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published by the Hon. Mr. Walpole in 1757, with the title of "A Journey into England in 1589."

These, it is presumed, are the books from which a curious inquirer into the customs and manners of our forefathers would hope for information; but there is extant another, which, though a great deal is contained in it, few have been tempted to look into; it is that entitled "De Proprietatibus Rerum," of Bartholomæus, written originally in Latin, and translated into English by John Trevisa, in the year 1398. Of the author and translator, the following is an account : the author, Bartholomæus, surnamed Glantville, was a Franciscan friar,

and descended of the noble family of the Earls of Suffolk. The book "De Proprietatibus Rerum" was written about the year 1366. Trevisa was vicar of the parish of Berkeley in the year 1398, and favoured by the then Earl of Berkeley, as appears by the note at the end of this his translation, which fixes also the time of making it. [Here the MS. ends.]

HOWELL'S Account of the Apparition

of Mr. BARLOW's Huntsman.

LAST Christmas day invisited by a ing Mr. Barlow was visited by a person who had the appearance and dress of his huntsman, who opened his curtains, and asked him whether he proposed going out with the hounds that morning. Mr. Barlow told him that he was not then very well, and did not care to go himself; but that he, the huntsman, might take the dogs, and go out to such a mountain, where he might find a fox; upon which the person left him. Mrs. Barlow, hearing this conversation, as she thought, between the huntsman and her husband, for she lay in a room contiguous to his, came some time after to him, and expostulated with him upon the indecency of sending eat the hounds that day; what auswer he made her is not certain, but when he came down stairs, he saw some of his favourite hounds about the house, which led him to an inquiry why the huntsman had left those hounds bebind him. The servants protested the huntsman had not been there that morning, and that the dogs were all in the kennel; upon which a servant was sent to Narberth, where the huntsman lived, to see whether he

had been at Slebetch or not. The huntsman strenuously denied it, and said he was just got out of bed, and his wife affirmed the same. On being informed of what had happened to his master, both man and wife fell ill with the conceit; the man is since pretty well recovered, but the woman still continues in a state of distraction. Barlow himself has been greatly shocked about it. He insists on the reality of the appearance; and Mrs. Barlow affirms she heard the huntsman that morning talking with her husband.

Mr. URBAN, Toddenhum, June 22.

YOUR insertion of my last communication, p. 340, inclines me to think that you somewhat approve of my project of giving you a kind of desultory Review of part of Mr. Flechere's Works. I will, therefore, resume the pleasing task of culling from a portion of his rich parterre in the vast garden of Christian Science, a few (of what I deem) unfading beauties of pious literature,

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The laurels that a Cæsar plants are weeds." -Compared with which,

I do not, however, pledge myself to give you any thing like a critical analysis of the works in question; or to observe any exact chronological order in my selections: for some, of my intended extracts are of antecedent date to those you have already inserted.

But, having commenced my ramble on Mr. F's letters from the Continent, I purpose for the present to confine my Review (if such I may presume to call it) to this little volume of his posthumous works-a book, in my estimation, of more intrinsic value than "The Boke of Saint Alban's, printed 1486," which was lately sold at the Roxburgh Auction, for no less a sum than 1477. Perhaps, five or six centuries hence, some rich bibliomaniac collector, may bid high for a scarce volume of the inestimable works of our Swis-Anglo Author, a Saint (or more properly expressed, a Christian pastor) of the Eighteenth Century-who, though not murdered, as was Saint Alban of old, yet died almost a self-martyr, in the excessive exercise of his ministerial and parochial duties, a crime of which the present day has not many examples. Vice versa ! But it is time for me to

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permit my Author to speak for himself; which he shall do in the following letters. ANNE CLARKE.

"To the Rev. Messrs. JOHN and CHARLES WESLEY.

of the truth, to make their heavenly tempers, and bumble, peaceful love, to shine before all men, that those mighty adversaries, seeing the good works of professors, may glorify their Father who is in heaven, and no more blaspheme that worthy name by which we are all called Christians.

"If you ask, what system these men adopt? I answer, that some build on De

"Macon in Burgundy, May 17, 1778. "REV. AND DEAR SIRS," I hope that while I lie by, like a broken vessel, the Lord continues to renew your vigour, and sends you to water his vineyard, andhism, a morality founded on self-preservato stand in the gap against error and vice. I have recovered some strength, blessed be God, since I came to the continent; but have lately had another attack of my old complaint. However, I find myself better again, though I think it yet advisable not to speak in public.

