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1821.) Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. 265 committed, the report received, and ore he, Col Davies, might move for a Com. dered to be taken into further considera- mittee of Investigation and Inquiry into tion on Friday, and to be printed.

the Estimates. --- Mr. Macdonald subse.

quently stated, that he should move that House Of COMMONS, March 6. the number of men should be reduced by Numerous. Petitions were presented 10,000; and Mr. Bennet expressed his from all parts of the Country, complain- intention to support the amendment. After ing of the existing agricultural distress ; a long discussion the Committee divided and Mr. Curwen, as one mode of relief, on an amendment proposed by Col. Da. gave notice of a motion for the repeal of vies, that the Chairman should quit the the Agricultural Horse Tax.-Sir R. Wil. Chair and report, progress--for the moson, adverting to the Letter published in tion 95, against it 216.—The Committee the Papers, purporting to be the decla- had afterwards a great number of divisions ration of our Ministér, Mr. A'Court, to on motions of adjournment, and that the the Neapolitan Authorities, as to the con- Chairman should report progress, in all ditions on which our squadron in the Bay of which Ministers had large majorities. of Naples was to observe a strict neutrality, namely, that they would do so March 14. Mr. R. Smith moved for as long as the Neapolitans respected the copies of all communications which have King and Royal Family, put a question taken place between our Government and to Lord Castlereagh, whether such was the Governmeut of Austria relative to the indeed the foundation on which our neu- Austrian Loan.-Lord Castlereagh did not trality rested. - The Noble Lord, how- oppose the motion, and the papers were ever, declined to answer the question, ordered. but intimated that the gallant General, The House went into a Committee of if he thought proper, might move for the Supply, and the discussion on the Army document which he had alluded. - Mr. Estimates was resumed ; when Mr. MacMaberly brought forward a motion on donald proposed, as an amendment, a rethe public expenditure; and going through duction of 10,000 men in the military all the items of expenditure for 1820, and force of the country. Upon this propocomparing them with those of 1792, con- sition a long discussion ensued, and ultitended that a saving of at least 3,000,0001. mately a division took place; when the might be made in our expenditure. --Mr. motion was rejected by a majority of 96, Vansittart replied to Mr. Maberly, and the numbers being, for the reduction 115, moved the previous question. After some against it 211.-A second division took observations on the part of Mr. Calcraft, place, on a motion of Mr. Dawson for reMr. Huskisson, Mr. Ricardo, Mr. Lush. ducing the number of men 5000; but this ington, and others, Mr. Maberly's motion was also negatived by 195 to 130. The was negatived by a division of 83 to 109. original Resolution for granting 81,458

men was then agreed to; and the Report March 7. Mr. Plunkett brought in his was ordered to be received the following day. Bill for the Emancipation of the Catholics; when the first reading passed sub silentio, March 16. CATHOLIC QUESTION. and the second was fixed for Friday, the Mr. Plunket moved the second reading 16th instant.--Mr. Hobhouse presented a of the Catholic Bill; previous to which, Petition fron several inhabitants of West- however, a number of petitions, from vaminster, complaining of the power lately rious bodies of Protestant Clergy and assumed by the

of fining for con- others, were presented against the Bill, tempt; which, after considerable discuse and one from certain, Catholic Clergy, and sion, was withdrawn, in consequence of other individuals, of the county of Stafthe impropriety of several expressions ford, against the Bill now pending, før contained therein.--Mr. Gooch moved for regulating the intercourse between the a Committee to enquire into the causes of Roman Catholic Clergy and the See of the Agricultural Distress, and to report Rome. The presenting of this Petition thereupon to the House. The motion was gave rise to a lengthened discussion, which seconded by Sir E. Knatchbull, and ac- was commenced by Sir Thomas Lethbridge, ceded to on the part of Mr. Robinson. A who contended, that the allegations conlengthened discussion followed, and ulti. tained in it were such as fully proved the mately the motion was agreed to.

fallacy of the present measure, which the

Petitioners already prayed the House to March 12. The House went into a Com- reject. He was convinced the Bills now mittee of Supply, and Lord Palmerston mov- before the House, instead of conciliating ed that 81,0001. be voted for the land service the Catholic Body, would but tend to of Great Britain during the current year.

irritate them. The Hon. Baronet also Col, Davies moved an amendment, that declared his opinion, that the measure the Chairmau should report pxogress, and would be productive of general dissatis. ask leave to sit again; with a view that faction among the Members of the EstabGenr. Mag. March, 1821.


