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and protection of my people, to offer this cruel violence unto them? How dare ye thus unmercifully oppress the poor?

III. 16 Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks:

Neither only are the men thus vicious, but the women also are given over to a proud new-fangleness: even the dames of Jerusalem go in a haughty fashion, &c.

III. 17 Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and the LORD will discover their secret parts.

As all the parts of their body are tainted with their disguise, so the Lord will, in his justice, punish them in all parts, from the crown of the head to the sole of their feet; and will lay open this their loathsome and deformed nakedness, to the eyes of the world.

III. 24 Instead of beauty shall be burning.

Instead of beauty, which they had wont so curiously to preserve, that they would not so much as look forth into the heat of the sun, shall be a vehement burning and scorching of the skin.

IV. 1 And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach. Upon that slaughter and vastation, there shall be so few men left, as that seven women shall lay hold and hang upon one man, with importunate suit to yield but to their protection and cohabitation, saying, It shall cost thee nothing; we have food and raiment of our own; only do thou bear the name of our husband, and take from us the reproach of our widowhood and sterility.

IV. 2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.

In that day, the day of the blessed restoration of the Church, shall the Messiah, as the Branch of the Lord, sprout out gloriously and happily, out of the seemingly-dead stock of Judah; and excellent and pleasant fruits of his appearance shall glad the hearts of those, that are the faithful remainders of Israel.

IV. 3 And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem :

And it shall come to pass, that those, who pertain to the true Church of Christ, shall be holy; even every one, that shall be a lively member of the mystical body of Christ :

IV. 4 When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.

When the Lord shall, by his severe judgments, have washed and wiped away the blemishes and grievous sins of his Church; and shall have delivered his Jerusalem from all the pollutions, where

with she was tainted, by the power of his Spirit, and the sharpness of his chastisements.

IV. 5 And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence.

There shall be no corner of his Church, wherein the grace of God shall not marvellously appear; and wherein he will not manifest himself, and his merciful presence and protection, as he did to his ancient people of Israel, by a cloud and smoke by day, and by the shining of a flaming fire by night.

IV. 6 And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the day time from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from rain.

And whereas the Church shall be still subject to the scorching heats and tempestuous storms of persecution, God shall erect a safe tabernacle for her, to shade her from the heat, and shelter her from those violent tempests.

V. 1 Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My beloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill.

I will sing a song to Christ, the dear Bridegroom of his Church, concerning his vineyard of Israel. My God and Saviour had planted his Church of Israel, in a very fruitful soil; with the greatest advantage of place, even in the highest eminence, where he might be likely to receive the most generous fruit of


V. 2 And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.

He fenced it about, with his gracious protection and good laws: he removed out of it all the apparent impediments of growth and fruitfulness: he furnished it with choice persons, and those persons with excellent graces: he gave to it proofs of his vigilant care over it, and means to express and make use of that sweet fruit, which it should yield: and now, he made account that it should return unto him the pleasant clusters of holy obedience; and behold, it runs forth into miserable disorder, and yields nothing but the sour and distasteful fruits of sin and wickedness. V. 3 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.

And now, O my people, I dare appeal to yourselves, and make you judges of this case betwixt you and me; say whether you can choose but condemn yourselves.

V. 9 In mine ears said the LORD of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, even great and fair, without inhabitant. Thus hath God pleased to reveal his will unto me, saying, Whereas these oppressors affect to join house to house, certainly,

I will cause their houses to be desolate; and, as they dispeopled towns and houses, their houses, though great and fair, shall be without inhabitants.

V. 10 Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

Yea, so will I curse that ground with barrenness, which they have wrung from the poor owners, as that ten acres of vineyard shall yield but six gallons of wine; and so much ground, as seven bushels is able to sow, shall yield but three parts back again to the


V. 14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.

Neither shall the wrath of God stay here, and take up with their captivity and famine; but he hath prepared further judgment for these merciless oppressors, for he shall cause the insatiable gulf of hell to devour thein, and to swallow up all their pomp and jollity.

V. 17 Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.

But, though the Lord will take this just vengeance on his rebellious enemies, yet will he be ever gracious to his own flock; and shall cause the lambs thereof to feed comfortably, in their wonted pastures; and those places, which the insolent enemies had wasted, shall be again possessed by his people, whom their long captivity hath made strangers to their own land.

