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« mortal. I must likewise think, that writers on the inflam“mation of the intestines do not represent strongly enough the

languor and low small pulse which such patients generally - have, more than in most other diseases. It is such, that I

have seen several cases, where people of skill, deceived by

these symptoms, have been afraid to order blood-tetting, left & the patient had not strength to bear it, and thereby neglect6.ed this evacution till it was too late. When there is a fixed

pain in the stomach, or intestines, with a quick, tho' fmall pulse, no time is to be loft; blood ought immediately to be let plentifully, and venæsection should be repeated till the pulse become full and free, which is a hopeful fign of a cure's

being made, tho' neither pain nor fever have yet ceased.' Art. 28. A history of a genuine Volvulus of the Intestines; by

Alexander Morro, junior, M. D. &c. Dr. Monro, fenior, in the preceding article had obferved, that the Volvulus, or twisting a part of the intestines into a knot, was a very rare case; but, as an inftance that it is not impossible, he quotes this history, which was communicated to him by his son. Art. 29. A description of the American Yellow Fever, in a letter

from Dr. John Lining, Physician at Charles-Town, in SouthCarolina, to Dr. Robert Whytt.

The dreadful ravages this fatal visitor makes, wherever it comes, renders it an object of universal concern. Dr. Lining has fully and accurately described it, but his description will not admit of


abbreviation. Art. 30. Answer to an objection against Inoculation, by Ebenezer

Gilchrift, M. D. Physician at Dumfries. The objection is this : “ The small-pox in the ordinary way “is designed by nature as a drain, to clear the constitution of "some grofs humours, which, if not carried off in this way, "would bring on other dangerous diseases; and, for the most “ part, end in death, before persons arrive at middle age. Now,

say the objectors, the suppuration, where the small-pox is in* oculated, is so inconfiderable, that it cannot be supposed suf- ficient to clear the body of those humours which are the pa“ rent of other destructive disrempers. Besides, say they, this “theory is justified by facts and experience. Upon enquiry, it « is found, that in those places where inoculation has most

prevailed, particularly in and about Dumfries, there are as many that die in childhood, and before they arrive at the age of twenty, as formerly, even including thofe who are


66 cute

cut off by the fmall-pox. If this is the cafe, then inocula« tion is to no purpose.”

With respect to the facts, Dr. Gilchrift replies, In order fully to satisfy myself and others, I have not trusted wholly to my own opinion ; but conversed with all who have been long and principally concerned in inoculating, through an extensive country and we can affirm, that of the inoculat

ed, few are dead. Two or three of an hundred are the “ most we can recollect; but fupposing them more, it is far

Thort of the number that in ordinary circumstances die before twenty. Nor are we mistaken, do we think, when we say, that they are uncommonly healthy; which the small

proportion that are dead will readily fuggeft to every one. It • is impoffible to be very exact; but it is sufficiently evident to • us, that the ftate of the inoculated is much the reverfe of • what is objected. If this is true every where, as here it o certainly has been hitherto, we are led to a very material

discovery; and that which was intended as an unanfwerable <objection, by giving occafion to a pretty careful enquiry, ç has accidentally furnished a new argument in favour of

inoculation, and a further proof of the great benefit of it. « Long use has shewn it to be a real security against the pre{ vailing malignity of a very mortal distemper ; and the pre

fent instance affords a strong prefumption, that it is, in its consequences, no less a preservation from many diseases incident to a period of life the most fatal to mankind. "As to the theory in the objection, it is more philosophi cal, perhaps, to argue thus: - The fever of the foall-pox, 6 communicated in the infant state, not only destroys, or ex

pells the latent feeds of diseases, before phey are by time and 6 accidents perfected, and put into action; but causes such an

alteration of the humours, as may make thein less fusceptible of any morbid impressions: and the vessels being so soon accustomed, before they become rigid; to certain motions and extensions, the body is rendered ever after more pallive to the impulses of any subsequent 'diftemper; which therefore will be attended with less danger. This is agreeable to experience; for, one who has fuffered an acutc illness, will bear fickness better than another, who never had the like

distemper, and be less overcome by it," !50742: $123 Art. 31. A proposal of a new Method of curing characted Men

jes; by Dr. Archibald Hamiltong, Physician at Friburgh.

The method here propused, is by a unechanical cornpretion of the external Iliacs; the utility of which is evinced by an inYtance of its success.


Art. 32. - A Dropsy unexpectedly cured ; by Thomas Livingston,

Physician at Aberdeen 2015 This paper may fervé as a proper admonition to all practitioners in phyfic, not to be too precipitate in their prognoftics, nor ever to desert a patient, without making use of every means for recovery.

Derivi cuircis Art. 33. Hiftory of a Patient affeeted with periodic nephritic Convulsions ; by Cornwell

. Tathwell, M. D. Physician at Stamford. Art. 34. History of a Fever after child-bearing; by the same. Art. 35. History of a Fever with bad symptoms ;-, by the Samen ut

In the first of these cases, confidering the periods of the fit's accession was previous to, but near the time of menstruation, it may perhaps be doubted whether the disorder was not rather hysterical, than nephritic. With respect to the two latter cafes, it may be sufficient to take notice, that they were attended with imminent danger, and that the prescriber's fagacity met with success. Art. 36. Accounts of extraordinary Motions of the Waters in len

veral places of North Britain, and of a shock of an Earthquake felt at Dumbarton. "As these accounts contain nothing more remarkable than what appeared in the public papers relative to these convul. fions of nature, happily uncommon in Great Britain, we hall, without particularizing them here, close this article.

