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• Lord North-PTON " A traveller! by my faith you have great reafon to be sad: I fear you have sold your own lands to see other men's; then, to have seen much, and to have nothing, is to have rich eyes, and poor hands," SHAKESP.
" 'Tis application makes the ass." Gay, The last line is the Aucher's motto. Art. 31. An History of Jamaica and Barbadoes, with an authen
tic Account of the Lives lost, and the Damages sustained in each inland, by the late Hurricanes. To which is prefixed, A Sermon, preached on the melancholy occasion, at St. C:emene's, Lombard Street. 4to. 2 s. 6 d. Davenhill. 1781.
The principal consideration which recommends this discourse to general notice is, the profefied design of it's publication ; viz. Tbe Benefit of the West India Sufferers. Whether the Sermon was ever preached appears doubiful, at least.-There is no St. Clement's church in Lombard-Streer; and as to St. Clement's, in Clementis. jane, near Lombard-Itreet, we cannot find that any such discourse has been delivered there. This however is not fo material as che cer. tainty that the profits (if any) arising from its publication, will be applied to the service of the sufferers, for whom we are told by the anonymous author, it is intended, and this we are assured, on private information, is a truth,
There is something ingenious and sensible in the discourse; and the style is good : it is a mixture of reasoning and declamation, attended with quotations from the classics, &c. But who would expect a kind of philosophical enquiry into the original and present itate of Man, in a difcourse immediately designed to awaken and promote a free and liberal contribution to a large number of our fellowcreatures, whose distresses plead for instant assistance and relief? Towards the end a little nocice is taken of this purpose,- which we should have thought the great object in view, throughout the whole ; and the fuppofed preacher concludes by urging, with some warmth, a liberal donation,
The title page of this pamphlet might induce the reader to think that be mould meet with a satisfactory account of the two islands which have lately been desolated in so dreadful a manner : but this iliftory, as it is called, confiits of no more than eight or nine pages, of common information.
We have thus endeavoured to give our readers some idea of this questionable performance. To afliit the distressed is a laudable and excellent motive, and far be it from us, in the smallest degree, to discourage a purpose of this benevolent kind. Numbers, we doubt not, would be molt willing to purchase this or any other pamphlet which they were certain would promote such a good end; and many may be inclined to think ic fiill preferable to bestow the whole of what is asked to the direct purpose of the charity, without any deduction for the price of a pamphlet. Art. 32. The Life of John Donellan, E/9; who was executed
at Warwic's, April 2d, 1731; for the Murder of Sir Theodoíus Boughton, Bari. Written by Captain Murphy. Svo. 15. Wenman.
From this account, it appears that Capt. Donellan, was the son of the late Licur. Col. Doncllan,-a gentleman personally known
to the writer of this article ;-that he was formerly an officer in the 39th regiment of foot ;-that he was about iwo years in the service of the East-India Company, from which he was dismissed under circumftances of disgrace; and that, on bis return to England, he was appointed director of the amusements at the Pantheon in Oxford-street, where he became acquainted with the Boughton family. The rest is sufficiently known to the Public. Art. 33. The Trial of John Donellan, Esq. at the Aflizes at
Warwick, &c. Taken in short hand by Joleph Gurney. Folio.
2 s. 6d.; Kearly, &c. Art. 34. The Proceedings at large on the Trial of John
Donellan, Esq. for the Murder of Sir Theodofius Boughton, &c. Taken in short Hand by William Blanchard. Folio, Almon, &c.
Both these short-hand writers have the character of accuracy fufficient to recommend their publications. Art. 35. The Case of John Donellan, Esq; impartially confi
dered ; abstracted from the Man or the Crime; but only as to the Law, &c. By a Lawyer. 8vo. I s. 6 d. Dodsey. 1781.
