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THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE.

On Earth Peace,

NATION SHALL NOT lift up SWORD AGAINST NATION, NEITHER SHALL THEY LEARN WAR ANY MORE.

ESTABLISHED

JUNE, 1837.

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BOSTON, OCTOBER, 1874.

NEW SERIES, VOL. V. NO. 10.

CONTENTS.
Page.
Page.

Page.
THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE.
Light in Darkness

80

COVER Women and War - No. 3... 73 War at the South. 80 Notice..

1 Peace and War 74

A Book for the Million!
Wur, on Christian Principles....

4
ANGEL OP PBACR

Charles Sumner on Peace and War.
Universal Pe ice..
74 Toiling

1

Dymond on War Increase vi European Arinies... 75 To our Readers 1 Membership

1 Our British Cousin..

75 Letter from England to the Children in America. 1 Commendation of the Peace Cause by Promi. Editorial Correspondence............... 76 "Phree Good Lessons...... 2 nent Men........

2 Women's Work for Perice... 77 The Sheplierd Boy..

2 Officers of the Am. Peace Society.. Woman wi relation to the International Con. Peace and Beauty

2 Receipts for August, 1874.:

3 gress 77 George Smith, the Children's Frieud. 3 New Sunday Schol Book.

3 Milnary Duty.". 73 The Pilgrin and the Knight.

4 An Appeal io Christians .................... Forgiverless.. 79 Prince of Peace....

4 bditorial Conıributors.................... Inkerm'll and Sebastopol. 79 The Way 10 Conquer.......

4 Peace Suciety's Envelope................... Why Not?..... 79 | The Threatened Blow.........

4 Advertisements......

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NOTICE.

DYMOND ON WAR. Any of our friends having the Advocale of Peace for March or This remarkable work is receiving unwonted attention from August, 1874, to spare, will confer a favor by mailing them to the reading public. Orders come to the office almost daily for this office, as we are out of those numbers, and need them. it

. We are indebted to Mr. Robert Lindley Murray, one of H. C. DUNHAM. the Trustees of the Lindley Murray Fund, of New York city,

for a new grant of several hundred copies of this most excellent A BOOK FOR THE MILLION !!

Peace Document. We call the special attention of ministers to The Life and Times of Charles Sumner, his boyhood, edu- the fact that it will be sent to them free, whenever they remit cation and public career, by Elias Nason. Three hundred and six cents postage. It is a book of 124 octavo pages. Its retail sixty pages, substantially bound, with a capital likeness and fine

price 50 cents. Address all your orders to Rev. H. C. Dunly illustrated. Mr. Nason, evidenily con amore, has wrought out with a vivid hand the facts in the life and times of the

ham, No. 1 Somerset St., Boston. great statesman and advocate of peace, allowing him to speak for himself by giving the reader many passages of the masterly

MEMBERSHIP. speeches which electrified and purified the nation. This book The payment of any sum between $2.00 and $ 20.00 conwhich will repay many times reading, ought to go into every stitutes a person a member of the American Peace Society for library and family in the land, especially into the hands of one year, $20.00 a life member, $50.00 a life director, and every young man and student as an inspiration to pure and $100.00 an honorary member. lofty aims; for Charles Sumner“ being dead yet speaketh” to The Advocate of Peace is sent free to annual members for one his countrymen and the world of justice and peace.

year, and to life members and directors during life. Price only $1.50 and will be sent, postage paid, for price, by If one is not able to give the full amount of a membership, or addressing Rev. H. C. Dunham, No. 1 Somerset St., Boston. directorship at once, he can apply whatever he does give on it,

with the understanding that the remainder is to be paid at one CHARLES SUMNER ON PEACE AND WAR.

or more times in the future. The True GRANDEUR OF NATIONS and the WAR-SYSTEM OF The Advocate is sent gratuitously to the reading rooms of THE COMMONWEALTH of Nations bound in one volume, will be Colleges and Theological Seminaries—to Young Mea's Chrissent postage paid on receipt of $1.00, by addressing Rev. H. tian Associations—to every pastor who preaches on the Cause C. Dunham, 1 Somerset street, Boston.

of Peace and takes a collection for it. Also, to prominent inWe have but a limited supply of these great orations of the dividuals, both ministers and laymen, with the hope that they great Senator, who was a “ tower of strength” in our noble will become subscribers or donors, and induce others to because, and believe there are many who will be glad to receive come such. To subscribers it is sent until a request to discon a copy on the above terms.

tinue is received with the payment of all arrearages.

