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the Charem which looks into the Seraglio broidered satin. Opposite the windows garden, and entered a large apartment, of the chamber was a fire-place, after called Chalved Yiertzy, or, as the French the ordinary European fashion; and on would express it, Salle de promenade. each side of this, a door covered with Here the other ladies of the Charem en- bangings of crimson cloth. Between tertain themselves, by hearing and see- each of these doors and the fire-place, ing comedies, farcical representations, appeared a glass-case, containing the dances, and musick. We found it in the Sultan's private library; every volume state of an old lumber-room. Large being in manuscript, and upon shelves, dusty pier-glasses, in heavy gilded frames, one above tbe other, and the title of each neglected and broken, stood, like the book written on the edges of its leaves. Vicar of Wakefield's family picture, lean- From the ceiling of the room, which was ing against the wall, the whole length of of burnished gold, opposite each of the one side of the room. Old furniture; doors, and also opposite to the fire. shabby bureaus of the worst English place, hung three gilt cages, containing, work, made of oak, walnut, or maboga- small figures of artificial birds : these ny; inlaid broken cabinets; scattered sung by mechanism. In the centre of fragments of chandeliers; scraps of pa- the room stood an enormous gilt brazier, per, silk rags, and empty confectionary supported, in an ewer, by four massive . boxes, were the only objects in this part claws, like vessels seen under sideboards of the palace.

in England. Opposite to the entrance, “ From this room we descended into on one side of the apartment, was a the court of the Charem; and, having raised bench, crossing a door, on which crossed it, ascended, by a flight of steps, were placed an embroidered napkin, a to an upper parterre, for the purpose of vase, and bason, for washing the beard examining a part of the building appro- and hands. Over this bench, upon the priated to the inferior ladies of the Sen wall, was suspended the large embroi. raglio. Finding it exactly upon the plan dered porte-feuille, worked with silver of the rest, only worse furnished, and in a thread on yellow leather, which is carmore wretched state, we returned, to ried in procession when the Sultan goes quit the Charem entirely, and effect our to mosque, or elsewhere in publick, to retreat to the garden. The reader may contain the petitions presented by his imagine our consternation on finding subjects. In a nook close to the door that the great door was closed upon us, was also a pair of yellow boots ; and that we were locked in. Listening, the bench, by the ewer, a pair of slippers to ascertain if any one was stirring, we, of the same inaterials, These are placed discovered that a slave had entered to at the entrance of every apartment frefeed some turkeys, who were gobbling quented by the Sultan. The foor was and making a great noise at a small dis- covered with Gobelins tapestry; and the tance. We profited by their tumult, to ceiling, as before stated, magnificently force back the buge lock of the gate with gilded and burnished. Groupes of arms, a large stone, which fortunately yielded such as pistols, sabres, and puignards, to our blows, and we made our escape. were disposed, with very singular taste

“We now quitted the lower garden of and effect, on the different compartments the Seraglio, and ascended, by a paved of the walls; the handles and scabbards road, towards the chamber of the Garden of which were covered with diamonds of of Hyacinths. This promised to be in. very large size: these, as they glittered teresting, as we were told the Sultan around, gave a most gorgeous effect to passed almost all his private hours in the splendour of this sumptuous chamber. that apartment; and the view of it “ We had scarce ended our survey of might make us acquainted with occu- this costly scene, when, to our great dispations and amusements, which charac- may, a Bostanghy made his appearance terize the man, divested of the outward within the apartment: but, fortunately parade of the Sultan. We presently for us, his head was turned from the turned from the paved ascent, towards window, and we immediately sunk below the right, and entered a small garden, it, creeping upon our hands and knees, laid out into very neat oblong borders, until we got clear of the Garden of Hyedged with Porcelain, or Dutch tiles. acinths. Thenee, ascending to the upHere no plant is suffered to grow, except per walks, we passed an aviary of night, the Hyacinth; whence the name of this ingales. garden, and the chamber it contains. « The walks in the upper garden are We examined this apartment, by looking very small, in wretched condition, and through a window. Nothing can be laid out in worse taste than the fore more magnificent, Three sides of it court of a Dutchman's house in the subwere surrounded by a Divan, the cushions urbs of the Hague. Small as they are, and pillows of whieb were of black en they constituted, until lately, the whole



