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MEMOIR OF THE LATE WAR IN INDIA.

Marhattas have the advantage of adding hold lands by a kind of military. tenure,

some peculiarities which render the dillicul contributing part of the spoils which they (Review of Major Thorn's work, concluded ties of acting successfully against them ex- procure to those who afford them protecfrom our last.)

tremely formidable. Their cavalry being tion. But, as the fabric of the Marhatta

innumerable, and habituated to the fa- dominion has been loosened by internal diHaving taken a general view of the con- tigues of an oppressive climate, must al visions, the Pindarrees have become more tents of this volume, we shall conclude our account with one of its most important ar

ways be superior in predatory excursions formidable and daring, increasing in numticles illustrative of the present aspect of the protection of the country. It is obvions, authority. They have for several years

to any infantry that may be employed for bers, and less disposed to acknowledge any affairs in Hindoostan, and pointing out be therefore, that so long as this great mili- been a great plague to the territories of the yond all question the necessity of vigorous tary republic, subsisting solely by plunder, Nizam, laying waste the fields, destroying. measures, not only for the security of our and making war a common trade, shall be the villages, and committing every kind of own territories, but those of the native powers suffered to remain in force, necessity will cruelty on the defenceless inhabitants. whom we are bound by every principle, either compel us to maintain an immense Since the last Marhatta war, their numbers moral and political, to protect. The state army, consisting principally of horse, or, by have been greatly augmented by disbanded of India is obviously now brought to a cri- abandoning the territories which we have soldiers, who, after serving Scindiah, Holsis, and upon the line of conduct which the acquired in the interior of India, lay open kar, and others, and being left destitute of British government shall adopt will depend our ancient possessions on the coast to the pay and employment, have been compelled the happiness of millions. If, unfortunately, danger of perpetual visitations. The die, to seek subsistence in robbery, as the only a trimming, temporizing course be pursued, in fact, appears to be cast; and no mode of life congenial to their habits, which our enemies will multiply by the defection alternative is left between an absolute sub- revolt at labour and a peaceful settlement. of those who are disposed to be our friends: jugation of the only great power left in With this access of strength, the Pindarrees but if, regardless of party clamour at | India, or a relinquishinent of the country, have acquired so much boldness, that for home, ministers shall put forth the ener

with the peaceable part of its inhabitants, to the last two or three years they have vengies that are at their disposal for the subjg. the desolating ravages of desperadoes, who tured to disturb the Company's possessions, gation of the disturbers of public tranquil

are equal strangers to good faith, modera- especially in the northern Circars, and the lity in India, the consequences in all moral tion, and industry. Out of this state of things districts south of the Kistnah, issuing in certainty will be the permanent establish

new evils are continually rising, and some bodies of three or four thousand each from ment of our power, and the consequent civi- of these have within these few years gained various quarters, and by thus acting on diflization of the East.

such an alarmning head, as proves decidedly ferent points they bafle all attempts made It has been lately observed, by a well-in-that without an extensive system of coer to check their progress, or to prevent their formed member of the House of Commons, cion throughout Hindoostan, this tine depredations. 'In consequence of their frethat the circumstances of India are little country must inevitably become a savage quent irruptions, it has been found necesunderstood in that assembly; and that a waste, to the eternal disgrace of that go sary to keep numerous detachments of our general apathy prevails on the subject, vernment which had it in its power to army constantly in the field, or at least throughout the nation. Indeed had it been change the whole face of India, and by the during the most unhealthy periods of the otherwise, the British history would not conjunction of arts and arms to have con year, but to little other purpose than that have been stained by the scandalous prose- verted it into a paradise.

of affording temporary protection to the incution of one of the best Governors India We need not here agitate the question habitants ; for no sooner are our forces ever possessed ; nor should we have subse- about the nature of our original tenure in withdrawn, than the robbers return. They quently witnessed the no less shameful the East; it is quite suffirient to maintain, begin to cross the Nerbuddah and Taptee abuse of another enlightened statesman, that the decline of our power there must be towards September, when the rains have whose exertions saved that country from the introduction of general anarchy. This ceased and these rivers are become fordthe grasp of Buonaparte. Even now, when being the case, it is an imperative duty able; then scattering in various directions, the means of information have increased, which the British legislature owes to the and moving with the greatest rapidity, they and a more familiar intercourse has been Company, the nation at large, and to the perpetrate incalculable injury in spite of opened with the East, the people of Eng- natives of India, to exert all its means for the regular troops, who, from the necessary land have very imperfect ideas of the diver- the eradication of those elements of mis slowness of their movements, are seldom sified character of the immense population chief which have so often devastated whole able to come up with them. Thus the mawhich is more or less under our authority provinces, and are becoming every day rauders hover about and pursue their predain that part of the world. It is generally inore perilous by our forbearance.

