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In a poft script to this discourse, the learned Author selects several ftriking passages from his various publications, which almost look like predi&tions; for every event respecting the war with the colonies, and the consequences which resulted from it, hath fully conkrmed them. They were ridiculed when they were first published, as the dreams of a splenetic visionary; or execrated as the malignant effufions of a heart that only wished what it pretended to foresee. But however divided the world may be about Dr. Price's motives, there is something which all must agree in,what was speculation, is now a fa£t. VI. Preached to a Congregation of Protestant Diflenters in St. Saviour
Gate, York. By Newcome Cappe. 8vo. I s. Johnson.. This excellent sermon con'ains a very judicious vindication of di. vine Providence amidst the varieties of human events. The argument is conducted on a liberal and enlarged plan; and the reflections (though in one or two places they be deemed somewhat romantic, and to favour too much of Utopia, yet on the whole) are striking and ingenious, and do great credit to the Author's understanding and heart. They are such as are worthy of the Christian, the Philosopher, and the Friend of human kind. VII. The Guilt and Danger of such a Nation as this! A Sermon
preached in the Parish Church of St. Mary Woolnoth, on the late Faft. By John Newton, Rector. 8vo.' 6d. Buckland, .
A serious discourse, which may prove very edifying to that class of readers whom Mr. Newton seems most ambitious of recommending himself to. Amongst the prevailing fins of this nation, the preacher seckons that prostirution of the Lord's supper which followed the 12 Tef and Corporation A&s, as one of the most atrocious and provok- 67 ing. While gain (says he) is preferred to godliness, and the law »? of difinction is ftronger than the dictates of conscience, we frequently fee profefed infidels and notorious libertines approach the Lord's table as a matter of course-proftituting the most solemn ordinance of Christianity to their ambition or interest. The great number and is variety of appointments civil and military, which cannot be legally poffefíed without this qualification, render the enormity almost as common as it is heinous. We join in lamentation with the preacher; and really think with him, that this perversion of the holy sacrament is indecent in itself, and insulting to “ the body and blood of the Lord !” The pretence of a test is trifling. Would not an oath 'answer every purpose of that test, which may be thought a necessary guard on the religious establishment of this kingdom? It may be so framed as to keep out Diflenters from office (if they must be kept out) more effectually than the injunction of the sacrament. Though it is an astonishing thing to us that Disenters can swallow that. It cannot fit easy on the conscience. If it doch, so much the worse! VIII. A Discourse on the Fast appointed by Aur bority to be kept on
Feb. 21. 1781. By a Clergyman of the Church of England. 8vo. 6 d. Philips.
The Author, afier declaiming on the wickedness of the times in general, and of this country in particular, hopes that there is in this land a holy hill of Zion, a precious remnant, a chosen generation
of holy persons, perhaps as highly graduated in the divine life as in any other nation; besides many other beloved servants of the Lord, men and women, fearing God, and working righteousness, accord. ing to their several degrees of holiness, in their several classes, one under another, who pray for those who pray little or never for them. selves, and stand in the gap for our preservation.' We wish it may answer. But the gap is so wide, fo very wide, that we fear there are not godly people enough to fill it up! IX For the General Fafi Day. By the Rev. James Murray of Newcastle,
Author of Sermons to Alles, &c. 8vo. Axtell. The Preacher takes his 'text from Ecclefiaftes, X. 16. “ Wo to the land! when thy King is a child, and thy princes ear in the morning !" From these words he hath dished up such a feast of wit, and let out such a flow of humour, that we soon lose sight of the fast, and in our mertiment forget devotion! The Preacher (resolved on as much fun as the occafion would allow him) introduces his discourse with a remark that does equal credit to his fagacity and his wit, namely, that' as the sovereign of the British empire has a numerous and beautiful family of children, he is in one sense cleared from the imputation of being a child.' Mark the emphatical one-one fenfe." 0! the glorious use of Italics! If it were not for their assistance, in a critical period, how much humour would be loft!- how much impudence too would be obscured for want of being singled out from the crowd !