V. 18 Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope :

Woe be to them, that are so set upon wickedness, as that they use all possible persuasions and provocations to draw themselves to a lawless commission of sin, and continuance in it;

V. 19 That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know it!

That make light of the threatened judgments, and, in a scornful distrust, dare say, Why doth not God hasten these menaced plagues? fain would we see the performance of these terrible threats: let not God say, but do: let that, which God professeth to have determined against us, be speedily effected.

V. 20 Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil. Woe be unto them, that colour wickedness with fair pretences, and cry down goodness with slanderous calumniations, &c.

V. 22 Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink.

Woe be to them, that improve their strength to excess, glorying that they are able to pour in and to bear much wine; and affect to be thought and approved strong and mighty drinkers.

V. 24 So their root shall be rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust.

So th y shall be utterly destroyed; and shall be as a tree, whose root is rotten, and whose blossom flies away like dust, &c.

V. 25 And the hills did tremble, and their carcasses were torn in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.

The neighbour hills did tremble with the noise and fury of that siege; and their carcasses lay torn and mangled in the midst of the streets; yet all this cannot be warning enough to this stubborn people, to turn from their sins, &c.

·V. 26 And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from far, and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth.

He will raise up war against them, even from nations that dwell afar off; and will stir up and provoke enemies against them from the furthest parts of the earth, &c.

V. 27 None shall be weary nor stumble among them; none shall slumber nor sleep.

They shall come with such fierceness and spirit to this war, that they shall not be sensible of any weariness: they shall march nimbly and boldly, no one shall give himself to slumber in the way, &c.

V. 28 Their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind.

There shall be both terror and vigour in their horses, prepared for this war; and their chariot wheels shall come rattling furiously on, like some dreadful tempest, and fly swftly like a whirlwind.

V. 30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if one look unto the land, behold darkness and sorrow, and the light is darkened, in the heavens thereof. What speak I of the roaring of a lion? yea, these Chaldeans, which I will bring upon them, shall come roaring in, like a mighty sea in a tempest; with such terror, that all shall be filled with confusion; the earth shall be darkened with sorrow; and the heavens shall yield no glimpse of comfort to the distressed.

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VI. In the year that king Uzziah died, I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple.

In the year that king Uzziah died, I had a vision from God; wherein it pleased the Lord, to represent unto me a clear sign of the majestical presence of the Son of God, sitting on high upon a glorious throne, and the train of his shining robe filled the temple:

VI. 2 Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly.

Who, as he was glorious in himself, so in his attendants; for, over the throne stood the angels of heaven: each one had six wings; with two whereof he covered his face, as not being able to behold the brightness of that divine majesty; with two he covered his feet, as favouring the weakness of human eyes, that cannot behold the least splendour of those celestial creatures;

with two he did swiftly move, and fly to execute the charge of God.

VI. 4 And the posts of the door moved at voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke.

So strong and dreadful was that voice of theirs, that the very posts of the doors and the pillars of the temple were moved therewith; and, as it had wont to be when God would signify his presence in that sanctuary, the whole house was filled with smoke.

VI. 5 Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone: because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips.

Then said I, as one terrified with that sight, Woe is me! there is no way but death with me: I have delivered messages from this holy God, but I am not nor have been so sanctified, as that I might be safely fit for this great service.

VI. 6 Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar.

Then one of those bright angels flew unto me, having a live coal in his hand, signifying the purging and purifying efficacy of the Spirit, which he had taken, not from an ordinary and common hearth, but from the altar of God; the true type of Christ, the Saviour.

VI. 7 Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged.

Lo, this coal touching thy lips, is a certain sign and representation of that powerful operation of the Spirit of God, whereby thy sin is purged away, and thou enabled to this great function.

VI. 8 Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me. Then the Lord represented a voice to my ear, saving, after the manner of men, Whom shall I send to this people? and who is willing to deliver this message from us? Then, when as once my lips had been thus touched and sanctified, I did gladly put myself forward, and said, Here I am, send me.

VI. 9 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.

Be not discouraged: I shall send thee to an obstinate people, whose perverseness I do so well know, that I would have thee tell them beforehand, what I expect from them; viz. that they will hear indeed, but not care to understand; they will see, but not regard to perceive.

VI. 10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.

Yea, more than so, through the occasion of thy prophecy and holy ministry amongst them, their hearts shall be hardened and made obstinate, and their cars dulled and deafened; that, in my just judgment, they may be given up to a spiritual insensibleness,

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