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Page 4, line 2 from bottom. “The Bohemians' defection from the
Evelyn alludes to the insurrection of the Bohemians on the 12th of May, 1618. The Emperor died soon after, and the revolted Bohemians offered the crown to the Elector Palatine Frederic, who had married Elizabeth, daughter of James I.; whereupon there was great excitement throughout England, in consequence of the backwardness of the king to assist his son-inlaw in the struggle for a kingdom, for which the people willingly, as Evelyn in a subsequent page informs us, made “large contributions.” This is the “talk and stir” to which Evelyn has just alluded in connection with Count Gondomar, whose influence had been used with James to withdraw him from the Protestant cause.
Page 6, line 13. “The Lord of Castlehaven.”
Mervyn Touchet, second Earl of Castlehaven; convicted by a court of twenty-seven lords, with the Lord Keeper, sitting in Westminster Hall, of crimes of the grossest description; and in pursuance of their sentence, executed on Tower Hill, May 14, 1631.
Page 7, line 12. “My Lord of Lindsey, then Admiral.”
Robert Bertie, tenth Baron Willoughby d'Eresby, subsequently created Earl of Lindsey, a Knight of the Garter. He was at different times Lord High Chamberlain, Lord High Admiral, Constable of England, and Governor of Berwick; and was general of the king's forces at the breaking out of the Civil War. He was in command at the Battle of Edgehill, in 1642; but, opposing Prince Rupert's pretensions, he surrendered a responsibility which the weakness of Charles would have had him divide with a “boy,” put himself at the head of his regiment, fought with heroic gallantry, and fell covered with wounds.
Evelyn should have said “till twenty years after,” not thirty. Coffee was introduced into England, and coffee-houses set up in 1658.
Page 15. “Wanderborcht” and “Hollar.”
Henry Wanderborcht, a painter, of Brussels, lived at Frankendale. Lord Arundel, finding his son Henry at Frankfort, sent him to Mr. Petty, then collecting for him in Italy, and afterwards kept him in his service as long as he lived. Vanderborcht, the younger, was both painter and engraver; he drew many of the Arundelian curiosities, and etched several things, both in that and the Royal Collection. A book of his drawings from the former, containing 567 pieces, is preserved at Paris; and is described in the catalogue of L'Orangerie, p. 199. After the death of the Earl, the younger Henry entered into the service of the Prince of Wales, afterwards Charles II., and lived in esteem in London for a considerable time ; but returned to Antwerp, and died there. See Horace Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting. Winceslaus Hollar was born at Prague, in Bohemia, in the year 1607, and came to England in the suite of the Earl of Arundel, in the year 1636. In the troubles he distinguished himself as a Royalist, for which he was imprisoned by the Parliament. He escaped to the continent, but returned at the Restoration, and died in great distress, March 28th, 1677.
Page 15. Entries of 25th and 27th April, and 12th of May.
The reader may here remark the circumstance, that between the entries which relate to Lord Strafford, the young Prince of Orange came over to make love to the Princess Royal, then twelve years old ; and that the marriage was subsequently celebrated amid extraordinary Court rejoicings and festivities, in which the King took a prominent part, in the short interval which elapsed between the sentence and execution of the King's great and unfortunate minister. It may not be out of place here to indicate the more important passages printed for the first time in the present edition of the Diary) the minor alterations need not be pointed out), and which occur chiefly in the commencing forty pages. They will be found at pp. 1, 3, 4, 5, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 27, and 29.
Page 18. “Queen of Bohemia's Court.”
Elizabeth, daughter of James I, mother of the Princes Maurice and Rupert ; her youngest daughter was Sophia, Electoress of Hanover, whose eldest son was George I.
Page 18. “Lord Finch.”
Sir John Finch, Speaker of the House of Commons in 1627; AttorneyGeneral to the Queen (Henrietta Maria) in 1635; the following year promoted to be Judge of the Common Pleas; afterwards Lord Chief Justice; thence promoted to be Lord Keeper of the Great Seal in 1637; and in April, 1640, advanced to the peerage as Baron Finch. He died in 1660.
Page 19. “Colonel Goring.”
This was George, distinguished in the Civil Wars as General Goring, for his military services in the cause of the King. He subsequently obtained additional reputation as a lieutenant-general in the army of the King of Spain employed in the Netherlands. He was the eldest son of Sir George Goring, in 1632 created Baron Goring, and in 1644 raised to the Earldom of Norwich, for his services to Charles I., before and after the troubles. General Goring died before his father, in 1662.