tory course for several months, until the imagined that the native soldiery, though There was a time when the Marhatta rains return, when they retrace their steps numerous and desperate, are insignificant union might have been annihilated, and the homewards to share their spoils and prepare when opposed to European troops, who consequent tranquillity of India secured. for fresh incursions. Contemptible as they have little trouble in dispersing such a rude That opportunity, afforded by the brilliant may seem in a military point of view, they and undisciplined rabble. The volume now successes narrated in the present Memoir, are far more pernicious to the country, presented to the world exhibits a very dif was suffered to pass away without improves and infinitely more difficult of suppression, ferent picture, and shews, in the plain ment, and the Marhattas, instead of being than a regular force, being a kind of invisistatement of facts, that the victories gained compelled to the adoption of a pacific ble and intangible enemy, better known by in India by the best of the King's forces course of life, were left to indulge their vi- the impression they leave than by their acunder the command of that noble veteran cious habits of idleness and robbery. tual presence. Fighting is neither their obLord Lake, and the present Duke of Wel Out of this disordered state, a descrip-ject nor inclination; nor indeed are they lington, were hardly earned. The battles tion of people has risen into notice, who properly qualified for it. Their single aim of Laswaree and Assye were of a descrip- have occasioned no small trouble to the is plunder; and their glory consists in ef. tion to rank with the most arduous con- British government. These are the Pindar- fecting an inroad by surprise, and making Alicts that have occurred in the recent wars rees, a numerous horde of Marhattas, who a secure retreat. But the immediate deof Europe; and it is well known that the have been free-booters from generation to struction that marks their route is far from illustrious hero of Waterloo has often been generation, more lawless if possible than being the greatest evil which results from heard to prize bis achievements in the Dec- their brethren, being continually engaged their visitation, for the people of the councan as his best lessons in the art of war. in plunder, without levying war or respect-tries which they overrun become dispirited, To the knowledge of European tactics, both ing the rights of peace. These desperadoes and, losing their confidence in our protecwith regard to the operations of the field, have even been countenanced by the Mar- tion, desert their farms and habitations ; and the defence of fortified places, the hatta states, from whom their chieftains I whence the defalcation of rents unavoidably

ensues, to the detriment of the revenue, anil of their antiquity. It therefore beboves | concerning bankrupts, it has been said, hy the ruin of individuals."

the supreme authorities in England and the so great a Judge as Lord Hardwicke, that Such is the alarming picture of things East, to preserve the public mind through- a paunbroker is within those statutes ; ' for which this author has ably sketched from out our Indian possessions in a state of that, though pawnbrokers are not expressly personal observation; and recent accounts perfect tranquillity, by discountenancing named, yet the general word brokers is the from India plainly prove that the delinea- all attempts to introduce innovations among genus, and all other kinds of brokerage tion is rather under than overcharged. the natives, and to convince the latter that [are] the species.'—This appears to me to

Among the methods suggested to cor- their faith is as secure froin the interposi- be a most unfortunate specimen of legal rect the inalady, one is to make the tion of zeal, as their persons and property logic; it is a palpable example of the Marhatta chiets answerable for all the dis- are from oppression."

fallacia accidentis: the conclusion is foundorders committed, either by their own sub In these sentiments we cheerfully accord, ed, not on the real and essential quality of jects, or hordes acting by their connivance, and while we indulge the hope that the the thing, but on an accidental circumstance to the injury of the peaceable inhabitants. clouds of superstition may be completely only it is therefore unwarranted. An Another, and that the only effectual means dispelled from that part of the globe which Act of Parliament had declared, that brokers of settling the country in a desirable state has been called the cradle of the human in- and factors might be bankrupts, and the of security, is to enlarge that portion of our tellect, we no less sincerely deprecate all question, whether a pawnbroker could be military system which consists of European fanatical attempts upon the faith of the adjudged a bankrupt under this provision, troops. Twice the number now employed Hindoos, Mohammedans, or other sects was to be decided, not by the accidental would be far from exceeding the limit of scattered over our Oriental territories.

