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Pounds reward have fince been offered for difcovery of the robbers. Monday 10.

In the evening, a inan, rather genteelly dreffed, called at Mr. Metham's, filverfmith, in Cheapfide, with a woman, and bought a ring, of half-a-guinea price.-In the course of their dealing, fome circumftances occurred which led to a difcovery of the depredators who, in June laft, robbed the Cambridge mail of notes and bills to an enormous amount; of whofe proceedings an account fhall be given, whenever the facts are fufficiently authenticated-An important discovery from a trifting incident! Tuesday 11.

A Court of Common Council was held at Guildhall, to take into confideration the adjourned question relative to the 16th Standing Order of the Court, "That no Member thall be permitted to be put in nomination as a candidate for any place of emolument in the gift of this Court, unless he fhall, previously thereto, have taken the first opportunity to refign his feat, in cafe he thall prove fuccefsful."—After a warm debate, the Court at length dividing, there appeared: For the S Aldermen Standing Order Commoners Aldermen Commoners Saturday 15. About fix o'clock in the evening, their Majefties, the Princeffes Royal, Augufta, and Elizabeth, and their ufual attendants, arrived at the Queen's Lodge at Windfor, from Weymouth, having only been twelve hours and a half on their journey.


On their entrance into the town, the bells were rung, and the guns fired; which were anfwered by a volley from the 29th regiment, now there on garrifon duty, Sunday 16.

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'from Jamaica, which place the left Sept. 10, that a dreadful infurrection had taken place at St. Domingo, among the Negroes and free people, and that they were in arms to the number of from 35,000 to 40,000 men, and were fuppofed to have in their poffeffion about 5000 ftand of arms, had destroyed about 200 fugar plantations, and a number of coffee, &c. and had killed and destroyed all the White people that fell in their way, it is fuppofed to a great amo. nt. The reason affigned for the revolt of these people is, the late decree paffed in the National Affembly. It appears that the revolt was confined to the French district; but it was imagined it would become general through the island.

A moft diftreffing circumftance happened at the house of Dr. Ford, Head of Magdalen Hall, Oxford. One of the Doctor's children, a fine boy of about four or five years of age, having been left by the maid at play in the room with his brothers, approached fo near the fire, that the flames caught his pin-cloth; and, though the child fcreamed immediately for help, and all poffible allift. ance was afforded, he died on Tuesday. Sunday 23,

About four o'clock this morning, the watch at the Bank difcovered a fire in that part of the building lately appropriated to the burning of useless papers. A fire at the bank foon took air, and all London was prefently alarmed; though very little more da mage could enfue, than by burning a pig ftye; as all parts of the Bank where any proporty is lodged are rendered incombustible, Tuessay 25.

Accounts were received this morning at the Admiralty, by the Daphne man of war,


By other information we learn, that the White people at St. Domingo had dispatched a fhip to America, praying for affiftance: that, the news of the infurrection being received at Jamaica, Lord Effingham had col lected all the troops together, to be ready on the firft alarm; and it was expected that martial law would be proclaimed. We are happy to fay, that no ferious confequence is apprehended among our own islands; and the military at Jamaica is on the most refpectable footing, and very numerous. iednejday 26.

The two Sheriffs, attended by the City Remembrancer, waited on the King at the levee at St. James's, to know when it would be his Majelly's pleafure to receive the Ad drefs of the Citizens of London, on the iecent happy marriage of the Duke of York to the Princefs Royal of Pruthia; when the King appointed Wednesday, Nov. 2. Monday 31.

By the act paffed in the last feffion of Parfiament for regulating the corn-trade, it is enacted, "That every miller, or other perfon, being a dealer of corn for fale, or of malt, flour, or meal, made thereof, thall reg turn, or caufe to be returned, to the infpector for the city or town where any corn fhall be bought, an account (in writing) figned with his own name, of the refpective quan tities and prices thereof; and, in default thereof, every fuch miller or corn-dealer fhall forfeit and pay a fum, not exceeding ten pounds, and not less than forty fhillings, And it is further enacted, That every miller, corn-dealer, &c. fhall make a written declaration before a Magiftrate previous to his commencing that bufinefs; otherwife, for fuch neglect, he fhall forfeit the fum of ten pounds, and not less than forty fhillings.

