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982 Dr. Young, Dean of Salisbury.-Bishop of Lichfield. [Nov.


Slow melting ftrains their Queen's approach declare,

Where'er the turns, the Graces homage pay. From Dryden's fable of the Flower and the Leaf:

For wherefoe'er fhe turn'd' her face, they bow'd.

In the account of Edward Young (who was afterwards dean of Salisbury, and father of YOUNG the POET,) in Wood's Athenæ, 11. 992, there is a catalogue of the fermons he had then publifhed. He afterwards printed a collection in two volumes; but their value, I believe, is unknown. The author of Letters from a Tutor to bis Pupils (who is known to be Mr. Jones, of Neyland, in Suffolk,) gives the follow ing account of him: "There is," fays he," another excellent English writer but little known, Dr. Young, the father of the Poet, who, in his two volumes of fermons, difcovers fuch ftrength and propriety of expreffion, with fuch chafte and genuine ornaments of ftyle, that he muft charm and improve every judicious reader; for his materials are as excel

lent as the workmanship." P. 57. On Style.

The Poet was intimate with my grandfather, being brought up with him at Winchester, and of nearly the fame age; and I have often heard with delight of his vifits to him at Penhurst, in Kent, that facred fcene of the warblings of Sydney and of Waller.

CLIFFOR DIENSIS. (To be continued.)

Mr. URBAN, Staffordshire, Nov. 19. HE mode of confirmation this year THE adopted by our worthy and truly refpectable Diocefan, for decency and folemnity, gave univerfal fatisfaction to the Laity as well as Clergy and, as I fuppofe you an enemy to riot and confulion, have inferted particulars. The Bithop, previous to the confirmation, orders no admiffion into the church until his chaplain and fecretary have been admitted. They then direct one door to be opened, and the male fex are requefted to go into the galeries, with his caution, that the female fex are firft to be confirmed. The females are placed in the body and ailes of the church. When a fufficient number are admitted nearly to fill the church, the doors are then shut, and the Bishop in the reading-desk (inftead of the Rector

or Vicar) reads the preface of the confirmation-fervice. He then proceeds to the communion-table, and the females to be confirmed proceed with great regularity up one of the ailes, and the apparitor, or church-warden, fuffers only as many females as will fill the communion-rails to advance. The tickets are taken there by the chaplain, and the minifter of the parish church where the confirmation is held. The Bishop then lays his hands upon the heads of the perfons furrounding the rails (and, indeed, I muft fay with peculiar grace, and dignity pronounces "Defend us, O Lord," &c. catching, at the fame time, the eye of each individual at the rails). They afterwards retire, by a different aile, to their former feats. the males, from the galleries, are adWhen all the females are confirmed, mitted by the fame mode, and return back again to their refpective feats. The Bishop finishes the fervice in the reading-desk. The females are defired to go out from church before the males method is continued until all are conare permitted to quit the galleries. This firmed. Your correfpondent mentions

the Bishop of Durham's mode of confirhumble opinion, the Bishop of Lichfield mation as worthy of imitation. In my and Coventry's is preferable; especially as the feparation of fexes prevents, in a great meature, all kind of hurry and confufion.

To t


N. P.


I and confefs that it has answered my HAVE perufed your publication, warm:ft expectations.

The plan of it appears no less excellent than the materials were cop ous. The Life of the Author, which you have judiciously prefixed, is a tribute no less due to the memory of this great man than to every icholar and good Chriftian. The memory of him mult ever be refpected, and must ever be most dear to a nation fo fignally honoured by his name. We read his works, we exult in the great improvements which they have added to every branch of knowledge we boaft of; we revere his manes, but at the fame time are like the Prodigal, who, while he is enjoying the munificence of his late parent, forgets to raise a fepulchre to his fhade. Though at a diftant period, you, Sir, have railed one worthy of the man. His whole life teems