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266 Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. [March, lished Church, as would be proved by waters to prevent their approach. Were their Petitions against the Bill. The Pro. We now to fortify that mound, or leave it testant body of his Majesty's subjects bad to moulder away by accident? Or should only remained apparently acquiescent up we cut the Isthmus, and foat on the mighty to this time, under the firm persuasion wave, the ark of our combined Constituthat the House would reject the measure tion. The Right Hon. Gentleman here reached a Committee. The opi- combated the arguments that had been nion of Sir T. Lethbridge was supported used against the Bills; admitted that the by Mr. Peel, Mr. Dawson, and others; Roman Catholics should be excluded from and controverted by Mr. Plunkett, Sir H. the Chancellorship, and from the Univer. Parnell, Sir J. Mackintosh, &c. &c. sities; ridiculed the idea of any danger

When the Petition was disposed of, Mr. to the State, by the possible election of Plunkett moved the second reading of the Roman Catholic demagogues to seats in Bill; to which an amendment was pro- that House. He never kuew a demagogue posed by Mr. Bathurst, namely, that the come there, who did not in six inontbis find Bill should be read a second time this his level; and he wished, that in any plan day six months.

for Parliamentary Reform, which might After considerable discussion on the be adopted, a little nest of boroughs should principles of the Bill, Mr. Canning ad- be left for them, and their only qualificadressed the House. He said that the tion should be a speech in New Palace. argument against the question now was yard. The Hon. Gent. then 'bore testi. as if the spiritual connection with a fo- mony to the loyalty and sacrifices made reiga state was the only one. On the by the Catholics, and concluded a most contrary, a connexion of a totally differ. eloquent and brilliant speech, of which ent nature formed the ground of the en- the want of space prevents our being able actment of the Penal Laws. The Hon.

to give more than a faiņt outline. Gentleman here entered into an history The second reading of the Bill was ulti. of the Penal Laws, and a recapitulation mately carried, on a division of 254 to of their enactments; and concluded it by 243; majority in favour of the Bill 11. arguiog, that if the danger had ceased which called for them, or that no danger had ever existed, it was full time to re

March 19. - CASH PAYMENTS. voke them. Suppose a murder was said On the motion of the Chancellor of the to have been committed by a person wear. Exchequer, the House resolved itself into ing a wig and spectacles, still, if it ap- a Committee on the Acts of Parliament peared no murder had been committed, relative to payments of the Bank in Cash. was every man wearing a wig and spec- The Right Hon. Gentleman then brought tacles to be punished. The Right Hon. forward his promised resolutions. He stated Gentleman took another review of the Pe. that the object of the present measure was nal Laws from the reigo of Elizabeth to the only to authorise the Bank Directors, if present. He asked, were they Roman they thought fit, to do that in 1821, which Catholics who brought Charles the First they were legally authorised to do in 1822, to the block? He then alluded to a Bill leaving to their discretion the mode, the having been sent up from the House of proportions, and the objects to which they Commons to the House of Lords, in 1641, would apply their issues. The immediate for excluding the Bishops from seats circumstances which induced him to subin Parliament. The Bill was rejected in mit his intended proposition were, the the Lords by a small majority, and in measures taken by the Bank to meet the that majority every one of the Catholic wishes of Parliament in 1819. So effec. Peers had voted. In a few years after, tually were these measures taken, that those very Bishops voted for the exclu- the Bank accumulated a larger treasure sion of the Roman Catholics from Par- than was expected, or was once io con. liament. He trusted, as one good turn templation, for May, 1822. The contin deserved another, that the passing of the pual accumulation of treasure, without Bills then before the House would afford the power of issuing it, operated to the the present Bishops an opportunity to diminution of capital, and by continually pay the debt. He contended that, from draining from other countries part of their the moment of the passing of the Repeal circulating medium, subjected all parties Laws in 1793, the conviction on every to great inconvenience, and other uofaman's mind was, that a total repeal should vourable results. He should only detain follow. What ! give the power to elect, the House while statiog one other circum. and withhold the eligibility to be elected ? stance, namely, the repayment of the We had abridged the Channel, and brought debt of 10,000,0001. due from Governthe Irish amongst us; and having done ment to the Bank.-(Hear, hear!) The so, were we to stop now? For two cen. iustalments bitherto were regularly paid, turies we had been erecting a mound- nay, even anticipated ; and he hoped, by wrought it high ;-and frowned upon the the 5th of April next, that the last in.


