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A' MEMOIR OF THE 'LATE RIGHT Hon. WILBRAHAM, EARL OF DYSART; WITH BIOGRAPHICAL Notices OF THE ANTIENT FAMILY OF TOLLEMACHE, or
HELMINGHAM, IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK. March 9. At Ham House, Surrey, in hill, bad charms sufficiently attractivo the 82d year of his age, the Right Hon. to rivet his attention, and to recreate Wilbraham Tollemache, Earl of Dysart, bis hours. Here also he had not only and Baron Huntingtour, of the kingdom his books and bis paintings about bim, of Scotland, a Baronet, and High Stew- but an hospitable and a noble table, at ard of the Borough of Ipswich.
which all who were honoured with his His Lordship was born Oct. 21, 1739, acquaintance or friendship, were receive and inherited the estates of his mater. ed with attention, and entertained with nal ancestors the Wilbrahams of Wood- the beartiest welcome. His proficiency bey in Cheshire. At an early age he in drawing, painting, and the fine arts, was appointed an officer in the Royal was considerable ; and to the advanceNavy, wbich service be soon relinquish- ment and interests of Science, which ed, and entered into the Army. In 1760 formied, indeed, the chief solace of bis he was promoted to a company in the leisure bours, he paid no inconsiderable 106th regiment of Foot, which he re- attention. His Lordship's manners were tained until the reduction of that regi- highly polished, and of the old schools ment in 1763. In 1765 he exchanged his conversation instructive; his mind bis half-pay for a company in the 6th well-informed; bis judgment sound; regiment of Foot, and was Major of that and his principles inflexible and honour. regiment when he quitted the Army, in
able. To the late Countess he was con-1775. In 1768 he stood a severe con- spicuous in his attachment; and to the fest for the representation of the Bo- close of his life cherished the memory of rough of Ipswich, in which, however, he her many great and amiable virtues with was unsuccessful. On a vacancy, in a singular and unalterable affection. To 1771, be was chosen a burgess of the bis servants and dependents he was a town of Northampton; and re-chosen humane and generous,
nay, a noble at the general election in 1774. In master; and to his tenants the best and 1780, he was elected a burgess of the most liberal of landlords. His loss, Borough of Leckrard; and served the therefore, will be severely felt by these, office of High Sheriff for the County as well as by the poor of his immediate Palatine of Chester, in 1785. On the neighbourhood, in relieving the wants death of his brother Lionel, the fourth of whom he was a most assiduous yet Earl of Dysart, Feb. 22, 1799, be suc- unostentatious benefactor. ceeded him in the Earldom, and, in His Lordship married, Feb. 4, 1778, 1806, the gallant Lord Viscount Nel- Anna Maria, the eldest daughter of Da. son, in the High Stewardship of the vid Lewis, of Malvern Hall, in the Borough of Ipswicb.
county of Warwick, esq. (the sister of During the latter years of his Lord. his brother's wife, the present Countess ship’s life, he withdrew from all politi- Dowager of Dysart), who died at Ham cal concerns; mingled seldom in pro- House, Sept. 14, 1804, in the 59th year miscuous company; and was rarely or of her age, and was buried with great ever seen in public, and what is called pomp in the vault of his Lordship's anfashionable life. He chiefly divided his cestors at Helmingham. Her character time between the mansions of Ham, in is thus elegantly delineated on her MoSurrey, of Helmingham in Suffolk, and nument in the Church of that parish e of the beautiful marine villa of Steephill
“ Her death was lamented and re. in the Isle of Wight. At each of these gretted by all, and particularly by her places be resided in a retired, yet dig- afflicted and disconsolate husband, who nified manner, exercising all the bounty erected this Monument as a mark, faint of old English hospitality, and indulging as it is, of his grief and affection, and himself in extensive acts and distribu- to perpetuate the memory of the most tions of cbarity. In these retreats, he excellent of women. Religion, virtue, passed his time in what tbe world calls worth, benevolence, charity, beauty, and solitude; but the calm and sequestered innocence, all these she possessed in an shades of Helmingbam ; the mild beauç eminent degree; and her loss was irreties of the gardens at Ham; and the parable to her busband, to her relations, grand and romantic scenery of Steep- and to her friends."