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of the Seraglio gardens near the sea; and 'sallow-looking objects, as novel to an .froin them may be seen the whole pros- Englishman's eye as any in the Turkish pect of the entrance to the canal, and empire. About a quarter of an hour bethe opposite coast of Scutary. Here, in fore the procession began, the Iman or an old kiosk, is seen a very ordinary high priest, passed, with his attendants, marble siab, supported on iron cramps : to the mosque, to receive the Sultan. this, nevertheless, was a present from They were in four covered waggons, folCharles the Twelfth of Sweden. It is lowed by twenty priests on horseback. precisely the sort of sideboard seen in the The procession then began, and conlowest inns of England; and, while it tinued, according to the order given bemay be said no person would pay half low. Afterwards, it returned in the the amount of its freight to send it back same manner, although not with the again, it shews the nature of the presents same degree of regularity. then made to the Porte by foreign princes. ; " When the ceremony concluded, the From these formal parterres we descend- Grand Signior, accompanied by the prined to the gardener's lodge, and left cipal officers of state, went to exhibit the gardens by the gate through which himself in a kiosk or tent, near the Sewe entered."

raglio point, sitting on a sofa of silver. The Second Chapler contains an

We were enabled to view this singular account of a magnificent procession:

instance of parade, from a boat stationed

near the place; and, after the Sultan “ One of the great sights in Constan- retired, were permitted to examine the tinople is the Procession of the Grand Splendid pageant brought out for the Signior, when he goes from the Seraglio occasion." It was a very large wooden to one of the principal mosques of the couch, covered with thick plates of mascity. At the opening of the Bairam, sive silver, bigbly burnished. I have this ceremony is attended with more little doubt, from the form of it, as well than ordinary magnificence. We were as from the style in which it was ornapresent upon that occasion; and although mented, that this also constituted a part a detail of the procession would occupy of the treasury of the Greek emperors, too much space in the text, it may be when Constantinople was taken by the deemed unobtrusive, perhaps interestings, Turks. as a note: (for which we refer the Red- "Among the misrepresentations made der to the Original.)

to strangers who visit Constantinople, “ Our Ambassador invited us, on the they are told that it is necessary to be preceding evening, to be at the British attended by a Janissary, in the streets of palace before sun-rise; as the procession the city. In the first place, this is not was to take place the moment the true; in the second, it is the most imprusun appeared. We were punctual in dent plan a traveller can adopt. It our attendance: and being conveyed, makes a public display of want of confiwith the ladies of the Ambassador's fa- dence in the people, and, moreover, gives mily, and many persons attached to the rise to continual dispute when any thing embassy, in the small boats which ply is to be purchased of the Turks; besides at Tophana, landed in Constantinople, augmenting the price of any article reand were all stationed within the stall quired, exactly in the proportion of the of a blacksmith's shop, which looked sum privately exacted by the Janissary, into one of the dirty narrow streets near as his share of the profit. Another misthe Hippodroine, through which the pro- repres tation is, that a firman from cession was to pass. It was amusing to the Grand Signior is requisite to gain see the Representative of the King of admission to the Mosque of St. Sophia ; Great Britain, with his family and friends, whereas, by giving eight piastres to the squatted upon little stools among horse person whose business it is to shew the shoes, anvils, old iron, and horse-dung. building, it may be seen at any time." Upon his first arrival, some cats, taking alarm, brought down a considerable por- 28. Jopp on the Constitution and Repretion of the tiling from the roof; and this,

sentative System. as it embarrassed his party, excited the (Continued from Part I. page 550.) laughter of the Turks in the neighbour

