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For OCTOBER, 1791.
Meteorolog. Diaries for Oct. and Sept. 1791 882 | Writersof WelfhHift.-Latinizing Surnames? 912
Printed for D. HENRY by JOHN NICHOLS, Red Lion Paffage, Fleet-street; where all Letters to the Editor are defired to be addreffed, Pos T-PAID.
METEOROLOGICAL TABLE for October, 1791.
Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.
Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.
11 o'cl. Night.
13 S 14 SE
15 W 16 W
46 30,26 fair
I SE moderate
2 S moderate
4 SW moderate
24 W calm
25 E moderate
26 E moderate
17 E. gentle
13 W moderate 19 SW moderate 20 SW gentle 21 NW gentle 22 SW gentle 23 NW calm
in. pts. in Oct. 1791.
27 E moderate 28 NE moderate
NE moderate 30 SE gentle
W. CARY, Mathematical Inftrument-Maker, oppofite Arundel-Street, Strand.
State of Weather in September 1791.
12 39 59
17 41 56
in. pts. in Oc. 1791
42 29,78 fair
35 30,01 fair
35 ,01 fair
42 45 42 ,64 rain
6. Very red sky funfet.-7. Great dew.-11. Thermometer 108 out of doors betwixt one and two. Grafs fprings amazingly. A few leaves begin to fall. The autumnal tints are apparent upon the foliage of the foreft-trees and the walls of buildings. Nectarines and peaches have been gathered fome time; the fruit but indifferent. Nuts very fearce. Filberts is. 6d. per pound.-) -12 Moft of the wheat got in in high condition. Crops good, and the grain remarkably well fed and productive. Barley but flight; oats tolerable.-13. Red after fufet; a mift arites.-14. Great Dews. Weks upon the hedges. White frotts in a morning. Not a cloud has appeared upon the sky from the 11th to the 15th.-16. Apples
BEING THE FOURTH NUMBER OF VOL. LXI.
Mr. URBAN, Wefminfer, O. 13. 新淡淡淡开
R. LODGE, in the third volume of his late valuable and interefting pub. lication*, pp. 178, 179, has made fome strictures on the article of the Lady Arabella Stuart, in the "Biographia Britannica," and has blamed the authors for faying, that "he was far from being either beautiful in her perfon, or from being diftin guished by any extraordinary qualities of mind." The juftice of Mr. Lodge's objections to thefe affertions I freely acknowledge; but must beg leave to obferve, that his cenfure is delivered in too hafty and indifcriminate a manner. His charge properly relates only to the old articles; and, if he had adverted to the addition which is made to that arti cle in the fecond impreffion of the "Biographia," he would have found that I have given a very different account of the Lady Arabella, both with regard to her understanding and perfon. This too, I did, without having thofe advantages Mr. Lodge has enjoyed by the poffeflion of the Talbot papers.
Will you indulge me, Mr. Urban, in tranfcribing what I have faid on the fubject?
affigned her the rank they have done. Three letters of hers are transcribed, by Mr. Ballard, from a MS volume in Mr. Ashmole's ftudy, which prove her to have been a woman of a good understanding. We shall add, from the fame author, a fhort copy of Latin verfes, addreffed to the Lady Arabella, by the noted epigrammatift Mr. John Owen, together with a tranflation of them by Mr. Thomas Harvey.
Si foret in nudis virtus aut gloria verbis,
At tibi mufa poteft addere noftra nihil.'
"We learn from Mr. Granger, that the
print of her, which is very rare, is thus infcribed, The picture of the most noble and learned Lady Arabella Stewart.'
"As there are these teftimonies to the
Lady Arabellas having had a better underftanding than is mentioned in the text, fo it fhould feem, from Mr. Oldys's Manufcripts, that he had, at least when young, a far greater fhare of beauty than is above reprefented. From a picture of her, which was drawn at full length in white in 1589, when fhe was thirteen years and a half old, it appears that the was, at that time, very beautiful in her perfon. Her complexion was fair as alabafter: the had fweet large grey eyes, and long flaxen hair, flowing almost to her waift, and finely curled at top. Mr. Oldys fays, that fhe was born in 1575.”