By the wa
Right Hon. the Earl of Dysart. [March, Come, Virgins! ere in equal bands ye firmed in the reign of King John, In join,
[sbrine; the 25th of Edward I. Sir Hugh de TalCome first, and offer at her sacred mache held of the Crown the manor of Pray that your vows, like her's, may be Bentley, and the fourth part of the vil. return'd,
[mourn'd." lage of Aketon, in the hundred of BaSo lov'd when living, and when dead so berg, by Knight's service. In the 29th decease of his Lordship, the
of the same Monarch, William and John very antient and highly respectable fa- Tallemache had summons to attend the mily of Tollemache has become extinct King at Berwick-upon-Tweed, previously in the male line,-a family which has
to his expedition into Scotland. This
John took the Black Cross ; and his flourished in the greatest repute, 'and in an uninterrupted male succession in the
arms are now remaining in the Minster
of York. Sir Lionel Tallemache, of county of Suffolk, from the arrival of the Saxons in this kingdom to the pre- Henry VI. and Edward IV. He már
Bentley, flourished in the reign of sent time; a period of more than 1300
ried the heiress of Helmingham, years.
of Helmingbam, in this county, hy Of a family of such high antiquity and
which alliance he acquired that inberitdistinction, and which has borne so conspicuous a part in the annals and his
ance, which is still the capital mansion
of the family. His son, John, was the tory of the County, the Reader of this Memoir will surely pardon me, if I in.
father of Lionel, who was High Sheriff
of Norfolk and Suffolk, the 4th of Henry dulge myself in giving a slight account. With the native of Suffolk, indeed, so
VIII. 1512. In the 38th of that Molong familiarized with the race, it can.
narcb, 1546, the King granted him the not fail of interest; for who is there, I
manor of Wansden, with the Rectory will ask, sincerely attached to his coun
thereof; the manor and Rectory of Le ty, who does not, whilst he peruses these hall, Wyllows, and Overball
, to hold of
Church Hey; and the manors of Bury« records of Ancestry," regret the extinction of the name of TOLLEMACHE?
the Crown by knight's service. His
son, Lionel, was knighted, and was “ His saltem accumulem donis, et fun- High Sheriff
of Norfolk and Suffolk in
1567. In 1561, Queen Elizabetli hoMunere."
noured Helmingham with her presence, The family of Talmash, Tollmash, and remained there five days, Aug. 14, Tallemacbe, Tollemache, or Toedmag 15, 16, 17, and 18. Here sbe was en(as it is spelt in Domesday Book), was
tertained with great splendour and possessed of lands at Bentley, in the sumptuous hospitality; and during her hundred of Samford in Suffolk, long be- visit stood godmother to Sir Lionel's fore the Norman Conquest, where, till son, and presented his mother with a very lately, was to be seen in the old lute, which is still preserved in the famanor house, the following Inscription: mily. He married Dorothy, the daugh“When William the Conqueror reign'dtleshead, and was the father of Sir Lio
ter of Richard Lord Wentworth, of Netwith great fame, Bentley was my seat and Tollemache and Suffolk in 1593. He was knighted
nel, wbo was High Sheriff of Norfolk was my name."
also, and married Susanna, the daughHugh Talmache, who subscribed the ter of Sir Ambrose Jermyn, of RushCharter sans date (about the reign of brook, knt. His son, Sir Lionel, was King Stephen) of John "de St. John, High Sheriff of Suffolk in 1609, and was made to Eve, the first abbess of God- advanced to the dignity of a Baronet at stow, in Oxfordshire, is perhaps the first the first institution of that order, in of the family now on record. He took, 1611, being the twelfth in order of prein his old age, the babits of a monk at cedency, In 1617, he was again High Gloucester, and gave to that monastery Sheriff of Suffolk ; and married Cathea moiety of his town of Hampton, which rine, the daughter of Thomas Lord Peter, his son, confirmed in the time of Cromwell, by Mary his wife, the daughHamlin, the abbot. William Talmache ter of John, Marquis of Winchester. gave lands in Bentley and Dodness to He was succeeded in title and estate by the Priory of Ipswich, which were con- bis son Sir Lionel *, knt. and bart, who
* Betham, in his" Baronetage,” vol. V. App. p. 76, makes a most unaccountable mistake in bis Life of this Sir Lionel. He states, that he “ was found dead in bis tent at Tilbury Camp, Sept. 16, 1640, æt. 49, where he went with the Suffolk Knights to oppose the Armada.” Now the Camp at: Tilbury was formed in 1588, long before Sir Lionel was born. Neither will this historical anecdote apply to the
1821.] Right Hon. the Earl of Dysart.