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1821.] Proceedings in Parliament.---Foreign Occurrences. 267 stalment would be paid, with less incon- Sir R. Wilson moved for a Copy of the venience than most parties foresaw at the Letter of Sir W. A'Court, British Ministime when they considered its repayment ter at the Court of Naples, to the Duke as necessary to enable the Bank to re- de Gallo; and also for Copies of any Insume cash payments.

structions from Ministers at home, rela. After Mr. Baring, Mr. Ricardo, and tive to the same. The motion was opothers had addressed the House, the re- posed by Lord Castlereagh ; and, after a solutions were agreed, to, and leave was discussion of some length, in which Mr. given to bring in a Bill founded on them. Canring, Sir J. Mackintosh, and others!

The Grampound Disfranchisement Bill followed, the motion was ultimately nethen occupied the attention of the House, gatived without a division. and was passed.

March 21. Mr. Courtenay brought the March 20. Some conversation took case of the American Loyalists under the place between Mr. Grenfell, Mr. Pearce, hotice of the House, and moved for coMr. Calcraft, and others, on the old ques. pies of all communications with Governtion respecting the Public Balances in the ment ou the subject of their claims, from hands of the Bank of England, and the 1812 down to the present time. The moremuneration allowed to that body for the tion was not opposed ; but the Chancellor management of the National Debt.

The of the Exchequer held out no hope of any Pablic Balances were stated at 3,600,0001.;

further relief. upon which the Bank might be estimated Mr. Western made his motion for the to make an annual profit of 185,000.; repeal of the additional duty on Malt; and the sum'allowed for the management this was seconded by Mr. Mackenzie, on of the Debt was 270,0001. annually. Mr. behalf of the Scotch Distillers and BarleyGrenfell contended, that the sum of 10,0001. growers. It was also supported by Mr. would afford ample remuneration for hold- Ellice, Lord G. Cavendish, and others ; ing the balances; whilst 100,0001. would and opposed by the Chancellor of the Exbe a liberal allowance for the manage- chequer. Mr. Huskisson moved, as ment of the debt; and thus upon these amendment, the previous question, and two items a saving of upwards of 300,0001.. was supported by Lord Castlereagh; after might be made to the Public. Mr. Gren- which the House divided for the original fell said, he would move nothing on the motion 149, against it 125. Majority subject, but would not fail to call the at. against Ministers 24.-The result was hail. tention of the House to it on every occasion. ed by loud.cheers from the Opposition.

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FOREIGN OCCURRENCES. NAPLES, SARDINIA, &c. states the determination of crossing the The Austrian Declaration of War Po, and says, that the Emperor of Rusagainst Naples has been published. It sia, if necessary, will join his forces to begins with a history of the Carbonari, those of Austria, But they have no obwhom it charges with a design of over- ject but the safety of all States, aod the turning all the Italian Governments; in peace of the world. 1816 the vigilance of the Royal Govern- A Document has been published by the ment on its restoration, succeeded in King of Naples, addressed to the Prince baffling the endearours of this dangerous Regent, bis son, from Laybach, in sect, until 1820, when the evenis in Spain which, after professing every wish to progave them new energy, and by the con- mote the happiness of his subjects, states, tagious influence of fanatical doctrines, that he had taken a long journey-that it increased its power so much, that the after an interview he had no longer any Jaws and police were unable to check it, doubts as to the judgment formed by the and a part of the military were seduced Allied Powers in respect of the events at in consequence. In this state of things, Naples; that finding their determination the Austrian Monarch interfered, to pre- irrevocable not to recognize the present serve not only Naples, but other States situation of affairs of Naples, but to atin Europe. The King of Naples was in- tack the nation by force of arms, that vited to Laybach, to confer with the Al. they, desirous of preserving the interests Jied Sovereigns. When the King came to of the Neapolitan people, propose that Laybach, he found it in vain to ground a he should establish a system of govern. proposal on a condition absolutely re- ment calculated to guarantee for ever the jected by the Allied Sovereigos, who repose and prosperity of the Kingdom. would not suffer the continuance of the He therefore desires the Prince Regent to present order of things at Naples, and give every publicity to this document, that, if the Parliament was not dissolved, until he can arrive to perfect the system arms must be had recourse to. It then proposed.



