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CO NT E NTS*
HISTORY OF EUROPE.
The Parliamentary proceedings of this Year, a natural Bond of Connexion between the great Events of 1807 and 1808.—Speech from the Throne.—Debates thereon in both Houses.—Moved in the. Peers by the Earl of Galloway.—Amendment moved by tht Duke of Norfolk.— This Amendment seconded by Lord Sidmoutn.—Opposed by the Earl of Aberdeen.—Supported by Lord Grenville.—Opposed by Lord Hawkesbury.—Supported by the Earl of Lauderdale.—Opposed by Lord Mulgrave.—The Amendment rejected.— In the House of Commons the Address moved by Lord Hamilton.—Motion for the Address seconded by Mr. C. Ellis.—Observations by Lord Milton respecting the Attack on Copenhagen.—Speech of Mr. Pomonby, and Notice of a Motion respecting the affair of Copenhagen.—The Address supported by Mr. Milnes.—Strictures on the Address by Mr. Whitbread.— Speech of Mr. Canning in support of the Address.—Lord H. Petty against the attack on Copenhagen.—Mr. Bathurst ditto.—Mr. Windham ditto.—Reply of Mr. Perceval.—Tlte Question carried without a Division.—Report of the Address.—Fresh Debates. • »•<••••••.. 1
Motion in the House of Lords for a Vote of Thanks to the Officers employed tn the Attack on Copenhagen.—A Motion to the same Effect in the House of Commons.—Opposed by Mr. Windham—and Mr. Brand.—Supported by the Chancellor of the Exchequer—and on a Division of the House carried.—Motion by Mr. Ponsonby for
* The reader is requested to observe, that three distinct series of pagination have been followed in the present Volume, which commence respectively at the portion* allotted to the History of Europe— the Chronicle—and the Character*.
Vol. L. T Papers Paper* relalirr to the Expedition to Copenhagen—and for certain Resolutions on that Subject.—Opposed by Mr. Canning—Mr. Milnes—Lord Lercson Gower—Lord Castlereagh, Sec. Sec.—Supported by Mr. Windham—and Mr. Whitbread.—On a Dirisvn of the House negatived.—House of Peers.—Motion by the Duke of Norfolk for the Substance of all Communications respecting the State of the Danish Navy, and the Secret Articles of the Treaty of Tilsit.— Supported by Lord Hutchinson—The Earl of Buckinghamshire— The Earl of Moira—Tlie Earl of Jersey—The Earl of St. Vincent— lard Sidmouth, Sfc. S)'c.—Opposed by the Marquis of IVclles/ry— Lord Borringdon—Lord Limerick, Sec. Sfc.—S'cgalived.—Resolution moved by Lord Sidmouth for preserving the Danish Fleet in ftich a State that it might be erentttally restored to Denmark.—After a Debate, the Motion negatived.—House of Commons.—Motion by Air. Sheridan for the Correspondence which passed after the Capitulation of Copenhagen, between his Majesty's Ministers and the Court of Stockholm, relative to the relaiyiing Possession of tht Island of Zealand by a Swedish Army in Concert with His Majesty's Forces.—Supported by Mr. Windham—Mr. Ponsonby, Sec. Sec.— Opposed by Mr. Canning—negatived.—House of Lords.—Motion by the Earl of Darnley for an Address to His Majesty, stating that there was no Necessity for the Expedition against. Copenhagen, See.— negatived.— Motion for an Address to his Majesty of an opposite Nature by Lord Elliot;—carried.—Conversation respecting the Detention and Condemnation of Danish Trading Vessels.—House of 'Commons.— Baltic Expedition brought again into Discussion by Mr. 'Sharp.~-Mot ion for an Address to his Majesty to the same Effect as that of Lord Darnlcy's in the House of Lords.—Debate.—The Motion negatived.—House of Commons.—Motion by Lord Folkstone oftkc same tenour as that in the House, of Lords by Lord Sidmouth, respecting the Danish Navy.—Supported and opposed on the usual Grounds by different Speakers;—negativtd.—House of Lords.—Resolutions moved by Jjird Sidmouth respecting tlie Ships detained in our liarbows previously to Hostilities.—Debate.—The Motion negatived. JJ
Relations between Great Britain and Russia, icith other Powers, particularly Russia.—Motion in the House of Commons by Mr. Whitbread/or sundry Papers relating to this Subject.—Motion by Air. Whitbread after reviewing the Information nous before the House, for entering immediately into a Negotiation for Peace.—Opposed by Mr. Ponsonby, Mr. Canning, £ec.£?c.—Supported by Mr. Sheridan—negatived.—Resolutions moved by Mr. Adam respecting the Law of Parliament.—Supported by Mr. Windham and Mr. Whitbread.— Opposed by Mr. Canning, Mr. Perceval, Lord Casllereagh, and Mr. Sturges Bourne.—Expedition to the Dardanelles, bivugnt into Dittussion in the House of Commons by Mr. W. Taylor.—Motion for sundry Papers relating to that Affair. —The Expedition defended by Mr. T. Grenville,—Censured by Mr. Canning.—The previous Question put and carried 57