"Mr. Ballard hath given a place to the Lady Arabella, in his Memoirs of British Ladies, who have been celebrated for their Writings or Skill in the learned Languages, Arts, and Sciences.' His reafons for fo doing are, that Mr. Evelyn, in his 'Numifmata,' hath put her in his lift of learned wo
Poetarum,' has introduced her among his modern poeteffes. Though no works of this lady have appeared, which can ferve to fhew on what foundation her literary reputation is built, yet it is not probable that Mr. Evelyn and M. Philips fhould, without caufe, have
men; and Mr. Philips, in his Theatrum GREATLY admire the prefent re1pectable Bishop of Durham's Speech to his Chapter, which you have given in p. 695. It befpeaks the elegant Icho lar, the polite nobleman, and, what is above all, the ferious Chriftian prelate.
Friendly as 1 am to our prefent ex
few, but very fine. Wafps, which have been numerous, after making depredations upon the wall fruit, attacked the apples.-22. Buty fowing wheat and taking up the winter potatoes. Harvest finished. Springs low. The weather delightfully pleafant to the end of the month. We enjoy a Michaelmas fummer. Fall of rain, 2 inches 4-10ths. Evaporation, 4 inches 6-1oths. * Illuftrations of British History, &c.
held in perfect astonishment, and is ready to burst into fongs of praise under its most exquifite diftrefs.
cellent Church-establishment, I greatly refpect many of the Diffenters and their writings, fuch as Dr. Doddridge and Mr. Orton, who are both dead, and whofe letters and correfpondence I would frongly recommend to the publick. And I thould have thought more favourably of Dr. Price if he had died. in those tenets which he profeffed in his fermon of 1759; extracts from which are to be had at Meff. Rivingtons. Mr. John Clayton's Addrefs and Sermon of the present day do him much credit; and, if the fame rational, moderate, and candid fpirit, had influenced the reft of his brethren, we should neither have heard of Birmingham riots, nor of French Revolution-feafts in England.
The widow of that excellent man, Dr. Doddridge, died within thele two years. It is to be hoped that the Editor of his Correspondence, in the next edition, will infert the admirable and pious letter which he wrote to her children, from Lisbon, upon the death of their father. In the mean time, I fend it to you, to infert in your ufetul and interefting Repofitory.
Philip Doddridge, D.D. was prevailed upon, for the recovery of his health, to go to Lisbon, in the neighbourhood of which city he died October 26, 1751 His widow, Mrs. Mercy Doddridge, who accompanied him thither, wrote the following letter to her children in England after his decease.
"As to outward comforts, God has withheld no good thing from me, but has given me all the afliftance, and all the fupports, that the tenderest friendship was capable of affording me, and which I think my dear
Northampton friends could not have exceeded. Their prayers are not loft. I doubt not but I am reaping the benefit of them, and hope that you will do the fame.
"I am returned to good Mr. King's. Be good to poor Mrs. King. It is a debt of gratitude I owe for the great obligations I am under to that worthy family here. Such a folicitude of friendship was furely hardly ever known as I meet with here. I have the offers of friendship more than I can employ ; and it gives a real concern to many here that they cannot find out a way to serve me. These are great honours conferred on the dear deceased, and great comforts to me. It is impoffible to fay how much these mercies are endeared to me, as coming in fuch an immediate manner from the Divine Hand. To his name be the praise and glory of all!
"And now, my dear children, what shall I fay to you? Ours is no common lofs. I mourn the best of husbands and of friends, removed from this world of fin and forrow to the regions of immortal blifs and light. What a glory! What a mercy is it that I enabled with my thoughts to purfue there! You have loft the dearest and best of parents, the guide of your youth! and whofe pleasure it would have been to have introduced you into life with great advantages.
"Our lots is great indeed! But I really think the lofs the publick has fuftained is stil greater. But God can never want inftruments to carry on his work. Yet, let us be thankful that God ever gave us fuch a friend; that he has continued Lim fo long with us. Perhaps, if we had been to have judged, we thould have thought that we nor the world could never lefs have fpared him than at the prefent time. But I fee the hand of Heaven, the appointment of His wife providence in every step of this aweful difpenfation. It is his hand that has put the bitter cup into ours. And what does he now expect from us but a meek, humble, entire fubmiffion to his will? We know this is our duty. Let us pray for thofe aids of His Spirit, which can only enable us to attain it. A father of the fatherless is God in his holy habitation. As fuch may your eyes be directed to him! He will fupport you. He will comfort you. And that he may is not only my daily, but hourly, prayer.
