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On the Neglect of Prefaces.

the country to Aix-la-Chapelle, be- apy Prefatory observations-nothing
Jong to Prussia.

The shops were was so dry and fatiguing, especially open all Sunday morning, and more to young minds; and that as every business duing than on Saturday. department of business was

Oo our arrival at Cologne, we left pressed into a few hours of the mornto the waiter the settlement of ex- ing, the utmost dispatch was necespences attending the debarkation of sary io every concern ; and that our carriage; they amounted to 10% therefore no preambles were suffered, francs, and the waiter got abused by but every one was obliged to come the Captain for allowing no more. instantly to the point in question ; Yours, &c.

X. that no body now read dry details of [To be continued.)

opinions and systems, but looked to

the conclusion, without reading thro' Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 7. the premises ; that no one required 1

ADDRESS myself to you in sure an Introduction, as in former years,

confidence of our old friendship, for every one is now capable, with. that you will do all in your power to

out the tardiness which once belonged relieve my distress ; apd ain well as- to decorum or to respect, of rushing sured that you will have pleasure in at once into the centre of the subject, restoring and keeping alive old cug and trusted to time and chance to toms that were founded in good sense. help him through it;-and that some

I am a Sexagenarian, though not readers, especially those among the
the same as one whose papers we great, employ an intelligent librarian
have lately perused with some grati- to score in the margin at those sen-
fication, and in the experience attain- teoces or figures which are most at-
ed by loog. practice, I have always tractive in description or in composi-
found considerable pleasure and in. tion, so as to lead the patron in a few
formation in reading the Prefaces to minutes to talk of any new work
books before I entered upon the with all the wit and experience of one
Table of Contents, and the Work its who had read the very MS of the
self; to bave done otherwise would author before they were put to the
have seemed to me to be like the press. Now, Sir, I am sharing the fate
bireling who attempts an entrance by of this great dispatch, or rather bend-
a wrong course, or rather like an ing under the modern oppression of
eager young lady who turns to the yielding to the fashion of the times,
last chapter in every new novel, that in allowing my pew bantling, just
she may be acquainted with the de- breathiog external air, to be ushered
nouement, before she begins the into the world without saying a word
work; she then indulges a vain about him; and his very title, in
triumph, in thipking she knows more which I would have inserted a few
of the author's secret than all other more terms than usual, has been cut

down to a single word.
Having lately finished an elaborate It concerns me very sincerely, for
Work, it appeared necessary that it my brethren of the grey goose-quill,
should be introduced by a pithy and that we must all be condemned to so
joteresting Preface; and after rumi- solitary, and almost silent, a minister
nativg on the leading topics of my of introduction ; because an author,
labours, I prepared wbat in due va. when he has closed his work, feels a
nity seemed to me in my study to delicious sensation, like that of a
read off very fuently, and would woman's delivery from pain and la-
serve to make the reader as familiar bours and wbile he indulges rest in
as myself with my object and design: his easy chair, he reflects how sweet
but when my MS. was handed to my it will be to pour out his motives and
bookseller, he lamented the hours design to a caodid reader, who, he
which these prefatory lucubrations vainly fancies, will enter into his
had occupied, and assured me that feelings as tenderly as himself: he
pobody read Prefaces in these times thus seeks a means of conciliating his
of business and dispatch! Upon my critics, of awakening dullness, and of
requesting an explanation of these preparing against attack; he checks
terms, he said that the times were sarcasm, appeals to the learved, and
Uow so enlightened, that it had long invites the uslearoud to be instructed
since ceased to be necessary to offer or aiused ; at any rale, his scheme

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1821,] Prefaces.-Anecdotes of Lord Collingwood. 135 is harmless, for he seldom of ever communicated by an intelligent Of misleads..