and immaterial fact, that the six letters commoderation ; and of these a preponderating

posing the word broker were a constituent superiority of cavalry is obviously called

part of his nominal description, but by the for, to check the flying hordes of Marhatta Considerations on the Origin, Progress

consideration, whether his business, and horse. Here the author, whose long ex and present State of the English Bank. Now what are brokers and factors? Mere

the business of a broker, corresponded. perience entitles his advice to serious con

rupt Laws, with reference to their middle-men, intervening between buyers sideration, recommends a more liberal policy than at present subsists in regard to

eristing Defects : humbly submitted to and sellers : not- traders themselves, but the treatment of the officers in the King's

the Select Committee of the House of the instruments and medium of trading to service.

Commons, appointed to consider of the other persons; and therefore not liable to Copious as we have been in our account Bankrupt Laws. 8vo. pp. 319.

be bankrupt, except by special provision. of this volume, and in reflections arising

But pawnbrokers in nowise correspond with from its multifarious contents, we cannot The subject of this publication is highly this description: they are not agents, but resist the inclination of extracting remarks important to this commercial nation. principals, in their business, such as it is: which do infinite credit to the writer's libe- The operation of the Bankrupt Laws they do not intervene to negotiate the dealrality. “'When (says he) the various tribes of In- ledged defects of the present system are diately with the parties interested. In is now so extensive, and the acknow- ings of other contracting parties, but them

selves transact their own bargains immedia shall see that the effort of our con

so numerous, that every attempt to short, can any two descriptions of persons quests is neither exaction, proscription, nor persecution, but security of property,

amend this branch of our jurisprudence be more opposite ?-p. 17. gentleness to persons, and the fullest tole possesses very strong claims upon our ration of religious customs, their minds will attention.

GERMAN LITERATURE. become susceptible to the impressions of The author of the tract before us kindness, their habits will be inured to professes to investigate the whole course useful arts and occupations, which will abate of the proceedings in bankruptcy, with

Professor Böhmer at Göttingen has pubtheir thirst for war, and prepare their minds for the gradual reception of Chris-reference to the existing defects of this lished a very interesting and valuable work tianity. This is a consummation devoutly peculiar code of laws, in the order in under the title of Manual of the Litera

ture of Criminal Law.In this work we to be wished by every person who feels a

which they arise in practice, from the find the following proof of the superstition concern for the removal of evils, which, hy first opening of the commission to its and cruelty which prevailed in Hungary, impeding the progress of truth, render tinal close. He also suggests throughout with respect to Witches, in the first half of cointless multitudes of human beings the book such particular alterations as, in the last century: strangers to the means of moral improve his opinion, are calculated to suppress 26th of July 1728, it is said,

In a report from the Segedin, of the ment. But disposed as the enlightened

As several philanthropist is to cooperate in all judi- the present evils of this law, and to procious measures for the diffusion of know-mote its improvement. This investi. thrown into prison here, they have not

persons of both sexes have been lately ledge and the alleviation of suffering, he is gation involves, of necessity, so much only been very strictly examined, but also aware of the necessity of guiding his libe- minute and technical detail, that it is sentenced to be burned. But before rality with discretion, lest, by imprudent ma- impossible for us, within the requisite this sentence was executed on them, they nagement, he should aggravate those mise- limits of this notice, to specify its were first, according to the custom of this ries which he is forward to remove, and in various particulars. For these we must place, put to the proof; that is to say, they duee ills of greater magnitude than those refer our readers to the work itself ; in hands bound, and a long rope fastened which he has been prompted to correct.

In no part of the world is the virtue of doing which we would observe, that round their bodies; but, according to the PRUDENCE more necessary for the direc- the author's views appear to us

manner of witches, they foated on the tion of government than in India, where the be comprehensive and judicious, and water like a piece of dry wood. After this, people are naturally tender upon all points indicate a perfect knowledge of the they were immediately put to the second connected with their customs and religion. subject on which he has written. proof, namely, laid in the scales, to see how Though inoffensive in his manners, the

We extract the foilowing as a spe. ing to behold that a tall and robust woman

heavy each was, upon which it was astonishmost peaceful Hindoo would acquire a ferocity foreign to his disposition, were he to cimen of his style and mode of rensun

weighed no more than three drams, and entertain an idea that the British nation ing.