But though the King is not a child — O'Reader! for the preacher's fake, forget not his ' one sense;' for if thou shouldit deprive him of that, he will be ready to exclaim, “ You have taken away my god, and what bave I more ?" Though the King, with fourteen children, and another coming, is allowed to be a man, and his claim to the character is even accepted by the Presbyterian Preacher of Newcastle, and in a sermon too! yer for all that, the princes may not be less guilty of the crying fin of " eating in the morning.” Now this, as the Preacher fays, - is a most woful practice for both foul and body;' for this woful practice disorders the judgment; secondly, it inflames she imagination, and pushes on the whole man to irra. cional and forbidden gratifications. Besides, thirdly, there is another wofol thing that happens when princes and privy counsellors eat in the moroing; and that is, that it gives the world reason to infer, that the sovereign, though he may be a man in point of age, is but a child in conduct, when he employs such irregular and slothful servants to manage the bufiness of the empire ; for it seldom happens, that the first and latter part of this woe is separated.' But the Author has not informed us why writers frequently vent their malice against their betters, and open their foul mouths so very wide, as if they meant to devour kings, princes, privy counsellors, bishops and all !- It is because one sense is to very keen!'. They are hungry, and can find no one fo kind and good-natured as to give them any thing to in the morning.' Now this is the woful thing!
The remainder of the Fafi Sermons in our next.
S E R M O N, &c. The Duty of a Chriflian Minister recommended, in a Charge delivered
at the Ordination of the Rev. Samuel Evans, Dec. 27, 1780, at Wedmore, Somersethire. By Job David. Together with a Sermon on Christ's Compasion on the Multitude. By Joshua Toul. min, M. A. To which is prefixed, an Introductory Discourse, by Philip Adams. Svo 6d. Johnson. 1781.
These performances have little to recommend them but the good end they were meant to answer. Our edifying preachers will, we hope, find their reward' in the piety of their motives, though their discourses should not be read.
CORRESPONDENCE. our Review for January last, page 3, we expressed a wish to receive from the Rev. Mr. Lyon, with a view to communicate them to our philosophical Readers, any explanations he thould be pleased to favour
with, relative to the fingular experiment which he had produced, with a view to demonstrate the permeability of glass to the electric fuid. He has been so obliging as to favour us with a letter on this subject, of which the following is an extract:
" To obviate as far as I am able all obscurity, I will endeavour, with brevity and clearness, to describe the necessary preparations for performing this experiment with fuccess.
• Take a pane of crown-glass, of any dimensions (even as far as four feet fquare, or as many in diameter if round); let it be dry, warm, and clear ; place it flat upon the table, with a common sized jar upon the centre of it, and the knob of the jar in contact with the prime conductor. Put one end of the chain under the centre of the glafs next the table (and, to avoid the trouble of fixing the points, as mentioned p. 20 of my work), place one end of a narrow slip of tinfoil upon the upper surface of the pane, opposite to the chain, and bend the other part of it to the outside coating of the jar. Take the other end of the chain in your left-hand; then, after a few turns of the cylinder (if the apparatus be in proper order), strike the conductor with your right-hand with a very sudden motion; and if you do not hear the explosion, see the spark, and feel the shock in both arms, though the supposed impenetrable barrier lie at the bottom of the jar, I fall only fay, my sensations of hearing, seeing, and feeling, are very different from yours.
• You are apprehensive, and therefore have taken it for granted, my prejudices have bewildered and deceived me in this case: as a proof that your charge, though severe, is not founded in truth, I Thall readily give you my reasons, why I think I am not bewildered ; and I shall be as willing to retract my opinion, as I was to adopt it, the moment I am convinced it was founded in error.
• When the shock is taken through the glass, and without perforating it (for I doubt not in the leait buc it may be perforated with a large jar charged very high), the noise of the explosion is quite different, the velocity of the spark is checked, neither is the fensation near fo pungent as in the common discharge.
• If the atmosphere be favourable for electrical experiments, and every part of the apparatus in proper order, I hardly ever fail of giving the shock, with ihe pane as before directed at the bottom of the jar.
• I have tried this experiment a great many times, and since your animadversions I have repeatedly taken the flock; as have several gentlemen, who are as well fatisfied as myself, that the spark ipaffed through them, and through the pane. .