"My dear Children,
"Lifbon, Nov. 11, N.S. 1751. "How fhall I addrefs you under this aweful and melancholy Providence! I would fain fay fomething to comfort you. And I hope God will enable me to fay fomething that may alleviate your deep diftrefs. I went out in a firm dependence that, if Infinite Wisdom was pleafed to call me out to duties and trials as yet unknown, He would grant me thofe fuperior aids of ftrength that would fupport and keep me from fainting under them; perfuaded that there was no diftress or forrow, into which he could lead me, under which bis gracious and all-fufficient arm could not fupport me. He has not difappointed me, nor fuffered the heart and eyes directed to him to fail. Ged all-fufficient, and my only bope, is my motto: let it be yours. Such, indeed, have I found him; and fuch, I verily believe, you will find him too in this time of deep diftrefs.
Oh! my dear children, help me to praise Him! Such fupports, fuch confolations, fuch comforts, has He granted to the meanest of His creatures, that my mind, at times, is
"We have never deferved fo great a good as that we have loft. And let us remember, that the best refpcct we can pay to his memory is to endeavour, as far as we can, to follow his example, to cultivate thofe amiable qualities that rendered him fo justly dear to els,
us, and fo greatly esteemed by the world. Particularly I would recommend this to my dear P. May I have the joy to fee him acting the part worthy the relation to fo amiable and excelent a parent, whofe memory, I hope, will ever be valuable and facred to him and to us all! Under God, may he be a comfort to me, and a fupport to the family! Much depends on him. His lofs I think peculiarly great. But I know an all-fufficient God can over-rule it as the means of the greatest good to him.
pointed, 30th June, 1759, lieutenantcolonel in the Coldftream regiment of foot-guards. He died at Briftol, 25th May, 1774, in the 48th year of his age, without iffue; by which the title appears to have become extinct, nor can the family be farther traced in written The writer of this paper being engaged (for very particular rea fons) in tracing the pedigree of this once knightly family, will esteem himfelf extremely favoured, fhould any gentleman oblige him with intelligence, through the medium of your valuable Mifcellany, relative to its scattered remains. INDAGATOR ROFFENSIS.
"It is impoffible for me to tell you how tenderly my heart feels for you all! how much I long to be with you to comfort and allift you! Indeed, you are the only inducements I now have left to wifh for life, that I may do what little is in my power to form and guide your tender years. For this purpofe i take all poffible care of my health eat, fleep, and converfe at times with a tolerable degree of chearfuinefs. You, my dears, as the best return you can make me, will do the fame, that I may not have forrow upon forrow. The many kind friends you have around you, I am fure, will not be wanting in giving you all the affiftance and comfort that is in their power. My kindeft falutations attend them all.
Mr. URBAN, Gravesend, Aug. 12. HE family of WISEMAN appears to have existed in the county of Effex fince the time of Edward IV. and to have been in poffeffion of Much Can field park, in that county, which was obtained, by purchase, in the reign of Edward VI. by John Wileman, efq. who had been one of the auditors to Henry VIII. and knighted at the battle of Spurs. The title of baronet was conferred on two of its branches, and many honourable pofts under the Crown were enjoyed by its defcendants. The laft of this family, of confequence fufficient to attract any thare of public attention, was Sir Charles Wifeman, bart. ap.
Y old cat having twice effayed to jump as ufual in at my window, which is about five feet from the ground, and failed; when the fucceeded on the third trial, on taking her up in my arms I was furprized at the palpitation of heart and thortnefs of breath which the felt. Calculating from this little inftance what must be the degree of palpitation, and the velocity of refpiration, in a hunted hare or fox, I with John Hunter, or fome other equally skilful anatomift of the quadruped race, would inform us whether thefe animals are
furnished by Nature with organs adapted to qualify them to fuftain the pursuit of the two-legged Nimrods, who take an annual pleasure in worrying them. Yours, &c. PHILOZOON.
Sept. 21. SHALL confider myself indebted to any of your numerous and intelligent readers, who will indulge me with information relpecting the article gunpowder, under all or any of the following heads, viz. The origin of its difcovery? By whom? The period of its be ing firft applied to the purposes of war? When the ufe of it became general? Whether, in the early period of its use, it was manufactured in this country, or imported? If manufactured here, whence were the raw materials fupplied, particularly falt-petre? What laws or restrictions have, from time to time, been framed for the encouragement of its manufacture, or affecting its export or im port? When, and where, the fift gunpowder-mills were erected? R. W.