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tired, leaving the infantry in the plain. which last were charged by the Spanish cavalry, who made many prisoners. The Spanish troops attacked a redoubt on our left, and lost a good many men. The columns advanced into the plain, by which movement this redoubt was turned and its communication cut off; the Spanish troops under Gen. Cruz took the right, and made a detour to arrive and attack on that flank of Triana (the suburbs of Seville). I ordered the redoubt to be masked by a detachment of the 20th Portuguese regiment, and advanced a field-piece with some troops, to keep in check the Enemy's fire at one of the gates of the city opposite to us, and after giving sufficient time for the Spanish column to arrive, the British and Portuguese troops advanced to the attack in front; the cavalry and artillery advanced at a gallop, supported by the grenadiers of the guards. and the infantry following. The Enemy abandoned the gate: we entered the suburbs. and advanced near to the bridge of Seville with as much rapidity as po sible, in hopes of preventing its destruction, which would have rendered it extremely difficult for us to succeed. We were checked by the fire of grape-shot and musketry at the turning of the street. The grenadiers of the guards advanced to our support, and drove every thing before them. At this moment part of the Spanish column arrived; we advanced to the bridge under a heavy fire; Capt. Cadoux of the 95th, with great judgment made a flank movement on our left; Capt. Roberts, of the artillery, brought up with rapidity two guns; a heavy fire of cannon and musketry was soon brought to bear on the Enemy, who were driven from their position on the other side of the river, and from the bridge, which they had only in part destroyed. The grenadiers of the guards, and some Spanish troops, led the columns that crossed the bridge. A general rout ensued, and the Enemy were driven through the streets, which were strewed with their dead, and pursued at all points, leaving behind them valuable captures of horses, baggage, and money. -It is difficult for me to express the joy of the people of Seville. The inhabitants, under the fire of the French, brought planks to lay across the bridge, and their acclamations and vociferous marks of joy, added to the immense crowd, rendered it extremely difficult for the officers to advance through the streets with their columns.The vast extent of the city, the exhausted state of the troops, who had advanced in double quick time for three miles, and the want of cavalry, rendered it impossible to continue the pursuit beyond the town.Such was the rapidity of our attack, that this victory over a French division, and the passage of a bridge which the enemy had materially destroyed, with his infan
try and artillery formed on the banks of the river, was achieved with a loss that appears almost incredible. I have only to regret the loss of one officer, Lieut. Brett, royal artillery, who was killed gallantly fighting his gun at the bridge. The intrepidity of this gallant officer was observed by the whole detachment. The loss of the Enemy must have been very great. We have taken several officers, and. I believe near two hundred prisoners. The conduct of every officer and soldier has been above praise; where all have behaved well, it is difficult to distinguish; I must, however, mention the detachment of the King's German Legion, commanded by Cornet Wie-bolt; the Artillery, by Cap. Roberts; detachment of the 95th, by Capt. Cadoux; and the Grenadiers of the 1st regiment of Guards, by Capt. Thomas. To Col. Maitland, 1st regt. of Guards (second in command), I am much indebted from the commencement of this service; and in the attack of Seville. his military taients, intrepidity, and zeal, were particularly conspicuous. I am also much indebted to Lieut. col. Colquitt, commanding a de-. tachment of the 1st regt. of Guards; to Lieut. col. Prior, commanding a detachment of the 20th Portuguese regt.; and to Major Maclain, commanding a detachment of the 87th regt.--The exertions of Capt. Wynyard (Coldstream Guards), A. A. G. and Lieut. Reid, Royal S aff corps, Staff officers attached to the detachment, have been indefatigable. Capt. Bunbury, 20th Port. Brigade-maj. and Lieut. Smith, Royal Eng. were at this time detached on other service. During the whole of this attack, our allies, the Spaniards, have rivalled the conduct of the British and Portuguese troops; and Gen. Cruz Murgeon, by his military talents and bravery, has principally contributed to the successful result of this day. Inclosed is a return of the killed and wounded.-During last night a division of 7 or 8000 French troops passed by. Our attack has saved the city from the devastations and contributions with which it was threatened. Capt. Wynyard is the bearer of this dispatch, who will inform you of any further particulars you may require. I have the honour, &c. J. B. SKERRETT.
P. S. A return of the guns and military stores taken, will be sent as soon as the quantity can be ascertained. Two of the field pieces which the Enemy advanced against us, fell into our hands.