The most dreadful riots have lately hap pened at Avignon, in which feveral people loft their lives. One man, the companion of Jourdain, furnamed Cut-throut, was affaffinated in a church, at the foot of the altar. Above fifty others have become miterable victims to popular fury. That fine country is now a prey to the mett horrid political and religious fanaticifm.

P. 5884



P. 588. Dr. Biffet was a native of North Britain, and born at Glenalbert, near Dunkeld, in Perthshire, in the year 1717. father was by profeffion a lawyer, and was esteemed to understand the Scotch law and t'e Latin language as well as any man in the kingdom. In a letter written fome years fince, after obferving that many persons who had heard of his having published a work on fortifications were at a lofs how to reconcile the medical with the military character, and were inclined to believe that he had not a regular education in the line of his profeffion, he wished to have it made known, that, after a proper courfe of medical studies at Edinburgh, he was appointed, in 1740, fecond furgeon to the Military-hofpital in Jamaica, and spent feveral years in the Weft India islands, and in Admiral Vernon's fleet, to fee and know the difeafes of the Torrid zone. The phyfician who ftudies Nature to record her hiftory of diseases, with their fymptoms and natural and accidental terminations, whatever his fuccefs may be as a medical practitioner, may juftly be faid militare non fine gloria. His obfervations are not of lefs value to pofterity than thofe of the cantions and expert navigator who plans and chalks out the unknown fhore. Having, in 1745, contracted a bad state of health at New Greenwich in Jamaica, he was under the neceffity of refigning his place of fecond furgeon to his Majefty s hofpital there, in order to return to England, for the recovery of it. In May, 1786, he purchased an enfigncy in the 42d regiment, commanded by the Right Hon. Lord John Murray and by this transition, his attention being turned from the medical to the military line, fortification became his favourite study. After a fruitless descent on the coaft of 'Brittany in France, in September, 1746, and paffing a winter very agreeably at Limerick in Ireland, they were, in the beginning of the next campaign, brought into action at San berg, near Hulit, in Dutch Flanders, where one Dutch regiment and two of ours, fuffered very much. Having drawn a sketch of the enemy's approaches there, with the environs, and, fome time after, a pretty correct one of Bergen-op-Zoom, with the permanent lines, the environs, and the enemy's first parallel, which were presented by Lord John Murray to his Royal Highness the late Duke of Cum berland, his Royal Highness was pleased to order him to attend the fiege of that fortrefs, and give due attention daily to the progrefs of the attack, and to the defence, in order to take accurate journals of them; thus conferring on him a diftinguished honour, of which with diffidence he accepted. Thefe journals, illuftrated with plans, were delivered daily to Lord John Murray, who for warded them every second or third day, by exprefs, to his Royal Highnefs the Duke, who was then at Maestricht, at the head of the allied army, observing the motion of the