• When I first made a-trial of this kind, I did not succeed, neither in my first, my fecond, nor my third attempo; y.et this was not owing to the supposed impenetrability of the glass, but to my not knowing how to conduct the experiment. I do assure you, I have not trusted to one experiment frequenily repeated, I have different methods of conveying the shock through glass; if this should be objected to by eletricians.
• I have a method of my own invention to cause the ele&tric spark to mark its course over a body, and it may probably afford me a clear and decisive proof, that electricians have been deceived on the supposed directions of the star and the brush.
I have also a variety of new experiments both in magnetism and electricity, to support what I have only hinted in my publication ; but what I can do, or how I do it, the scanty limits of your Paper will not permit me to enlarge on.
• If I should happen to meet with a very moderate degree of encouragement from the Public, and a little liberal treatment from the real friends of science, I may probably be induced, in due time, to publith my farther experiments, remarks, and observations on these subjects.'
Notwithstanding these further explanations, Mr. Lyon has not made us converts to his opinion ; though we are far from being disposed to question his assertion, that himself and many other gentle men have received fhocks from a charged jar circumstanced in the manner above related. Though it is not our business to account for the appearances described by the Author, we shall throw out a hint which has occurred to us on reflecting upon this subject; by means of which the phenomena may posibly be explained.
Supposing the Author's pane of glafs to have been coated on each fide, even somewhat imperfectly, there can be no doubt that an explosion must take place : as the case would then be fimilar to that of a person bringing the wire of a charged jar held in one hand, into contact with the wire of an uncharged coated jar held in the other. In this case the charge is divided between the two jars; and the perfon receives a shock, from the natural quantity of electricity belonging to the outside furface of the uncharged jar held in his hand. Now, Mr. Lyon's pane of glass, by lying on the table, and by having a chain placed under it, is, in some measure, coated on its under fide: and, by the jar's being placed upon it, is partially, coated on its upper surface. We should not wonder therefore that a discharge should take place, when all the circumstances are favourable; particularly when the glass is very dry, and warm, and the air favourable to electrical experiments. Under these circumstances a glass vial may be completely charged, though its outside surface has not a par5
ticle of coating upon it; and in the dark the electric fire will be seen pafling from every part of its surface, in numerous branches, towards the table.--On the whole, we apprehend that Mr. Lyon would find it difficult to succeed in his experiment, were he to deprive his pane of glass, of four feet square, of every kind of coating; or, in other words, were he to place it in a vertical situation, with his two points placed opposite to each other, in the middle of it, and in contact with the two surfaces.
To the MONTHLY REVIEWERS. Gentlemen, AS you have been pleased to honour the Author of the Epifle to the Magisterial Reviewers of Modern Literature with your attention, in your Review for March laft, he presumes that he has a right to ask you why you censure him, instead of confining your animadverfions to his composition ?-He is, Gentlemen, very much your humble servant, April 12th.
A. B. A N S W E R. Because the Reviewers are unwilling to trouble the Public with altercations respecting their own performances, unless where the interests of TRUTH, on scientific, or other important, subjects are concerned.
Mr. Beuzeville has, in a respectful manner, made some objections to the account which has been given of his French Catechism Having taken notice of this Author's solicitude that the descendants of French refugees might preserve the language of their ancestors,' we have poslibly been mistaken, though quite undesignedly, in adding, without adopting the English. He affures us that this is no part of his meaning, and that he only intended to express his wish that his countrymen would not affect to lay aside their own native language. In regard to what this gentleman farther observes, that his ScriptureCatechism is an original, or intended to be fuch, we cannot absolutely pronounce. Publications of, at least, a similar kind, have been nu
We have taken notice of his work as tending to implant and Arengthen the love of truth, piety, and goodness; to which we may add, that it is also calculated to furnish the youthful mind with Scripture knowledge, and give a more exact view of Sacred history.
* Vid. Review for Jan. 1781. An accident has prevented our concluding the account of Dr. Moore's Travels this month.
+++ H. is received; but too late to be noticed in this month's Review, by the Gentleman who reviewed Thelyphthorai'