In the early editions of this Diary, the entry relating to the Amsterdam Hospital stood thus:–“ But none did I so much admire as an hospital for their lame and decrepid soldiers, it being for state, order, and accommodations, one of the worthiest things that the world can show of that nature. Indeed it is most remarkable what provisions are here made and maintain’d for publick and charitable purposes, and to protect the poor from misery, and the country from beggars.” The passage in the text would appear to
WOL. I. D D
have received Evelyn's later correction. The reader will remember with some interest, in connexion with this remark on the hospital of Amsterdam, that the first stone of Greenwich Hospital was afterwards laid by Evelyn.
Page 23. o
Some slight differences may be marked in the description of the Dutch towns as it stands in the earlier editions. These and other discrepancies are explained in the preface to the present edition; and, in all the more important passages, the text as first printed is preserved in these notes. “. . . sluices, moles, and rivers, that nothing is more frequent than to see a whole navy of merchants and others environ'd with streets and houses, every man's bark or vessel at anchor before his very door; and yet the street so exactly strait, even, and uniform, that nothing can be more pleasing, especially being so frequently planted and shaded with the beautiful lime-trees, set in rows before every man's house.”
The description of the Briloft is thus given in the earlier editions: “There was a lamp of brass, with eight sockets from the middle stem, like those we use in churches, having counterfeit tapers in them, streams of water issuing as out of their wicks, the whole branch hanging loose upon a tack in the midst of a beam, and without any other perceptible commerce with any pipe, so that, unless it were by compression of the air with a syringe, I could not comprehend how it should be done. There was a chime of porcelain dishes, which fitted to clock-work and rung many changes and tunes.” That of the Keiser's Graft stands thus: “The Keiser's Graft, or Emperor's Street, appears a city in a wood through the goodly ranges of the stately lime-trees planted before each man's door, and at the margin of that goodly aquae-duct, or river, so curiously wharfed with clincars (a kind of white sun-bak’d brick), and of which material the spacious streets on either side are paved. This part of Amsterdam is gained upon the main sea, supported by piles at an immense charge. Prodigious it is to consider the multitude of vessels which continually ride before this City, which is
certainly the most busy concourse of mortals now upon the whole earth, and the most addicted to commerce.”
The entry as to the booksellers is thus expressed in the earlier editions: “I went to Hundius's shop to buy some maps, greatly pleased with the designs of that indefatigable person. Mr. Bleav, the setter forth of the Atlas's and other works of that kind, is worthy seeing.”
Page 26. “The famous Dan Heinsius.”
" Daniel Heinsius, a scholar and critic, who edited numerous editions of the Classics. He was chosen professor of history at Leyden; then secretary and librarian of the University. In 1619, he was appointed secretary to the states of Holland, at the Synod of Dort; and the fame of his learning became so diffused, that the Pope endeavoured to draw him to Rome. He was made a Knight of St. Mark by the Republic of Venice, and the King of Sweden honoured him with the title of Counsellor. He died in January, 1655. The Elzevir printers are well known.
Page 32, line 52. “Sir Henry De Wic.”
For twenty years resident at Brussels for Charles II; also Chancellor of the Order of the Garter; and in 1662 appointed Comptroller of the Household of the Duke of York. He died in 1672.
In the earlier editions of the Diary, the entry descriptive of the tower of Antwerp Cathedral was taken from Evelyn's earlier text. “It is a very venerable fabric, built after the Gothic manner; the tower is of an excessive height. This I ascended, that I might the better take a view of the country about it, which happening on a day when the sun shone exceedingly hot, and darted the rays without any interruption, afforded so bright a reflection to us who were above, and had a full prospect of both land and water about it, that I was much confirmed in my opinion of the moon's being of some such substance as this earthly globe consists of ; perceiving all the adjacent country at so small a horizontal distance, to repercuss such a light as I could hardly look against, save where the river, and other large water within our view, appeared of a more dark and uniform colour, resembling those spots in the moon supposed to be seas there, according to our new philosophy, and viewed by optical glasses. I numbered in this church 30 privileged altars, whereof that of St.Sebastian's was rarely painted.”
Page 51, line 17. “Monsieur Saracin.”
James Sarazin, a celebrated sculptor, much employed by the royal family of France. For Cardinal Richelieu he executed, in silver and gold, Anne of Austria's offering to the Chapel of Loretto, in the form of a group representing the dauphin's presentation to the Virgin Mary. Born 1590, died 1660.