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with matter of admiration and astonishment. The undertakings of his capaci ous mind were beyond conception bold; his fuccefs in every one of them wonderful. His deep knowledge of the learned languages ftamped him the firft claffick; and his confummate fkill in geometry, mechanicks, and aftronomy, the first mathematician of his age, of which his various works are noble teftimonies. In his "Praxis Grammatica" we trace the fame found and well-informed mind; and to the bafis which he has there laid are we indebted for every fuperftructure which has been raifed at future periods. But his penetrating genius, we find, did not reft here: we fee him undertaking, and even maturing to a fcience, the myf. tery of decyphering; a mystery in which no prior information was his guide, and which brought with it no index but the penetration of the developer. And, indeed, in whatever department we view him, we may justly fay with his great contemporary Leibnitz, "He was the greatest inftance ever known of the force and penetration of the human underflanding."

was as judicious as your means were fortunate. His other works may improve the fcholar, or delight the philofopher; but they are like a lotty mountain, which many may admire, but few dare to climb. His Sermons, however, are within the comprehenfion of the loweft of mankind; and from them every one may reap inftruction and delight.

I acknowledge that I looked forward, till your publication came forth, with no finall eagerness, I may fay anxiety, to fee how the rival of a Frenicle and a Fermate, the friend of a Leibniz and a Newton, would wield the fword in defence of religion. My higheft hopes are fully gratified. I have found in his Sermons that fund of knowledge, that deep and found reafoning, which might be expected from to great a Philofopher, and that firm and fteady z at which might be expected from fo good a Chrif tian.

That they have a taint of that scholaftic pedantry which diflinguished thofe times is no to be denied. But to w mind is this an objection? Is not ge d as intrinficalis vala. b'e though it be mixed with ore? Does the man to whom this is an objeЯtion read as a Chriftian? He might as juftly defpife the Apoitics becauf. they were not cloathed in purple : he might as jufty defpfe the Scriptures becaufe they are not gilded with the tinfel ornaments which polute the writings of our prefeat age.

Our Author is certainly moft fitted for the private contemplation of the cloist; there let the reader commune with him, and, if he is abforbed in the gloom of infidelity, he will fee the light of con

This fide of his character we may perufe with admiration; we may rejoice in feeing to how great attainments the humand mind is equal; or, when we reflect that he was our countryman, we may perufe it with a glow of triumph. But there is a greater lefion to be learnt from the perufal of his life. While we fee him, amidit the tumults of a civil war, and amidit the clamour of factions, ftill true to his King and the Conflitution, and yet, as a friend to virtue, ftill reverenced by the zealots of rebellion; when we see him amidst continual d.sappoint-viction blaze fuil upon hum; if he is alments, and the repeated infolence of neglect, fi ferving his country by unwearied and painful attention, and never defcending to that fervility which might have procured (what his valuable labours never did) the wages of his hire; how extolled does he appear above those whom Fortune only had placed above him! how fuperior do we fee the dignity of virtue! His whole life was the best comment on his own religious works; and he funk to the grave revered by thofe who in his life had neglected him. Great as he might be as a Philofopher, yet, as a Man, it is his nobler praite that we are able to exclaim with the poet,

Cui pudor, et juftitia foror Incorrupta fides, nuduque veritas Quando ullum invenient parem? Your idea of publishing his Sermons

ready in the right away, he will be warmed to that fympathetic glow which pervades the religious works of this great man, who himself nobly trod that path to which he points, and feems to write with the perfuafive eloquence and awful dignity of an infpired writer."

With gratitude for the delight I have received, I remain, Sir, &c.

Nov. 26.

THE first fenfation I felt on perufing

the letter figned ENJAS, p. 816, was chilly horror; the fecond, pungent indignation: the fit the working of Nature, the other of Reflection.