"I preached twice at Marseilles, but was not permitted to follow the blow. There are few noble inquisitive Bereans in these parts. The ministers in the town of my nativity have been very civil. They have offered me the pulpit; but I fear, if I could accept the offer, it would soon be recalled. I am loth to quit this part of the field without casting a stone at that giant, Sin, who stalks about with uncommon boldne s. I shall, therefore, stay some months longer, to see if the Lord will please to give me a little more strength to venture an attack. "Gaming and dress, sinful pleasure and love of money, unbelief and false philosophy, lightness of spirit, fear of man, and love of the world, are the principal sius by which Satan binds his captives in these parts. Materialism is not rare; Deism and Socinianism are very common; and a set of Free-thinkers, great admirers of Voltaire and Rousseau, Bayle and Mirabeau, seem bent upon destroying Christianity and Government. With one hand (said a lawyer, who has written something against them) they shake the throne, and with the other, they throw down' the altars.' If we believe them, the world is the dupe of kings and priests, religion is fanaticism and superstition, subordination is slavery and tyranny, Christian morality is absurd, unnatural, and impracticable, and Christianity the most bloody religion that ever was. And here it is certain, that by the example of Christians so called, and by our continual disputes, they have a great advantage, and do the truth immense mischief. Popery will certainly fall in France in this, or the next century; and I make no doubt, God will use those vain men, to bring about a reformation here, as he used Henry VIII. to do that work in England; so the madness of his enemies shall, at last, turn to his praise, and to the furtherance of his kingdom. In the mean time, it becomes all lovers

tion, self-interest, and self-honour. Others laugh at all morality, except that which, being neglected, violently disturbs society; and external order is the decent covering of fatalism, while materialism is their system.

"Oh, dear Sirs, let me entreat you, in these dangerous days, to use your wide influence, with unabated zeal, against the scheme of these modern Celsuses, Porphyries, and Julians; by calling all professors to think and speak the same things, to love and embrace one another, and to stand firmly embodied to resist those daring men; many of whom are already in England, headed by the admirers of Mr. Hume and Mr. Hobbes. But it is needless to say this to those who have made, and continue to make, such a stand for vital Christianity; so that I have nothing to do but to pray, that the Lord would abundantly support and strengthen you to the last, and make you a continued comfort to his enlightened people, loving reprovers of those who mix light and darkness, and a terror to the perverse: and this is the cordial prayer of, Rev. and dear Sirs, your affectionate son, and obliged servant in the Gospel,

J. F.

"P. S. I need not tell you, Sirs, that the hour in which Providence shall make my way plain to return to England, to unite with the happy number of those who feel or seek the power of Christian godliness, will be welcome to me. Oh favoured Britons! happy would it be for them, if they knew their Gospel privileges!

"My relations in Adam are all very kind to me; but the spiritual relations, whom God has raised me in England, exceed them yet. Thanks be to Christ, and to his blasphemed religion!"

"To the Rev. Doctor CONYERS. "Macon in Burgundy, May 18, 1778. "HON. AND DEAR SIR,-I left orders with a friend to send you a little book. called The Reconciliation; in which I endeavour to bring nearer the children of God, who are divided about their partial views of divine truths. I do not know whether that tract has in any degree answered its design: but I believe truth can be reconciled with itself, and the

eandid children of God one with another. Oh that some abler hand, and more loving heart, would undertake to mend my plan, if it be worth mending, or draw one more agreeable to the word of God!

"My eyes are upon you, dear Sir, and those who are like-minded with you, for this work: disappoint me not of my hope. Stand forth, and make way for reconciling love, by removing (so far as lies in you) what is in the way of brotherly union. Oh, Sir, the work is worthy of you! and if you saw with what boldness the false philosophers of the Continent, who are the apostles of the age, attack Christianity, and represent it as one of the worst religions in the world, and fit only to make the professors of it murder one another, or at least to contend among themselves; and how they urge our disputes, to make the Gospel of Christ the jest of nations, and the abhorrence of all flesh, you would break through your natural timidity, and invite all our brethren in the ministry, to do what the herds do on the Swiss mountains, when wolves attack them; instead of goring one another, they unite, form a close battalion, and face the common enemy on all sides. What a shame would it be, if cows and bulls shewed more prudence, and more regard for union, than Christians and Gospel-ministers!


'Oh, dear Sir, take courage! be bold for the reconciling truth. Be bold for peace. You can do all things, through Christ strengthening you; and as Doctor Conyers, you can do many things,-a great many more than you think. What if you go, Sir, in Christ's name, to all the Gospel-ministers of your acquaintance, exhort them as a father, entreat them as a brother, and bring as many of them as you can together; think you that your labour would be in vain in the Lord? Impossible, Sir! Oh despair not! Charity. hopeth all things; and as Kempis saith, it trieth all things, and bringeth many things to pass, which would appear impossible to him who despaireth, hateth, or careth not for the sheep?