Abstract of Foreign Occurrences. [March, The Neapolitan Parliament bas made yet believing that they were enemies who a Declaration of War against Austria? were marchivg towards then. We bad only. Nothing is said in it respectiog, expressed to them only the words of peace. France, Russia, or Prussia.

A very brisk fire soon convinced us that Neapolitan Gazettes to the 3d inst. con- we had mistaken their character. The tain a Decree by the Prince Regent, alt- battle then commenced; it was dear the nouncing his intention to repair to the hour of noon; the enemy's attack became head-quarters of the army, accompanied serious, and Lieut, Gen. Walmoden orby Lieutenant-General Parisi, the Minis- dered his reserve, which was posted at ter at War. General Colletta is charged, Casa Vicentini, in the rear of Rieti, to in consequence, with the portfolio of the march to the support of General Geppert. Ministry of War and Marine. Another He directed an attack, with a very infeappointing D. Ferdinando Rodriguez, rior force, upon the two columns which Colonel on the Staff, a Director of the förmed the enemy's wings, avd they were Ministyy of War; and a third, extending' driven back into the mountains, notwithto the Sicilians the rewards assigned by standiog all the advantage of the ground the Parliament to those Neapolitans who being in their favour. The centre column distinguish themselves in defence of their fell back upon Civita Ducale. country. In an Extraordinary Sitting of 5." The enemy abaudoned that city at Parliament of the 27th February, mea. ten o'clock at night, after having pillaged sures were adopted to distress the enemy it. Our advanced guard immediately oc: on his advance, by removing from the cupied it, and our soldiers were received place the munitions of war and provisions. as deliverers. Signor Poerio said, that the object of the af We lost in this action about 50 men Committee, in framing the Decree, was killed or wounded. Captain Schmidt,, of to deprive the enemy of all hopes of sup- the 7th battalion of chasseurs, was killed. plies, and to proceed in the same man. Capt. Pfield, of the bussars of the King ner as was done in Spain with respect to of England, and Lieut, Braun, of the 1st the great French army.

battalion of chasseurs, were wounded. : The Austrian army has advanced " During the battle of Rieti, a body of against Naples. The first column, com- 3000 men that had assembled at Leonessa manded by General Stutterhein, passed advanced upon Pie-di-Lugo, and attacked through Florence. The second column, Col. Schneider, who was posted there. He commanded by the Prince De Weid, år- repulsed them with the loss of several rived in that city on the night of the 12th killed or wounded. In the course of the of February. The Prince de Hohenlohe day we took several prisoners, and among and Baron Villatte have command under them a Captain of General Pepe's staff.” the Prince. General Frimont had his On the Toth the garrison of Alexandria, head-quarters at Florence on the 13th. 10,000 strong, proclaimed the Constitu

À Proclamation has been put forth by tion of Spain. At this news the King of his Holiness the Pope, dated from the Sardinia wished to march the troops that Quirinal, Feb. 7, enjoining his subjects were at Turin, but they refused, crying, to pay respect to the Austrian army pass. The Constitution of the Cortes for ever!' ing through his States; to consider ihem The Prince of Carignan and General Gifas friends, and mother to oppose thermoce editie elements were i sento loriadexandria, bustion

line of proceeding their arrival they , The will be marked with the most circumspect tion of the Cortes for ever!' and placed vigilance, and visited with the severest themselves at the head of the movement. rigour of the law,

In this crisis the King of Sardinia thought The Moniteur gives the following as an

to calm the ferment by offering to grant extract from the First Bulletin of the the French charter, but it has been reAustrian army

fused. All the garrisons in Piedmont « General Pepe had several days since have followed the example of that of collected the greater pari of his forces be-i Alexandria. The Privce of Carignan, and tween Civita Ducale and Aquila. On the General Giffenga; at the head of 25,000 7th he advanced with a' body of 10,000 men, marched for Milan. men upon Rieti. Two columns of this His Sardinian Majesty afterwards aba corps manoeuvred on the heights which dicated his Continental dominions in fa. form the valley of Rieti, and threatened vour of the Prince of Carignan, the preto turn our advanced guard, which was sumptive heir to the territories of Savoy posted there under the orders of General and Piedmont;' and proceeded to "Nice, Geppert, whilst a third column moved to embark for Sardinia. The Spanish straight forward on the road from Civita Constitution has been proclaimed in all Ducale to Rieti. These inovements were parts of the country, and the army conjudiciously conducted, and the points of tinued its hostite movement against the attack well-chosen. Our light troops suf- Austrians, fered themselves to be approached, not It is a remarkable circumstapce, that



1821. } Abstract of Foreign Occurrences.

