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ner for fo doing. But when he is inform'd that this popular opinion is false and slanderous, it is then his duty to declare it, and to thank, in a public manner, those who have undeceived him.

This is exactly my case. Mr. Richey has proved to me the innocence of his fellow citizens, and the Biblotheque Riia fonnée, has also very solidly refused the accųfarion levelled against the city of Hamburgh. The author of the letter against me, is only to blame før saying that I poitively afferta ed that the city of Hamburgh was guilty ; but he ought to have made a distinction between the opinion of one part of the north, which I gave as a vague, random report, and the afirmation with which he charges me. Had I indeel declared, That the city of Hamburgh purchafed the ruin of the city of Altena, I then would have asked pardon, in the mot humble inanner for making such an alertion, being persuaded that there is no shane on these occasions, except to persilt in a fau't when it is proved to be luch. But I dec'are the truth, in relating that such a report was spread ; and I alto declare the tiuiii, in aniring the world, that upon enquiring strictly into this report, I find it entirely groundless. I am also to declare, that Altena was infected with contagious ditempers at the t'me of the fore. Th. 12:2

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burghers I am assured had no hospitals, no place where they might shelter, from the rest of the people, the old men and women who died in their sight. They therefore cannot in any manner be accused for refusing them admittance. We are always to prefer the preservation of our own city to the safety of strangers. I shall take the utmost care to have this incident corrected in the new edition of the history of Charles the twelfth, now printing at Amsterdam; and the whole shall be fet down a greeably to the most scrupulous truth; which I always professed and will prefer to all things.

I also heard, that in some weekly papers, certain letters of the poet Rousseau, (as injurious as ill written) have been inferted relating to the tragedy of Zayre. This author of several plays, all of which were hiffed off the stage, censures a dramatic piece to which the world gave a pretty indulgent reception ; and this man who has writ so many impious things, reproaches me publickly with having shewn but little reverence for religion, in a tragedy exhibited with the approbation of the most virtuous magiftrates, read by Cardinal Fleury, and played in some religious houses. The public will do me the honour to believe, that I shall not lose my time in answering the invectives of the poet Rousseau.


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HERE send you the remarks which

I made long since on Mr. Pafchols Thoughts. I beg you not to compare me, on this occasion, to Hezekiah, who would have had all Solomon's works burnt, I revere Mr. Paschal's genius and eloquence, but the more I revere them, the more firmly I am persuaded, that he himself would have corrected many of those thoughts, which were thrown by him up. on paper, in the design of examining them afterwards; and I admire his genius at the fame time that I combat his notions,

It appears to me that Mr. Pafchal's de. sign, in general, was to exhibit mankind in an odious light. He exerts the utmost ef

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forts of his pengin order to make us a'l il rear wicked and wretched. He writes against the human species in much the same frain as he wrote against the Fesilits. He atcribes, to the essence of our nature, things that are peculiar to some men only; and freaks injuriously, but, at the same time, cloquently, of mankind. I shall be so bold as to take up the pen, in defence of my Fellow creatures, in opposition to this sublime milanthropist. I dare affirm that we are neither fo wretched, nor so wicked, as he declares us to be. 'Tis likewise my firm opinion, that had he executed, in the book he intended to write, the plan laid down by him in his Thoughts, it would have been found a work full of eloquent false reatonings, and untruths, deduced in a wonderfut manner. I even think that the great number of books which have been written, of late years, to prove the truth of the Chriftian religion, so far from edifying the rea. der, will be found so many stumbling blocks. Do these authors pretend to know more of this matter than Christ and his Apostles? This is like furrounding an oak with reeds, to keep it from falling ; but surely the latter may be rooted up without prejudicing the oak in any manner.

I BAVE made a discretionary choice of lome of Pafchal's thoughts, and annexed' the fe veral answers to them.


'Tis your

business to judge how I may have acquit ted myself on this occasion *.

I. The greatness and misery of man are so vifible, that true religion must necesarily have taught us, that there are, inherently, in him, some mighty principle of greatness; and, at

t'e same time, som? mighty principle of misery; for true religion cannot but be perfeetly acquainted with our nature, by which I mean, that it must know the utmost extent of its greatness and misery, and the reason of both : to true religion we also must address our selves, in order to account for the astonishing contrarieties which are found on that occasion

I. This way of reasoning seems false and dangerous; for the fable of Prometheus and Pandora ;the Androgyni of Plato, and the tenets of the people of Siam, &c. would

* Such readers of the present remarks as have never read Mr. Paschal's Thoughts concerning Religion, &c. will be much better enabled to form a judgment, with regard to the justness of Mr. de Voltaire's Reflections, after they have perused the entire series of these Thoughts, a beautiful translation of which has been given by the learned Dr. Kennet, with this: title, Thoughts on Religion and other curious Subjects, written originally in French by Monsieur Paschal. London, printed for 7. Pemberton, 1731. 8vo. REM.


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