her husband, who was not of the smallest, formed hostile designs upon the tenets It having been enacted by the statute only five drams, and the rest on an average which he venerates as sacred, and the 5 Geo. 2. c. 31. 8. 29, that brokers and only half an ounce three drams, and even usages to which he is attached on account factors shall be liable to the statutes made less. On the 20th of this month the gen

WITCHES.

to

.

tence was executed on thirteen persons, culated to set off and heighten their charms; / wonderful in execution, not the sentiment, namely, six sorcerers and seven witches, but in the passion for the science, this con- is sought. who were all burned alive. Among them the sideration seldom regulates the choice of And now, Mr. Editor, not to swell these last year's justice of the town, a man other- men, and the Violin, commonly called the brief hints into an essay, and take up wise highly esteemed by every body, 82 fiddle, is doubtless beheld by the amateur too much of your valuable paper on so speyears old, adorned the funeral pile!!! It is as possessing, a form corresponding in culative a point as the choice of an instru.. not to be described how dreadful this spec- beauty to the delicacy and sweeiness of the ment of music answering to all those de. tacle was to behold; three wood piles were sounds he is accustomed to hear from it ; sirable points your Correspondent requires, erected a league from the town, with a but considered abstractedly, is in reality and wishing him success in his further in. great stake fixed in the middle of each ; one of the most uncouth, and, if I may be quiries, I am to this stake four malefactors were bound | allowed the expression, senseless forms

Your obedient Servant, with ropes upon each pile, and then a that can well be imagined: the attitude in

Medium. woman, who was not yet burned, was be the performer approaches to the caricatura, headed. thereupon all the piles yet such was the fascination which this

MODERN ITALY. were kindled, and set in full flames at once. inusical instrument produced in the minds ... There are eight more still in prison : of many of the Italian painters, that we see

To the Editor of the Literary Gazette. these have already been swam and weighed, it not only in the hands of an Apollo, but SIR, sustain the ordeal for witches," &c. of an Angel, when soothing the expiring Will you allow me to recal your no.

moments of a saint or a martyr; and I have tice to the Fourth Canto of Childe Harold's seen in a drawing of Orpheus and Eurydice, Pilgrimage, which now forms an important

designed in the style and gusto of Michael object in the attention of the literary world? ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE.

Angelo, a fiddle introduced instead of the The early impressions of classical educaclassical lyre.

tion, and the melancholy contemplation of CHOICE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS.

In the eye of Taste, the Fiddle stands the fallen fortunes of imperial Rome,

condemned; it may do very well in a comic render the subject peculiarly interesting ; MR. EDITOR,

picture, Dutch drolls, and subjects of that and perhaps no living poet was better quaA Correspondent, who signs himself ilass, but never in the higher walks of art. lified to display forcibly the sentiment it Waverley, in your last Saturday's Gazette, Then on the score of dissipation, it must be excites, than the noble author. It is much is desirous of knowing what Musical In- acknowledged this instrument is a great to be regretted that his Lordship should struinent may be best adapted, and niost mover of mirth, is more frequently found have allowed himself to prefix and subconvenient to be put into the hands of than any other in public houses and low join to such a work acrimonious reflections, young gentlemen to amuse their leisure company, and therefore not to be recom- subversive of the peace of society, and hours, and which will be least likely to mended on any account.

hostile to the interests and honour of his take too strong a hold, and lead to those The German Flute has something of grace country. It is, however, less a matter of dissipated habits into which the votaries of in it, but then it has the same objection as surprise that this shouid have been done music too often fall. And further, what the “ wry-neck'd fife," and makes a great respecting late events, when we find so instrument is least likely to offend the ear demand upon the lungs, and also attends much injustice done to the illustrious family in the early practice.

concerts and musical parties, to which your of the Medici, still su dear to their country, I am not quite sure these questions can correspondent implies an objection. and such erroneous statements given of be answered seriously, though I am by no Wind instruments_in general are of a Tuscany, which they so ably governed, and means unwilling to allow that every thing boisterous nature : The practice of the embellished hy their magnificent patronage is of importance that relates to the filling Clarionet in a house would be intolerable ; of literature, of the sciences and arts. up of time either usefully or agreeably. a French Horn and Trumpet no better ; His Lordship quotes, with expressions of But before noticing the kind of instrument and Pan's Pipes only fit for the mouth of a high approbation, the words of an author to be preferred, I shall take leave to intro- satyr. Minerva would have been musical, who says, that “ the peaceable reign of the duce the sentiments of a great philosopher, and her choice fell on a reed instrument; Medici destroyed nine-tenths of the people upon the subject of that practice which but seeing her swoln features in the streann, of the province of Tuscany,” &c. &c. Le: your Correspondent thinkis may safely fill she discarded it with disgust. She has no us examine this statement a little. úp the leisure of a gentleman.