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A. Cornelius Celsus of Medicine, in eight books. Tranfated, with - Notes critical and explanatory. By James Grieve, M. D. '

8vo. 6s. Wilson and Durham.

A of

S it must be fuperfluous to say any thing of an author so sufficient literature, we Ihall confine ourselves to the conside ration of this translation, which may well be called a Work, and was not a very easy one.

Dr. Grieve acquaints us (Preface, p. 15) that he has

tranflated from the editions of Linden, or of Almeloveen' who, he observes, has almost literally followed him. By this it appears, that he has carefully compared them, selecting ụndoubtedly what he judged the best readings, where they differed. And indeed it is obvious, both froin the preface, and from many notes, occurring throughout the sallation,


that he has omitted no pains in examining the various editions of his original, nor in consulting his best annotators; particularly the celebrated Morgagni.. To Dr. Arbuthnot's two tables of Roman measures

of capacity, for dry

and liquid lub: which the weights of Celsus are adjusted to, and compared with, apothecaries weights, with an exemplification of its use, exhibiting the proportion of the different ingredients in the plaifter of Philotas. This was entirely necessary to a clear comprehension of what may be called Celsus' Dispensatory, as well

as to ascerrain the quantities of wine, &c. which he sometimes allows and specifies in the cure of various diseases.

We have read on this occasion, with pleafire, the translation of that excellent preface of Celsus, in which he fo happily manifests the medical scholar and gentleman, with that fund of distinguishing capacity, independently of which no? physician was ever truly excellent, whatever fortuitous reputation, and experience might have fallen to his share. On comparing a considerable part of the English with the Latin, the sense of Cellus appeared to us well preserved, and, in general, justly expressed. Dr. Grieve had informed us in his preface,

that it was his principal care to convey the precise meaning • of his Author, and also to preserve the genius of his file,

where the Englifh idiom would allow. The addition of it after allow would have read more idiomatically to us here and poffibly, indeed, a pretty strict attention to this point of imitating his Author's stile, may, in a very few instances, have led the Doctor into expressions not so accurately idiomatical, or, at least, less elegantly so, than his diction generally is. Thus, in translating that judicious observation of his Author,

cum par scientia fit, utiliorem tamen media cum amicum quam extraneum, into the following words, (which are fufficiently just and exact) and therefore, where cian than a stranger,' the particle yet seems to us more ex

the knowlege is equal, yet a friend is a more useful phyfipletive, and less elegantly redundant, in our language, in this place, than tamen appears in the Latin ; such is the different manner, and, as it were, mein, of different languages. It is confessed, however, that this is not strictly a tranfgresion of idiom, but may rather depend on that diversity

of ear among individuals, which is sometimes variable, however minutely, bozeven in the same person, at different times, lowing passage in the chapter on madness, Book III. seems a little more material. Celfus is mentioning the diet appropriated to a particular species of it, in which he recommends


that of a middling nourishment, ex media materia, and for bids none but the ftrongest, in these words---valentiffimam tantummodo efle removendam; which our Author translates into

that only the strongest is to be refrained.'. We apprehend here, that this final word is not true English idiom, without annexing the particle from, which it seems to require as indifpenfibly, as abftained would in the fame fenfe, or as the verb and participle to despair, and despaired, require to, or of; after them. Possibly forborn, or avoided, might bave answer ed the purpose, if it had been thought ungraceful to terminate the period in from, it having been, undoubtedly, Dr. Grieve's design to give fo elegant an author a suitable tranflation : but the question is, if the utmost elegance, in any language, does not neceffarily include a conftant attention to its ftrict and genuine idiom.

We acknowlege at the same time, with pleasure, that thefe are minute blemishes; which we have quoted, not more in fupport of our obfervation, and from a principle of impar. tiality, than as a hint to the ingenious Tranflator, of what may be very easily altered, or avoided, on any subsequent occafion: we have met with none that produces any doubt of the Author's fenfe, nor that prevent the general ease and Auency of his diction. As a short fpecimen of its correspondence to the original, we have given the little chapter ont Abstinence, Book II. in the Latin and Englifh."

Abftinentiæ verò duo There are two kinds of abftigenera funt: alterum, ubi nence: one; when the patient takes nihil afiumit æger: alte- no food at all; the other, when he rum,ubi non nifi quod o takes only what is proper. The bea: "portet. Initia morborum ginnings of diseases call for fafting primùm famem fitimque and thirt: after that, in the difteman defiderant: ipfi deinde pers themselves, moderation is res1 morbi moderationem, ut quired, fo that nothing but what is » neque aliud quam expedit proper be taken, and not too much neque ejus ipfius nimium of that; for it is not fit, after fatting, fumatur: neque enim con- to enter immediately upon a full venit juxta inediam pro- diet. And if this be hurtful, even to tinus facietatemeffe. Quod found bodies, that have been under fa fanis quoque corporibus the neceffity of wanting food for inutile eft, ubi aliqua ne fome time, how much more is it fo * celiitas famem fecit, quan- to a weak, not to say a diseasedonet to inutilius eft infirmo, And there is no one thing more renedum ægro! Neque ulla lieves an indisposed person than a res magis adjuvat laboran-- feafonable abftinence. Intemperate tem,


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