French army under Marshal Saxe. Having faithfully performed that duty, his Royal Highness was pleased to express his approbation by recommending Entign Biffet to his Grace the late Duke of Montague, who was then mafter-general of the ordnance, and who honoured him with a warrant as engineer extraordinary in the brigade of engi neers which was established to serve in the Low Countries during the war; and he was alfo promoted to a lieutenancy in the army. The brigade of engineers being re-formed at the end of the war, and Dr B. being at the fame time put upon the half-pay lift as lieutenant, he continued to employ great part of his time in the study of fortification; and in 1751, after visiting France, publifhed his book "On tlie i heory and Conftruction of Fortifications," 8vo: and, in fome time after, being unemployed, he refumed his former profeffion in the medical line, in which he had been regularly educated. Being thin, and of a weakly constitution, Dr. B. chofe to refide in a healthy village, for the fake of retirement and the benefit of a falubrious air, and retired to the village of Skelton, in Cleveland, Yorkshire, where, and in that neighbourhood, he ever after continned. In 1755, when a French war was impending, he publifhed "A Treatife on the Scurvy, with Remarks on the Cure of Scorbutic Ulcers," in 162 octavo pages, dedicated to Lord Anfon and the rest of the Lords Commiffioners of the Admiralty. In 1762 was published his "Eflay on the Medical Conftitution of Great Britain," in 344 octavo pages, dedicated to Sir John Pringle, Bart. M. D.; in which is fhewn the effects of the change of weather, and of the feafons, on the diseases of this country, particularly of the duchy of Cleveland: from all which observations it appears, that the low, clayey land of this rich wheaten country, in fpite of its vernal and autumnal intermittents, is not the most unhealthy fpot in the island. At the conclufion is an interefting paper on the virtues of the Helleborofter Maximus Gerrbardi, the Great Baftard Black Hellebore, or Bear's-foot, in the cure of worms in general, but principally the round worm, found in the stomachs of children, as well as of grown people. In 1765 the University of St. Andrew were pleased to honour him with the degree of M. D. In 1766 he published a volume of "Medical Effays and Obfervations," Newcastle, 8vo, 304 pages, containing 22 papers on the climate and difeafes of the West Indies; alto, fome chronical difeafes of this country, particularly the hooping-cough, fcorbutie itch, and many chirurgical remarks, which fhew a mind bent on promoting the improvement of his profeffion. A few years ago, he depofited in the library of the infirmary at Leeds a MS. of medical observations, in octavo, containing near 700 pages; which was politely received by the phyficians and fursons of that infirmary, who honoured him

with their thanks. The Doctor alfo prefented a treatise on fortification to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, which is depofited in his private library; and published a fmall tract on the naval art of war; which, with a few political papers, and MSS. now in Mrs. Biffet's pofession (from which most of the above facts are taken) containing 97 new plans, are nearly the whole of Dr. Biffet's works, both in print and manufcript.

P. 685, col. 1. The late Dr. Abercrombie, of York, has bequeathed 3000l. equally betwixt Heriot's hofpital and the Royal infirmary at Edinburgh, after his widow's death.

P. 874, col. 1, 1. 41, read "On the 22d of August died at Gottingen, after an illness of nine weeks, the celebrated JOHN-DAVID MICHAELIS, profeffor of philofophy and the Oriental languages in the University of Gottingen, in the 76th year of his age. An account of his ¡numerous and valuable literary productions will be given in a future Magazine. We hear that Profeffor Tychfen has undertaken to revife his manufcripts, and is expected to publish his pofthumous works."

P. 876, col. 2. Strike out lines 49, 50; and, 1. 52, add, Dr. F. was a native of Oxford (born in July, 1711), father of that city, and fenior Doctor of the University, having bren early entered at Chrift Church, Ox ford, where he acted as chaplain, and proceeded M. A. in 1733. Thence he removed to Hartford College, and took the degrees of B.D. and D.D. 1744. In 1742 he was chofen lecturer of St. James, Garlick hithe. In 1747, being the vice-principal of St. Albanhall, he was elected master of the grammarfchool of St. Saviour, Southwark. He held the vicarage of Runcorne, in Chethire, 1750; was prefented, by the Dean and Chapter of Exeter, to the vicarage of East Coker, co. Somerfet, 1756; in 1768 was chofen lectmer of Newington in Surrey; and had alfo the Thurfday lecture of St. Mary at Mill, which was founded by Sir J. Leman, bart. Heprinted 1. A Sermon on the Being and Providence of God, preached before the University of Oxford, July 8, 1739. 2. A Sermon at the fame place, Nov. 5, 1745; when the Rebels were advancing to Derby. 3. Twelve Sermons preached before the University of Oxford, printed in 1750, 8vo.; with a preface, tending to expofe fome remarkably bad practices both in church and state. 4. An Antigallican Sermon, preached at Aldgate, before Admiral Vernon, 27 April, 1753 (XXIII. 251); and a fecond Antiga lican Sermon, preached in 1756, upon the Terms of National Unanimity; with a genealogical Table, fhewing his Majefty's antient Connexions with the Crowns of thefe Kingdoms Jong antecedent in Time to the Marriage of his Anceftor with the Stuart Family; one on Whit-Sunday, 1756, before the University of Oxford. Two Sermons upon the Creation; the first intituled, "The Operations of God and Nature, &c, to the Finishing of the Vege