ohjection, however, to harmony, and will Tuscany now contains about 1,100,000 Locke on Education thus expresses him- attend a concert, but leaves the practice to people. Will the noble Lord assert that self: “Music is thought to have some the profession.

that little province ever contained eleven affinity with dancing, and a good hand upon It would be endless, Mr. Editor, to go millions?!! In fact, there is little reason some instrument is by many people mightily over the many forms that present them to believe that the population was ever valued; but it wastes so inurh of a man's selves in the shape of music, some of them much greater than at present. Every tratime to gain but a moderate skill in it, and so uncouth as to defy the powers of compo- veller who has returned from Italy, will engages him often in such odd company, sition in making a tolerable figure either on speak with rapture of the rich crops of corn that many think it much better spared: canvass, or in the hands of the performer. on the plains of Tuscany, and of the vines, and I have, among men of parts and busi It sometimes happens that the man takes the olives, and fig-trees that adorn the sides ness, so seldom leard any one cominended bold of the instrument, at others the instru- of the hills. Tuscan agriculture is in Italy or esteemed for having an excellency in ment takes hold of the man; in the latter proverbially excellent. Even the Appemusic, that among all the things that ever case it ma ters little whether it be a Jew's nines are diligently and sucressfully culcame into the list of accomplishments, 1 Harp or a Violoncello ; the hold once taken tivated; and on the highest ridges, in think I may give it the last place.”. swallows up all time and talent, and even going from Florence to Bologna, may

With a caution of such high authority, 1. the understanding is crippled to perfect the he seen crops of corn, and potatoes, and shall venture something upon the subject of ear.

forests of chesnut trees. In fact, this Musical Instruments; and if any thing ap To amuse, however, with the least of- state of things is universal, with the ex. plies in whole in part that

may serve as fence, the Flageolet and the Guitar present ception of the district around Radicofani a hint to your Correspondent, I shall be themselves. The guitar may be deemed on the Roman frontier, where the nature of happy in the communication.

serious, solitary, and more independent of the soil denies to the husbandman a rich Musical instruments are not always the company of others: it associates in our return for his labours. The roads are exadapted by their form to favour the graces, ininds the times of gallantry and romance, cellent, the enclosures are well kept ; the and hence (as your Correspondent observes) when“ music was the food of love,” and houses are substantial, the villages com: the choice in femades. falls on those best cal, not the dexterity of the juggler, where the paratively clean; the peasants are comfort

ably clothed, cheerful and friendly in their | dependent sovereign states. But Genoa is | hostile to the honour and interests of the manners, and all speak the purest language the principal figure in the melancholy country. of Boccacio, Ariosto, and Tasso. In what picture drawn by the noble Lord. It were Should the above remarks be deemed then has Tuscany fallen off? It no longer certainly to be wished the English general worthy of a place in your valuable miscelenjoys the East India commerce. The dis. had been more guarded in the language of lany, their insertion will gratify covery of the passage by the Cape of Good his proclamation ; but it does not therefore

Your constant reader, Hope brings to Europe the riches of the follow that the Congress at Vienna did not

James MITCHELL. East by a new route, and the publics of determine what was best for the interest | Castle Street, Cavendish Square. Italy are not the entre-pôts betwixt Alex- of Liguria and of Europe. It was necessary andria and the countries of the North. to strengthen the Northern frontier of This great revolution in commerce the Italy against the Tramontane Gauls,

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LEARNED SOCIETIES. “ Merchant Dukes” of Florence, as his barians” certainly not popular at Genoa, Lordship calls them, neither brought about, who had destroyed the independence and nor could prevent; and Pisa and Florence prosperity of the country, and divided the Oxford.—On Thursday, the 21st inst. have necessarily suffered. But that they were territories into regular departments of the election of Keeper of the Archives in attentive to the interests of their country, France. To give stability to both states, the place of the Rev. James Ingram, B.D. look at Leghorn, a city of 70,000 people, an union was effected with Sardinia, and