In the first and second quarto editions of the Diary many trifling personal details, such as this mention of the author having sent his own picture in watercolours to his sister, were omitted ; but they were restored by Mr. Upcott in the subsequent octavos. It is not necessary to point them out in detail. They are always of this personal character (for other examples, the mention of the wet weather preventing the diarist from stirring out, at p. 117, and that of his coming weary to his lodgings, at p. 114, might be cited), and seldom of any importance. There is only one passage in the quarto editions which has not been repeated in the octavos, and it would be difficult to say what induced Mr. Upcott to omit in the latter the incident it describes; unless Evelyn's apparent confusion as to the name of the inn at Orleans where the adventure occurred (for he calls it the White Lion as well as the White Cross) may have caused him to doubt the miracle altogether. It occurs in the mention of his coming to Orleans (at p. 67), where, as printed in the quarto, he adds, “I lay at the White Lion, where I found Mr. John Nicholas, eldest son to Mr. Secretary. In the night a cat kittened on my bed, and left on it a young one having six ears, eight legs, two bodies from the middle downwards, and two tails. "I found it dead, but warm, in the morning when I awaked.”
Page 101, line 3 from bottom. “My Lord of Somerset.”
Thomas, third son of Edward fourth Earl of Worcester, made a Knight of the Bath, by King James, and in 1626 created Viscount Somerset, of Cashel, in Ireland. He died in 1651.
Page 108. “Father Kircher.”
Athanasius Kircher was born at Fulda, in Germany, early in the seven
teenth century. He received his education at Wurtzburg, and in 1635
entered the College of Jesuits, at Avignon. He became a good scholar in
Oriental literature, and an admirable mathematician; but he directed his attention particularly to the study of hieroglyphics. Father Kircher's works on various abstruse subjects amount to twenty folio volumes, for which he acquired great renown in his day. On Evelyn's visit to Rome, he was considered one of the greatest mathematicians and Hebrew scholars of which the metropolis of Christianity—then the head quarters of learning—could boast. He died there in 1680. See subsequent passages in the Diary, p. 313.
Page 108. “Schotti.”
Caspar Schott, a native of Wurtzburg, where he was born in 1608, who had the advantage of being the favourite pupil of Father Kircher. He taught philosophy and mathematics at Rome and Palermo, and published several curious and erudite works in philosophy and natural history; but they have long since ceased to possess any authority. He died in 1666.
Page 132, line 28. “Famianus Strada.”
Born at Rome, in 1572; after joining the Society of Jesus, in 1592, appointed professor of rhetoric in their college in Rome; and known to the English reader by his “Prolusiones Academicae,” in which he introduced clever imitations of the Latin poets, translations of several of which Addison published in the “Guardian.” He died at Rome, in 1649.
Page 193. “Isabella Sirani.”
Giovanni Andrea Sirani, a Bolognese artist, had three daughters. The most celebrated, Elizabetta, born 1638, and died August 1657, is the lady alluded to by Evelyn as having been so famous a copyist of Guido, of whom her father was a pupil, and imitator. Her sisters, Anna and Barbara, were also artists, but never reached the excellence of Elizabetta.
Page 204. “Lord Bruce.”
Thomas Bruce, first Earl of Elgin, in Scotland ; created by Charles I., on the 13th of July, 1640, Baron Bruce, of Whorlton, Yorkshire, in the English peerage. He died in 1663.
Page 211. “The Cavalier Dr. Veslingius.”
John Vesling was born at Minden, in Germany, in 1598; and became Professor of Anatomy in the University of Padua. Evelyn says that at his visit he was anatomical and botanical professor, and prefect. He had the care of the botanical garden, and published a catalogue of its plants. He wrote also “Syntagma Anatomicum,” and shortly afterwards travelled into Egypt, where he seems to have paid a good deal of attention to the artificial means of hatching poultry, then an Egyptian marvel, lately a common exhibition in London. He wrote many other works, and died in 1649.
Page 214. “Lord Mowbray, eldest son to the Earl of Arundel.”
James Lord Mowbray and Maltravers, the eldest son of Lord Arundel, died before his father. Evelyn's friend was Henry Frederick, the Earl's second son, who, on his father's death in Italy, succeeded to the earldom of Arundel. He married, in 1626, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Esme Stuart, Earl of March, and afterwards Duke of Lennox; who will be found noticed occasionally by Evelyn. He died April 7, 1652.