Commercial Warfare.—Orders of Council, a Subject of unusual keenness and pertinacity of Debate.— Motion for referring the Orders in Council res])ecting Neutral Trade to the Committee of Ways and Means.— Reiterated Debates in both Houses concerning both the Justice and Legality, and the Policy of the Measure.—Charges "hi the House' of Commons of Injustice, Oppression, and Cruelty in the Conduct of the Marquis of Wrllesley towards the Nabobs of Oude and Arcot, declared to be unfounded; and the Thanks of the House to the Marquis 7*
The Budget.—The Irish Budget.—Mr. Percevats New Plan of Exchanging Stock in the Public Funds for Annuities for Life.—Conditions on which a Sum of Money was advanced to Government, by the Bank of England y5
Flourishing State of the British Navy.—Army Estimates.—The Mutiny Bill.—Clause introduced for allowing an Option of enlist big into the Army for Life.—Debates on the comparative Advantages of enlisting for limited and unlimited Service in the Army.—Other new Clauses. —Establishment of a Local Militia.—Debates thereon.—Reversion Bill passed in the House of Commons.—Rejected by the Lords.— Another Reversion Bill moved by Mr. Banks in the House of Commons.—Passed in both Houses. — Bill brought into the House of Commons by sir Samuel Romilly, for amending the Criminal Law respecting private Stealing in Contradistinction to Robbery.—Passed in that House.—Act for the better Administration of Justice in Scotland.—Annuities to the Judges of the Court of Session justiciary, and
. JExchequer of Scotland upon the Resignation of their Offices.—Act for regulating the augmentation and modification of the stipends of the clergy in Scotland—Acts for making more effectual Provision for the Building and Re-building of Churches, Chapels, and Glebe Houses;
- and for the Purchase of Glebe Lands, Glebe Houses, and Impropriations in Ireland; and for enforcing the Residence of spirifual Persons in Ireland, on their Benefices.—Curates Bill—Catholic ■ , , T 2 Petition.— Petition.—Grant to Maynooth College.—An Act to prohibit the l)ufiliation of Spirits from Corn or Grain for a limited Time.—Debates thereon.—Affairs of Spain.—Prorogation of Parliament • • • • 19J
Buonaparte intent on the Subjugation of Spain, by a combined Plan $f Treachery and Force.—Divisions and Distractions in the Royal Family of Spain.—French Troops poured into Spain —Spanish Ambassador at Paris, returns to Madrid with Instructions from Buonaparte.—A Conference between him and the King and Queen.—Preparations of the Royal Family to emigrate to Mexico.— General Mnrat advances with his whole Army to occupy Madrid.—Ferdinand VTI. solicitous to conciliate the Favour of Buonaparte.—Report of Buonaparte's being on his way to the Spanish Capital.—Ferdinand persuaded to go to Bttrgos to meet him, and drawn on to Bayonne; whither all tlie rest of the Royal Family of Spain are also attracted.— Circumstances co-incident in point of Time with these Intrigues.— Description of the Frontier of Spain.—Fortresses and other Positions occupied by French Troops.—On what Pretences.—Report that the Kittg was preparing to leave Aranjuez, with a View to Emigration,— Insurrection at Aranjuez.—The Prince of the Peace arrested and imprisoned. — Charles IV. abdicates his Throne in favour of the Prince of Aslurias.—Proclaimed King under the Name of Ferdinand VII.—First Acts of Ferdinand's Reign.—Arrival and Reception of Murat at Madrid.—An Occurrence at Barcelona of a nature most suspicious and alarming to the Spaniards.—Patriotism of Count Espellata, Governor General of Catalonia.— Effects produced by tht Journey of Ferdinand to Bayonne on the public Mind.—Interferenct of Murat, at the Instigation of Buonaparte, for the Releasement of the Prince, of the Peace.—Universal Joy that had been excited at tht Imprisonment of this Favourite.—His excessive Eh ration contrasted with his Fall.—Arrival of Charles IV. and his Queen at Bayonne.— Visited by Buonaparte J29
Message from Buonaparte to Ferdinand VII. requiring him and all hu Family to renounce the Crown of Spain and the Indies.—Conference between Cevallos, the Minister of Ferdinand, and Champagny, Buonaparte's Minister for foreign Affairs.—Interrupted by Buonaparte. —Ferdinand made sensible th-at he was in a state of Arrest.—Charles announces to Ferdinand his Determination to renounce all his Rights and those of his Family to the Crown of Spain.—Conditional Renunciation of Ferdinand in favour of his Father.—Correspondence between Charles and Ferdinand on the Subject.—The Queen of Spain
bastardizing her own legitimate Son, and proclaiming her own In-
C H A P. X.