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table Creation, and Appointment of the Seafons of the Year, before the Florists,” 2d edit.; the other, "The Analysis of Man; or, The Difference between the Reasonable and Living Soul; which was preached before the Uni verfity of Oxford, May 20, 17645" ade lif with the Advertisement which was prefixed to the firft, and the Dedication to the King. Political Sermons, Speeches, and Difcourfes, collected into one Volume; an among these is a Sermon, preached by the Appointment of the Vice-Chancellor, before the Univer fity of Oxford, when the Rebels were advanced to Derby, dedicated to his Royal Highnefs Williany late Duke of Cumberland, who was fent as General against them.-A fermon, in 1768, on the murder of Mr. Allen, who was shot in the riots before the King's Bench prifon, May 10th that year; and a second, in 1769, on the fame occafion He also published "The Monthly Reviewers reviewed by an Antigallican, 1755" (see our vol. XXV. p. 335). “Ode to the King of Pruifa" (XXVII. 228). "Extempore Verfes on the Choice of a Poet Laureat" (ibid. 564). "Will the Ferry-man, a Water Eclogue" (XXVIII. 28). Tranflation of fome French Verses on the Death of Captain Gardner (ibid. 371). Sermons: before the University of Oxford, on A&t-Sunday, 1743 (XIII. 112, XIV. 48); Jan. 30, 1753 (XXIII. 103). Poems and Mifcellaneous Pieces, 1751 (XXI. 143). Speech on taking his Freedom of the City of Oxford, 1753 (XXIII. 394). Seafonable Reflections upon the Importance of the Name of England, 1755 (XXV. 191). Sentiments of an Antigallican (XXVI. 43). Of his controversy with Mr. Jones, chaplain of St. Saviour, Southwark, begun by his "Rules to discover Falfe Prophets," fee Jones's Letter to him (XXIX. 35); his Remarks on Jones's Letter to him, dedicated to Bishop Hoadley (ibid. 183); and Answer to them by a Layman (ibid). See, in our vol. LVIII. p. 381, his Letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury, with a fourth edition of his "Hiftory of the English Tongue," and fome anecdotes of his own life.

Since the foregoing lift was compiled, the following additions to it have been communicated by his fon.

GRAMMATICAL. "Hiftory of the English Tongue, with the Author's intended Dedi cation to his Royal Highness Prince George, now King George III. Part I. printed 1748, and containing an Account, I. Of the Roman or Latin Tongue, as once spoken in Britain. II. Of the British or Welth, and its antient and prefent Limits. III. Of the Pyhtas, corruptly called Picts by the Romans: their Settlement in the North of Britain: the Original of their Name, and the Nature, Extent, and Duration of their Language. IV. Of the Scots from Ireland, and the Extent of the Erfe Language; in order to distinguish it from the English in the North of Britain, which vulgarly palles under the Name of Broad


Broad Scotch."-N. R. This book was written by permiffion of his late Royal Highnefs Frederick Prince of Wales, for the informa. tion of his eldest son, our present Sovereign. THEOLOGY, POLEMICAL. verfy with the People called Methodifts, A Controwritten occafionally against divers of the Sect, in the Years 1758 and 1759, and confifting of the following Pieces: 1. A Difplay of the bad Principles of the Methodists, in certain Articles propofed to the Confideration of the Company of Salters in London; 2d edit.-2. Rules for the Difcovery of falfe Prophets, &c.; a Sermon preached before the University of Oxford, on Whit-Sunday, 1758, dedicated to his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury; 3d edit.-3. Dr. Free's Edition of Mr.Wesley's first Penny Letter; the fecond impreflion, dedicated to Mr. Welley. -4. His Edition of Mr. Welley's Second Letter.-5. Dr. Free's whole Speech to the London Clergy, at Sion College, May 8, 1759; with a Remonftrance to the Bishop of Winchester. That printed in "The Monitor" is imperfect.

