Imágenes de página
PDF
ePub

which happened in the year 1778. Mr. Nichols afterwards purchased the copy, and has now made it public. It fews, as the Editor says, the ideas which that industrious Antiquary had, and his endeavour to make even the minutest record subservient to the great plan of national history. But we apprehend, however serviceable Mr. Mores's minutiæ may prove, that it cannot be necessary for others who are disposed to pursue the plan, to imitate his method, at least so far as exactly to copy from the register the names of all who were christened, married, or died in the respective parishes. The parochial history of England, on such a plan, could hardly be comprized within the compass of five hundred volumes in folio.

The account of the parish of Tunstal is introduced by some memoirs of Mr. Edward Rowe Mores, the Author.--We shall only observe farther, that the design of the work, of which the prelent is the first number, is, to present the Public with some valuable articles of British Topography, from printed books and manuscripts. One part of the collection is to consist of re-publications of scarce and curious tracts, another of such manuscript papers as the Editors are already pofleffed of, or may receive from their friends.-Communications to be addressed to Mr. Nichols, Printer, in Fleet-street.

TH

Art. XI. Two Dissertations on the Mint and Coins of the Episco

pal Palatines of Durham. Illustrated with Plates of Coins, Coats of Arms, &c. By Mark Noble, Gent. 4to. 7 s. 6 d. sewed. Birmingham, printed for the Author. Sold by Baldwin in London.

178a. T HE first of these Differtations is intended to ascertain

the time when, and on what occasion, the bishopric of Durham was privileged with a mint. It appears, that this was not till the reign of King Stephen, when it was either granted to or usurped by Geoffrey Rufus, Bishop of this See; but it was probably a grant, as this Rufus espoused Stephen's cause, and rendered him important services.

The second Dissertation presents the Reader with an account of all the coins of the Bishops of this See, from the reign of King Edward the First, to that of Henry the Eighth, both inclusive; from whence it appears, that we have almost a complete series of their money, for near three centuries.

This Differtation is rendered more entertaining by some account of thesc Bishops in their successive order. Among other anecdotes, the following, which relates to Thomas Ruthall, iş remarkable. He preceded Cardinal Wolsey as Bishop of Dure ham, in the reign of Henry VIII. He was in great favour with Henry, who ordered him to draw up an account of the

royal

royal revenues, which he accordingly did, and at the same time took an estimate of his own riches, and bound them up in yellum, which he laid up together, but unfortunately for him, when Henry sent Cardinal Wolsey for the royal estimate, the servant by mistake delivered the Bilhop's, which the Cardinal (though he was apprized of the mistake, being jealous of our prelate) presented to the King, telling him it would inform him where to apply when he wanted money for the Bishop was the richest subject in the kingdom, it appearing by this account that he was worth one hundred thousand pounds ; a vast sum for å private person to possess at that time. When the Bishop disco, vered the error his servant had made, it had so great an effect on him, that his uneasiness threw him into a disorder which put a period to his life, ann. 1522.'

Mr. Noble is well disposed to speak favourably of the Bishops whom he enumerates. Bishop Tonstall, the last in whose time the privilege of coinage was postesled, is highly extolled; and he, no doubt, on some accounts merited applause and esteem: pity it is to add, as is added in the excellent account of the life of Bernard Gilpin, published a few years ago by the Rev. Mr. William Gilpin, and confirmed by other history that he was well versed in the arts of temporizing, and poffeffed a large share of that complying philosophy which, taking offence at nothing, can adapt itself to all things. See farther accounts in Gilpin's Life, p. 102.

Towards the end of the volume, the Author, with much propriety, presents the Reader with a list of his Authorities for the plates of coins, &c. in this work. This is followed by authentic papers, taken from the records of Durham, &c.' To all which is added an account of several hundred English, Scotch, Irịth, and Brabantine coins, accidentally found in 1778, by a servant, in removing bean-stalks from a piece of land at Sudbury Green, near Thrapstone, Northamptonshire.

This volume may be amusing to many, but it will be chiefly acceptable to the lovers of heraldry, ancient coins, and church history.

Art. XII. Clinical Experiments, Histories, and Diffections. By Francis

Home, M. D. one of his Majesty's Physicians, Fellow of the
Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, and Profesior of
Materia Medica in the University of Edinburgh. 8vo.
Murray. 1780.
THIS publication confills of records of practice in the

Clinical ward of the Edinburgh lafirmary, under the direction of the Author; distributed into several lections, each of which is closed by forne general remarks. We shall give a sumI 3

mary

[ocr errors]

mary account of the most important results contained in this publication.

The first section contains experiments respecting the most proper time of exhibiting the bark in intermittents; from which it appears, that its efficacy is greater when given at the end of a paroxysm, than a short time before it; and that the fit is even rendered more severe by this last method of giving it.

Then follow experiments upon some remedies used in the Typhus Nervosus. The conclusions drawn from these, are, that James's powder is a better medicine than tartar emetic in this fever, being less liable to excite profuse evacuations-that the good effects of bark depend upon the situation in which it is given--that blisters are of little use, except that when applied to the temples they pretty certainly remove the head-ach attending this disease--that fomentation of the legs procures some relief-that the use of camphor is dubious--and that opiates are most to be depended on as sedatives, and may be safely given.

Sect. 3d describes the Pleuritis Spuria, a disease rather of the low nervous, than the inflammatory kind.

There is nothing in the next section, on the Puerperal Fever, worth notice.

Sect. 4th contains a singular case of the Measles, which is not capable of abridgment.

The experiments on some remedies used in the Phthifis Pulmonalis afford scarcely any useful conclufions.

In Sect. 7th we have three curious cases of the Melæne, or Morbus Niger; from which it appears, that small bleedings, laxatives, and the vitriolic acid, are efficacious remedies in this uncommon disease.