ficer in his Lordsbip's service, and Now, Sir, if the modern plan had who, from being in the same vessel, always prevailed, what losses would had the fullest opportunity for oben the republic of letters have sustained! servation. The celebrated Preface by Dr. Joho- A most striking feature in his son to his Dictionary, and those to character, was his strict economy in bis Edition of the Poets; that by Dr. every thing relative to the service. Parr to Beleodeous; and in these our The sails of his own ship were lidays, that of Crabbe to bis Tales of terally worn to rags before he sufthe Hall, would all, cum multis aliis, fered them to be condemned. He bave been lost to public view. kept a close watch over his fleet in Where, Sir, but in yourself, shall these this respect, and was highly disthiogg find redress? Though, in your pleased whenever he observed any own pithy Preface, you are pleased expense incurred where there was to be short, yet that is well made up not a strict necessity. A vessel in in the multifarious subjects of your his fleet having displayed new sails, valuable Volumes. But then, Sir, he ordered the old ones to be brought the dispatch which is so mueh the ur- to him for inspection ; and finding gent topick of modern pursuit, is not them in far better condition than his always considered, while your pages own, he commanded the foresail to are uoder perusal.

be hoisted in place of the tattered one I cannot but lament for the cause that was in use : bis Lordship lhen inof Literature in general, aud for this vited the Captain of the gay vessel branch of it in particular, that all to dinner ; and carelessly asked him readers have not a slice of author. what he thought of his foresail :ship: if they had, they would so ten- “ In fair condition, my Lord,” was derly sympathize with us, that for the upwary answer.

" If it be good the mere sake of brotherly love, ab- enough for an Admiral's ship, I think stracted from all considerations of it might have served a Captain's.”their own benefit, they would read On another occasion, in the midst of our Prefaces with patience and plea. an action, seeing that one of the sure, and participate in the gratifica- masts were shivered, he ordered out tioo which accompanies that part of the boat, and being asked for what our composition.

purpose ?

* To take that spar into Such is my case ; and my humble the store-ship,” was the reply.-By suit to you is to afford your patron- this uorelaxing spirit of economy, he age and influence with the unlearned, saved thousands to the revenue. and with the learned also, who, I Though bis attention was thus alive perceive, are sliding very rapidly. into to every minutiæ, he gave his orders ihe fashionable neglect, to induce as calmly in the heat of an engagethem to coosider that they cannot ment, as on ordinary occasions. To properly enter the temple without his men he was always attentive and passiog through the portica; that kind; but strict with the officers, ibey cannot find a place in the draw. particularly with young nobility. ing-room without first approacbing He could not bear to see promo. the staircase; that they can never tion, upless, arising from merit ; and relish the wit and spirit of a language used to say, " I like a man to get without becoming master of the al. in at the port-bole, not at the cabinphabet; all which are no other than window." He was perfectly plain prefaces to their respective works.- io his dress, and retained the old Yod will thus render a most essential fashion. A small cocked hat; a poblic service, by, convincing man- .square-cut blue coat, with tarnished: kind that the only way to obtain epaulettes ; blue waistcoat and smalleither pleasure, practice, profit, or clothes; with boots, guiltless of blackpraise, is to take every thing in its ing, but occasionally greased, was his exact order.

A. H. costume on state occasions. In his

diet he was strictly temperate, and Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 8. even abstemious. So long as his TAE following particulars respect. health permitted, he constantly re

ing that truly British Com. gulated the motions of his own ves. mander,Lord Collingwood, were sel : leaving his officers scarcely any