POETRY and MISCELLANEOUS. 1. Poems upon several Occafions, the fecond Edition, 1757, containing an Ode to the King of Fruffia on the Victory at Prague; an Ode of Confolation to his Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland, on the Lofs of Minorca, &c.; Jephtha, an Oratorio, fet to Mufick by Mr. Stanley; Advice to the Fair Sex; Stigand, or, The Antigallican, à Poem; Sufannah, an Ethic Poem; Judith, an Heroic Foem, &c. To the whole is prefixed a curious Account of the Origin and peculiar Nature of English Poetry, and how far it is fimilar or different. from that of the Greeks and Romans, in á Letter to a Member of Parliament.poetical Dialogue, intituled, "The volun-2. A tary Exile," 1765-3. Stadia Physiologica duo, or, Two Stages in Phyfiology, exbibiting all along the Opinions of the best Writers, &c. with Variety of Obfervations entirely new, 1762.-4. A genuine Petition to the King; and likewise a Letter to the Right Hon. the Earl of Bute; concerning the very hard Cafe of an eminent Divine of the Church of England. Published from the Originals by the Rev. Dr. Free. 4. The Petition of John Free, D. D. relative to the Conduct of the Archbishops of Canterbury and York; moft humbly addreffed to the Hon. Houfe of Commons.-5. Matrimony made easy, &c. a Serio-comic Satire, tending to expofe the Tyranny and Abfurdity of a late Act of Parliament, intituled, An Act for the better Prevention of Clandestine Marriages, &c.-6. A Plan for the Ufe of the Emprefs of Ruffia, in founding a free Univerfity for the Reception of People of all Nations and Religions: with a Specimen of the Univerfal Library, for the Ufe of the Students, in Latin, French, and English; zd edit. 1761-7. Tyrocinium Geographicum Londinenfe; or, The London Geography:

Biographical Memoirs of the late Dr. Free.


confifting of Dr. Free's fhort Lectures, compiled for the Ufe of his younger Pupils. Publifhed chiefly for the Information of gerteel young Citizens. Dedicated, by Pe.mifMayor and Court of Aldermen; and the fion, to the Right Honourable the Lord Author honoured for the Work with the by the Editor, tranflated from the Greek into Freedom of the City. To which is added, English Blank Verfe, the Periegefis of Dionyfus, the Geographer, from the Edition of the Ladies who read Hiftory, and the Youth Dr. Wells: comprehending, for the Use of of the Universities, both the antient and modern Systems.

the papers of the deceased, and appears to The following Epitaph was found among therefore infert it for the amufement of our have been intended by him for his tomb. We learned readers:

"Hic fepultus eft

in Academiâ Ŏxonienfi Sacræ Theol. Doctor,
Et Civitatis ejufdem Nominis Civis natus,
Quoniam non fupererat in Civitate Civisfenior
Utriufque Pater;
Nec in Univerfitate Doctor.

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Hic vir fruftrà vixit; nam laboravit fruftrà, Utcumque moderatum, aut fibi aliecutus eft, Nunquam enim quod Ufus Vitæ poítulat, Aut fuis.

Concionator publicus per Annos LIIL,
Et Doctor fuæ Facultatis XL
Quinetiam, fruftrà:
Nam cum hæc fcriberet, licèt admodum Senex,
Nunquam Ecclefiam obtinuiffet,
Quæ redderet quotannis LXXX Minas.
Mirum !
Sacerdos attamen fuit
Sub Imperio Georgii II. Magne Britannia

Qui caput effe audit infuper Ecclefiæ.
At veró, quanquam Regis Familiæ fidus

Et fuo damno fidus,
Nunquam tamen tulit, vel fide politicæ,
Vel operis facerdotalis præmium.
Adeò ut bujus hominis vita comparetur

Proventui arboris, naturâ fertilis;
Calique Inclementiâ oppreffa, et tandem vista,
Sed quæ, tempeftatibus fubinde agitata,
Fruétum fuum cum vitâ perdidit;
Quod perinde eft, ac fi a principio
Facta fuiffet fterilis.

Sic vifum eft CREATORI
Opus texere, et retexere fuum.
Siccine, ait Pfalmifta, Deus,
Omnes homines in mendacium,
Aut deceptionem creafti * ?-
Si hoc verum fit,
Tum præter inferna illa,ab antiquis temporibus
Credita et formidata,
Locus Pœnæ eft etiam hæc Terra noftra,
Ubi fic decipimur; ubi 1

* Pfalm lxxxix. ver. 48. edit Jun. of Tremell. Per

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27. Mrs. Tory, wife of Mr. T. gardener, of Dike, in the parish of Bourn, co. Lincoln, three children (two girls and a boy).