277 lived in great bonour and esteem in the officer in the Army. His talents and county. He was one of the burgesses education were improved by travel, in of Oxford in the 18th of James I. and which he spent several years; and after the 3d of Charles I. He married Eliza- he entered the Army, he distinguished beth, the daughter of Jobn Lord Stan- bimself so much by skill and bravery, as hope of Harrington, and was succeeded to attain the rank of Lieutenant Geneby his son, Sir Lionel, who married ELI- ral. He was appointed Colonel of the ZABETH (afterwards the second wife of Coldstream Regiment of Guards, and John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale), exerted himself with uncommon bravery the daughter and heiress of. William at the passage over the Shannon, the Murray, the first Earl of Dysart. His taking of Athlone, and in the battle of son, Sir Lionel, the fourth Baronet, on Agbrin. He attended King William to the death of his mother in 1696, became, Flanders, and at the battle of Luxemby the laws of Scotland, the second EARL bourg brought off the English Foot with OF DYSART. During her life-time, he prudence, resolution, and success. But enjoyed the title of Baron Huntingtour, in 1693, in the unfortunate attempt to and was elected a burgess of Oxford in destroy the harbour of Brest, he was 1678, and again in 1685. He was chosen shot in the thigh, and died of the wound a Knight of the Shire for the County of in a few days. Bp. Burnet represents Suffolk, in 1698; and re-chosen in 1700 him as a brave and generous man, and and 1701. On the accession of Queen an excellent officer; and Dr. Brady says, Anne, he was offered the patent of a that he was " singularly remarkable for Barony of England, which he declined; all the accomplishments of a gentleman: and was a fourth time elected a Knight his conversation familiar and engaging ; of the Sbire for the County, in the first his wit lively and penetrating; his judgParliament of her Majesty, in 1702. He ment solid and discerning; and all these was re-chosen in 1705* and 1707; but, adorned with a graceful person, a cheerin consequence of the Act of Union be- ful aspect, and an inviting air. And, if tween the two kingdoms, being no we consider him as a soldier, he was vilonger a commoner of Great Britain, a gorous and active ; surprisingly brave new writ was ordered Nov. 10, 1707. the most dangerous emergencies, and He married, in 1680, Grace, the eldest eagerly catcbing at all opportunities, in daugbter and coheir, with her sister which he might signalize bis courage, Mary (the wife of Richard Newport, Earl without forfeiting his judgment. In of Bradfor of Sir Thomas Wilbraham short, he may justly be characterized of Woodbey, in the county palatine of under the titles of a complete gentleChester, bart. by Elizabeth, the only man, a zealous lover of his country, and daughter and beir of Edward Mitton, of an excellent General.” He was a firm Weston under Lyziard, in the county of friend and supporter of the glorious ReStafford, esq. By this alliance, the fa- volution, and of the best interests of the mily of Tollemache became possessed of kingdom. A fine engraving of him by the seat of Woodhey and the Cheshire Houbraken is in the Collection of Birch's estates. He was Lord Lieutenant, Cus- Illustrious Characters. tos Rotulorum, and Vice Admiral of the The Earl deceased Feb. 3, 1726; and County of Suffolk ; and also High Stew- on his monument at Helmingham is the ard of the Borough of Ipswich, to which following eulogium : “In Parliament be situation he was appointed in 1703. The distinguished himself with no less wissecond brother of this Earl was Thomas dom than eloquence, being much for the Tollemache, a gallant and distinguished prerogative of the Crown, and ever for
grandfather of this. Sir Lionel, as he was living in 1691, unless the Camp at Tilbury was kept up long after the defeat of the Armada. In pointing out this error,this lapsus calami, I cannot refrain from acknowledging may obligations; and paying my tribute of praise to the merits of that excellent work,-a work which displays an uncommon industry, and a general correctness, as well as the most indefatigable labour, in the dry, difficult, and toilsome science of Genealogy ;-a work which was compiled, not in a place where immediate access could be had to books of reference, in order to settle a doubtful date, or correct an erroneous transcript ; but in a retired and sequestered village, remote both from public libraries and from oral communication ; amid the vexatious toil of a village school, and the intervals of ministerial avocations. And what has been the reward ?-Proh pudor ! a country curacy!
* This election was sharply contested. Lord Dysart was the second on the poll, and had 2877 votes ; Sir Robert Davers, bart. 2883; Sir Dudley Cullum, bart. 9586; and Sir Samuel Barnardistov, bart. 2310.