IT was our intention to have given hood, who seemed much amused with the humiliating figure presented by the

our Readers a comprehensive view of groupe of Infidels in the smithy. We this instructive volume, by making bad not been long in this situation, be

an analysis of the whole; but as many fore the Janissaries, with their large felt articles are waiting insertion, and caps and white staves, ranged themselves many authors have the same claim on on each side of the street leading to the our attention, we are reluctantly commosque; forming an extensive line of pelled to pass over a considerable


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part of the work, which would have diffused when society was generally afforded much information on the improved, and even the superior orders subject of the Constitution, and the became niore enlightened; they show, Representative System. We there- that under such circumst nces, in a nafore reluctantly confine our remarks

tion where a participation in the Legisto the Author's animadversions on

lature was to be conferred by election, Mr. Wgvill, the Friends of the Peo- gentlemen of condition became ambi

tious of the distinction of being returned ple, and Sir Francis Burdett.

to Parliament; that characters of rank “Mr.W. and Sir F. after his example, and opulence considered the partiality have stated that corruption and degene- or favour of the corporation of a Parliaracy grew rapidly after the Revolution ; ment borough, as an honourable attainbut the illustration adduced falls far

to the cadets and collateral short of the purpose. Mr. Wyvill says, branches of their families. And when • But, after that event, the struggle with all this was accomplished, what was the corruption became more and more ar- woeful change?-wliere was the national 4 duous, from the rapidity of its growth; danger or disadvantage? The old pracand yet from the effect of the miserable tice was to send, bona fide, burgesses, manoeuvres * alluded to, the strength of residents in the different towns, persons, its antagonist was in a state of continual whose property and credit together decline. By these means the command could not, perhaps, extend beyond the of votes, in a multitude of boroughs, contents of their shops; to these suc. has been gradually engrossed by one ceeded gentlemen of education, intellipowerful patron. In many other in- gence, and fortune

- gentlemen, who stances, an influence has been obtained could buy many houses with the contiby two or three families, by whose union guous lands and titres-who could accu. the right of free election bas been equally mulate navigation-shares, and purchase annibilated. In England, it is probable, - coal-mines; and who could contribute that not less than 50 boroughs have to the trade and convenience of a poor been enslaved in the last age.'

burgage-tenure borough; or, if there Mr. Jopp thus exposes the fallacy licited that some one of its relations or

was a corporation, a powerful family soof Mr. Wi's reasoning in favour of a

connexions should be admitted a burReform of Parliament :

gess, and thence have a voice or influ“ This was probably explanatory, and ence in the election of the members for in illustration the heavy charge of in- Parliament: this is the amount of the Auence, exhibited to the House of Com- mighty grievance which Mr. Wyvill mons by a society of gentlemen calling ostentatiously laments. He shows no themselves the Friends of the People; they other corruption :- this is the unconstitendered prvofs which they were pretty tutional, the dangerous practice! and certain could not be received. Mr. Wy; hence the degenerate representatives ! yill goes a step further. The publica. But it is alleged, that a command of the tions of tbe reformers, which so boldly election is obtained by whom? By perassert the degeneracy of the House of -sons who become owners of the houses Commons as now elected, and thereupon and adjoining property of every descripvilify its character and proceedings, fur- tion. But there is no longer any choice nisb (as far as I observe) but few pas. left for an election, and whoever is prosages containing any thing like proof of posed by these rich people is returned. the imputed change, and this is only What does this amount to? The burgage one that seems worthy of nooihe

Ad- tenants, who, if their houses were ever mitting, however, for the sake of argu- their own, have sold them, are thereby ment, that the above positions were deprived of their elective franchise: this true, yet they prove no degeneracy. is their grievance. If, in any age, the They show (if all that is stated, is ad- inbabitants, as full proprietors of their mitted), that in an age, after high and tenements, sent inembers to Parliament important power had been, by various by that right, they have lost it, in like events, confirmed to the House of Com

manner as a freeholder selling his land, mons; when riches were increased and

sells bis right to vote for a county men

* “Mr. Wyvill says, 'Hence the new anxiety to obtain a command in elections, by the purchase of houses in the poorer boroughs, with their contiguous lands and tithes: by accumulating navigation shares, engrossing coal-mines, and other means of affecting the trade and convenience of inhabitants, and thus reducing them to a state of dependence. Even, in one instance, the purchase of a spring of fresh water, materially convenient to the burgbers of a large town, has been eagerly sought and completed, as no contemptible addition to power already great and predominant."