136 Lord Collingwood.--Ancient Anecdotes. [Feb. daties to perform. His Lordship’s he did not, at his decease, leave suffideclining strength bad long called for cient property to defray his funeral that repose which his unremitted ex- expenses. The commons, therefore, ertions for a series of years so amply as a testimony of their gratitude for merited ; but Government was un. his friendly mediation, voluntarily im. williug to dispense with his abilities. posed on themselves a small but geneWhilst in this state, an officer, on ral capitation-tax, to honour their the night preceding his death, came advocate with decent obsequies.into his cabio and found bin reclin. Lib. 4. 4. 2. iog on a sofa, and asked, “Shall we Attilius Regulus, commander of the wear, my Lord ?” “Wear,” said his Roman army in Africa in the first Lordship, wear--they have worn Punic war, having distinguished himand torn me."--He expired the fol- self by gaining several victories over lowing day; and, on opening the the Carthaginians, it was determined body, a stricture was found in the that be should be continued in the . lower orifice of the stomach, which command for an additional year. On had totally precluded the passage of receiving intelligence of this proroga. any nourishment, as it would scarcely lion, the general.--whose whole estate permit even a bristle to pass.

consisted of seven acres of poor infers These particulars may be relied' tile soil.-- wrote to the consuls, inupon as correct, and may not be an forming them that his steward, whom unacceptable addition to the Obitu- he bad left in charge of it, was dead, ary of his Lordship, given in your and bis hireling labourer, availing Number for May 1810, p. 480.

himself of that circumstance, had run Yours, &c.

M.S. away, after having carried off all the

agricultural implements ; wherefore Ancient Anecdotes, &c. be requested that a successor might from VALERIUS MAXIMUS, be appointed to conduct the war in his

stead, lest his wife and children should by Dr. Carey, West Square.

be destitute of subsistence, in (Continued from vol. XC. ii. 403.)

quence of his land lying neglected. Mr. URBAN,

The Coosols having reported the affair THE

glorious poverty, noticed by our ately ordered that his fields should be Author, may form a striking contrast duly cultivated, all the lost articles to some overgrown fortunes of the replaced, and his wife apd childrea present day, when poverty is, by too supplied with necessaries at the pab. great a portion of mankiod, consider- lic expense. --Lib. 4. 4. 5. ed as a disgrace. Yours, &c. J.C. In the secoud Puoic war, Coæus

Publius Valerius, surnamed Popli- Scipio, the Roman general in Spain, cola, Brutus'es coadjutor in the aboli- wrote, in likę maoner, to the Senate, tion of royalty at Rome-his collegue requesting permission to resign the likewise in the Consulship in the first cominand, and return to Rome, where year of the consular government--and bis presence was necessary to promote afterward thrice Consul at different the marriage of his daughter, whose periods-was so far from rich, that, portion could not be realised in his at the time of his death, his whole absence.The Senate, yowilling that property would not have sufficed to the state should lose the services of an defray the charges of his funeral, excellent general, undertook to sup.

which, therefore, was conducted at ply the place of a father in this ju• the public expense.---Lib. 4. 4. 1. stance. Accordingly, having con.

Menenius Agrippa had enjoyed the sulted Scipio's wife and other relaconsular dignity at Rome, and after. tives, and with them determined the ward, as mediator, effected a reconci- amount of the desired portion, they liation between the nobles and the ordered it to be issued from the puba. commons, at the time of a dangerous lic treasury: and thus the young lady schism, which seemed to threaten the was married without further delay.very existence of the Roman republic.: (The portion in question was little

This man, however, was so scantily more than eighty-eight pounds of our provided with the boods of Fortune, present money.)--Lib. 4. A. JO. ihat (like Poplicola above mentioned)

(To be continued.) LE




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17. The History and Antiquities of the The Volume opens with a full ac

County Palatine of Durham; compiled count of the bustling and busy town from original Records, preserved in public and port of Monk-Wearmouth. But Repositories and private Collections; and we pass on to Hilton Castle, a conti. illustrated by Engravings of Architectural guous spol, from time immemorial and Monumental Antiquities, Portraits of famous as a baronial residence. As eminent Persons, &c. &c. By Robert

connected with this Castle, the followSurtees, of Mainsforth, F. S. A. Vol. II. ing account of the “ Cauld Lad of Folio, pp. 408. Nichols and Son. AT length we have the pleasure to Brownies in general, by Mr. Surtees