It has been often remarked that men's ideas are so much influenced by their peculiar habits and pursuits, that the same chain of facts presented to different persons, will suggest to each of them a very diffimilar, if not an opposite, train of thoughts. The late trial of Capt. Donellan has been the subject of a good deal of conversation. It has likewise been frequently canvased in print; and it was matter noc wholly unworthy of speculation to observe, how much every person confidered is afier his orun way. The moralist was startled at the depravity of the human heart, that could suggest the perpetration of fo foul a crime as the poisoning a near relation,-his wife's brother, under whose roof the prisoner lived ;-making the mother the unconscious inftrument of her son's death,--and after his condemnation attempting, with his dying words, to fix the guilt on her, and to render her infamous for ever. The student of medicine was led to investigate the different nature of poisons, their operation and their effects: hecatombs of unfortunate animals were sacrificed to prove, by cruel experiments, the most fanciful theories:—while the good housewife, on her part, felt the most serious alarm for the whole culi. nary system, and resolved to put no more laurel leaves in her cuftards ;--for the distillation of laurel leaves the found was poisonous and fatal. Lally, not to multiply instances, the lawyer betook himself to the reports on cases of murder; in order to contrast or to compare the circumstances that appeared on the prisoner's trial, che conduct of the judge wbo tried him, and the species of evidence offered to the jury.
The Wriier of the pamphlet before us styles himself a lawyer ; and professes “to conlider impartially the Case of John Donellan, “ Esq; abitractedly from the Man or the Crime.” He entertains no doubt of the enormity of the crime, or of the guilt of the man; buc is of opinion, that it was not proved to a jury by that clear and decided evidence, which the spirit of the English law requires to affect the life of a priloner, but barely by suppositions and inferences. He censures in very harlh terms the conduct of the judge, both in his charge to she Сс 2
os that a
grand jury, and in some parts of his fumming-up to the petit jury, as having violated the humane and liberal maxim of our law, judge ought to be counsel for the prisoner ;” and he quotes some cases to thew how cautious a court Mould be in condemning any man on the evidence of probabilities only. We have no objection to his doctrine on this subject, provided he means the evidence of light or remote probabilities. But the whole depends on the degree of weight or itrength that is fairly due to the circumstances aggregately taken; which can never be precisely ascertained by words; and must therefore be, and very properly is, left to a jury: We think the learned judge's obfervation to the grand jury is warranted in sound sense, as well as found law, when, in speaking of the crime with which Donellan stood charged on their callendar, he tells them, “. It is a crime of fo peculiar a nature, that it is generally committed with the greatest secresy; and over which the offender always makes use of every art and cunning to throw a veil. It is your duty, gentlemen, to throw off this veil, and lift the business to the bottom. You are not to expect visible proofs in a work of darkness: you are to collect the truth from circumstances, and little collateral facts, which, taken fingly, afford no proof, yet put together fo tally with, and confirm each other, that they are as strong and convincing evidence as facts that appear in the broad face of day."
The whole of the charge to the grand jury however gives great Offence to this author ; and indeed there does appear in is a more anxious anticipation of the circumftances attending the prisoner's case than is strictly proper in a judge, who is supposed to know nothing of the facts to be proved, till they come judicially before him: but as to the writer's numerous cases and quotations that are produced with a good deal of malignity, to fix a Aigma on the judge, they are either unfairly quoted, or wholly misapplied. We never heard, nor do we believe any lawyer ever maintained, that a judge in his charge to the grand jury, can be, or ought to be " of council for the pri. foner." In this flage of the business it is neither proper nor possible. He is only to lay down the law. They are left to apply the facis; and to see whether there is sufficient ground to put the prisoner on his triai. Nor do we imagine, that even when the trial comes on before the perit jury, the judge is under any obligation to itrain or warp facts to save an offender, of whose guilt fatisfactory evidence appears in court, as there molt plainly did in this case, boih to the judge and jury; for the latter only deliberated a very few minutes before they brought in their verdiet. Art. 36. A Defence, and Substance of the Trial of John
Donellan, Esg. Published at the Request of his Sollicitors,
Meffrs. Toge and Webb. Folio. "As the Author of the foregoing Pamphlet only takes occasion, from the trial of Capt. Donellan, to draw some judicial inferences, and cefcant on the law upon the subject, abstracted from the fact ; on-this writer, on the o:her hand, principally discusses the facts; and endeavours to prove that the prisoner was innocent of the crime for which he suffered. He lloutly afirms in limine, that there was no proof of the unfortunate young Baronet having been puifoned; and that his death ought rather to be at:ributed to an apoplexy; as an apoplexy would have produced the fame fymptoms; and ihat the
young man's father died, by that disorder; and that this is heredi. tary.