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VICE-PRESIDENTS.

DIRECTORS.

Commendation of the Peace Cause by Prominent Men. OFFICERS OF THE AMERICAN PEACE SOCIETY. " The cause of Peace we regard as an eminently philanthro

HONORARY PRESIDENT. pic and Christian enterprise of great importance, and worthy of

HOWARD Malcom, D.D. LL.D., Philadelphia. sympathy and support. It has already accomplished much

PRESIDENT. good, and would doubtless accomplish vastly more, if it pos

Hon. EDWARD S. TOBEY, Boston. SORSed adequate means. We think it deserves, as it certainly needs, a large increase of funds. The American Peace Society, charged with the care of this cause in our own country, and

Hon. ALEXANDER H. Rice, Boston.

Hon. WILLIAM B. WASHBURN, Boston. whose management has deservedly secured very general appro

Hon. GERRITT SMITH, Peterborough, N. Y. bation, we cordially commend to the liberal patronage of the Hon. John Jay, New York City. benevolent."

ANDREW P. PEABODY, D.D, LL.D., Cambridge, Mass.

Hon. Amasa WALKER, LL.D., North Brookfield, Mass A. P. Peabody, D. D. LL. D., Cambridge, Mass.

ELIHU BURRITT, Esq., New Britain, Ct. A. A. Miner, D. D., Pres't Tufts' College, Boston, Mass.

John G. WHITTER, A. M. Amesbury, Mass. Hon. Wm. A. Buckingham, Ex-Gov. of Conn

D. C. SCOFIELD, Esq , Elgin, Ili. Luke Hitchcock, D. D., Cincinnati, Ohio.

Myron PHELPs, Esq., Lewiston, Ni. Leonard Bacon, D. D., New Haven, Conn.

Gov. CONRAD BAKER, Indianapolis, Ind. Rev. John H. Aughey, St. Louis, Mo.

Bishop Thomas A. MORRIS, Springfield, Ohio. Stephen H. Tyng, D. D., New York.

R. P. STEBBINS, D.D., Ithaca, N. Y. Howard Malcom, D. D., LL. D., Philadelphia.

Hon. ROBERT C. WINTHROP, Brookline, Mass. Bishop Thomas A. Morris, Springfield, Ohio.

Tuthill King, Chicago, III. Rev. T. D. Woolsey, D. D., LL. D., Ex-President Yale College.

Hon. Felix R. BRUNOT, Pittsburg, Pa. E. O. Haven, L. D., Evanston, nl.

Hon. REVERDY Johnson, Baltimore, Md. Hon. David Turner, Crown Point, Ind.

THEODORE D. WOOLSEY, D.D., LL.D., New Haven, Conn. J. M. Gregory, LL. D., Champaign, Ill.

Hon. Emory WASHBURN, Cambridge, Mass.

Hon. WM. CLAFLIN, Boston, Mass. R. M. Hatfield, D. D., Chicago, Il.

Rev. Mark HOPKINS, D.D., LL.D., Williams College John V. Farwell, Chicago, Ill.

Rev. W. A. STEARNS, D.D., LL.D., Amherst College. Hon. Wm. R. Marshall, Ex-Gov. of Minn.

Rev. Dorus CLARKE, D. D., Boston. Hon. James Harlan, U. S. Senator, Iowa.

Hon. Wm. E. Dodge, New York. Rev. P. Akers, D. D., Jacksonville, Ni.

GEORGE H. STUART, Esq., Philadelphia. Rev. Noah Porter, D. D., LL.D., Pres. Yale College.