ber. Then as to corporate towns: the to beware that it be the reformation that relation of a noble family is admitted draweth on the change; and not the one of their body; he is a person every desire of change that pretendeth the reway superior to them: be engages their

formation. Such are the comprehenrespect, acquires their esteem, is able sive views, the prudent and instructive into confer or obtain favours, and, at last, counsel of Lord Verulam (Essay on In

commands their gratitude ; presents novation); but the friends of the people himself, or a friend, as a candidate to did not choose to impart so much." (P. represent the borough or city, and is re- 371.) turned.

" There is another part of this Peti“ This, I think, is as much as Mr. tion which seems too important to be Wyvill contends for, in what seems to left unnoticed. It has been a pretty be intended as an account of the pro- general practice with the partisans of gress of degeneracy and corruption since popular Reform, to hold out to the peothe Revolution." (P. 346.)

ple, among the other blessings to dow Mr. Jopp next adverts to the state

from the projected ehanges, a diminution of the Representation at the Revolu

of the public expences, a lessenring of tion; and wbilst he notices Mr.W's as

the taxes, and sometimes a reduction of

the national debt. What the views of sertions as 'entire puisrepresentations,

the Friends of the People were in these and considers the celebrated Patriot

respects, does not precisely appear; but as actuated by a desire of promoting towards the conclusion of their Petition, disturbance and disaffection, he uni- they introduced the subject, and gave a formly writes as a Gentleman.

statement of the progressive increase of The Author's observations on the the debt, with a corresponding notice grievances contained in the petition of the number of statutes found necesto the House of Commons, by the sary to preserve the freedom and indeFriends of the People, are well deserv. pendence of Parliament, to regulate ing attention : they shew him to be elections, and to prevent frauds, bribery, an acute observer, and to possess a

&c.' To which they added : It is upon

the evidence of the increase of taxes, mind capable of discovering and ex. posing duplicity and misrepresenta increase of laws found necessary to re

establishments, and influence, and the tion. After remarking on the nature pel the increasing attacks upon the of that petition, and the Address to purity and freedom of elections, that the People of Great Britain, he pro

your petitioners conceive it high time ceeds:

to inquire into the premises.' These gentlemen brook not to have " While we inquire, whether, in their motives examined, or their asser- truth, the views of this society, and those tions questioned; but, doubting the zeal who now follow them, are not innovaof their adversaries for the welfare of the tions whether their intentions be to Constitution—they ask, “How are we restore, not to change to reinstate, not assured that, in praising the Constitu- to displace; we shall at the same time. tion, their intention is not to adorn a discover that the measures proposed to victim which they wish to sacrifice, or remedy their complaints, would not, in to flatter the beauty they are endeavour- fact, have that effect, neither would ing to corrupt? Let their intention be they leave the Constitution on its true what it may, we answer their accusation principles and original grounds." in the words of one of the wisest of man- “The Friends of the People proposed, kind : that time is the greatest innova- at first, no specific remedy in their petilor; and if time of course alter things to tion; but the meaning of their numberthe worse, and if wisdom and counsel less complaints is proved to have pointed shall not alter them to the better, what to nothing short of a sweeping measure shall be the end ?

of destruction to all the laws and usages “ This was so far well, and from no of Parliament; in effect the same as Sir mean authority; but the sentence did F. Burdett has recently brought forward, not justice to the great man whose sug grounded evidently on their publications, gestion was pretended to be conveyed, If this should be doubted, the fact will and whose opinion was most egregiously clearly appear from a comparison of mutilated by that brief citation. He their declaration of 30th May, 1795, adds much wise precept on the subject signed William Smith,' with Sir Franof changes in Government, and after eis's propositions. These are but a little, the expressions just given, continues: if at all, more comprehensive, and some