We have read this laborious performance (confifting of upwards of 100 folio pages, closely printed) with confiderable attention; and except the ingenuity and address of the writer, we fee nothing in it to merit the notice of the Public. We confess we are not converted by it. We really believe that Sir Theodofius Boughton 'did not die of an apoplexy: and affirmatively, we believe that he was poisoned ; and that Capi. Donellan was juftly convicted of the murder. Art. 37: A Journal of First Thoughts, Observations, Characters,
and Anecdotes, which occurred in a journey from London to Scare borough, in 1779.
2 s. 6 d. sewed. Bowen. If we except a little amusing chit-chat and Shandean sentimenta. lity, this meagre. Journal of thoughts may be pronounced a trifling superficial publication. The Author, we apprehend, travelled in too much hurry to see what was to be seen, or to learn what was to be known. He does not appear destitute of taste, but rather to have wanted attention, as well as time. Art. 38. Friendship strikingly exhibited, in a new Light, in
Letters between Mesirs. 1). Henry and J. Nichols, Managing Pro. prietors of the Gentleman s Magazine, and D. Bond, late Printer of that Monthly Miscellany, with an Introductory Narrative, Notes, and Observations. Svo. Bew. 1781.
Mr. Bond, late Printer of the Gentleman's Magazine (a Miscellany which we have always held in esteem) here exhibits to the Public, his complaint again it the Proprietors, fur having (as he represents it] in an unfair manner deprived him of the printing that periodical work: notwithstanding that he hid, in full assurance of the work remaining in his hands, taken the house *, and purchased, at a conîderable expence, the materials of Mrs. Cave, who printed it formerly. But what is this to the Public? Art. 39. Thoughts on the present State of the Prisons of this
Country. Exemplified by a Plan, adapted to the Objects of such Confideration. By J. Leroux, Esq; one of his Majesty's Juftices of the peace for the Counties of Hertford and Middlesex. 8vo. I s. Dixwell.
Contains many just remarks on the very bad construction, and scandalous misgovernment of our prisons, with judicious proposals for remedying boih these notorious evils. Mr. Leroux declares, in a Note, at the end of his pamphlet, that since this tract was written, and not before, he has seen a very valuable work-by John Howard Esq.-Had he feen it sooner, he perhaps had not ventured to exhibit this feeble attempt'-so he modellly expresses himself, -' on the same subject, to the Public; but as some thoughts are contained herein, not to be found there, and as the plan materially differs, he flasters himself the publication will not be ill-timed.'-It certainly can never be ill-timed; for too much attention cannot be paid to the subject; nor can the inconveniences complained of be too speedily removed.
* St. John's Gate.
POETICA L. Art. 40. Select Portions of Scripture, and remarkable Occur.
sences, versified for the Instruction of younger Minds. By Thomas Gibbons, D.D. 12mo. Buckland. 1781.
We believe no head but Dr. Gibbons's, or the Ordinary's of Newgate, would have conceived an idea of 'infructing and entertaining younger minds' by a relation of so many shocking stories as he hath here put into still more shocking verse.
The King who lost his chumbs and toes,
Full on his head, and crush'd his bone.' • Crush'd his bone! The Doctor means, 'crack'd his skull;' but skull would not rhime with stone, and the poet was reduced to Hobson's choice!
The undeserving Naboth fell
The haughty wretch supplied bis place. This poor Doctor's imagination is haunted with spectres of whores and rogues. Amongst the former, he meets with a strumpet dress d in loose array,' whose vocal powers are described by him in a manner fomewhat peculiar.
• Her speech not honey's self more sweet :
Her accent loud, As to the
of the latter class, he seems to have ransacked the Tyburn Chronicle for anecdotes of curs'd attempts' of 'wretches, monsters,' miscreanis,' who were
doom'd in Mame to die And their remains to rot on high: Or,
having hung their hour,
And leave a naked skeleton.
But though Dr. Gibbons, when playing with Children preserves an unrelaxed folemnity of visage, and talks, in language truly woeful, of harlots and rakes • superlatively bad,' thieves, murderers, jails, galiows, gibbets * And hell's abyss of miseries ;'