Return of the killed and wounded of the troops under the command of Col. Skerrett, at the Capture of the City of Seville by Assault, on the Morning of the 27th Aug.Total: 1 subaltern, I serjeant, 1 rank and file, 2 horses, killed; 1 subaltern, 12 rank and file, wounded. Royal Artillery: First Lieut. Brett, killed; 95th Rifle Corps: First Lieut. Llewelyn, slightly wounded.
ABSTRACT OF FOREIGN OCCURRENCES
An extensive conspiracy has, since our last, given considerable alarm to the governing powers in Paris. It resulted, however, in an abortive ebullition which agitated Paris on the 22d and 23d of October. Three Ex-Generals, Mallet, Lahourie, and Guidal, were at the head of the affair. Lahourie was a general of division, and had been cashiered in consequence of his attachment to Moreau, whom he attended constantly during his trial. A military commission was appointed to try the conspirators (24 in number.) General Mallet was charged, as the leader, with having been guilty of a crime against the internal safety of the State; the object of which was to destroy the Government and the order of succes→ sion to the throne, and to excite the citi zens or inhabitants to take up arms against the Imperial authority. The rest were accused of being his accomplices. Mallet was convicted and sentenced to death; as were also the Ex-Generals La. hourie and Guidal, and eleven others, including Boccheicampe, a Corsican, who is described as having been a prisoner of state for ten years. The rest were acquitted. The whole of them, with the exception of the Ex-Generals and Boccheicampe, either belonged to the regiment of the Guard of Paris, or were officers of the National Guards stationed at Paris. Twelve of those condemned suffered the punish ment of death on the 29th ult. and twe were respited. No particulars of the conspiracy are given; but private letters from the French coast state, that the three Generals who were shot had gained over two regiments of the National Guards, with their officers, amouuting to 2000 men, who were to have put into execution the project of attacking the hotels of the Minister of the Police, of the Prefect of Paris, and of the commandant of the garrison, at two in the morning; but, owing to some unforeseen circumstance, the troops did not commence their march till four in the morning; when they first repaired to the dwelling of the Minister of the Police, where they arrested several of the officers of that department, and conducted them to prison. The next movement of the insurgents was an attempt to obtain possession of the citadel of Paris, for the purpose of seizing the arms in that depot ; but, as their first proceedings had been delayed too long, this attempt unfortunately failed, as day began to dawn, and the objects of their movements were disclosed, which is stated to have been owing to treachery. One Philippon, a younger brother of the renegado who broke his parole bere, is said to have communicated tb Savary the information which enabled GENT, MAG. November, 1812.
him to defeat the objects of the conspiracy, About 12,000 soldiers and gens d'armes were hastily collected together, and sta tioned at different points, to resist the attacks of the insurgents, who consisted chiefly of the National Guards, and who were not overcome till after long and bloody conflicts. At the execution of the conspirators, none but the military were present. Mallet is said to have exclaimed a few moments before his death, "We are not the last of the Romans!" The Journal de Paris says, that the Police ace count of the suppression of the conspiracy was read by torch-light, in all the squares and public places where several streets meet, in Paris, and that it was saluted by general exclamations of "Long live the Emperor !"
By some, it is conjectured to have been a plot hatched by the Government, in or der to get rid of the noxious Generals, and at the same time afford Buonaparte a plausible pretext for abandoning his army and returning to Paris.-The measures of the Police of Paris, after the conspiracy, were such as to indicate real alarm. Not a letter was suffered to leave Paris without being first opened; and all those which were found to contain any allusion to the events of the 23d ult. were immediately destroyed. It may have happened, that this excessive caution served only to mag nify suspicion, in places to which the uncertain rumour had spread.
We are sorry to observe, that the Marquis of Wellington, who had undertaken the siege of Burgos, has met with so unexpected a defence of that fortress, as to have been compelled at length to raise the siege, after having sustained a loss (in various gallant, attempts to storm) of, it is supposed, 2000 men. The immediate cause of the abandonment of the siege was, the threatening position of the dif ferent French armies. His Lordship has since found it expedient to order Madrid to be evacuated; and himself, joined by General Hill, to take defensive position on the banks of the Adaja.
From the Lisbon papers we learn that Joseph Buonaparte entered Cuenca on the 25th ult. with 8000 men. Soult was at Madrid with 60,000 men.