Hon. JACOB SLEEPER, Boston. Rev. Prof. Samuel Harriss, D. D., LL. D., Yalo Theo. Seminary.

Rev. E. E. HALE, Boston. Mark Hopkins, D. D., LL. D., Williams College.

William H. BALDWIN, Esq., Boston.
Emory Washburn, LL. D., Cambridge, Mass.

Hon. HENRY L. PIERCE, Boston,
Hon Reverdy Johnson, Baltimore, Md.
David Dudley Field, LL. D., New York.
Hon. Gerriti Smith, Peterboro', New York.

Hon. AMASA WALKER, North Brookfield, Mass.
Hon. Peter Cooper, New York.

Rev. L. H. ANGIER, Everett, Mass. George H. Stuart, Esq., Philadelphia.

John FIELD, Esq., Boston, Hon. F. R. Brunoi, Chairman Indian Commission, Pittsburg, Pa.

H. H. LEAVITT, Esq., Hon. Elihu Burritt, New Britain, Ci.

SAMUEL RODMAN, New Bedford, Mass. Hon. Edward S. Tobey, Boston, Mass.

Thomas Garfield, EsQ , Boston, Mass. Amasa Walker, LL. D., No. Brookfield, Mass.

JUDGE MAY, Lewiston, Me. George F. Gregory, Mayor of Fredericton, N. B.

Rev. Sidi H. BROWNE, Columbia, South Carolina. Hon. Wm. E. Dodge, New York.

Rev. Geo. W. Thompson, Stratham, N. II. Hon. G. Washington Warren, Pres. Bunker Hill Mt. As'tion.

Wm. G. HUBBARD, Delaware, Ohio. Hon. John J. Fraser, Provincial Secretary, N. B.

ABEL STEVENS, LL.D., Brooklyn, N. Y.

Rev. PHILLIPS BROOKS, Boston, Mass.
C. H. B. Fisher, Esq., Fredericton, N. B.
T. H. Rand, Chief Superintendent Education, N. B.

Rev. G. N. BOARDMAN, D. D., Chicago, I.
A. F. Randolf, Esq., Fredericton, N. B.

Hiram Hadley, Esq., Chicago, Ill.

T. B. COOLEDGE, Esq,, Lawrence, Mass. J. B. Morrow, Esq., Halifax, N. S.

Jay Cooke, Esq., Phila., Pa, John S. Maclean, Esq., Halifax, N. S.

SAMUEL WILLETTS, Esq., N. Y. D. Henry Starr, Esq., Halifax, N. S.

Hon. EDWARD LAWRENCE, Charlestown, Mass. M. H. Richey, Ex-Mayor, Halisax, N. S.

ALBERT TOLMAN, Esq., Worcester, Mass. Geo. H. Starr, Esq., Halifax, N. S.

Hon. C. W. GODDARD, Portland, Me. Jay Cooke, Esq., Philadelphia.

ALPHEUS HARDY, Esq., Boston. John G. Whinier, Amesbury, Mass.

DANIEL PALMER, Esq., Charlestown, Mass. Hon. Charles T. Russell, Cambridge, Mass.

Rev. S. Hopkins EMERY, Bridgport, Conn Samuel Willetts, New York.

A. S. MORSE, Esq., Charlestown, Mass. Joseph A. Dugdale, Iowa.

Hon. D. K. HITCHCOCK, Newton.
Rov. Henry Ward Beecher, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Rev. B. K. PIERCE, D. D., Boston.
WILLIAM M. CORNELL, D. D., LL.D., Boston.

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
SIDNEY PERHAM, Govemor of Maine.

H. H. LEAVITT, Esq., Boston. JULIUS CONVERSE, Governor of Vermont.

Rev. L. H. ANGIER, Everett, Mass SETH PADELFORD, Governor of Rhode Island.

Rev. WM. P. TILDEN, Boston.

