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LESSONS IN POETRY.
5. Paraphrase of the Nineteenth Psalm.
. Addison. 23
32. “He shall fly away as a Dream"
. Anon. 62
. Anon. 70
Mrs. Hemans. 71
INDEX OF AUTHORS.
. 29, 45.
The names of American authors are in Italic.
.6,8, 34. Jefferson, Thomas . . 16, 52.
Johnson, Dr. Samuel. 30,
Longfellow, H. W..
Magazine, New Monthly..67, 70, 91.
Blackwood's Edin... 24,
42, 51, 61, 68.
.5. Neal and Robertson (abridged). .107.
Pierpont, J. . 113, 129, 132.
Republican, Nat. (Cincinnati)..15.
Review, London Quarterly ..46.
and Neal (abridged). 107.
Sprague, Charles ..
Statesman, New York......17, 18.
..41, 43, 65, 73.
Upham T. Ç.......
Webster, D..130, 131, 135, 136, 137.
White, Henry K.
Discovery of America.--Abridged from ROBERTSON.
On Friday, the third day of August, in the year one thousand four hundred and ninety-two, Columbus set sail from Palos, in Spain, a little before sunrise, in presence of a vast crowd of spectators, who sent up their supplications to heaven for the prosperous issue of the voyage ; which they wished, rather than expected.
His squadron, if it merit that name, consisted of no more than three small vessels,—the Santa Maria, the Pinta, and the Nigna, -having on board ninety men, mostly sailors, together with a few adventurers, who followed the fortune of Columbus, and some gentlemen of the Spanish court, whom the queen appointed to accompany him.
He steered directly for the Cănāry Islands; from which, after refitting his ships, and supplying himself with fresh provisions, he took his departure on the sixth day of September. Here the voyage of discovery may properly be said to have begun; for Columbus, holding his course due west, left immediately the usual track of navigation, and stretched into unfrequent'ed and unknown seas.
The first day, as it was very calm, he made but little way; but, on the second, he lost sight of the Canaries; and many of the sailors, already dejected and dismayed, when they contemplated the boldness of the undertaking, began to beat their breasts, and to shed tears, as if they were never more to behold land. Columbus comforted them with assurances of success, and the prospect of vast wealth in those opulent regions, whither he was conducting them.
This early discovery of the spirit of his followers taught Columbus that he must prepare to struggle, not only with the
unavoidable difficulties which might be expected from the nature of his undertaking, but with such as were likely to arise from the ignorance and timidity of the people under his command; and he perceived, that the art of governing the minds of men would be no less requisite for accomplishing the discoveries, which he had in view, than naval skill and an enterprising courage.
Happily for himself, and for the country by which he was employed, he joined to the ardent temper and inventive genius of a projector, virtues of another species, which are rarely united with them. He possessed a thorough knowledge of mankind, an insinuating address, a patient perseverance in executing any plan, the perfect governinent of his own passions, and the talent of acquiring the direction of those of other men.
All these qualities, which formed him for command, were accompanied with that superior knowledge of his profession which begets confiderre, in times of difficulty and danger. To unskilful Spanish sailors, accustomed only to coasting yoyages in the Mediterranean, the maritime science of Columbus, the fruit of thirty years' experience, appeared im
As soon as they put to sea, he regulated every thing by his sole authority; he superintended the execution of every order, and, allowing himself only a few hours for sleep, he was, at all other times, upon deck.
As his course lay through seas which had not been visited before, the sounding line, or instruments for observation, were continually in his hands. He attended to the motion of the tides and currents, watched the flight of birds, the appearance of fishes, of sea-weeds, and of every thing that floated on the waves, and accurately noted every occurrence in a journal that he kept.
By the fourteenth day of September, the fleet was above two hundred leagues to the west of the Canary Isles, a greater distance from land than any Spaniard had ever been before that time. Here the sailors were struck with an appearance no less astonishing than new. They observed that the magnetic needle, in their compasses, did not point exactly to the north star, but varied towards the west.
This appearance, which is now familiar, filled the companions of Columbus with terror. They were in an ocean boundless and unknown, nature itself seemed to be altered, and the only guide, which they had left, was about to fail them. Columbus, with no less quickness than ingenuity, invented