The Spanish General Ballasteros has been superseded in his command by Gen. Virues. He is charged by the Spanish Government with disobedience of orders, and refusing to act under the Marquis of Wellington.
The affairs of Sicily are said to continue in an unsettled condition. Letters from Messina of the 22d Oct. state, that the Hereditary
Hereditary Prince of Sicily was so extremely ill, that all hopes of his recovery were doubtful; that the physicians had given it as their opinion that he had been poisoned; and the author of his illness was of course to be found in one near his person, if not allied in blood. It is added, that the command of the Sicilian army was given up to Lord W. Bentinck, but not until the subsidy had been, withheld some time, and apprehensions were entertained that the army would mutiny for want of pay.
Previous to Sir James Saumarez leaving Sweden, he received a superb sword, accompanied by a most flattering letter from his Royal Highness the Crown Prince. The hilt is elegantly set with brilliants, of exquisite workmanship, and of great value. RUSSIA.
We sincerely congratulate our Readers on the reverse which the affairs of Buonaparte have undergone in this empire since our last notice. After all his flaming and Battering reports of the enviable state of himself and his soldiers in the ruined city of Moscow, where warm pelisses almost rushed of themselves upon their backs by hundreds of thousands; where every cellar that they opened presented perpetual springs of brandy and wine; and " every day discovered magazines" of bread, potatoes, cabbages, meat, salted provisions, su gar, coffee, furs, cloths, &c. in short, comforts of all sorts; how must the "lads of Paris" now rue the loss of such a Paradise! In truth, the Corsican had dreamed, that he had only to enter Moscow, and thence dictate such insolent and degrading terms of peace as only his base mind could conceive; and that the Imperial Alexander would immediately accept them, and thank him for his clemency. The Proclamation of the Emperor, however, as given in p. 384, will have prepared our Readers for better things. In fact, the
language of the Russian monarch has been, "He (Buonaparte) may take Moscow, and I will burn it. He may take Petersburg, and I will burn it: but Moscow and Petersburg are not the Russian Empire."
While the malignant Invader was, per haps, considering how most to mortify and humble his intended Captive *, the armies of the latter were so judiciously arranging under the orders of the veteran Kutusoff, that it soon became evident that the French would, if they hesitated on retreat ing, be irretrievably cut off. In every quarter, in greater or lesser numbers, the French suffered destruction or captivity; their magazines were destroyed or taken, and their foraging prevented. At length, a most successful attack was made on that part of the French army under Murat, respecting which we give the following abstract of a Report from Field-marshal Kutusoff, dated at the village of Letaschefka, Oct. 19." Having received intelligence that the corps of Murat, of 50,000 men, was on the river Tshernishna, at a sufficient distance from the other forces of the Enemy, to enable him to act against the said corps, our army advanced from Tarushina to the Nara in several columns, which were followed by our right wing on the following night. All these troops crossed the Nara, under the command of Gen. Bennigsen, whilst the remainder of our army followed his movements by the main road. Before day-break these troops had reached the appointed place, together with the 2d, 3d, and 4th corps of infantry; they passed, in the same order, through a forest, from which they rushed upon the Enemy. The Cossacks, under the command of Count Orlof Denisof, who had almost turned the Enemy's left wing, and were reinforced by several corps of cavalry, under Gen. Muller, with the 28, 3d, and 4th corps of infantry, fell upon the unguarded Enemy with such impetu
* It will be recollected, that one of the French Bulletins recorded the fact of several Russians having been put to death, for no other crime than that of being faithful to the cause of their country, in endeavouring to render the possession of Moscow of as little avail as possible to the invaders, by destroying it. It now appears, that this atrocious act was attempted to be covered by the mock solemnity of a Military Commission; at which the charge of setting fire to the city was formally made against twenty-six Russians, several of whom were natives of Moscow, and for which ten of them were sentenced to death; and the remaining sixteen, although it was acknowledged that there was not evidence sufficient to convict them, were ordered to be detained in the prisons of Moscow, to prevent the mischief they might commit! The detail of the proceedings of this Military Commission are contained in the French papers. Had it not been for their own record thus published to the world, it would, perhaps, have scarcely been believed that so wanton and insolent a violation of every principle of justice had really been committed. A Military Commission, consisting of French officers, is appointed to try twenty-six natives of Russia, upon no other charge than that of the fair exercise of the rights of war against an invader; and; by the Military Commission ten of these individuals are condemned to death, and the rest sentenced to linger in a prison! It is worthy of remark, that similar proceedings were instituted by the French Generals in Spain and Portugal, till retaliation was threatened; when the Proclamations orderng these infernal executions were fearfully retracted. osity
general, together with the captain of ca valry, Narishkin, were suddenly seized by a detachment of the Enemy, which suffered them to come quite near, without paying any attention to the white handkerchiefs, which they waved as flags of truce, and thus they were taken prisoners. Hereupon Ilowaiska pursued the dispositions ich the general had previously di rected; took the Kremlin, and the whole city, in which the Enemy left his hospitals and a great quantity of ammunition."