some time Fellow of Trinity College, was which arose under their protection, and the sovereign of that kingdom, an Italian decided in favour of the Rev. George Leigh which is now so flourishing. The en by birth and education, was created Grand Cooke, B.D. Professor of Natural Philosolightened magnificence and patriotism of Duke, or Doge. In the forms of adminis- phy, and late Fellow of Corpus Christi the Grand Dukes may still be seen in the tration, at any rate, the feelings of the College. The numbers were, Mr. Cooke Museum of Natural History, to which no- Genoese were consulted ; and this union, 180 ; Mr. Bliss 122; Mr. Heyes 107. thing in Europe can be compared; and though like that between England and The same day the following Degrees were their patronage of the arts, in the statues Scotland, it has at first hurt the feelings of conferred :and monuments which adorn the streets of some of the weaker state, may probably be Masters of Arts.-Rev. Cornelius Ives, Florence and its vicinity ; and in the far- found to be of the utmost mutual ad- of Exeter College; Mr. Robert Cunningfamed gallery of pictures, of statues, the vantage.

hame Taylor, of Christ Church; Mr. Harry collection of the chef-d'æuvres of ancient

The only remaining part of Italy is Buckberry Faulkner, of Brasennose Coll. and modern times.

Lombardy and Venice, transferred from Bachelors of Arts.-Mr. William John We can sympathize with the modern Napoleon Buonaparte to Francis of Austria. Smithwick, and Mr. John James Strutt, of Roman lamenting the fallen glories of his It was called the “ Regno d'Italia,” and is Oriel College ; Mr. Nicholas Burd, of country; but a regard to justice compels now called the “ Regno Lombardo Vene- Christ Church; Mr. Charles Eckersali, of us to believe, that when his ancestors sub- tico." Can England be blamed for not Corpus Christi College; Mr. William Stalverted and tyrannized over ancient Europe, engaging in a crusade for the independence man, and Mr. Thomas Farley, Demy of they were at least as barbarous and unjust of a country that would do nothing for Magdalen College; Mr. John Toke, Mr. as any modern nations who have invaded itself? But England had not even the Henry Jonas Barton, Mr. Thomas Higgins, Italy. But his Lordship introduces the lainentations of the Roman peasant, that he power. It was by the union of the great Scholar, and Mr. Francis

Clerke, of Bracontinental potentates that Buonaparte was sennose College ; Rev. Robert Montagne may subjoin a truly revolting sentence con- overthrown; and how was England to pre Austin, of St. Edmund Hall; Mr. Thos. cerning “ the songs of exultation still vent them partaking in some part of his Williams, of Magdalen Hall; Mr. James yelled from the London taverns over the spoils ? Countries that will do nothing to Corral Roberts, and Mr. George Woodcarnage of Mont St. Jean, the betrayal of recover their own independence, would house, of Trinity College; Mr. John MereGenoa, of Italy, of France, and of the

not maintain it if it were given them. wether, and Mr. Edmund R. H. G. Palmer, world.” It may be desirable that Italy

It is not intended to deny that there is a of Queen's College. were independent; but if its 18,000,000 of certain degree of discontent in Italy as well Yesterday the following Degrees were people will do nothing for themselves, by as in England. Similar causes produce conferred :whom can this independence be effected? similar effects. There exists, as with us, The Viceroy Beauharnois despaired of the real distress ; and the sanguine hopes en

Bachelors of Arts.—Mr. Thomas Seyer, attempt, and King Murat tried it to his tertained of the happy results of peace have College ; Mr. Richard Bethell, Scholar,

and Mr. Richard William Kerly, of Exeter ruin.

not been fully realized. Minds accustomed and Mr. Charles Girdlestone, of Wadhain Si Pergama dextrâ to the strong excitement of war, cannot at College ; Mr. Richard Dutton Kennicott, Defendi possent, etiam hac defensa fuissent.

once feel happy in the tædium of tranquil. University College; Mr. Edward Newton And where is England to be blamed? lity. Of

the governments are Young, Mr. James Troughton, and Mr. Have not her influence and arms restored blamell

, and this is very natural; but an Roger Mallock, of Christ Church; Mr. the greater part of the country, at least to a enlightened candor forbids to allow that Andrew Ackworth Edge, and Mr. George comparative independence ? Naples is now they deserve it.