Right Hon. the Earl of Dysari. [March, the liberty of bis country; so as to speak France, was killed by the bursting of a and vote for keeping up an equal poise shell before Valenciennes, July 14, 1793, between both, according to our happy in an assault made previously to the established Constitution ; which vigi- surrender of that town. lant attention, and steady attachment “His death was the more unfortuto the real welfare and true interest of nate, as he was the only British officer it, as well in time of peace as when at killed on that occasion. He was a youth war with the common enemy of his na.. of uncommon promise ; but to his family tion, gained him the public acknowledg- his loss was irreparable! for, by that fament, as well as the just
on of tal event, it became extinct in the male his constituents." He was succeeded line. BUT THE NAME OF TOLLEMACHE by his grandson Lionel, the third Earl, HAS BEEN UNFORTUNATE! The father and who was created a Knight Companion two uncles of this valiant youth, like of the most antient and most noble Or- himself, lost their lives prematurely, in der of the Thistle, in 1743. He married the service of their country. His uncle, in 1731, Lady Grace Carteret, the eldest the Hon. George Tollemache, was killed daughter of John, the first Earl of Gran- by falling from the mast-head of the ville, by whom he had fourteen children. Modeste man-of-war, at sea; his father, In 1729, he was elected High Steward the Hon. John Tollemachet, was killed of the Borough of Ipswich. His Lord in a duel at New York; and another of ship died in 1770, and was succeeded by his uncles, the Hon. William Tollemache, his son Lionel, the fourth Earl, who was lost in the Repulse frigate in a hurmarried, first, Oct. 2, 1760, Charlotte, ricane, in the Atlantic Ocean. So many one of the daughters of the Hon. Sir instances of disaster are rarely to be Robert Walpole, K. B. a son of Robert, met with in the same family." the first Earl of Orford, and sister of her By the laws of Scotland, Lady Louisa R. H. the Duchess of Gloucester; she Manners, his Lordship's surviving sister, died without issue at Ham House, Sept. succeeds, as the elder branch, to the 6, 1789: and secondly, April 29, 1791, titles. She was born in 1545, and mar Magdalene, the daughter of David Lewis, ried, in August 1765, John Manners of of Malvern Hall, in the county of War- Grantham Grange, in the county of Linwick, esq. who is now living, and uni- colp, esq. a natural son of Lord William versally respected; but by whom he bad Manners, the second son of the second no issue. It was reported of this Lord Duke of Rutland, and who died Sept. that be returned the following answer 22, 1792. him she has issue three to his Majesty's most gracious intima- sons and four daughters; the eldest of tion of his intention to take a breakfast whom, Sir William Manners, of Buckat Petersham : “Whenever my house minster, in the county of Leicester, was becomes a public spectacle, his Majesty created a Baronet, Jan, 5, 1793; and in sball certainly have the first view." 1790, married Catherine, the third and
His Lordship dying at Ham House, youngest daughter of Francis Grey, of Feb. 22, 1799, in the 63d year of bis age, Lehena, in the county of Cork, the auwas buried with great funeral pomp at thoress of a Volume of Poems; and by Helmingham, and was succeeded in the her has issue four sons and five daughhonours and estates by his brother Wilbraham, the late and fifth Earl of Dy- The younger branch of the family are sart,
the issue of his Lordship's youngest sisThe premature fate of the late Lord's ter Lady Jane, who married, first, the three brothers was most melancholy and 23d of Oct. 1771, John Delap Halliday, unfortunate; and is pathetically alluded of Castlemains, in the Stewartry of Kirto in the elegant inscription wbich com- cudbright, and of the Leasowes (Shenmemorates the decease of Lionel Robert stone's) in Shropshire, and who by bim Tollemache, the only son of one of them, had issue John Halliday, esy. Admiral of (viz. the Hon. John Tollemache), an En- the Royal Navy, who married July 28, sign in the l'st regiment of Guards; who, 1797, Lady Elizabeth Stratford, the eldaccompanying his regiment to Flanders, est daughter of John, Earl of Aldbo. on the breaking out of the late war with rough, by whom he has a numerous is
* The quarrel originated in a Sonnet, written by Capt. Pennington, of the Guards, which Captain Tollemache considered as reflecting on the supposed wit of shis LadyAfter firing a brace of pistols each, without effect, they drew their swords. Capt. Tollemache was run through the heart, and Capt. Pennington received seven wounds so severe, that his life was despaired of for some time after. Capt. Tollemache's Lady was Lady Bridget Henley, the daughter of Robert, the first Earl of Northington, and relict of the Hon. George Fox Lane.