osity that the latter could not maintain his the cause that this brave and esteemed position for any length of time, but very soon betook himself to flight; our light troops pursued him with artillery, heavy cavalry, and infantry, as far as the borough of Woronow. The Enemy's loss, on that day, was 1000 prisoners, and about 2500 killed, a standard of honour belonging to a regiment of cuirassiers*, and 38 pieces of cannon, 40 ammunition waggons, and the whole baggage of the Enemy, including that of the King of Naples, taken, Our loss of only 300 men is enhanced by that of the brave Lieut.-gen, Bagawut, who fell at the beginning of the battle, Gen. Bennigsen also received a slight wound from a shot, which, however, did not prevent him from continuing in the command, even until the pursuit.—A regiment of Cossacks took 500 prisoners, with Gen. Daru."
On this, it appears, that Buonaparte determined to quit his pleasant quarters in Moscow, and undertake a refreshing march back to Poland, leaving, however, a garrison in the Kremlin; with what hope, or for what object, we cannot imagine. Previously, however, to his quitting Moscow, he sent Lauriston to solicit an armistice, preparatory to a negociation for peace. Lauriston, according to the foreign journals, was received politely, and conducted to Kutusoff's head-quarters; but his proposal to send a messenger to St. Petersburg was not granted. Marshal Kutusoff, suspecting that Buonaparte intended to retreat, and wished to obtain time to receive reinforcements and arrange his plan, determined not to be the dupe of his art. He redoubled his vigilance and activity, and thus avoided the snare laid for him.
Of the Russian official account of the re-capture of Moscow, we shall give an abstract; it is from a Report made by Major-general Ilowaiska, dated Moscow, October 22:-" On this day Gen. Baron Winzingerode gave orders to his van, under Ilowaiska, to advance from Nikolsk upon Moscow. The whole corps followed under the command of Maj.-gen. Benkendorff.
"Baron Winzingerode attacked the Enemy's outposts in the city with great impetuosity, and compelled them to retreat; but, in pursuing the Enemy to the Kremlin, Gen. Winzingerode separated from his corps, and hastened forward to persuade the hostile commander to cease a useless firing, which could not hinder us from taking the town. This temerity was
* The colours given to Murat's own corps for their distinguished conduct in the battle of Austerlitz, and inscribed with all their celebrated exploits, were taken by the Cossacks, and have since been presented to the Emperor Alexander.
From that time to the present, (Nov. 26), we have received no account of Buonaparte's "whereabouts;" though we know that all his armies are in full retreat.
Marshal Kutusoff, the gallant chief of the Russian armies, we understand, is in the 75th year of his age, and has lived from his infancy in camps. He has lost an eye, and received musket-balls through both his cheeks; and from other wounds in former wars, is scarcely able to mount his horse; but all his bodily infirmities are compensated by the greatest mental activity, and the most unconquerable spirit.
A Treaty of Peace between Great Britain and Russia was ratified by the emperor Alexander, on the 1st of August, 1812, of which we annex the following
I. There shall be between his Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, and his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, their heirs and successors, and between their kingdoms and subjects respectively, a firm, true, and inviolable peace, and a sincere and perfect union and amity, so that, from this moment, all subjects of disagreement that may have subsisted between them shall cease.
II. The relations of amity and commercè between the two countries shall be re-established on each side, on the footing of the most favoured nations.
III. If in resentment of the present reestablishment of peace and good under standing between the two countries, any Power whatsoever shall make war upon his Imperial Majesty, or his Britannic Majesty, the two contracting Sovereigns agree to act in support of each other, for the maintenance and security of their respective kingdoms.