Hon. G. WASHINGTON WARREN, Boston. ISRAEL WASHBURNE, JR., Ex.Gov. of Maine

John CUMMINGS, Esq., Boston. L. A. WILMOT, Governor of New Brunswick.

Hon. C. T. RUSSELL, Cambridge. JOHN T. HOFFMAN, Governor of New York

S. D. WARREN, Ese, Boston.

Rev. Dorus CLARKE, D.D., Boston. JCHN W. GEARY, Governor of Pennsylvania

John W. FIELD, Esq., Boston. E. F. NOYES, Govesnor of Ohio.

Rev. John W. OLMSTEAD, D. D., Boston. C. C. JARPENTER, Governor of lowa.

REV. S. E HERRICK, Boston,

REV J. B. Miles, D. D., Cor. Sec., and Asst. Treasurer P. H. LESLIE, Governor of Kentucky.

Rev. H. C. DUNHAM, Recording Secretary. HARRISON REED, Governor of Florida.

Rev. DAVID PATTEN, D. D., Treasurer.

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Ox EARTA PEACE . . . . NATION SHALL NOT LIFT UP SWORD AGAINST NATION, NEITHER

SHALL THEY LEARN WAR ANY MORE.

NEW SERIES.

BOSTON, OCTOBER, 1874.

VOL. V. No. 10.
Vol

WOMEN AND WAR. NO. 3.

the middle ages won such conquests as lie before the ardent Women are largely educated as teachers. In most of our carnal weapons, but by spiritual !

spirits of our day, though the warfare is not to be fought by schools, public or private, female teachers are found, and each

Not only has woman the gift of sooner discovering spiritual of these exerts a powerful influence in forming the public senti- truths, but she possesses, in the very constitution of her being, ment of the nation. The minds of her pupils are in a plastic

a magnetic. influence, by which she more quickly impresses state, easily moulded by surrounding influences ; and, con- these convictions on others. We all know that the very pres. sciously or unconsciously, she is moulding them every day by ence of a pure and upright woman, whose whole nature is setting before them false or true standards. She can show them attuned to noble harmonies, is in itself an inspiration. The what true patriotism and courage are, instead of fostering the power she thus wields in society is a powerful agent, and as * spread-eagle,” boastsul, blustering spirit which young Amer- such should be recognized by her, and conscientiously emica is so inclined to exhibit. She can teach him that boasting

ployed. is a mark of weakness, not strength, and always unworthy of

When women use their social influence in behalf of truth and a gentleman, much more of a truly bravo, Christian man. She justice, when they discriminate between true and false standards can teach him that patriotism is not a haughty, defiant assump. of manliness, honoring only the man who wins a victory over tion of the superiority of this country over all other nations, his lower nature, and keeps it in subjection to the higher ; the and a foolish sensitiveness that flies out into passionate threats man who saves life, and not the one who takes it; the man who on every provocation, but a desire to see our country truly the dares oppose hereditary prejudices, and, in spite of seeming most noble one on earth — the most upright, the most just in cowardly to superficial spectators, has the courage to be really its dealings with all other nations, the most ready to succor the brave, and uphold the right when most unpopular, -. when, I weak and down-trodden, and the slowest to destroy human be- say, women crown only such men with their approbation, they ings by submitting national disputes to the decision of war. will have done much to create a public sentiment that shall Form in the minds of our school-boys, whose name is Legion, banish war. There is no woman who holds not the key to at a true idea of what true love of country is, and you, O teachers, least one manly heart, while many can reach multitudes. will have done a great work toward training up an arny of no- There are women who, with tongue or pen, can speak brave, ble men and patriots !

true words, that shall thrill the hearts of multitudes; for to It is no easy matter to do this, we know; but its very hard-woman, not less than to man, has been given the divine power ship should incite to more energetic effort. The war spirit is of eloquenre. Let these eloquent words be spoken for peace, strong among young men, and the laudation of milliary and the world shall be the better for them. The world waits achievements in the literature they are most conversant with, for another female pen to do for the abolition of war what forms another obstacle ; but you can strengthen your hearts by Uncle Tom's Cabin" did to free the world from slavery. remembering that in each human breast there is a witness to Who will respond to this call? It is a still more holy work, the truth, however loudly outside voices hiss and scoff. Only and blessed is she who shall accomplish it! speak out God's truth boldly, and because it is God's truth it

