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he compares with Mr. Barry's, in the same character ; and gives the preference to the latter; who certainly deserved the great applause he gained in Lear laft season.
In his Appendix Mr. Cibber gives us, besides a new edition of his Epistle to Garrick, (fee Review, vol. XIII. p. 467.) copies of fundry papers relating to the laws concerning the theatres ; and, particularly, a speech againft licencing the itage, delivered in the House of Lunds, by the E. of Ch -d: this is an excellent piece, and Mr. Cibber's readers are obliged to him for to valuable an addition to their entertainment.
X. Refle&tions arising from the Immorality of the present Age: In which some self-evident Facts are pointed at, which seem to call for a more immediate Redress, than any other Article in our Policy, either at Home or Abroad. 8vo. Cooper.
Upon reading the title-page of this piece, we were naturally led to expect, that the Author would lay open the principal sources of the depravity of the times, and point out those grand im moralities which call so loudly for a reformation. Iniead of this, however, he only declaims on the defects of female education, on making water publicly in the streets, oa singing obscene bal. lads, scribbling bawdy poetry, and drawing obscene portraits, on walls, benches, &c. Such are the subjecis treated of in this per. formance; and they are treated with much indelicacy of language. The Author, we make no manner of doubt, writes with a good intention, and says fome sensible things; but his stile is without clegance, and his censure without digaity.
XI. A plain Account of the Cause of Earthquakes. Being a Supplement to a Treatise, lately published, on Fire. By the same Author. 8vo. IS. Innys.
Having, in the sixth volume of the Review, p. 387, req. given a pretty large account of the Treatise to which this is a : upplement, we shall content ourselves with taking notice, that upon the principles contended for in his former production, Mr. Freke undertakes, in his present publication to thew, ʻift. That a power may proceed from Nature, fufficient to shake the world ---2dly. To prove, that the water was actuated as we found it, in many parts, by the power of electricity, and not from any subterraneous cause.- 3dly, To explain from whence the various noises fro
cceded, particularly the great Thump that was generally heard ' in the upper part of houses.'
XII. An Account of Conferences held, and Treaties made, between Major-General Sir William Johnson, Bart. and the chief Sachems and Warriours of the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayngas, Senekas, Tuscaroras, Aughquageys, Skaniadaradighronos, Chugnuts, Mahickanders, Shawanele, Kanuskagos, Toderighronos, and Oghquagoes, Indian Na
tions in North America, at their Meetings, on different Occasions, at Fort Johnson, in the County of Albany, in the Colony of New York, in the Years 1755 and 1756. With a Letter from the Rey. Mr. Hawley to Sir William Johnson, written at the Desire of the Delaware Indians. And a Preface, giving a short Account of the Six Nations; some Anecdotes of the life of Sir William; and Notes illustrating the whole: Also an Appendix, containing an Account of Conferences between several Quakers in Philiadelphia, and some of the Heads of the Six Nations, in April, 1756. 8vo. Is. 6d. Millar.
From this recital of what paffed at these Conferences, we have reason to hope, that the differences between our brethren in North-America, and the Natives, are, by this time, happily accommodated. Hence the thanks of the public are no less due to Sir William Johnson, for his services in these pacific measures, than for his noble conduct in the field.-Nor Thould we forget to acknowlege the worthy pains taken by the Pennsylvania Quakers, towards attaining the same falutary purpose; in which, it may be hoped, they are, or will be, entirely successful : apd thereby make amends for the mischiefs which some have looked upon as derived from the Quaker-principle of Non-resistance. See the Brief View of the Conduct of Pennsylvania, Review, vol. XIV. p. 208, seq.
XIII. The Target : or a Treatise upon a Branch of the Art Military. By a Gentleman who has refided some time in England. 4to. 125. Dodsley.