IV. The two high contracting parties reserve to themselves to establish a proper understanding and adjustment, as soon as possible, with respect to all matters that may concern their eventual interests, political as well as commercial.
PROCLAMATION OF THE EMPEROR
freedom has experienced a portion of that terrible vengeance which his ambitious and unprincipled aggression had aroused. From the period of his march from Wilna, his army, great in numbers, assured in valour and discipline, and elated at the remembrance of victories gained in other regions, threatened no less than the entire subjugation of the Russians. The system which we had thought fit to adopt strengthened that confidence. The sanguinary battles fought on his route, and which gave him temporary possession of Smolensk, flattered him with all the illusions of victory. reached Moscow, and he believed himself invincible and invulnerable. He now exulted in the idea of reaping the fruit of his toils; of obtaining for his soldiers comfortable winter quarters; and of sending out from thence, next spring, fresh forces to ravage and burn our cities, make captives of our countrymen, overthrow our laws and holy religion, and subject every thing to his lawless will. Vain presumptuous hope!-insolent degrading menace! A population of forty millions, attached to their king and country, and devoted to their religion and laws, the least brave man of whom is superior to his unwilling confederates and victims, cannot be conquered by any heterogeneous force which he could muster, even of treble its late amount. Scarcely had he reached Moscow, and attempted to repose amidst its burning ruins, when he found himself êncircled by the bayonets of our troops; he then, too late, discovered that the possession of Moscow was not the conquest of the kingdom-that his temerity had led him into a snare-and that he must choose between retreat or annihilation. He preferred the former, and behold the cousequences.
[Here follow the official accounts of the defeat of the advanced guard under Murat, near Moscow, by Marshal Kutusoff; of the defeat of Gen. St. Cyr, by Gen. Witgenstein, and the storming of Polotsk; of the re-occupation of Moscow by Winzingerode's corps, &c.]
"Russians! the Almighty has heard our wishes, and crowned your efforts with success. Every where the Enemy is in motion; his disorderly movements betray his apprehensions; gladly would he counpound for safety; but policy and justice alike demand the terrible infliction. history of his daring must not be told without the terrible catastrophe by which it was attended. An hundred thousand mea sacrificed to his frantic presumption attest your valour and devotion to your country; and must deter him from a repetition of his impracticable design. Much, howover, yet remains to be done, and that is
in your power. Let the line of his retreat be rendered memorable by your honest indignation; destroy every thing which can be of service to him, and our commanders have orders to remunerate you: Render your bridges, your roads, impassable. In fine, adopt and execute the suggestions of a brave, wise, and patriotic heart, and show yourself deserving the thanks of your country and your sovereign. Should the remains of the Enemy's force escape to our 'imperial frontiers, and attempt to winter there, they must prepare themselves to encounter all the rigours of the clime and season, and the valorous attacks of our troops: thus harassed, exhausted, and defeated, he shall for ever be rendered incapable of renewing his presumptuous attempt.
We now continue to notice the series of Bulletins with which the Corsican has con tinued to amuse and to dupe his " good citizens of Paris."
TWENTY-THIRD BULLETIN OF THE
This is dated Moscow, Oct. 9.-After detailing skirmishes between the advanced guards, under the king of Naples and the Cossacks, in which the former "had all the advantage," and an account of colours and other curious things found in the Kremlin, which have been sent to Paris; it states, } "Rostopchin has emigrated. At Voronovo he set fire to his castle, and left the following writing attached to a post:
I have for eight years embellished this country-house, and I have lived happy in it in the bosom of my family. The inhabitants of this estate, to the number of 1720, quit it at your approach *; and 1 set fire to my house that it may not be polluted by your presence.
'Frenchmen.-I have abandoned to you my two Moscow houses, with the furniture, worth half a million of rubles; here you will only find ashes t.
(Signed) Count F. ROSTOPCHIN.' 'We succeeded, with great difficulty, in withdrawing from the hospitals and houses on fire a part of the Russian sick. There remains about 4000 of these wretched men. The number of those who perished in the fire is extremely great. The Russian army disavows the fire of Moscow. The authors of this attempt are held in detestation among the Russians. They consider Rostopchin as a sort of Marat. He has been able to console himself in the society of the English Commissary Wilson."
"They have returned."
+"In truth he, set fire himself to his country-house; but this example has but few imitators. All the houses in the neighbourhood of Moscow are untouched."