We have spoken of some ways in which women may exert shall be heard. The nations are on the eve of a great revolu- an influence to prevent war. In the main they are quiet ways ; tion in favor of peace, and blessed are they who shall have but such, we believe, as shall be potent for world-wide results. part in the first labors and struggles of that revolution ! Noiseless, quiet agencies, to a superficial observer, may seem As surely as those brave souls who preached the equality of feeble ones; but when any great truth seizes on the public men and the wickedness of slavery are now rejoicing in their mind, carrying the nation forward with resistless force, we may victory, so surely shall the patriotic leaders, who now preach be sure these quiet agencies have long been at work, silently the brotherhood of men and the wickeduess of war, soon rejoice leavening the nation's thought, and preparing the way for this in the still more glorious victory they have achieved, - a vic- universal movement. tory, freeing not one race only from bitter wrong and suffering,

It matters litile to these quiet workers that they may be lost but all races on the face of the earth from the dominion of a tyranny more destructive than any other the world has sight of, and the credit of the victory given to those who more known.

noisily enter the vineyard at the eleventh hour; their reward is But woman is not only an educator, she is an inspiration ;

in the success of truth and right; their joy in knowing they and her influence is felt in society as well as in the home and have done something, however teebly, to hasten that coming school. When in the old tournaments the knight rode armed cap

on the earth. a-pie into the lists for morial combat, his eye was listed to the

Conquerors on battle-fields have rejoiced over their bloody gallery where sat fair dames and royal princesses, and from victories; but the full joy of victory comes in its most exalted iheir smiles and plaudits he caught his chiefest inspiration ; and and ennobling form only to the man or woman who has bravely when he had unhorsel his combatants, and laid them helpless battled for the establishment of truth over error, and is peron the earth, their blood streaming in torrents, and their death.mitted to see ils glorious triumph. groans filling the air, selecting from the crowd his queen of love We can conceive of no holier or higher joy than they shall and beauty, he knelt at her feet, and received from her fair hands taste who have labored to abolish the terrible evils of war; in the chaplet of victory. And from that rude age, when women their own souls has long been sung the angelic rhythm ef delighted in bloodshed, to this, woman has had her full share “ Peace on earth, and good will to men;" but when it is in urging men on to deeds of military daring. And now that repeated from hill and valley throughout the whole earth, to be moral courage is seen to be more noble than physical, shall echoed back from the heavenly plains, their joy shall be liko she not still be found cheering him on in the conflict between that of the angels of God, who first proclaimed the glad news right and wrong, - still the inspiration of his heroic daring, and to earth, knowing that sooner or later their sublime prophecy the rewarder of his triumphs ? Surely, never belted knight or should be fulfilled.

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PEACE AND WAR.

Very true, very true," says the Commander-in-chief, “but In a very interesting and able letter to the poet Whittier, and Coehorn. I have read the lives of the old conquerors, but

what are they? I have read Vauban and Scheiter and Turenne Hon. D. McConaughy, of Gettysburg, relates the following I never happened to come across these principles in any work striking incident of the battle of July, 1863 :

upon the military art. Do you know anything about it,

Colonel ?"
To the east of Rounil Top and of its annular ravine which "No." “Nor you, Major?” “ Nor I either."
Vincent's Brigade so bravely guarded, there stood a stone farm-
house, where the brave Weed, after his life's blood had crim do to shoot. Suppose we send for the Chaplain.”

“ I really don't know how to begin ; I snppose it would not soned the spur, slept that night his last sleep ; and near by

The Chaplain arrives. • Do you know anything about this gushed a never-failing spring. By it, when the battle closed

fighting on Christian principles ? " that night, the old farmer found a drum of the Regulars with a

“Oh, yes ; it is the easiest thing in the world.” shattered head, which told that it had been amid the very thick

" Where are the books?" and fury of the mad strife.