Nothing more ftrongly evinces the affected ftoicifm and irreligion of the prefent period than the prevailing rage for obtruding on the repofitories of the


984 Sepulchres violated.-Locke's Monument.—Ship-building. [Nov.

dead. That laudable and decent awe which formerly fanctified and protected the fepulchre, is extinct. We are too wife, too philofophic, to feel any of that reverence for the duft of our forefathers, with which even the iron breaft of the ferocious favage is attempered. Denizens of a refined state, inhabitants of an enlightened age, we are, in this particular, inferior to the barbarian who eats the flesh of his enemy. The mag nificent monuments defigned to perpe tuate the remembrance of our ancestors' virtues, and to fecure their remains inviolat, are now deemed incumbrances and deformities. The facrilegious chifels are applied; the venerable structures are demolished, and the veftiges of mortality expofed -to the curiofity and pillage of the idle.

If a monument is re-erected, it is only for the purpofe of concealing the denudation of a wall, and perhaps diftant from the original fite. If the bones are re-committed to the earth, it is done by the canine fpecies, amid the rubbish in the field. Thefe acts proceed from enlarged notions, and furnish inftances of modern refinement!

It is not fophiftry, cafuiftry, fashion, tafte, intereft, or oftentation, no, not even charity, that either can or will extenuate this increafing and profane enormity.



Hurf, Nov. 27. HAVING read two letters in the Gentleman's Magazine for Auguft laf, refpecting Mr. Locke's tomb and monument, I have taken the earliest opportunity to look at them, and have the fatisfaction to inform you, that they were both repaired eight years ago, and are now quite perfect. It is not my intention to make any comment upon the letters of your correfpondents, or the hints which they have given; but I must beg you to allow this a place in your next, as I with your readers to know, that to the memory of fo great a man as Mr. Locke all proper veneration has been paid. RICHARD PALMER.

Nov. 28.

that it teaches the right of a people to encounter oppreffion by a firm, a mauly, and a rational refiftance. In this happy country, an attachment to the Conftitu tion, which has been tranfmitted to us by the wife, the glorious, and the fuccefsful exertions of our ancestors, should be impreffed on the minds and the hearts of the ring generation, as the moft effectual means of preferving to future generations thofe privileges which conftitute the freedom and the happiness of Britons. I am forry, however, to obferve, from the late Addrefs of the Students of the Diffenting College in Hackney to Dr. Priestley, that this is not the plan of education at the above seminary. From the style of that Addrefs, inflead of peaceable and orderly citizens, inflead of loval fubjects, we are led to fear that the young men who have thus food forward are difpofed to become the violators of law, the enemies of a Confiitution which they should be ready to defend at the risk of their lives and the anfwer of the Rev. Doctor is admirably calculated to confirm and ftrengthen fuch difpofitions.

I was originally, Mr. Urban, a wellwifher to this inftitution; but, after this fpecimen of its effects, it cannot be expected to receive the countenance and fupport of thofe who with pofterity to enjoy the fame advantages as the prefent age is (I hope) in fecure poffeffion of. No man, whether of the Church

of England, or a moderate Dulenter, would furely with to encourage a fyfem of education which bids fair, if fufficiently extended, to facrifice all the benefits produced by the Revolution in 1688 at the fhrine of new Revolutions. J M. * See this Addrefs in p. 1023.

Mr. URBAN, Greenwich, Nov 3.
N compliance with the dubie of A

Confiant Reader, p. 840, I fit down to inform him, that a 74 gun fhip requires 3,000 loads of timber, each load containing 50 cubical feet 1,500 wellgrown trees, of two loads each, muft have near 14 acres to ftand upon at 20 feet afunder, or only nine acres at a rod or pole of 16 feet afunder."

I prefume inat, in Mr. Young's Annals of Agriculture, vol. V. p. 411, forty acres was an error of the prefs for fourieen acres.

Mr. URBAN, TH HE generality of your readers will agree with me in thinking, that a fyftem of education is extremely defective that does not inculcate a reverence to the laws of that fociety whereof we are members, and a decent respect to the ruling powers; at the fame time A NEW CORRESPONDENT, R. L. The defcription of CLOMINES, intended for p. 1001, fhall appear next month.