. It is good also not to try experi- what more boldly explained. ments in States, except the necessity be “ It will not require much considersurgent, or the utility evident; and well tion to discover what change the system



e proposed by Sir F. Burdett, would make passions and the worst people be excited

in elections. He does not pretend to in a ten-fold degree to excess? Wouid suggest any preventive against candi- not a new and more extensive scope for datęs spending their money, nor does he election feuds be, by the adsay how a change is to be operated in dition of indigent voters, prepared by the known disposition of the people to' example for corruption? and would not take money, to eat, drink, and be riot- the funds which the very same measure ous : yet he asserts at once that, under would enable candidates to extend to his plan, there would be no bribery, that object, make every parish, instead perjury, drunkenness, nor riot: -no of every county, the depository of elecleading attornies galloping about the tion quarrels? Would not the complaints country, lying, cheating, and stirring up against returning officers, who would the worst passions amongst the worst be all parish officers, be increased a people : no ill blood engendered be-'. thousand fold? Would not all the brid tween friends and relations-setting fa- bery, drunkenness, and riot of a Westmiilies at variance, and making cach minster or Middlesex election, be carried county a perpetual depository of election into the recluse and happy villages in feuds and quarrels :-no demagogueing,' every corner of the kingdom? Such

“ We are not told how these evils are would be some of the predominant feato be prevented, otherwise than by the tures of the change!" (P. 381.): mere consequence and effect of his plan,

It would have been much more which, he says, is simple, and the true satisfactory to us, because it would Constitution of England.

have been, in no common degree, graMr. Jopp briefly enunierates the tifying to our Readers, could we have heads of the plan, and then makes the spared room to haşe made a regular followiog apposite remarks :: analysis of the work before us they

“Now the principal grievance in elec- would then lave clearly scen low the tions arises out of the great sums of Constitution, from an almost shapemoney which candidates are too fre- less mass, has been gradually imquently disposed to expend upon them; proved to the unparalleled form it and from an inspection of the laborious now exhibits: they would have cleara statement of the Friends of the People, ly seen that it is not, as is industriously on the conducting of elections, it will misrepresented, deteriorated, but ima appear that almost the whole of the ex- proved, and improving - The perusal pence goes to lawyers of different de- of the volume will afford much inscriptions, travelling charges of agents formation to the Politician ; if and voters, their maintenance and compensation for trouble and loss of time. possessed in his opinions, he may by

it be laught candour; if open to con. Let it then be supposed that in an election for a borough, to which the non

viction, he may be led to renounce resident voters must be conveyed, and

error and enibrace truth. It is writ. taken back to their abodes, woney to ten with so much temper, and the the amount of 4000 guineas for that author scems upon every occasion so particular purpose may be requisite. wholly devoted to thc cause of truth, The sum might; perhaps, bring 360 that whilst be removes all suspicion voters to the poll : but, if it were ex- of party zeal, he claims our attention, pended in distinct elections, it would and engages our confidence. probably induce upwards of 3500 persons proper to add, that he uniformly proto vote; and when it is considered that fesses himself a friend to a partial and there could be no farther expence of pe judicious reform. tition or scrutiny, an additional sum

Mr. Jopp never leaves his readers, would probably not be withheld, as the in doubt; he always gives his autho. contest would be decided by numbers on the poll. What then would hinder gen- Francis Burdett demonstrate that his

rities: and unless Mr. Wyvill and Sir tlemen from spending, in the different parishes or districts, all the money they

authorities are unworthy of credit, are now disposed to lay out in the way which, we think, they will scarce at just mentioned, or in burgage-tenure tempt to do, the country will, necespurchases, or in property adjoining or sarily, be of opinion, that these zeaconnected with parliamentary towns? lous Patriots have, intentionally, en. Would not all the excesses of contestel deavoured to mislead it. Should an elections, now confined to those towns, opponent feel the courage to enter be multiplied in every parish and in the list, declamation will not, weevery village? Would not the worst trust, be substituted for argument, Gent. MAG. September, 181%.

It is




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