269 of the three brothers, who constituted the people that he entertained designs unformer branch, two have successively ab- friendly to the Constitution. dicaled, Charles Emanuel IV. abdicated Advices from Madrid to the 9th inst. in 1802-in favour of Victor Emanuel, who bring the reply of the Cortes to the Speech has now followed bis example. Charles delivered by Ferdinand VII. After touchFelix Duke de Genevois, the third bro. ing. on the previous topics of the Speech ther, is in his 56th year, and has been in successsion, it thus adverts to the paso married for 14 years to a daughter of the sage respecting the proceedings of the King of Naples, but has no children. The Congress at Laybach : “ It was just and next in succession to him is the Prince natural that the political changes which De Cariguan, great grandson of Charles have taken place in the kingdom of the Emanuel, first Prince of that pame. He Two Sicilies, and the intervention which is about twenty-two years and a half old, the Sovereigns of Austria, Russia, and and has been married about three years Prussia, pretend to exercise in that reand a half to a daughter of the Grand spect, should have excited the solicitude Duke of Tuscany ; but is also without of your Majesty. The Cortes conceive children.

that it becomes the Spanish nation, which FRANCE

has so many claims to the gratitude and Advices from Paris of the 8th convey

admiration of Europe for the glorious part the important fact, that the French Go

which it took in the emancipation of the vernment, through their Minister at Ma. Cootinent, and for the generous efforts drid, have declared to the King and Go with which it sustained its own indepenvernment of Spain, “ that they will not in dence, and gave an example to other naany way interfere with the Constitutional tions, to take such measures as may prosystem established in that country;" fur tect it from all political vicissitudes, aod ther adding, " that the French territory or

place it in the requisite state of security.” frontiers shall vot be made use of by any

In the sitting of the Cortes of the 4th, a power whatever for the purposes of hos great debate arose on the absence of the tility, or with a view to disturb the order Ministers, which deprived the Cortes of all established by an independent nation for

means of knowing the state of the nation; the management of its owu local con- and particularly the nature of the outcerns,

rages committed against his Majesty,

which were alluded to jo his Speech. SPAIN.

Some Members declared, that the dismis. Late accounts from Spain represent Ma- sal of the Ministers was the work of his drid as suffering a very alarming degree Majesty's evil counsellors. The nominaof agitation. The King opened the Ses. tion of the new Ministry sign of the Cortes on the 1st of this month,

The Univerand excited by his Speech from the Torone

till the midnight of the sth. as not kuown

sal of the 5th says, that the choice made an uppleasant feeling in the minds of the by his Majesty will completely satisfy the Deputies.

desires of all friends of liberty, aud will King Ferdinand, it appears, was waited calm the uneasiness excited by the's

sudden upon by Arguellas, the Minister of the dismissal of the late Ministry. Morales, loterior, to arrange with his Majesty the the Iosurgent Chief, who some time since Speech to be delivered from the Tbrone. fed to Portugal, has been delivered up to The King replied, that the Speech was al- the Spaniards, by the Portuguese Authori. ready prepared. On the 1st of March, as ties at Almeida. above stated, be repaired to the Hall of the Cortes, attended by a strong escort,

PORTUGAL. and delivered his Speech. la alluding to Lisbon papers to the 3d inst. contain an foreign affairs, the King asserted, that account of the proceedings of the Cortes " his good understauding with foreign on their first meeting for the dispatch of powers bad uidergone no alteration;" business. After a plan of a Manifesto to that, “be had ratified the cession of the the nation had been agreed to, the choice Floridas ;' that “ he had felt it due to the of an Executive Goveroment was the sube dignity of his Tbrone and people to declareject of discussion. It was in the sequel to the Allied Sovereigns that he will recog- determined that the Regency should be nize nothing (in their conduct towards Na- elected out of the assembly. The five ples) which shall be at variance with the Secretaries of State for the differeut des principles of the positive law of nations, partments were next chosen. It was reon which repose their liberty, their inde- solved, that in the event of the King ar.pendence, and prosperity." At the con- riving, the Constitution should be presente clusion of the Speech, the King inveighed ed to him; and that in all public Acts the in terms of much bitterness against the word “ Constitutional” should be added to public insults and outrages to wbich he the title of King. A Committee of five had been exposed, and against the evil was appointed to draw up the Articles of designs of those who would persuade his the Constitution.

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