" and the Chaplain takes out the Bible. And now that peace is upon the land, and with it Heaven's smile, that drum, under the homely skill of farmer Wiekert, this before. It is a bad time to commence the study of tactics

“ Really," says the General, we ought to have thought of has had its shattered head replaced with one of wood, forth when the enemy is right before us; but I suppose we are from which comes no martial sound, but the drowsy hum of bound by the treaty. What is the first thing, Mr. Chaplain?" bees. And that drum is now filled with the golden honey which

“ Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thya busy hive has gathered from these fields of war, and stored it

self.here in many a cunningly constructed cell, little noting the le

“ But these are not neighbors. They are Mexicans.” gend, “Reg. U. S. Infantry,” blazoned upon its front. “Hath

“ The same book tells us, a little further on, that the opporWar its trophies, so hath Peace.”

tunity to do good to a man makes him our neighbor." Mr. Whittier kindly acknowledged the letter, and has woven “ Will you go on, Mr. Chaplain." the incident into the following beautiful poem :

“ Love your enemies. Do good to them that hate you.

Pray for them that despitefully use you. If a man smite you In the old Hebrew myth the lion's frame,

on one cheek, turn to him the other." So terribly alive,

“But while we are praying for the Mexicans, they will be Bleached by the desert's sun and wind, became

firing into us." The wandering wild bees' hive.

No; they are bound by the treaty also. It works both And he, who lone and naked-handed, tore

ways.” Those jaws of death apart,

• Then what is the use of our arms?” In after time drew forth their honeyed store

“ This is all provided for in the same book. Beat your To strengthen his strong heart.

swords into plowshares, and your spears into pruning hooks.”

" Then I don't see as there is anything for us to do here." Dead seemed the legend ; but it only slept

“ Nothing, unless you send over and ask Santa Anna if he To wake beneath our sky :

needs anything in the way of medicines, or provisions, or clothJust on the spot whence ravening Treason crept ing. I rather think the treaty requires this of us. And I don't Back to his lair to die,

know but we ought to send them a few schoolmasters, for ! Bleeding and torn, from Freedom's mountain bounds, understand that they are shockingly ignorant people." A stained and shattered drum

“ But how do you ever know which party conquers in this Is now the hive, where, on their flowery rounds fighting on Christian principles?" The wild bees go and come.

" That is the great beauty of it. Both sides conquer, and

there are never any killed or wounded.”—From an Old Paper. Unchallenged by a ghostly sentinel, They wander wide and far,

UNIVERSAL PEACE.
Along green hillsides, sown with shot and shell,
Through vales once choked with war,

I came in possession of a copy of your paper, from a MethoThe low reveille of their battle drum

dist friend, and was glad to infer from reading it that you were Disturbs no morning prayer :

not only a friend to universal and enduring peace, but a believer With deeper peace in Summer noons their hum in the possibility of such an advanced state of human progress Fills all the drowsy air.

and civilization. It seems to me no nation should boast of this

superior refinement and moral excellence, which engages in the And Samson's riddle is our own to-day,–

same means of settling their quarrels as the Bushmen of Africa, Of sweetness from the strong,

or the wild Indian of America. In order to reach and enlighten Of Union, Peace and Freedom plucked away

the public mind, it seems to me the subject must be more genFrom the rent jaws of wrong.

erally discussed, and the possibility of abolishing war and its A sweetness sweeter for his bitter strife

accumulated horrors from the earth. The old time athlete drew.

