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ject, for which their authors received gold medals from the society. The last of these, written by 'Squire Benett of Pytthouse, stirred up the wrath of Archdeacon Coxe, the book-maker; and to rescue the 'Squire I knocked down the parson. My pamphlet, entitled “ THE RIGHT TO CHURCH PROPERTY SECURED,” will speak for itself any day. This pamphlet not only drove Archdeacon Coxe, afraid to meet me in the field of controversy, to the mean resort of false insinuation, but frightened a whole covey of Somersetshire Parsons into an Absurd declaration about their rights and freeholds. The parson-panic vibrated to the centre of the Bath Society; for, in idle parsons, that society of old women is strong. The parsons had the address to sink the grand attempt for commuting tithes ;---and what was substituted ?---The embryo of the Corn Bill. Yes! it was the Bath Society which originated that infamous Bill, by which farmers have been ruined, commerce shackled, and the nation in. volved in want and misery.

I saw clearly how things would go. I justly estimated the cowardice, the treachery, the selfishness of the old women of Bath. I seized my pen, and wrote out a placard, to sound alarm in their ears, and to draw public attention to what was going forward. I said that Members of the Bath Society were, “ individually good fellows, but collectively, great rogues.This was “ the head and front of my offending;” and, for this, the silly old women passed a vote of expulsion, after I had withdrawn my name from their list, despising longer to be ranked with such filthy hags*! Truly, the whole transac

* My paper affording room, I cannot forbear employing that room to fix public attention more and more to the Bath Society and its filthy deeds; and I am sure the courteous reader will pardon me for using even the most unsightly of words to stamp a suitable impression of disgust on his mind. No personal feeling has to do

VOL. II.

tion was to me honour; and I know not if words could convey to posterity a better test of my worth than these, were they written on my gravestone:

To THE MEMORY OF HIM WHO WAS EXPELLED FROM THE BATH SOCIETY, AND BANISHED FROM Upper CANADA.

William Penn was really and truly turned out of his father's house; and really and truly expelled from the University of Oxford; but, nevertheless, William Penn turned out to be one of the greatest, best, and most useful men, that ever lived.

with my abhorrence of the Bath Society. I wish to reproach no individual. It is the monster Caliban to which I would turn the public eye; and this monster should instantly be put to death. The Bath Society did not only pretend, for two years, to be in earnest about commuting tithes, a measure which could easily be accomplished to the infinite benefit of all parties, by the simplest means ; the Bath Society did not only pretend to be serious on this subject for two years, and then fling it aside for that of the corn-bill; but the Bath Society, for many years (and perhaps till now), held out a premium for women holding the plough!!! The word hug has various meanings. In England it means an ugly, old, mischievous witch: in Scotland, a bullock intended for slaughter and salting up between Martinmas and Christmas. The Bath Society is dressed in silk, broad-cloth, and fine linen: and is far from being ugly. I would eat and drink with the Bath Society, with the greatest pleasure, especially when Sir Benjamin Hobhouse presides; but, nevertheless, would cut the throat of the Bath Society. The Bath Society, though not sufficiently “ ancientfor a witch, is much too old for the good it has done; and, certainly, no witch was ever so mischievous. The Bath Society, again, is not in all things like to our Scotch hag. It is as sleek and as stupid; but its carcass can be of no use to man; and when slaughtered should be thrown to the dogs. Should this note reach Bath, before the next sitting, I hope that it may tempt the old women to commit suicide.

TO

THE SPIRIT

OF HIM

WHO GREATLY IMPROVED FIFESHIRE,

THIS

Volume of Politics

DEDICATED,

BY

HIS MOST AFFECTIONATE SON,

ROBERT GOURLAY.

ERRATA.

Page viïj, line 24, note-For “face of the world,” read race of the world.

Page 303, line 18,-For “better,” read bitter.
Page 560, line 14,-For “1818,” read 1821.

NOTES.

In page 487, certain information is given, on the authority of “ An intelligent Chief of the Grand-river Indians.” I now quote, from a publication of the same Chief, recently put into my hands, a statement, which must be considered more correct.

“Besides the War Chiefs, there is a kind of hereditary Chief among the Five Nations, if it can with propriety be called hereditary, which is selected from certain families, without respect to older or younger brothers, nephew or grand nephew; but entirely depend on the choice of the family. They are only concerned in civil matters, as their name implies. They also attend to the old religious ceremonies, and appear to be a kind of priesthood. Since their connexion with the European settlements, they have the most to do in the land-selling business ; but the War Chiefs have generally the ascendancy as to influence.”

Since page 536, and others before and after, treating of allegiance, were printed, I have read an able and ingenious discussion on the subject of natural allegiance, by John Reeves, Esq., second edition, 1816. I notice this, the more to engage attention to a point, which it is of the utmost consequence should be settled between the legislatures of Britain and America.

Since the first page of “ Explanation of the Map” was printed, I have conversed with Mr. John Combes, of Fovant, in Wiltshire, who visited Mr. Birkbeck's settlement in Illinois, Sept, 1818. Mr. B. informed Mr. C. that, during the preceding winter,

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