From the experiments on the Rhododendron Chrysanthemum Linnæi we learn, that it is a very powerful sedative, remarkably diminishing the frequency of the pulse; but that it has no peculiar efficacy in the cure of the acute rheumatism, for which it has been recommended.

A mortal case of Cephalgia, from compression, is the substance of the next article.

Sect. ioth contains experiments upon Sir Hans Sloane's Ointment in the Albugo or Leucoma; from which it would appear to be a valuable remedy.

The next is a pretty long paper upon Antispasmodic Remedies. From his experiments on this order of medicines, the Author arranges them in four classes, beginning with the weakest. 1. Orange leaves, cardomime Aowers, artemisia, pæonia, milseltoe, henbane, castor, musk, cuprum ammoniacale, electricity. 2. Fear, Aowers of zinc, camphor, blisters. 3. Affafætida, ether, mercury. 4. Bark, opium, bleeding.

The experiments on Antiparalytic Remedies afford nothing remarkable.

In Sect. 13th an account is given of the exhibition of Ol. Terebinth. in the Sciatica. The form in which it was adminis stered was, a linctus of an ounce of honey and two drams of ol. terebinth. Of this a tea-spoonful was taken morning and evening, with a draught of something warm. It proved a very efficacious medicine.

The next section mentions the success of a liniment com. posed of camphor, ol. terebinth. ung. nervin. and soap, in the Lumbago.

Sect. 15th contains four cases; the first, a fatal one of the Ischuria Renalis; the two next, a fatal and an incurable one of the Ischuria Vesicalis; and the last, one of the Ischuria Ure thralis. Some curious pathological remarks are afforded by these histories,

In the next section are two cases very particularly related, of the Diabetes. All the remedies that have been recommended for this disease, and some new ones, were tried in these cases, but without effect.

Experiments in the cure of the Dropsy are the subject of the next article.

From the use of creme of tartar thirteen patients out of twenty were cured. The quantity given was from Zls to Z ii daily, dissolved in water. It proved purgative and diuretic. Dried squills cured seven patients out of ten. In all those who were cured the squills proved emetic, but not in the others. Isues were used in some anasarcous cases, and proved serviceable.

Section 18th contains experiments upon remedies used in Suppression of the Menses. Compreffion of the crural artery was succcessful only in one case out of fix. Bleeding was remarkably serviceable where there were symptoms of plethora. Savine in powder appeared to be a powerful remedy. Madder root powdered succeeded in fourteen cases out of nineteen.

From fome experiments in the cure of the Herpes, or Lepra Græcorum, it appeared, that cantharides relieved the complaint without curing it—that the elm bark had little effect-that vipers were serviceable—that farsaparilla was not to be depended upon--that Plummer's pills (composed of merc. dulc. and sulph. antimon. præcip.) was a very powerful remedy—that the vitriolic acid was ineffectual.

Sect. 20th relates the vermifuge effects of the Spigelia Marylandica. In this paper Dr. Home mentions a diagnostic symptom of worms, which, he says, is infallible. This is an oedematous swelling of the alæ narium, upper lip, and often of the contiguous parts of the cheeks. The Spigelia appeared to be an * cacious medicine.

The effect of decoction of Mezereon, as a deobftruent, is the subject of the next section. It appears to have great powers in the discussion of schirrous tumours.

From a few trials next related, a decoction of the Verbascum Thcous leems to be of some use in old diarrhæas,

i he antihæmorrhagic effect of dry cupping is established by fome experiments in the 23d section.

The concluding article on Lithontriptics is of little consequence.

On the whole, we doubt not but the present volume will be perused with advantage by the medical practitioner; yet it is obvious to reinark, that there is little novelty, and less certainty, in some of the articles; that, in some instances, the experiments are too few in number, and continued for too short a time; and that there is a flovenliness of style and composition in the work, which ought to have been avoided by a professor in fo celebrated a school.

Art. XIII. Medicina Praxeos Syftema, ex Academiæ Edinburgenz Disputationibus Inauguralibus præcipue depromptum, et fecundum Naturæ Ordinem digeftum. Curante Carolo Webiter, M. D. &c. &c. ' 8vo. 2 Vols. ios, 6 d. Boards. Dilly, &c. 1780. N our acccount of a late publication similar to the prefent *

we took the liberty of remarking, that the necessary form of a scholastic disputation rendered it a tedious and troublesome method of communicating science to the world in general. The compiler of the present work has in some measure obviated this objection, by cutting off the formalities of introductions and conclufions, and making other abridgments as he saw occafion. In his preface, he says, · Delectas (disputationes) demum, prout res poftulare videbatur, mutavi, auxi, in epitomen redegi, et annotationes aliquando fubjeci. Et cum difputationes super quibusdam morbis reperiri non poflent, eas aliunde supplere conatus sum.' It is impossible for us, in a publication of this kind, to do more than give a list of the subjects, with the names of the respective authors.

The first order, that of MORBI HÆMORRHAGICI, contains the following particular treatises : De Plethora ; Coghlan. De Hæmorrhagiis ; Clapham. De Administratione Antiphlogistica ; Byam. De Epistaxi. De Hemoptae; Caw. De Hæmorrhoide; Claxton. De tiennorhagia in non Gravidis nec Puerperis; Daly.

The second order, of Morai INFLAMMATORII, has the following fub-divisions : De Phlegmatis, vel Inflammatione ; JohnIton.

De Cynanche Tonsillari; Toulmin. De Cynanche Trachuali; Meale.

De Oplethalmia ; Wemyss. Phrenitide ;

Smellie's Thesaurus : See Review, October 1778, p. 303.

Bertram,

« AnteriorContinuar »