3,000 loads of rough oak, at 25. per foot, or 5. per load, will coft 1,500).




October 31. LATE I. copied from an impreffion in the hands of the Rev. Mr. Price, keeper of the Bodleian library at Oxford, reprefents a view of the ruins of Godflow nunnery; but when firft engraved it is difficult to fay.

A and B are the arches of the principal entrance, fill remaining, though the room over them, and the round tower at the fide, have long fince been demolished. C is a tower, the infide or Weft view of which was taken by Meff. Bucks, 1729, and by Mr. Grofe, N.E. 1761; one was given by T. Hearne, Spi cil. ad Neubrig. 1718, another by Green. D and E may have been doors communicating with the church, whofe fite is marked F, and its altar G. HHH are the apartments of the nunnery with the cloifter; perhaps Godftow house, burnt 1645, after being quitted by the royalifts (Gent. Mag. LVI. 486). K, the outer wall, in part remaining, without the tower; the door N is topped up. M is the chapel wherein Rofamund was buried, having a wooden roof. The E window is truly reprefented. It is equally divided by a wooden fcreen, ftill in part remaining; and arch-work correfponding with it is painted on the walls of the chancel, on the North wail of which is painted, in black letter, the infcription given by Hearne in Spicile gio ad Neubrigienfem, p. 731; over where once stood an altar-tomb, infcribed, as is pretended, with the fame lines: Hic jacet in tumba Rofa mundi non Rofa munda,

Non redolet fed olet quæ redolere folet. [The role of the world] but not the cleane flower

[Is now here graven] to whom beauty

was lent

[In chis grave full] darke now is her


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of St. Hugh, Bishop of Lincoln, and buried, fays Hoveden, extra ecclefiam cum ceteris; or, as Higden fays, in capitulo monialium, in the nuns' chapterhoufe, which was probably this chapel. Mr. Allen, of Gloucetter-hall, defcribes the pieces, as having "on it interchangetomb, when taken up and broken in able weavings, drawn out and decked with roses, red and green, and the pic the poifon given her by the Queen, ture of the cup, out of which the drank carved in the ftone." I confefs myfelf. ftrongly inclined to believe this intended for a crofs fleuri, fuch as was frequent on the coffin-lids of ecclefiaftics, and the cup for a chalice, as often found thereon. Leland defcribes "Rofamunde's tumbe at Godftowe nunnery, taken up a late," as "a ftone with this infcription, Tumba Rofamundæ” (Fragment of his Itinerary, in Mon. Angl. I. 528); and Hearne fuppofes large fone, in form of a coffin, agreea fair able to those times, on which was this infcription, Tumba Rafamunda, was put on her." At prefent, however, remains only the fite or base of an altar-tomb in the North wall of the chapel, which the infcription over it marks out for hers.

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Hearne (Spicil. p. 778), as having "ftill This is the chapel defcribed by remains of old painting in the walls of the chancel.” He adds, “there is an old ftone lying in the chancel of the chapel have been the altar-piece. The figure we are fpeaking of, which is faid to of it confirms the tradition." chapel having been converted into a cow-houfe, no traces of this altar-ftone are difcernible. Mr. Grofe, who diew the ruins, 1761, fays, "On the infide of the South wall was newly wrote the following epitaph, being a copy of that and which contains a quibble on her faid to have been placed on her tomb, name. Hic jacet in tumba*, &c. [as before]. The walls of this building ap pear to have been formerly painted."