If you want a coach, or a friend to accompany you, when you go upon this errand of love, remember there is a Thornton in London, and an Ireland in Bristol, who will wish you God speed, and make your way plain before you; and God will raise many more to concur in the peaceful work. Let me humbly entreat you to go to work, and persevere in it. I wish I had strength to be at least your postilion when you go. I would drive, if not like Jehu, at least with some degree of cheerful swiftness, while Christ smiled on the Christian attempt. But I am confident you can do

all in the absence, and without the concurrence, of him who is, with brotherly love, and dutiful respect, Hon. and dear Sir, your obedient servant in the Gospel, J. F."

"To Mr. William PERRONET. "MY DEAR FRIEND, Nyon, June 2,1778. "When I wrote to you last, I mentioned two ladies of your family, who have married two brothers, Messrs. Monod. Since that time, they have requested me to send to your father the enclosed memorial, which, I hope, will prove of use to your family. As the bad writing and the language may make the understanding of it difficult to you, send you the substance of it, and of the letter of the Lady's lawyer, as follows:


"While I invite you to make your title clear to a precarious estate on earth, permit me, my dear Sir, to remind you of the heavenly inheritance entailed on believers. The Will, the New Testament by which we can recover it, is proved. TheCourt is just and equitable, the Judge is gracious and loving. To enter into possession of a part of the estate here, and of the whole hereafter, we need only believe, and prove, evangelically, that we are believers.

"Let us then set about it now, with earnestness, with perseverance, and with a full assurance that through grace we shall infallibly carry our cause, Alas! what are estates and crowns, to grace and glory? The Lord grant that we, and all our friends, may chuse the better part, which your brother, my dear friend, so happily chose. may we firmly stand to the choice, as he did, 'to the last. My best respects wait apon your dear father, your sisters, and nieces. God reward your kindness to me upon them all.


"I have had a pull-back since I wrote last. After I left Mr. Ireland at Macon, to shorten my journey, and to enjoy new prospects, I ventured to cross the mountains, which separate France from this country. But on the third day of the journey, I found an unexpected trial; a large hill, whose winding roads were so steep, that though we fed the horses with bread and wine, they could scarcely draw the chaise, and obliged me to walk in all the steepest places. The climbing lasted several hours, the sun was hot, I perspired violently, and the next day I spit blood again. I have chiefly kept to goats'milk ever since, and hope I shall get over this death also, because I find myself, blessed be God, better again, and my cough is neither frequent nor violent.

"This is a delightful country. If you come to see it, and claim the estate,

bring all the papers and memorials your father can collect; and come to share a pleasant apartment, and one of the finest prospects in the world, in the house where I was born. God bless you, my dear friend! Believe me, dear Sir, &c. J. F."



July 6. Mendez Da Costa, in your last Mag. p. 515. b. is not always perfectly accurate in the Names of some persons whom he mentions. Mrs. Cavendish, whom he and other people called Jack Cavendish, was daughter of Lord James Cavendish, youngest brother to the second Duke of Devonshire, and resumed her own name after her brother died s. p. and her husband assumed the name of Cavendish by Act of Parliament. Lord Charles Cavendish was her first Cousin, being third son of the aforesaid second Duke, and brother to the third Duke: he died April 28, 1783, æt. 90. The younger son of the Dowager Duchess of Portland was Lord Edward Bentinck.

Surely George Scott, whom Mr. M. Da C. mentions, was George Lewis Scott, a Commissioner of Excise, who married the sister of the famous Mrs. Montagu, of Portman-square, and died Dec. 7, 1780. I always understood that he was christened after King George I. who perhaps was his godfather.

I cannot help observing, as I believe others of your numerous Readers have done, the care that your learned Correspondent, the Remarker on Jamieson's Etymological Dictionary, constantly takes to inform the world that he is M. D. as Sir William Desse, the famous dancing-master, after he was knighted, drew upon his banker by the name of Sir Wm. Desse, saying, "How else will any body

know what an honour has been conferred upon me?" But I should not have thought it worth taking notice of, had not the learned Doctor of Physick, with the same religious care that he constantly proclaims his own dignity, constantly refused to give to the Rev. Gentleman on whom he remarks his title of Doctor of Divinity.