Austen, of Trinity College. governed by a King born in the country. The new sovereigns have universally From Terracina to Ravenna, an Italian diminished the taxes, and in particular have the 13th instant, being the first day of Act

At a Convocation held on Wednesday sovereign rules the lands of the church; taken off the tax on doors and windows ; Term, the Rev. E. Hawkins, M.A. Fellow and Lord Byron himself states he is likely and the tax on patents, of which happily of Oriel College, the Rev. T. Grantham, to be made a saint, for that the Romans England knows nothing, and which if not M.A. Fellow of Magdalen College, and the came out to meet him on his return with oppressive in air unt, is most vexatious in Rev. W. Spencer Phillips, M.A. of Trinity palms and full-length portraits, honours collection. The youth are no longer usually bestowed on the “ Beati.”

College, were appointed Masters of the If slaughtered in wars not their own. We

Schools. Austria has given to Tuscany a sovereign, may hope that time will bring relief to exas Hanover gave to England, the govern- isting distress, and we may look for better Trinity College, when James Randall

, M.A.

On Monday last the election came on at ment is still administered by Tuscans, for days. the ministers and magistrates, the army,

There is no one but will admire the Dyer, Scholar; and John Henry Newman,

was elected Fellow; James Hardwick the officers of police and revenue, are talents of the noble Author; but the ex

Exhibitioner of that Society. natives of the country. The same remarkcellence of the poem ought not to protect may be made of Lucc?, Modena, and from animadversion the prose with which Cambridge, May 22.—The election into Parina, which, like Tuscany, instead of it is unnecessarily accompanied, and which the Woodwardian Professorship of Minebeing departments of France, are now in- I is employed to disseminate sentiments ralogy, vacated by the resignation of the

Course

39

Rer. J Hailstone, took place yrsterday in separately from each other, on the ground, ! convenient; but they may be made from the beaate House, when the Rev. Ailam southwards, between the great colonnade one to four in hors long. provided distinct wedgwirk, M A. Fellow of Trinity Cold and the ruins of these monuments. The vision is obtained at one end by placing at leer, was elected by a majority of 127 votes, rrmains of these two colossues are utterly the other an ear glass, whose for al length the suintens being

broken to pieces. Only the head of one is requal to the length of the reflecting planrs. For the Res A Sedgwick. 16 of them was still entire, and seemed, to The inclination of the refertor that is in Rer G C. Gorham.

the French artists with the expedition in general mort pleaning, in 1:37. or 4*, Thur following gentleinen were on Wed. Egypt, to be very well executed, in a state but the planes may best with their no estas laut admitted to degrees : - Sir of noble simplicity, and to be in good pre-smoothese and straightest edge in contact Robard Sutton, of Trinity College, Ho servation.

at any required angle by a metallar, a pabrary Master of Arts: the Rev. James It is very probably this head which the per, or a cloth joint, or other simple co31 ainwaring, of Emmanuel Collegr, Master English agents in Egipt have sent to their invaner The planre may be rithet rectanof Arts; Mesuru, Eant George Clayton, of Museum It doubtless required no great gular or triangular. When the coastrated, 1 asus College, and Elward Banks. of Tridegree of preciwn to be convinced that the instrument mar for eithet anered up *** Hell, Bachelors in Civil Law; Wit Memnon's head could not be in the Museum with papers or leather, or plaerd in a rom. I am Heberden, and William Moody, of at London, and that of Paris at the same dru al or other sube, so that the aperture at St John'. l'ollege, Bachrlors of Arts, time; but the most singular circumstance one end may be completely opeti, and a

is, that the genuine head is nebep allomall aperture left at the angle at the conARTS AND SCIENCES,

London or Paris. The colossal bead which trary end If the pie, placed at the latter.

we freene, wants the nose, the mouth, and looks through the format aperture, it will EGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES.

the eves; but we indulge the bope that the prpreive a brilliant circle of light disanded cars at least remain, wth in many hrad.

into as many ser ton as the number of times To the Editor of the Literary Gazelle. are not the most in our serable part." that the angle of the refer tot in cont uned » EDITOR,

in Wr. If this angle of the number of Thor in*eresting article respecting the

sectors will be it and whatever mas the Head of Memnon, which appeared in your

the form of the aperture at the end farthest kutambes, indurre me to think that the TUE KALEIDOSCOPE.

from the air, the luminous spare seen fabring extract of a letter from Paris on

throuch the instrument will be a haurr pro the same subject may not be unacceptable Some controvet så seems to have duced by the arrangrmetit of fuente of to your traders.