Lately, at Moira caftle, in Ireland, the Countess of Granard, a fon.

08.3. At Dalford, near Namptwich, in Cheshire, the Lady of Henry Auguftus Leicefter, efq. a fon.

5. At Twickenham, the Lady of Nathaniel Davifon, efq. late conful-general at Algiers, a daughter.

6. At his Lordship's houfe in Binfield-vale, Berks, Lady Kinnaird, a daughter.

9. At the house of her father, Anthony Todd, efq. at Walthamstow, Lady Lauderdale, a daughter.

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14. At Bramhope-ball, co. York, the Lady of Tho. Wybergh, efq. a fon.

16. Hon. Mrs. Drummond, of Perth, afon. 17. In Ruffel street, Upper Charlotte-fr. the Lady of Rob. Adamfon, efq. a daughter. In Great Cumberland-ftreet, Fortman-fqu. the Lady of James Mufgrave, efq. a fon.

19. At Hampton-court-palace, the Lady of Thomas Farquier, efq. a fon.

20. At Foxdenton, near Manchester, Lady Mary Horton, a daughter.

22. At his house in Bolton-street, the Lady of R. Brooke Supple, efq. a fon.

27. At his Lordship's houfe in Saville-row, the Countess Delawar, a fon.


Aug. A refter, merchant, to Mils Barts,

T St. Petersburg, Mr. Francis For


eldest dau. of Peter B. efq. of St. Petersburg. Sept. Andrew Douglafs, M. D. of Savile-row, and brother-in-law of the celebrat ed Mifs Carter, of Deal (fee vol. LX. p. 478), formerly furgeon at Sandwich, Kent, to Mrs. Beauvoir, only daughter and heiress of Fane William Sharpe, efq. M.P. for Callington, in Cornwall (XLI. 475), and widow, by a fe cond marriage, of Ofmond Beauvoir, D. D. (LIX. 672), formerly mafter of the freefchool at Canterbury.


12. At Drumlanrig cafile, in Dumfriesfhire, Charles Granville Stuart Monteath, efq. of Clofeburn, to Mifs Ludivinia Loughman, eldest daughter of the late Tho. L. efq. merchant, of London.

17. Mr. Leake, watch-maker, Enfield, to Mifs Lee, of Shoreditch, with 3000l. fortune.

19. At Hacconby, Linc. Mr. Catfwall, of Rippingale, to Mrs. Hodgkins, of Stainfield.

22. Mr. Green, attorney, of Ayliffe-itrect, Goodman's-fields,to Mifs Ackroyd, of Stepney.

23. Geo. Harrison, efq. of Lincoln's-inn, to Mifs Bunting, of Middleton-lodge, co. York.

24. At Denton, near Newhaven, Suffolk, Mr. Geo. Ellifon, attorney, of Crane-court, Fleet-itreet, to Mifs Mary Nares, of Jamesstreet, Westminster.

26. At Martock, Mr. John Westcott, to Mifs Wood, of Milton, Somerset.

27. At Exeter, Wm. Paget, M. D. to Mifs Doubleday, daughter of the late Rob. D. efq.

28. At Norwich, Wm. Utten, esq. feoretary to the Bishop of that dioc. to Mrs. Leech.

29. At Berlin, his Royal Highness the Duke of York, to the Princess Frederique-Char lotte Ulrique-Catherine, eldest daughter of the King of Prutfia.

30. Geo. Nixon, efq. of Devonshire-squa. to Mifs Stokes, of King-ftr. Covent-garden.

Lately, at Liverpool, Mr. Bartholomew Prefcott, merch. to Mifs Rogers, dau. of the late Mr. Tho. R. proctor, at Bangor.

At Llanwenog, co. Cardigan, Griffith Williams, efq. of Wormwood-grove, co. Carmar. then, to Mifs Evans, of Highmead, Cardigan. Mr. Thompson, of Sutton, to Mifs Fanny Wilkins, of Fairlawn, Bedfordshire.

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