P. 527, and 8. There is a mystery, which I cannot unravel, about the ladies Echlin and Bradshaigh here mentioned: :they were Miss Eliza and Miss D. (perhaps Dorothy) Belling ham, of Preston in Lancashire, which may have led the latter of them to as

sume the fanciful name of Belfour, but of their family I am perfectly uninformed and it is a curious circumstance, that Mrs. Barbauld, who professes to give an account of their "family and connections," never mentions so much as their name. There is moreover a similar, or perhaps greater, mystery about their sister being Countess of Derby; for, as it is certain, as your Correspondent Juba observes, that Sir Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby, married Miss Hesketh, and is not recorded to have married any other persou, so it is observable that in both the entries in your vols. for 1783 and 1785, recording the deaths of Lady Echlin and Lady Bradshaigh, they are spoken of as sisters to the late Countess of Derby." Upon further considering the language of your former Correspondent in vol. LXXIV, "The eldest sister of these women, by the same mother, married Sir E. S. Earl of Derby," may it not be suspected, though it does not appear to be recorded any where, that Elizabeth, widow of Robert Hesketh, esq. mother of Lady Derby, and sole daughter and heiress of the Hon. William Spencer, 3d son of William Lord Spencer, and brother of Henry, created Earl of Sunderland, after the death of Mr. Hesketh, married a Bellingham, by whom she had the two ladies abovementioned? J. B.


July 7.

ALLOW me, through the medium

of your Magazine, to answer an erroneous paragraph in the sixth Number of the BRITISH REVIEW; in which the author charges me with The paragraph alluded to is the fol stating an opinion of my own as a fact. lowing:

"Mr. Galt is of opinion that the popu lation of Sicily is gradually increasing; and says, that the fact,' as he is pleased to call it, is incontrovertibly established by recent extracts from the Parochial Registers..... Mr. Galt's observations relative to Sicily were made a twelveperiod no publication had appeared, as month previous to OUR OWN. At that far as we know, from which we could obtain this fact; and we have much to regret that Mr. Galt has not favoured us with the exposition of his authorities," &c.-BRITISH REVIEW, page 364.

I know not what may have been the opportunities of acquiring know


ledge which this itinerant Critick enjoyed in Sicily; but his ignorance is certainly disgraceful in one who aspires to the dignity of authorship," and is "characterized with no small degree of presumption." My authority with respect to the Parochial returns was the Abati Balsamo's Journal, published about six months before my first arrival at Palermo in 1809. On my RETURN to Sicily in May 1811, if the appearance of new, and a rise in the value of old houses, will be admitted as any proof of an increasing population, and if additional neatness in external comforts be evidence of improvement, THE FACT was confirmed to my satis faction.

Yours, &c.




July 8. AVING just perused the free but temperate reply of P. Q., p. 532, to my strictures on Dr. Marsh's pamphlet against the Bible Society, I cannot omit to send an immediate answer. The too great warmth and personality that have already been exhibited in this controversy are sincerely to be deprecated; and P. Q. is the more deserving of praise for having followed an example salutary in its effects, and the best adapted for the investigation of truth. I shall briefly discuss the three heads, under which he comprebends the leading arguments of Dr. Marsh; viz. that the Bible Society is unnecessary, unnatural, and hurtful. -To prove the necessity of the Bible Society, nothing more is requisite than to produce the simple fact, that all the other religious societies now existing could not conjointly supply balf the Bibles of which our domestic poor are in absolute want. To the accuracy of this statement, Mr. Gisborne's speech bears ample testimony. It may perhaps be replied, that the Church-members should transfer their subscriptions to the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and leave the Dissenters to themselves. This would at best be only a proble. matical good; what we possess at prevent is certain and indisputable. The Bible Society, when deprived of the wealth, the learning, and fostering patronage of the Church, would cer tainly be materially injured, if not destroyed. On the other hand, many of the Churchmen, now Subscribers

to that Society, would not attempt to become members of the other, from fear of an ejection liable to ensue from the misguided zeal of some of its members. I will not even insist on the great increase of the old Society that has taken place since the esta blishment of the new one, and on the probable failure of such increase with the defect of its cause.-We come now to the second argument, That the coalition of Churchmen and Dissenters in the Bible Society is unnatural. Considering the cause in which all the members of each religious society are connectively engaged; viz. the propagation of the Gospel, and dissemination of the knowledge of Him, who died for our sins, and rose again for our justification, by whose stripes we are healed, and who is over all, God blessed for ever, are not these words of the Apostle justly applicable at the present instant: "For ye are carnal; for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men? For while one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are ye not carnal? Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man? I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave his increase. So then neither is he that planteth, any thing; neither is he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase:-Whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God." Let us then attend to this admonition, and unite with one hand and one soul to glorify the God of Heaven, that his will may be known upon earth, his saving health among all nations.-To the third argument, and to the abstruse reasoning of the Margaret Professor, we will oppose facts undeniable and incontrovertible. He says, That the Bible Society, from an extensive omission of the Liturgy, is hurtful to the Establishment. But we may surely ask in return, has such an omis. sion of the Liturgy yet taken place? The fact is notorious and well attested, that no increased omission of the Liturgy has taken place in consequence of the institution of the Bible Society. Let the Margaret Professor examine the accounts of the Bartlett's Build. ing's Society, and he will find that those who are subscribers to the two Societies have ordered as many, if not


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