arisen, whether the singularis cursus these apropiere furend the angle formed by * The public have been informeit, that optual instrument be brow for the first the contart of the two plates, in rerequires the Dirrtorp of the Rosal Museum, Count time discovered by the ingruous and of the supreme ti flertuoti between the Futboen, has obtained permission from the learned Dr. Brewiter, or whether he pobed surfarve Hence it foliows, that Parte to convey to France a fragment, the has only improved upon an old inventive pierd before thor open end, the part of Cucus of Memnon, and that several other tion. It is foreign from our deoza in vechime ran be seen throu to the aperture Talcahube remains of Egyptian antiquitoesenter upon that subject, as every man will be sern also through every sertiit, and who thr la ba of Exupe has presente i to of science must have by this time seen every image of the oliert will enalrum malo the Priore Hegrine, have arrived in England the importance of the driver, at form mathematrally symmetrical and

Ha Vemnon's brail, then, really arrived whether it be of early or of later intro whily pleasing to the air. It the plant is a landon, or is count Forbin bringing it! duction is of litele inport inip to hun

put in motwo, the combinatbe of images in Paris? Resperaing the colossal best for our own pire we have moi.2007 rerum

will likewise be put in mum, and arw arried at London, and which notwithstand mihi nascitur ordo a den tiptun of how metrual, will suerresiseis present the in

| forms, perfetthv ditirent, busteruall vm. ing, i erant Fortia a borroging to Paris, it is it may be made, who ca not be bilo i selves, sonetunes tanishina in the centre,

shape bous mass, now called Memnot's ; ter expressed than by giving the Die- sometimes emerging from it, and someaur, and formerly the statue of Cayman tor's specification at the Paient otiue. unes playing around in demple and appea ds, brause it was taken from ruins

site pallatus. When the advert i tinged as modern travellers call by the nane Sppetiatum of Dr David Browns, with different colories, the most troue -tul of Momentum, but the ancients, and stla Kalenburgh, for a new 0;ls ul lustruins are developed in se vr***, and their persist peason, the tomb of 0-s maneras ment, outled The hile desenvolup, lorer wtule nzure delights the curto the patter. 'I iw stature in the plain are also it,113

hifiline and creatini tetal burms f1-1 of its forms and the Pup !iones of its Brodontant from it, and not throw a don

and Putterns, of great ue ja all the cowaring 'Ihe intrumpetst, in the form de be paiestals are covered with a multitude

i arti'd almose, 1 lunited to the mur of polme

ornament al futs. Didel J., 10.1917 *** pe une by travellers of all ages, all

jerte winch can be held close to the apopmislirat that there arr the true latura This instrument is constructed in such a fupp, best to reti ve the mil 3*, the time

.. wander at the rising of the sun manner as exther to please the eve bir an with out ane the refler tus obxebet bude T>11.1934 of which they are made is al eep.varving stressit o pleatud tints and in a theme tube of nearly the same brength, 42915, lke puhd.stone, whereas the symmetru al forms, or to enaike the olsenter and loving a contre lens at its fomust er. ml af mine who was taken to be that of to render permanent such as mas apear trenuts, the focal length of the lens 1 ts. masivas, constrd of endir bleek, most appropriate fup any of the branches of slie 11 lor alean rus than its greatest of : frustan the cfuren of the brad to the the othamental arte, It consists in its most tan from the porn ene

saf tor for measurd 34 feet, and was common form of two reteting u*ters in bus te abert one third op for fresh of • Pot of tra.1.ful remp colevured grant of clined to ea da ether at any kizle, twittute tha: d:fanue, but it will be an ba tu have

The siatum was broken to pierre,' pouports at an andle box to us an al muat part'ewn or even three brners of of Hoopit few all ** ¢ono fragmente las seattered up in the of war. The trtier ting surtars' man the length to fit into the end of the meeti be, ** over the Arabs fetched them away we plates of glass, plain or quadelormed; and to be word as numatano na tr.

The bral, of whael' or two metallar surtaxes; or ibe twinter wire: of a vast at rest of fısal breath aloe A met baie us, weasutrs, fruun surta es of a solo porre en of plass of fime pretuind be the separat un or proof

to , & fert fureur inibes Ibor larrital from which the last suffers total ofre the two lese* l be instruant thu. Bied * e. danguted by the potests of the twn. The places shea van inleth up may be appoised to obujets at all die. r. ward the brad dress mutuwird. Two cording to the focal dutance of the air: tanars; and thus there oftevog bunar Wt comsal Halues of black granite la from 5 to 10 inches will in general be must images are formed in an uverted porkrra

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