The Target here treated of, is not an implement of war, but a particular form into which a certain number of infantry, a batalion for instance, or 700 men, are to be drawn up, in order to defend themselves when attacked by a superior force, either of horse or foot, or both. The defensive positions of this Target, oar Author prefers to the Hollow-square and Orb; the defects of which he seems to have fufficiently demonstrated. Upon the whole, this Gentleman, tho' not the happiest writer, appears to be well acquainted with his subject, and with the art of war in general, both ancient and modern ; and the invention he recommends, carries with it the appearance of great utility. He thus enumerates its advantages.
• Tho' the Target is divided in several divisions, and consequently reaps by it the advantages the Legion did; it can, • when well conducted, as well as the Legion, act like one en• tire body: like a man active in all his limbs, and knows how
to use them fingly or all together: for it has solidity, agility, variety, and, without confusion, liberty ; security on its flanks, dependency, independency, and, above all, quantity of fire ;
is occasionally active, fearlessly and safely passive: effential • properties inherited by no single figure: the Hollow-square and Orb can lay claim to independency only; if the Orb, fix deep,
has pretensions to any more, it can be but to one; which is
solidity.' XIV. The Works of Ben Johnson. Collated with all former Editions, and Corrected; with Notes critical and explanatoryBy Peter Whalley, late Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford. 8vo. 7 Vols. 11. 155. Innys, &c.
To say, that we look, upon this as the best edition of Ben Johnson's Works, will be saying enough, for an article of this kind.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. XV. An Apology for certain Gentlemen in the University of Oxford, alpersed in a late anonymous Pamphlet, with a short Postscript concerning another Pamphlet Jately published by the Rev. Mr. Heathcote. By George Horne, M. A, Fellow of Magdalene College in Oxford. 8vo. Ri, vington
We have, in our Review Vol. XIV. p: 392. given some account of the pamphlet which occafioned this Apology, and as we have no reason, from any thing Mr. Horne has faid, 'to change our opinion of the merit of that performance, fo we the think the Author of the Apology might have cancelled the advertisement he has prefixed to his pamphlet, as it can serve only to give his readers no very favourable opinion of his modesty, by ihewing that he has 100 great a contempt for his adversary • It may be questioned,' says he, whether that .pamphlet (A ( word io the Hutchinsonians), either for the matter it contains,
or the manner in which it is written, deserves so much notice • as is here taken of it. This Apology (may be) of some use, when the pamphlet which occasioned it is at rest.'
The Apology begins with an observation that had been made on Mr. Hooker, by the author of his Life,' that one of the sharp• eft things that ever fell from his pen in controversy, was the
following reproof of his adversary"Your next argument con“ filis of railing and reasons. To your railing I say nothing ; to
your renfons I say what follows." This sentence, our Author says, he is obliged io adopt, as the rule of his conduct ; and then fets out as if he had nothing to say but what concerned ruiling.
He declines the name of Hutchinsonian, and says, 'none of our acquaimance desire to be complimented as the disciples of
any man.' The Author of the Enquiry after Philofophy and Theology, has no objection to the name, and why these gentlemen, if they are followers of Ms. Hutchinson, should any more object to the being called Hutchinsonians, than the followers of Newton, to be called Newtonians, is not easy to discover. And fome there are who have declared, they would not, for the world, sec up their weak judgment against so able a master as Mr. Hutchinson.* However, it is not right to call names į and the fol* Eliby.
lowing observation by our Author, upon that practice, is very juft-p. 3. Is it not hard measure, that when a Clergyman
only preaches the doctrines, and enforces the duty of Christianity, from the Scriptures, his character shall be blasted,' and
himself rendered odious, by the force of a name, which, in , some cafes, always fignifies what the imposers please to mean, 16 and the people to hate?. There are many names of this kind ...now in vogue.! · XVI. The Doctrine of the ever-blessed Trinity proved, in a discourse on the 18th chapter of Génesis. By George Watson, M. A, 8vo. 6d. Withers.