While I do not doubt the sincerity and patriotism of noted - Messenger of Peace.

military men, and their conviction of its necessity, and engag.

ing in war from highly honorable motives, still I may be perWAR, ON CHRISTIAN PRINCIPLES.

mitted to differ from their opinions. I have earnestly believed

in the possibility of establishing permanent peace throughout One of the conditions of the treaty with Mexico, it is said, the world, and thus realizing the dream of the philanthropist is that any future war that may break out between the two and the earnest desire of the Christian. I wish every Chriscountries, shall be conducted on Christian principles. Now, tian and every lover of mankind had more faith in the practica. we all know that this is an age of progress, and that all sorts of bility of this matter, and of the means which may finally accomimprovements are constantly taking place in all sorts of matters, plish it. But much prejudice must be overcome; ihe men but war on Christian principles is certainly the latest, and, if it of influence, the leading men of the nations must take the be carried out, we think it will prove the greatest of them all. matter in hand, and then we shall see progress in the right

Just imagine it; we think we can see the two armies drawn direction. It is as useless to weep over the woes of nations as out in battle array. A fair field before them; the ranks are of individual calamities when the means of removing them lie formed, the positions are taken, the great guns are unlimbered. within our grasp. General Scott is about to give the order to fire when an aid Does it not seem as though war had reigned long enough comes up and respectfully reminds him that the war is to be over the sin-stricken nations of the earth, and that a check conducted on Christian principles,and that it will not do to should finally be given to its triumph? There lies a great fire.

work for the Christian, the philanthropist, and every lover of

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human progress. What reward awaits him who shall bestow reached by Germany, 36,815; next comes Denmark with 30,on man the greatest boon which man ever can bestow on his 392 ; next France with 29,059; and, far behind, England with

the blessing of enduring peace ? We never can realize 16,088. These are the number of soldiers, enrolled, drilled and to its full extent that Jesus Christ is the Prince of Peace, until available for service; they are divided into those liable to Christian enterprise shall have accomplished this great work. duty in offensive war, and those subject to service at home. But I am well aware the power to accomplish this most desirable the magnitude of the preparations for offensive war is seen from end lies only in the mutual agreement of the nations; but this the fact that this part of the Germany army reaches the total of power does lie there, and its exercise I believe a future cer-710,130 men, of the Russian, 665,800, Italian, 322,000, and lainty, and that at no very distant day. Why should war be the French, 526,000. Von Moltke said, last winter, that what confined to nations? Simply because they are responsible only Germany had won in six months she must keep by watchfulto God. The States, or departments of nations, do not war on

ness and the hand on the sword” for fifty years. This means each other, because the general government will not allow it. liability to hostilities at any moment. Who does not see that all that is wanted is a power higher than This is an uneasy mode of living, but Europe knows no betany one nation, 10 oversee and control them all with a firm and ter, and despairs of any other. We live here in America by just hand? And that power can be conferred on a high national the side of iwo, powers, both of inferior numerical strength, court by the nations themselves. The United States suggest but on peaceful terms. Our one war of conquest, beneficial as to me almost the exact thing required — each State indepen- were its results, our best thinkers have been heartily ashamed dent, save only as they have delegated a little of that indepen- ot. Now that the slave-power is gone, we shall not be likely dence to a general government, for their own protection, peace to see such another. We may well prefer, our peace to all of and happiness; and there can be no war between States. Europe's “ glory.” It is entirely consistent that Prince Gorts

Of course I am no prophet, but it seems to me the time has chakoff should issue a call for an International Congress at now come to try the practicability of this thing, and that some- Brussels, on the 15th of July. As war is always imminent thing like the millennium awaits the human race. War must among them, it is wise in the nations of Europe io agree to cease; the power to abolish it remains with the human race, place it under well-defined limitations. Even the trade of deand they will exercise it; God will not suffer the miseries it struction is susceptible of mitigation, and should have better imposes to endure through all time; man has progressed, and defined rules for the protection of private property and of is advancing still.

peaceful populations. We may accept these mitigations will There was a time when human slavery was tolerated by the Europe shall agree to disarm.— The Methodist. Christian nations of the earth (a wickedness only second to war), but that time has generally passed ; its abominable

OUR BRITISH COUSIN. wickedness was more than humanity could endure : and it is and will be abolished. Christians will awake to the needless- The gush with which eminent Englishmen, almost without ness as well as wickedness of war. They have been told that it thought of their claims on the affections of America, are reis a fearful necessity, and that God sometimes punishes nations ceived and welcomed by their transatlantic cousins, will not with war. Not so, I think. The Prince of Peace does not love last forever. It began, perhaps, in this generation, with the war, and when the nations shall put an end to it God will in- prince's visit and the Atlantic cable success. The Eastern and terfere only to bless.

