marriage had been solemnized. chamber, as a dependency of the Duchy of knight-errant bravely proceeded to the The ci-devant Madame Jouberteau, not-Castro, Lucien bought it at a very reasonfield of battle, there to await the enraged withstanding her Asiatic beauty and able rate, about a year before his quitting the scene of action, when looking eagerly be a very mean and shabby personage: in its present uncultivated state, was very spouse. Scarcely had the latter arrived at grandeur of appearance, turned out to Rome. The Senator seemed desirous of

settling on this extensive tract, which, even around, he asked where was his adversary : “ Here I am!” replied Le Thiers, in a She is accused of rubbing Lucien's

productive. In addition to a great deal of haughty tone. - You,' said the Spaniard, daughters by his former wife, Lolotte pasture land, which insured a good reve• I don't know you, Sir! and a gentleman and Lili, of their diamonds, &c. in order nue, there was a large quantity of timber of my rank is not going tu dejase himself | to produce a portion for her own on the estate, all which advantages it was by entering the lists with a person of your daughter, Mademoiselle Anne Fran- the intention of Lucien to improve. This self, and be assured he shall be found.' other paltry actions. These proceedlings the same name, and containing a populacondition; I must see the amivassador him-cheschi, and of being guilty of many property gave the owner no right of jurisOn saying this he re-entered his carriage and drove back to Madrid, where he was about further incensed Napoleon ; and äs

tion of nearly twelve thousand souls, which to publish the outrage he had experienced, Lucien used his influence to support is generally increased during the winter when the Court, which saw this affair in a

Jerome in his short resistance to the be- months, by mountaineers who descend with much more philosophical light, sent him to hest of his more powerful brother, and their flocks to feed on the neighbouring

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