Mr. Hearne, Ib. p. 779, mentions fe veral other ftones taken up within the precincts of the nuunery, and a piece of an old flat one, without letters, in a garden, on the ground of which flood the kitchen and other outhoutes, as it feems, on the Weft fide of the remains of the tower. He faw an old. Itone

epitaph in the choir of the church before the Which Mr. H. conjectured might be the body was removed. (Lel. Itin. II. 133-) coffin,


Godflow Nunnery, and the Tomb of Rofamund.

coffin, about two yards and an half Jong, dug up a little Eaft from the remains of the tower of the nunnery church, containing many bones, and the teeth very firm and good, feeming 10 have been the bones of fome iady, fome abbefs, or nun. Mr. Vernon, in his Oxonium Poema, believed them thofe of Rofamund, which, though it furnished fome pretty imagination to the poet, is not confiftent with hiftorical veity. Mr. H. doubted if there was any churchyard here, though the fpot where this coffin was found is fo called; but he inclines to fuppofe it rather the fire of the church and its cloifters and the chapterhoufe, and it may be the area between H and K in the plate. Many other fione coffins have been found in it; and it is commonly faid that Rofa. mund's coffin was dug up in the fame.

In digging a navigation canal, Weft of the river, within thefe few years, feveral fone coffins have been found without the circuit of the prefent walls to the Eaft, probably about the fite of the old church: fome had bones, and all were destroyed except one in the Mufeum of Mr. Fletcher, at Oxford, on the lid of which is, if I miftake not, a crofs and a falchion; but of this I hope fome of your correfpondents there will fend you a drawing.


Mr. Hearne calls the chapel I have been defcribing a fmall room, on the floor of which lay two ftone coffins, and on the wall juft above them were written the verfes, in Latin and English, which are commonly handed about in memory of Rofamund. It is reported that one of thefe coffins was that in which Rofamund herfelf was laid, and the other that which was prepared for her keeper." But this he juftly looked on as no more than vulgar fiction, and afcribed the two coffins to two nuns or two other perfons. Mr. Grofe was fhewn in this chapel "a large ftone coffin, pretended to be that from which Rotamund's bones were taken: it feem. ed to be contrived for two bodies, having been divided in the middle by a ridge of ftone running from head to fout." It was gone and forgotten 1791. I fend you his drawing which he gave me of this fingular inftance of a double coffin, and which I hope you will engrave of the original fize. [See Plate 11.] a

I thall conclude this paper with Word on the crois, faid by Leland to have been erected on the bridge hard Appendix to Leland's itin. 11. 132.


by, probably the bridge over the Ilis
from Oxford, with an infcription,
Qui meat buc oret, fignum falutis adoret,
Uique tibi detur veniom, Rofamuuda, precstur.

not addreffed to Rofamund as a faint, as
fome have falfely imagined, but to im-
plore the interceffion of travellers to the
Saviour, of the world, to procure par-
don for her tranfgreffion.

If by any thing here faid your correfpendent Phofphorus, LVI. 486, LVII. 676, may be induced to fulfil his promile to you, fome benefit may arife to cur national antiquities, in which you have a common intereft with Yours, &c. R. G.


Nov. 1.

MEN of attentive obfervation and

ferious minds remark and lament, that the great mafs of the Commons of England have loft their SIMPLICITY of character, which was all that remained to keep alive and defend principles of religion and morality in their minds. It is no difficult matter to align the reafon of this lofs; and it may not be in the power of all the affociations in fupport of religion and virtue to make it up. The rapid extenfion of knowledge, falfely fo called, is the great fource of this corruption. Far be it from me to with to enflave the minds of my countrymen in the fetters of ignorance and fuperftition; but there is a fort of knowledge worfe than ignorance; and when fyftems and fentiments are propagated that debauch and corrupt the mind, it were better to keep the mind within the humble circle of its own original ideas, however imperfect or mistaken.

Sunday fchools, catachetical lectures, and the most impreffive addreffes from the pulpit, may keep parents and children from idleness a fhort time, or awaken 'reflexion for the moment; but fuch temporary refiraint and fudden conviction are not likely to maintain a permanent effect.

The firft corruption of ruftic fimplicity was the increafed communication with the capital, and the influx of modern manners. When my Lord, and the Esquire, and the Rector, left off keeping Christmas at the old manfion, the country felt the want of antient hofpitality and affability; the fick poor man loft the foftering hand of his richer neighbour or mafter, and the friendly advice of the worthy juftice, or pious pal


But when they brought down a

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