Northwest boundary disputes had kept alive the ancient aniThere are a few things which have a favorable bearing on mosity born of the war of separation and the second war of nathis question at the present time. Nations do not war about rionality with the mother country, and the wisdom and prudent such trivial affairs as in ancient times. I thiuk in most cases moderation of Mr. Webster and General Scott had much to do they would exhaust all honorable means to avoid war rather with making subsequent feelings possible. But it remained than engage in it; and added to all other reasons why they for Cyrus W. Field and his coadjutors, followed up by Albert should avoid it, the vast expense — enough to bankrupt the Edward and his attaches, to hit upon the startling fact that the richest nation in a few years. Man is not by nature such a

two nations spoke the same language, that we worshipped the mortal enemy to man that one nation must conquer or destroy same gods and owned the same grandmothers, and, like Sir some other nation. I think in the nineteenth century the na- Peter and Lady Teazle in the play, we could never, never, tions do realize what war is, and how little they gain by engag- never quarrel any more. ing in it. I do think military glory must succumb to the far

This utopian gush Jasted quite as long as was to be expected greater glory of blessing mankind ; and when the nations be of a moral phenomenon, due to the length of a somewhat britcome convinced of the needlessness and folly of war, they will tle wire or the visit of a weak and somewhat disreputable no longer engage in it. Men in society do not think of war; prince. Good as far as it went: it never went far; and the towns, counties, and all departments composing nations do not, nation owes its honest friendship for England to day much more and cannot appeal to arms. Nations are composed of men in to such affairs as that of the Trent and the Geneva Tribunal the aggregate, and do not materially differ from inferior cor- than to whatever went before. • porations, except in the matter of responsibility. Hence I

Be this as it may, it is not a little to be regretted that while infer there is no more difficulty for nations to keep the peace we are in this heyday of common blood, we cannot receive and than for mankind aggregated in any other form.-). G. Good- entertain such English guests as have studied us sympathetihue, in Zion's Herald.

cally and known us and feel with us deeply enough to deserve

and profit by the demonstration of our joy. Mr. Forster is on INCREASE OF EUROPEAN ARMIES.

his way. He will find the latchstring out from White House

to cabin. Some of our former guests have been representative We have repeatedly commented, in these columns, on the Englishmen worthy of the mother country as of us. It is no increase of the total number of soldiers in the armies of Eu- discourtesy to say that some have not. They have been rerope. To the fact of increase there is not a single exception ; ceived with little grudge or discrimination, but this will not be even England has since 1859 nearly doubled her forces. The so hereafter. We could wish, before our welcome cools, that Berlin correspondent of the London Times has prepared a table we might look upon both Mr. Bright and Mr. Gladstone.of the present armaments of the European powers as compared Boston Transcript. with those of 1859, a period of fifteen years. The total army of Austria has advanced from 634,000 10 856,980, of Russia, Resolve to be on your guard during the day to speak evil of from 1,134,200 to 1,401,510; of Italy, from 317,650 to 605,- no one, to avoid all gossip, to have your conversation in Heaven, 200; of Germany, from 836,000 to 2,261,160 ; of France, to be contented, good-tempered, of good cheer; to deal justly, from 640,500 to 977,600 ; of England, from 245,800 to 478,820. and love mercy and walk humbly ; in solitude to guard the We will not go over the list for the minor States, but it demon- thoughts, in society the tongue, at home the temper. strates that all Europe moves in the same direction. The crown of its civilization is war. With such facts before us we There are in the United States 14,500,000 children of school cannot hope for progress toward a more peaceful era.

The age.

The annual educational expenses of this number is $95,highest proportion of soldiers to each million of inhabitants is 000,000. There are 221,000 teachers.

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