Hilton,” accompanied by remarks on announce to our Readers the publica and Sir Walter Scott, cannot fail of tion of the Second Portion of Mr. Surtees's very valuable “ History of proving interesting to our Readers. Durham." The Volume has been a

Every castle, tower, or manor house, long time in the press (the First bav

has its visionary inhabitants. · The cauld

lad of Hilton' belongs to a very common ing been reviewed in vol. LXXXVI.

and numerous class, the Brownie*, or ii. 137. 233. 425); but this will be

domestic spirit; and seems to have posreadily excused, as every page of it

sessed no very distinctive attributes. He bears evidence of the Author's accu

was seldom seen, but was heard nightly racy of detail, and happy talent of by the servants who slept in the great hali. enliveniog bis subject with interest. If the kitchen had been left in perfect ing and entertaining observations on order, they heard him amusing himself by men and manners.

breaking plates and dishes, burling the The part of the County described pewter in all directions, and throwing in this Volume is Chester Ward, which everything into confusion. If, on the contains the Parishes of Monk-Wear. contrary, the apartment had been left in mouth, Washington, Whitburn, Bol. disarray (a practice which the servants don, Jarrow, Heworth, South Shields, fatigable goblin arranged every thing with

found it most prudent to adop), the inde. Gateshead, Chester-le-Street, Lamesley, Tanfield, Whickham, Ryton, folet, whose pranks were at all times per

the greatest precision t. This poor esprit Medomsley, Ebchester, Lanchester, fectly harmless, was at length banished Ash, Muggleswick, Edmundbyers, from his haunts by the usual expedient of Hunstanworth, and Wilton Gilbert. presenting him with a suit of cloaths 1. A

*«• The Brownie was meagre, shaggy, and wild, in his appearance; in the daytime he lurked in remote recesses of the old houses, which he delighted to haunt, and in the night sedulously employed himself in discharging any laborious task which he thought might be acceptable to the family.' The Brownie, whom Sir W. Scott supposes with great probability to be a regular descendant of the Lar familiaris, had a prescriptive right to the kitchen fire; and on one occasion, when the servants of a Scottish family protracted their vigils to an unreasonable hour, the Brownie appeared at the door, and warned them to bed, Gang a' to your beds, sirs, and dinna put out the wee grieshoch' (glowing embers).” « Border Minstrelsy, introd. p. c.--cii.”

f "Hail from thy wanderings long, my much-lov'd sprite !

Thou friend, thou lover of the lowly, bail !
Tell in what realms thou sports thy merry night,

Trailst the long mop, or whirlst the mimic flail;
Where dost thou deck the much disordered hall,
Whilst the tired damsel io Elysium sleeps."

“ Erskine, Border Minstrelsy, introd. p. clxv." " Yet how do these lines, all soft and beautiful as they are, fall before one stroke of Milton's 'shadowy flail'."

I “ The offer of reward, particularly of food, infallibly causes bis disappearance for ever. On one occasion, when the lady of the house wa's crying out, Brownie mounted his master's best horse, swam the Tweed in food, aud re-crossed it with the midwife en croupe ; be then proceeded to the stable, and bestowed a severe horsewhipping on the lingering domestic, who was only drawing on his boots. The master imprudently rewarded this important service by the present of a green coat, and lost his faithful - Browpie for ever. • We may suppose that, tired of his domestic drudgery, he went in his new livery to join the fairies”.” Scott, ibid. c. 111. GENT, MAG. February, 1821.