1821. Earl of Dysart. -Baroness Dunally.
279 sue; William, who died in 1806; Fran. comprehending 400 acres, contains some cis, a Captain in the Royal Navy; and of the finest oak trees in the county. Charlotte, married to Henry Wolseley, The Church, which adjoins the park, esq. the third son of Sir William Wolse- contains many splendid memorials of ley, of Wolseley in Staffordshire, bart. the Tollemacbe family. At his death, Lady Jane married, se- Ham House, in the parish of Peter+ condly, March 4, 1802, George D. Ferry; sham, in the county of Surrey, was first esq. and died the 28th of Aug. following. erected by Sir Thomas Vavasor, and
The descent through the female line came in 1651 into the possession of Sir of this antient family as follows, viz.: Lionel Tollemache, bart. After his Helmingham, Lowth, Joice, Wentworth, death it underwent great alterations, Jermyn, Cromwell, Stanhope, Murray, and many additions were made to it by Wilbraham, Carteret, and Clutterbuck. bis widow ; but it is said to have been
Titles.-Earl of Dysart, Baron Hunt- finished at a very great expense in the ingtour of the kingdom of Scotland, taste of that time by Charles Il. Here, and a Baronet of England.
as it is reported, the Cabal held their Creations. A Baronet of England, at meetings. The ceilings are painted by the first institution of that dignity, May Verrio, and the apartments ornamented 22, 1611; Earl of Dysart in the county with massy magnificence. The furni of Fife, and Lord Huntingtour in the ture is very rich; the very bellows and county of Perth, by patent, dated at Ox- brushes in some of the rooms being of ford, Aug. 3, 1643 ; and by a new patent, solid silver, or of silver fillagree. In the with the former precedency, dated at centre of the house is a large hall, sur. Whitehall, Dec. 5, 1670, to Elizabeth, rounded with an open gallery. The balCountess of Dysart, in these terms, viz. : lustrades of the grand staircase, wbich “Ac ejus proli, qui per eam nominabitur is remarkably spacious and substantial, et dignabitur hæres ad succedendum et are of walnut-tree, and ornamented with dicto titulo et dignitati, scripto et 'no- military trophies. On the West side of minatione, per eam quovis tempore ejus the house is a gallery, ninety-two feet in vitæ subscribenda, ac bæredibus ex cor. length, hung with portraits. This manpore dicti prolis (natu-maxima omni- sion contains many fine paintings by the modo succeden. absque divisione si fue- old and modern masters, among which rit femella), quibus deficientibus, et si the works of Vandeveldt, Wouvermans, nulla talis nominatio facta fuerit, vel Cornelius Jansen, Sir Peter Lely, Vanpostquam fuerit, per eam retractabitur, dyke, Hoskin, and Sir Joshua Reynolds, tunc in eo casu dictæ Comitissæ hære- are conspicuous. dibus quibuscunque, natu-maxima omni Steephill, in the Isle of Wight, a beausucceden, absque divisione."
tiful marine villa, was built by the late Arms of Murray.--Azure, an imperial Hans Stanley, esq. when Governor of the crown Or, between tbree stars Argent, Isle. It stands on one of those dismemwithin a double tressure, flowered and bered rocks which are frequent here, counterflowered of the second.Crest: nearly balf way down between the base A mermaid boldingia mirror in her right of the precipice and the sea; and though hand, and in her left a comb, all proper. small, is fitted up with great elegance. -Supporters : Two lion's Gules, collared Some beautiful sea-pieces by VanderAzure, charged with three stars Argent. veldt ornament the interior. The cliffs, Motto: Tout Prest.
which are bere covered with shrubs and Arms of Tollemache.--Argent, a fret coppice wood, afford a fine and um: Sable.-Crest : A horse's head couped brageous canopy over the walks that Argent, between two wings erect Or. have been formed beneath. The grounds Supporters : Two antelopes proper, at- are laid out with great taste. tired and unguled Or.-Motto : Confido, The mansion of Woodhey, in Cheshire, Conquiesco.
is now converted into a farm-housei The chief seats of the family are Hel- Ipswich, March 14. mingham in Suffolk, about six miles from Ipswich, a quadrangular structure, with
BARONESS DUNALLEY. a court.yard in the centre, built about Lately. Died at Bath, the Right Hon. the time of Henry VIII. It contains Catherine Baroness Dunalley. Her La-' some fine paintings, and many antient dyship was the second daughter and coand bighly curious portraits ; a good li- heiress of Francis Sadleir, esq. of Sopebrary, chiefly of early printed books, and well Hall, co. Tipperary (lineally dea considerable collection of old armour. scended from the eminent statesman, The house, completely surrounded by a Sir Ralph Sadleir, knt. banneret); marmoat filled with water, is approached by ried, first, John Bury, esq. nephew and two draw-bridges, which still continue to heir of Charles Moore, Earl of Charlebe drawn up every night. The park, ville, by whom she had issue Charles