Mr. Watson is fpecial orthodox ; but his zeal for the revealed mystery, see p. 2. seems to hurry him away with too much rapidity. He is horribly out of humour with those who dispute the infallibility of our liturgy; and sorely laments that the Author of the Essay on Spirit remains yet unexcommunicated. In a word, we cannot belp recollecting, upon this occasion, the disputant in Horace, who
de lanâ fæpe caprinâ Propugnat, nugis armatus * v XVII. A Plain Exposition of the Athanafian Creedat. 12mo. 15. Scott.
The principal design of this piece, we are told in the introduce tion to it;: is to furnish, pious and well-disposed persons with such pasages of Scripture, as may tend to remove any scruple, which
may arise in their minds, against the repetition of the Athanasan - Creed, or keep them from-attending the public worship of God,
when it is appointed to be read:--Such is the design of the piece, which, in our opinion, is much better calculated to raise fcruples, than to remove them. Indeed, an attempt to give a plain exposition of the Athanafian creed, appears to us no less absurd and ridiculous, than'an'attempt to wash a negro white; for surely a
more inexplicable piece of myfticism never disgraced the public I worship of rational Beings.
XVIII. Animadversions on a late Sermon, preached before a Bishop and a congregation of Clergy, within the diocese of Oxford together with some remarks on' the Charge that followed it. By a Layman. ' 8vo. 6d. Owen.
Tho' we difier from this Animadverter in many respects, yet there are two things which he advances, wherein we perfectly agree with him : the first is, that his performance is a poor one, for this he himself acknowleges ; the second is, that he is an unworthy advocate for those gentlemen whose cause he pleads, viz. Mr. Wetherell, Dr. Patten, Mr. Horne, &c.
We likewise very readily allow him all that merit which such modest and humbie-acknowlegements are entitled to.
in dispute engages,
Well, but modesty and humility in an Author are, it may be said, rare accomplishments, and are generally marks of uncommon merit, therefore pray give us some account of what he says, Why then, Reader, this Writer tells thee, that the doctrine of palive obedience to our governors is the badge of the cross, the characteristic of Christianity, and the glory of the church of England. He is likewise a great enemy to human reason in matters of religion, and challenges all the advocates for reason;" to produce one principle of natural religion that arises from reasoning only, without tradition or revelation. He introduces what he says upon this subject, with the two following propofitions, which he takes for granted, and with which we shall take our leave of him. The firft is, “That we can understand nothing but what is made ! known to us by our senses ;' the second, "That let us under
stand material ideas ever so nicely, join them, abstract them, &c. ! ever so well; yet we do not in the least know which of them
represents, or gives us a representation of, the invisible and
eternal Godhead, or in what manner it does so, unless the • Creator himself has revealed it to us.'
XIX. The Grand Enquiry, Am I in Chrift or not? explained and recommended, in order to help any man to know the state of his own soul. By Benjamin Fawcett. Izmo, Is. Buckland.
We have here two plain pious discourses, from these words, Therefore if any man be in Chris, -With a long preface, recommending the important duties of prayer and self-enquiry. The Author writes like a ferious Christian, sincerely desirous of promoting the interests of practical religion.
XX. An historical Account of the Rise and Establishment of the People called Quakers, with a brief view of their religious principles, and of their tenets respecting civil society. In which the doctrine of peace, and obedience to government, are confidered. Extracted from writers of the best authority. By a Friend. 8vo. 6d, Newbery.
• At a time,' says the Author, 'when the public attention is fixed on the steady and resolute conduct of the Quakers in anos
ther quarter of the world, an impartial account of the rise, tenets, ' and discipline of that people, cannot appear unseasonable, es•pecially as many take the freedom to decide concerning them, • who know nothing of them but the name, and are utter stran,
gers to their principles.' Such account of the Quakers as the Author thus intimates the expediency of, is given in this pamphlet; and seems to be fairly and candidly extracted from the books of the most eminent writers of that feet. The compiler seems to be really (with respect to the people in question) what he profesies in his title-page, a Friend; that is to fay, one of those protestants usually diftinguished by the name of Quakers.