138 Review-Surtees's History of Durham. [Feb. green cloak and hood were laid before the “ Coram Johanne King, Coron. Wardæ kitchen fire, and the domestics sat up de Chestre, apud Hilton, 3 Jul. 7 Jac. 1609. watching at a prudent distance. At twelve “ Inquisitio super visum corporis Roo'clock the sprite glided gently in, stood geri Skelton, ibi jacentis mortui. Jurati by the glowing embers, and surveyed the presentant quod Robertus Hilton, de Hil.. garments provided for him very atten- ton, Gen. die et anno supradictis inter tively, tried them on, and seemed delight- horas 8 et 9 ante meridiem falcans gramed ed with his appearance, frisking about for cum quadam falce Anglice a Syth ad some time, and cutting several summer- valenc. xxd. quam ipse in manibus suis sets and gambados, till, on hearing the tenuit, eundem Rogerum stantem à tergo first cock, he twitched his mantle tight casu infortunii cum acie ejusd. falcis, Anabout him *, and disappeared with the glice the Syth point, percussit supra dexusual valediction ::

trum femur ejusd. Rogeri unam plagam 6 Here's a cloke, and here's a hood,

mortalem longam unius pollicis et lat. The cauld lad o' Hilton will do no more

duor. pollic, ex qua plaga idem Rogerus good.

eadem hora mortuus ibidem obiit: et quod

casu et non aliter, &c. " The genuine Brownie, however, is sup. “ Nevertheless, I strongly suspect that posed to be, ab origine, an unembodied the unhousel'd spirit of Roger Skelton, spirit; but the boy of Hilton bas, with an

whom in the hay-field the good Hilton admixture of English superstition, been ghosted,' took the liberty of playing a few identified with the apparition of an unfor.

of those pranks which are said by writers tunate domestic, whom one of the old

of grave authority to be the peculiar prichiefs of Hilton slew at some very distant vilege of those spirits only who are shoulperiod, in a moment of wrath or intem

dered untimely by violence from their perance. The Baron bad, it seems, on

mortal tepements : an important occasion, ordered his horse, "Ling'ringin anguish o'er bis mangled clay, which was not brought out so soon as he The melancholy shadow turn'd away, expected; he went to the stable, found And follow'd through the twilight grey, the boy loitering, and, seizing a hay-fork, his guide 1 $. struck him, though not intentionally, a " A free pardon for the above manmortal blow. The story adds, that he slaughter appears on the rolls of Bishop covered his victim with straw till night, James, dated 6 Sept. 1609 11." and then threw him into the pond, where

We shall take an early opportunity the skeleton of a boy was (in confirmation of the tale) discovered in the last Baron's of recurring to Mr. Surtees's entertime. I am by no means clear that the taining history of Hilton Castle, and story may not have its foundation in the bis baronial owners. fact recorded in the following inquest t:

(To be continued.)


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* " This account of the cauld lad's very indecorous behaviour, on receiving his new livery, seems a pocryphal. The genuine Brownie always received the present which was to banish him from his long-loved baunts with tokens of deep regret. Like Milton's more elegant fay,

««• From haunted spring and dale,

Edged with poplar pale,

The parting Genius is with sighing sent'." " The last Brownie who haunted a wild and solitary spot in Ettrick forest, was banished by the mistaken religious notions of a foolish old devotee, who presented him with a milk porringer, and a piece of money. The parting sprite was heard to howl and cry the whole night, Farewell to bonny Bodsbeck'.” Ibid.

+ " For the whole evidence of the Lad of Hilton I am iodebted to the indefatigable zeal of my worthy friend J. B. Taylor, (et est mihi sæpe vocandus,) who collected and collated all the floating oral evidence which all the seniors of Hilton and Wearmouth could afford.”

“ Boyd's Penance of Hugo."

" · You must not stay here,' replied Mercury (filling two posts-supervisor of thieves, and chief usher of ghosts), You must not stay here, unless you had been murdered; in which case, indeed, you might have been suffered to walk some time; but, if you died a natural death, you must set out for the other world immediately.”

“ Jourvey from this world to the next-Fielding." “ And again, How did you come to your end, Sir ? I was murdered, Sir. 'I am surprised, then, that you did not divert yourself by walking up and down, and playing some merry tricks with the murderer.” Oh! Sir, I had not that privilege, I was lawfully put to death'.” Ibid. " “ Rot. W. James, A° 4,”

18. Historical

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